Type
Crossword
Description

What small molecules like ethene are called? monomers
What is the process of joining together molecules like ethene to form long chains of atoms called? polymerisation
What are large molecules consisting of thousands of monomers often called? macromolecule
Which polymer is commonly used for shopping bags and bottles? polythene
Which polymer is commonly used for packing and insulation? polystyrene
Which polymer is commonly used for rope and carpet fibres? polypropene
What type of problem occurs because of dumping non-biodegradable plastics? pollution
Incineration of non-biodegradable plastics causes what to be released? toxins
Two different monomers joined by an ester link are often called? polyesters
What is it called when a water molecule is lost each time 2 starting molecules link up? condensation polymerisation
What link is formed as nylon? amide
What type of bond is between the two carbons? double bond
What type of insulator can polythene be used as? electrical
What can polythene be a substitute for? natural materials
Along with heating and high pressure what else is needed to make polythene? catalyst
Because only one product is formed in polymerisation, what is this process called? addition polymerisation
What polymer is used for non stick frying pans? teflon
What does PVC stand for? polyvinylchloride
Nylon is often woven into? fabric

Biomolecules Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What biomolecule carries genetic information NucleicAcids
What biomolecule is used for quick energy Carbohydrates
What biomolecule stores long-term energy Lipids
What biomolecule makes muscle Proteins
Sugars, starches, and cellulose Carbohydrates
Fats, oils, wax, cholesterol, cell membrane, and testoserone Lipids
DNA and RNA nucleicacids
Cartilage, meats, nuts, beans, feathers, skin, and hair Proteins
A carbohydrate whose molecules consist of a number of sugar molecules bonded together Polysaccharide
Its simple sugars and its the most basic units of carbohydrates Monosaccharides
It consists of two monosaccharide molecules joined together Disaccharides
Which fatty acid can have one or more bonds unsaturated
Which fatty acid has only single bonds Saturated
Formed from glycerol and three fatty acid groups Triglyceride
What is a lipid that contains a phosphate group in its molecule Phospholipid
What is a large number of amino-acids that are bonded together in a chain Polypeptides
Is a amino acid a polymer or a monomer Monomer
It forms the basic structural unit (base) of nucleic acids Nucleotides
Is DNA or RNA a monomer or polymer polymer
Only biomolecule with nitrogen Proteins

Biomolecules Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

are proteins catalysts that speed up the rate of a chemical reactions in the body enzymes
are the building blocks/subunits of proteins amino acids
are macromolecules made of many monomers joined together polymers
are the building blocks/subunits of nucleic acids nucleotides
is a polysaccharide made of glucose units hooked together found in plant cell walls cellulose
are organic compounds commonly called fats and oils. lipids
are organic compounds used to store and release energy carbohydrates
contains the elements carbon, hydrogen,oxygen and nitrogen and is composed of amino acids examples are insulin,hemglobin and enzymes protein
are the small building blocks of polymers monomers
is a simple one unit sugar such as glucose or fructose having the formula C6H12O6 monosaccharide
are the largest carbohydrate molecules, they are polymers composed of many monosaccharides linked together(starch, glycogen, chitin, etc.) polysaccharides
are macromolecules such as DNA and RNA nucleic acids
links amino acids together peptide bond
is a polysaccharide consisting of highly branched chains of glucose units used as food storage in plants starch
a polysaccharide with highly branched chains of glucose units, used by animals to store food glycogen

Biology Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

what is the basic unit of a chemical element? atom
what is a substance consisting of atoms which all have the same number of protons? element
what is the smallest particle in a chemical element or compound that has the chemical properties of that element or compound? molecule
what is a chemical bond formed between two ions with opposite charges? ionic bond
what is a chemical bond formed by the sharing of one or more electrons, especially pairs of electrons, between atoms? covalent bond
What is a weak chemical bond between an electronegative atom, such as fluorine, oxygen, or nitrogen, and a hydrogen atom bound to another electronegative atom? Hydrogen bond
What is the sticking together of alike molecules, such as water molecule being attracted to another water molecule? Cohesion
What is the force of attraction between unlike molecules, or the attraction between the surfaces of contacting bodies? Adhesion
What is a measure of the hydorgen ion concentration of a solution? pH
What is a molecule that can combine with others of the same kind to form a polymer? Monomer
What are large molecules composed of many similar smaller molecules linked together ? Polymer
What is a large complex molecule, such as nucleic acids, proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids, with relatively large molecular weight ? Macromolecule
What are molecular compounds made from just three elements: carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.? Carbohydrate
What is a series of sweet-tasting, crystalline carbohydrates, especially a simple sugar or a chain of two or more simple sugars? Saccharide
what is an organic molecule of biological origin that is insoluble in water and soluble in non-polar solvents ? lipid
What is a molecule composed of polymers of amino acids joined together by peptide bonds.? protein
What are the building blocks of all biological proteins ? Amino acid
What are proteins that act as catalysts within living cells ? Enzyme
What is a substance capable of initiating or speeding up a chemical reaction? catalyst
What is a model that assumes an enzyme and substrate have a rigid interaction with each other, where a substrate fits in a key-like fashion to its lock, the enzyme, turning on the reaction ? Lock and key model
What are acids consist of either one or two long chains of repeating units called nucleotides, which consist of a nitrogen base attached to a sugar phosphate? nucleic acid
what is a chemical reaction that builds up molecules by losing water molecules ? dehydration systhesis
What is a chemical reaction in which two molecules combine to form a larger molecule with the elimination of a small molecule ? condensation reaction

Biological Molecules Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The individual repeating units that make a polymer. Monomer
The type of reaction that uses water to break a bond. Hydrolysis
The type of reaction that yields water and a bond is produced. Condensation
Carbohydrates are made of carbon, oxygen and ___________. Hydrogen
The monomer unit in a carbohydrate. Monosaccharides
The monomer unit in a protein. Amino Acid
The type of bond that joins monomers in a carbohydrate. Glycosidic
The type of bond that joins monomers in a protein. Peptide
The type of bond found in a lipid. Ester
The name of the molecule comprised of glycerol and three fatty acids. Triglyceride
An example of a protein that has a quaternary structure. Collagen
Level of protein structure that involves hydrogen bonds, ionic bonds, disulfide bridges and hydrophobic/hydrophilic interactions between R-groups on the same polypeptide chain. Tertiary
Bonds involved in creating the secondary structure of a protein. Hydrogen
The polysaccharide in starch that is branched. Amylopectin
Example of a carbohydrate that is made of B-glucose monomers. Cellulose
Number of carbon rings in cholesterol. Four

Plastics and Polymers Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The process of forming a large molecule by linking together smaller subunits Polymerization
A six carbon aromatic compound with alternating C=C double bonds Benzene
One of the small repeating units of a polymer Monomer
The process of growing a polymer chain Propagation
The combination of two molecules through the loss of a smaller molecule such as H2O Condensation
The combination of molecules by sharing electrons with an adjacent molecule Addition
A polymer that springs back after being twisted or pulled Elastomer
The disorder of molecules Entropy
Type of polymer that cannot be reformed or remolded after initial heat-forming Thermoset
Type of polymer that is remoldable when heated Thermoplastic
Natural component of first synthesized plastics Cellulose
Polystyrene produced when the phenol groups alternate on its backbone chain Syndiotactic
Additive that gives plastics flexibility and durability Plasticizer
Component of first the synthesized plastic Nitrate
Component of Safety Celluloid Acetate
Type of polymer formed from two or more repeating monomers Alternating
Without a clearly defined form or shape Amorphous
Type of natural thermoplastic Tortoiseshell
First plastic made from fully synthetic materials Bakelite
Type of rubber formed by heating with sulfur Vulcanized

Macromolecules Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Adenine and Guanine PURINES
A sequence of monomers is referred to as a POLYMER
A macromolecule is composed of these single units MONOMERS
These are involved in tertiary structure. SIDECHAINS
This bond links the backbone in nucleic acids. PHOSPHODIESTERBONDS
This nucleic acid is single stranded. RNA
Composed of C,H, and O in a ratio of 1:2:1 CARBOHYDRATES
Protein's are very specific in their _____, as it determines their function STRUCTURE
This form of lipids are held together by an ester bond. TRIGLYCERIDE
This "macromolecule" doesn't match the definition perfectly. LIPIDS
Monomer of carbohydrates MONOSACCHARIDE
DNA -> RNA -> ______ PROTEIN
Covalent bonds between amino acids result in this specific type of bond PEPTIDEBOND
Nucleic acids are built from chains of NUCLEOTIDES
Only some proteins have this type of structure. QUATERNARY
If a protein is dropped in strong acid, it will... DENATURE
This macromolecule is made of amino acids PROTEIN
This lipid is found in cell membranes. PHOSPHOLIPID
This nitrogenous base is not found in RNA. THYMINE
Triglycerides have 3 of these, while phospholipids have 2. FATTYACIDTAILS
The plant equivalent to an animal's glycogen STARCH
Bond that joins two or more carbohydrate monomers together GLYCOSIDICLINKAGE
This word can be used to describe a fatty acid found in plants or fish. UNSATURATED
Reaction used to create polymers DEHYDRATION
Steroids are lipids that are composed of ______ rings. FOUR
Alpha helixes and beta sheets are created in what level of structure? SECONDARY

MACROMOLECULES Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A hydrogen bond is the electrostatic attraction between polar groups that occurs when a hydrogen (H) atom bound to a highly electronegative atom such as nitrogen (N), oxygen (O) or fluorine (F) experiences attraction to some other nearby highly electronegative atom. H-bonding
An organic compound is any member of a large class of gaseous, liquid, or solid chemical compounds whose molecules contain carbon. organicmolecule
large molecule, such as protein, commonly created by polymerization of smaller subunits macromolecule
a molecule that may bind chemically or supramolecularly to other molecules to form a polymer monomer
a substance that has a molecular structure consisting chiefly or entirely of a large number of similar units bonded toget many synthetic organic materials polymer
biological molecule consisting of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms, usually with a hydrogen–oxygen atom ratio of 2:1 carbohydrate
called simple sugars monosaccharide
polymeric carbohydrate molecules composed of long chains of monosaccharide units bound together by glycosidic linkages and on hydrolysis give the constituent monosaccharides or oligosaccharides. polysaccharide
macromolecular biological catalysts enzyme
surface on which a plant or animal lives substrate
large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues. protein
covalent chemical bond formed between two amino acid molecules. peptidebond
biologically important organic compounds containing amine and carboxylic acid functional groups, aminoacid
a group of naturally occurring molecules that include fats, waxes, sterols, fat-soluble vitamins, monoglycerides, diglycerides, triglycerides, phospholipids, and others lipid
amylum is a polymeric carbohydrate consisting of a large number of glucose units joined by glycosidic bonds starch
a multibranched polysaccharide of glucose that serves as a form of energy storage in animals and fungi. glycogen
an insoluble substance that is the main constituent of plant cell walls and of vegetable fibers such as cotton. cellulose
holding as much water or moisture as can be absorbed; thoroughly soaked. saturated
having carbon–carbon double or triple bonds and therefore not containing the greatest possible number of hydrogen atoms for the number of carbons. unsaturated
the region of an enzyme where substrate molecules bind and undergo a chemical reaction. activesite
uncommon in nature but became commonly produced industrially from vegetable fats for use in margarine, snack food, packaged baked goods and frying fast food transfat
simple polyol compound. It is a colorless, odorless, viscous liquid that is sweet-tasting and non-toxic. glycerol
is a carboxylic acid with a long aliphatic chain, which is either saturated or unsaturated fattyacids
biopolymers, or large biomolecules, essential for all known forms of life. nucleicacids
organic molecules that serve as the monomers nucleotides
inorganic chemical and a salt of phosphoric acid. phosphate
carbohydrate with the formula C5H10O5; ribose
Deoxyribonucleic acid is a molecule that carries the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses DNA
Ribonucleic acid is a polymeric molecule implicated in various biological roles in coding, decoding, regulation, and expression of genes RNA
minimum energy which must be available to a chemical system with potential reactants to result in a chemical reaction. activationenergy

chapter 2 vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

smallest unit of life atom
an atom that cannot be broken down any further element
substance made of atoms of different elements compound
atom that gains or loses one or more electrons ion
made of monomers bonded together, large polymer
reached when voth product and reactent are made at once equilibrium
chemical energy is released exothermic
chemical energy absorbed endothermic
catalyst for chemical reactions in living things enzymes
two or more atoms held together by covalent bonds molecule
contain carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and sometimes sulfer amino acids
non polar molecules that include fats, oils, and cholesterol lipid
polymer made of monomers called amino acids protein
substances made by a chemical reaction product
products changed during a chemical reaction reactants

Biochemistry Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

Building Blocks of Macromolecules MONOMER
"Fruit Sugars" FRUCTOSE
2 Sugar Groups Bonded Together DISACCHARIDE
Most Common Simple Sugar GLUCOSE
"many" monomers linked together POLYMER
Takes the Longest to Break Down POLYSACCHARIDE
Also Known As Fiber... CELLULOSE
Holds Reserve Energy (Storage) STARCH
Their Primary Function is to Provide Energy CARBOHYDRATES
Differentiates the Different Amino Acids RGROUP
A Type of Protein that Speeds Up Reactions ENZYME
A Bond Between Amino Acids PEPTIDEBOND
Molecules Changing Shape Because of Hydrogen Bonds Breaking DENATURE
Taking Away H2O DEHYDRATION
Protein Monomers AMINOACIDS
Fats Found in Plants Are... UNSATURATED
Fats Found in Animals Are... SATURATED
Important For Cell Membranes PHOSPHOLIPIDS
The Most Important Steroid For the Body CHOLESTEROL
A Ring Of Fatty Acid STEROID
The Process in Which H2O is Added to Break Bonds HYDROLYSIS
Gives Directionality to a Protein CARBOXYL
Lipids Can't Dissolve or Are... INSOLUBLE
Basic Building Blocks of Carbohydrates MONOSACCHARIDE
A Disaccharide Commonly Known as Table Salt SUCROSE
A Disaccharide Commonly Known as Milk LACTOSE
The Type of Acids Found in Fat FATTYACID
Another Name For Enzymes Not Used in Reactions CATALYST
Came From Something Living ORGANIC
Fats That Come From Animals Contain 1 GLYCEROL

Organic Chemistry Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What alkane has 5 carbons? Pentane
What homologous series has a functional group of C=C? Alkenes
All ___________ compounds contain carbon. Organic
How many carbons dose butene have? Four
Alkenes are a _______ hydrocarbon because they have a C=C bond. Unsaturated
What is ethanol? Alcohol
What is the functional group of carboxylic acid? -COOH
Carboxylic acids react with alcohols to form _________ Esters
Alkanes only contain _______ bonds. Single
Unsaturated hydrocarbons decolourises __________ water. Bromine
Carboxylic acids react with hydroxides to produce a salt and _________. Water
_________ are large molecules built up from small units (monomers). Polymers
Nylon is used for ______ , clothes and fishing nets. Ropes
Proteins and what are a constituents of food. Carbohydrates
Proteins are made out of what acids? Amino
_______ are proteins that act as a biological catalyst. Enzymes
In fractional distillation separates petroleum into what? Fractions
__________ gases don't condense in a fractionating column. Refinery
Naphtha is used for making what? Chemicals
Alkanes are generally ________ except when burning. Unreactive