Word Search

haversian canals
nutrient foramina
medullary canal
pelvic girdle
pectoral girdle

Skeletal System Crossword


Covers end of long bones Articular Cartilage
Top end of the bone Proximal Epiphysis
Bottom end of bone Distal Epiphysis
Shaft; Composed of compact bine Diaphysis
Cavity of the shaft Medullary Cavity
Dense smooth outer layer Compact bone
Honey comb ; containg red marrow Spongy bone
When cartilage hardens after growth Epiphyseal line
Band of cartilage between epiphysis and diaphysis epiphyseal plate
Covers diaphysis; fibrous connective tissue membrane Periosteum
In spongy bone red marrow
in medullary cavity Yellow Marrow
concentric circles that surround the haversian canals lamellae
open spaces with in the lamellae that contain osteocytes lacuna
Mature bone cells osteocytes
bone - destroying cells osteoclast
bone forming cells osteoblast
functional unit of compact bone osteon
opening in centerr of osteon central canal
canal perpindicular to central canal perforating canal

Osteology Crossword


made of compact bone and contains medullary cavity diaphysis
the ends of a bone Epiphysis
contains epiphysealgrowth plates Metaphysis
dense fibrous membrane outside of the diaphysis periosteum
located above a condyle Epicondyle
small rounded process Tubercle
Large rough process Tuberosity
makes up the upper and lower extremities Appendicular Skeleton
skeleton that consists of the head and trunk of a vertebrae Axial
A shallow depressed surface Fossa
The patella is an example of what type of bone Sesamoid bone
projection or protrusion of a bone process
a groove or depression in bone sulcus
flat surface that articulates with another bone Facet
an opening in bone for blood vessel passage Foramen
Bones that have a variety of purposes Irregular bones
provide some shock and absorption and includes carpals and tarsals Short bone
study of the structure and function of the skeleton and bony structures osteology
the radius and ulnar is what type of bone long bone
The scapula is an example of what type of bone flat bone

bones Crossword


small canals in compact bonne canaliculi
connective tissue consisting of fat cells yellow bone marrow
layer of connective rings lamella
process shaped like pulley on a bone Trochle
bones enclosed in a tendon sesamoid bone
tiny cavitities between lacunae
layer ofareular tissue fascia
center of shaft of long bone filled with yellow bone marrow medullary cavity
forms the outer layer oof the bone and is very dense compact bone
thick filaments of proteinin a muscle cell myosin
closed sacs with a synovial membrane lining bursae
compact bone cointaining capillaries haversian canals
the electrically polarized muscle cell membrane sarcoleme
small round process on a bone Tubercle
soft spot on top of a babys head fontanelle
freely moving joints or articulation piarthroses
a furrow or groove gulcus
rounded prominence found at the point of articulation condyle
found within cancellous bone red bone marrow
fiberous connective tissue trabeculae
formation of bone by osteoblast ossification
a type of specialized connective tisse cartilage
the area between two adjacent z lines in a muscle cell sarcomere
a cavity with a bone sinus
dense connective tissue that attaches muscle to bone tendon
thin filaments of protein in a muscle cell actin
connective tissue that attches bone to bone ligament
articulation in which the bones are united by a thin layer of fiberous tissue suture
shaft composed mainly of compact bone diaphysis
cells involved of bong tissue osteoblast
a joint gomphosis

Skeletal system Crossword


Bones that form longitudinal Axial skeleton
Bones of the limbs and girdles Appendicular skeleton
Dense smooth looking and homogenous Compact bone
Composed of small needlelike peices of bone Spongy bone
Longer than wide Long bones
Cube shaped and spongy bone Short bones
Thin, flattened, and curved Flat bones
Any that do not fit the catorgorized bones Irregular bones
Shaft that makes up most of bones length Diaphysis
Fibrous connective tissue membrane Periosteum
Connective tissue fibers Sharpeys fibers/perforating
End of long bones Epiphyses
Cover external parts of moving joints Articulate cartilage
Remnants of epiphyseal plate Epiphyseal line
Flat piece of hyaline cartilage Epiphyseal plate
Adipose fat Yellow morrow
Storage for yellow morrow Medullary cavity
Forms red blood cells Red morrow
Bumps holes or ridges in bone Bone marking
Mature bone cells Osteocytes
Tiny cavities in the matrix Lacunae
Con centrism circles Lamellae
Run down the bone Central canals/haversian
What the matrix ring consist of Osteon
Runs lengthwise through the bone matrix Haversian system
Tiny canals Canaliculi
Runs into compact bones at right angle Perforating/ Volksmann canals
Process of bone formation Ossification
Bone forming cells Osteoblasts

Bones and Muscles Word Scramble

Word Scramble

skeletal system
skeletal divisions
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
facial bones
u shaped
ear bones
spinal column
cervical (neck)
thoracic (chest)
lumbar (lower back)
sacral (near the hips)
curvature of spine
bones of the chest
true ribs
false ribs
floating ribs
pectoral girdle
pelvic girdle
arm bones
compact bone
spongy bone
red marrow
medullary cavity
yellow marrow
collagen fibres
wolff's law
growth plate
transverse fracture
greenstick fracture
spiral fracture
comminuted fracture
repair a break

Bone Features Crossword


Projection from the surface of bone process
a small bump on a bone tubercle
a large, rough area on a bone tuberosity
a short, sharp projection spine
a smooth surface that articulates with another bone condyle
a projection above a condyle epicondyle
a terminal projection that articulates with another bone head
a smooth, flat face facet
a large bump (on femur) trochanter
a branch ramus
a hole foramen
a depression in a bone fossa
an elongated depression sulcus
a long, deep cleft fissure

Bones Crossword


the smooth, white tissue that covers the ends of bones where they come together to form joints Articular cartilage
the shaft or central part of a long bone. diaphysis
a dense layer of vascular connective tissue enveloping the bones except at the surfaces of the joints. periosteum
a thin layer, membrane, or plate of tissue, especially in bone. lamellae
a small channel or duct. canaliculi
in bone remodeling is the process of laying down new bone material by cells called osteoblasts. Ossification
a cell that secretes the matrix for bone formation. osteoblasts
the formation of blood cellular components. All cellular blood components Haematopoiesis
The joints in the spine are commonly called Joints Facet
a projection or outgrowth of tissue from a larger body. process
any of two bony protuberances by which muscles are attached to the upper part of the thigh bone. trochanter
a rounded prominence especially : a large prominence on a bone usually serving for the attachment of muscles or ligaments. tuberosity
a groove or furrow, especially one on the surface of the brain. sulcus
a shallow depression or hollow. fossa
a rounded protuberance at the end of some bones, forming an articulation with another bone. condyle
a passage or opening leading to the interior of the body. meatus
an immovable junction between two bones, such as those of the skull. suture
a small rounded projection or protuberance, especially on a bone or on the surface of an animal or plant. tubercle
the upper portion of the body, consisting of the skull with its coverings and contents, including the lower jaw head
an opening, hole, or passage, especially in a bone. foramen

Skeletal System Vocabulary Crossword Puzzle 1


covers the surfaces of bones where they come together to form joints Articular Cartilage
the end of the bone located nearest to the midline of the body Proximal Epiphysis
end of the bone located farthest away from the midline Distal Epiphysis
shaft of a long bone Diaphysis
cavity within the shaft of the long bones filled with bone marrow Medullary Cavity
Hard, dense bone tissue that is beneath the outer membrane of a bone Compact Bone
Layer of bone tissue having many small spaces and found just inside the layer of compact bone. Spongy Bone
remnant of the epiphyseal plate, seen in adult bones Epiphyseal Line
A dense fibrous membrane covering the surface of bones (except at their extremities) and serving as an attachment for tendons and muscles. Periosteum
produces red blood cells Red Marrow
soft, fatty material found in the medullary cavity of long bones; stores fat Yellow Marrow
Concentric rings made up of groups of hollow tubes of bone matrix Lamellae
small cavities in bone that contain osteocytes Lacuna
mature bone cell Osteocyte
Bone-destroying cells Osteoclast
bone-forming cell Osteoblast
structural unit of compact bone Osteon
A tiny channel found within the spinal cord and inferior medulla oblongata Central Canal
canal perpendicular to the central canal, carries blood vessels and nerves Perforating Canal
growth plate Epiphyseal Plate

week 1 vocabulary Worksheet

Matching Worksheet

a type of joint that allows partial movement in which there is a cartilage disc between bony surfaces; also known as a cartilaginous joint. 1. amphiarthrosis
girdles Pertaining to the portion of the skeleton made up of the bones of the limbs, including the bones of the pectoral and pelvic. 2. appendicular
Type of hyaline connective tissue that covers the articulating surfaces of bones in a synovial joint. 3. articular cartilage
Pertaining to the portion of the skeleton made up of the bones in the skull, spine and torso; includes the cranial, facial and hyoid bones, the sternum, ribs and the 33 vertebrae. 4. axial
Pertaining to soft or spongy bone tissue. 5. cancellous
Rounded projection at the end of a bone; usually articulates with another bone. 6. condyle
Pertaining to dense (compact) bone tissue 7. cortical
Shaft of a long bone. 8. diaphysis
Freely movable joint; also known as a synovial joint. 9. diarthrosis
Bone projection just superior to the condyle of certain bones. 10. epicondyle
Growth plate of bones 11. epiphyseal plate
End portion of a long bone. 12. epiphysis
Small, smooth, oval area on a bone. 13. facet
Opening or hole in a bone 14. foramen
Saucer-like depression. 15. fossa
Small pit or depression in a bone. 16. fovea
Basic structural unit of compact bone. 17. haversian system
Soft gelatinous material found in the spaces of spongy bone (red marrow) and filling the medullary cavity (yellow marrow). 18. marrow
Short channel or canal in a bone. 19. meatus
Hollow channel in the diaphysis of a long bone. 20. medullary cavity
Basic structural unit of compact bone. 21. osteon
Basic structural unit of compact bone. 22. periosteum
Projection from a bone. 23. process
Bones and connective tissues that form the framework that supports the body. 24. skeleton
Cavity inside a structure, such as within a bone. 25. sinus
Type of joint that does not allow movement. 26. synarthrosis

Major parts of the brain Crossword


The cerebrum is the largest part of the brain in mammals. It is composed of the frontal, parietal, occipital, and temporal lobes. cerebrum
This lobe lies between the occipital bone and the parieto-occipital sulcus. It functions to receive and interpret visual signals. Occipital lobe
These are the shallow groves in the surface of the cerebrum. Sulci
This lobe lies between the temporal bone and the lateral sulcus. It functions in memory, vison, learning, hearing, and emotional behavior. temporal lobe
These structures lie between the frontal bones and the central sulcus, and above the eye orbits. They have motor functions, but also deal with aggression, mood, foresight, motivation, and social judgements. frontal lobes
The spinal or nerve cord is located in the vertebral foramen. It begins at the foramen magnum and ends at the conus medullaris in the lumbar region. It conducts sensory impulses to the brain and motor impulses from the brain to the body spinal cord
These structures lie between the parietal bones and the central sulcus. They function in integration of sensory information with the exception of vision, hearing, and smell. parietal lobes
These are the thick folds in the surface of the cerebrum. gyri
The second largest part of the brain in mammals and the largest part of the brain in birds. The cerebellum is involved in the regulation of posture and balance, fine motor control of skeletal muscles, and repetitive movements. cerebellum
This fissure is a deep groove separating the cerebrum into right and left halves. Longitudinal fissure
An endocrine gland directly attached to the hypothalamus. It is divided into anterior and posterior portions. Anterior pituitary produce hormones which regulate other endocrine glands, and directly affects target cells. Posterior pituitary functions to store and release hormones produced by the hypothalamus. pituitary gland
The longitudinal fissure divides the cerebrum into right and left cerebral hemispheres. Cerebral hemisphere
The region that regulates the day/night cycle. Secretes the hormone motion melatonin, which effects sleepiness. pineal body
The structure that is the major integration system between various organ systems and the nervous system. It coordinates activities of both the nervous and endocrine systems, and between voluntary and autonomic activities. It is attached directly to the pituitary gland. hypothalamus
The part of the brain that contains the nerve tracts and physically joins the two cerebral hemispheres. Corpus callosum
This structure functions to integrate all sensory information (with the exception of smell) from the body, and channels it into proper processing regions in the cerebrum. thalamus
A structure that processes olfactory information and contains centers for reflex movements involved in eating, such as chewing, licking, and swallowing. mammillary body
The medulla is at the base of the brain stem. It contains nerve centers for the regulation of heart rate, blood vessel diameter, respiration, swallowing, vomiting coughing, sneezing, and hiccoughing. Medulla oblongata
A region that is also called the “mesencephalon”. It is located above the pons and is the smallest part of the brain stem. The oculomotor, trochlear, and trigeminal cranial nerves originate in this area. midbrain
A structure that is located on the bottom-center of the brain where the two optic nerve cross. Optic chiasma
The pons is located just above the medulla, on the brain stem. It works with the medulla to control respiration and helps regulate sleep. It is the origin for the trigeminal, abducens, facial, and vestibulocochlear cranial nerves pons
These bulbs are located just below the frontal lobes. They function in the sense of smell. Olfactory bulbs