Psychology Unit #3 Crossword

Type: Crossword
Category: Psychology

Refers to all mental activities associated with thinking and knowing. Cogntition
Concept or mental framework that organizes and interprets information. Schema
Interpreting new experiences in terms of existing schemas. Assimilation
Adapting current schemas to incorporate new information. Accomodation
The inability to take another's point of view. Egocentrism
Stage where infants learn about the world through sensory impressions and motor activities. Sensorymotor
Stage where children represent things with words and images, but lack logical reasoning. Preoperational
Stage where children gain the mental skills that let them think logically about concrete events. Concrete Operational
Stage where kids begin to think logically about abstract concepts and form strategies about things they have not experienced. Formal Operational
Any kind of phase-sensitive learning that is rapid and independent of the consequences of behavior. Imprinting
A Swiss psychologist who believed the way children think and solve problems depends on their stage of cognitive development. Piaget
Developed the ladder of Moral Development. Kohlberg
An Austrian ethologist that who proposed theories on imprinting. Lorenz
Developed a theory of social development that shows how certain issues peak during different periods in life. Erikson
When the menstrual cycle ends; also refers to the biological change a woman experiences as her ability to reproduce declines. Menopause
A progressive and irreversible brain disorder characterized by deterioration of memory, reasoning, language, and physical function. Alzheimers
Ability to reason speedily and abstractly. Fluid Intelligence
Accumulated knowledge and verbal skills. Crystallized Intelligence
Looks at the unconsious thought processes, but not focusing so much on childhood conflicts. Psychodynamic Perspective
Personality test that provides ambiguous stimuli to trigger projection of inner thoughts and feelings. Projective
A test in which people express their inner feelings and interests through stories that they make up about ambiguous scenes. TAT
A test developed by Rorschach that uses a set of 10 inkblots designed to identify people's inner feelings by analyzing their interpritations. Inkblot
All our thought and feelings about ourselves; an answer to the question "who am I?" Self-Concept
One of the first to personality, he believed in the study of psychoanalisis to figure out underlying causes of behaviors and unconsious motives. Frued
Hopeless feelings when a human or animal can't avoid repeated bad events. Learned Helplessness
First to study personality. "Personality is shapped overtime; every person's personality os unique" Allport
Came up with the 16 human traits; if you where strong/weak in one area you would be weak/strong in the opposite Cattell
Used a statystical analysis to divide people into four groups; stable/unstable introverted/extroverted Eysenck
A pioneer of Positive Psychology. Found that happy people were those who use their "signature strengths," such as humanity, temperance and persistence. Seligman
a cultural specific timetable for events to occur. a "time frame", or culturally prefered time for tansitional events. Social Clock


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Theories of Growth and Development Crossword


Piaget's second cognitive concept that can be described as the ability to absorb new information into the existing schema. ASSIMILATION
______ is characterized by the acquisition of skills involving feeding, mobility, dressing, and control of elimination. AUTONMY
The _______ level refers to all those experiences that are within one's immediate awareness. CONSCIOUS
______ is a mental mechanism that converts unconscious feelings and anxiety into a physical symptom that has no organic basis for the complaint. CONVERSION
______ refers to the progressive acquisition of skills and the capacity to function. DEVELOPMENT
_____ refers to an increase in physical size. GROWTH
Believed that the child progressively develops moral reasoning as he or she gains the ability to think logically. KOHLBERG
The driving force behind most human behavior. LIBIDO
Described human behavior as being motivated by needs that are ordered in a hierarchy. MASLOW
______ consists of the behavior patterns that distinguish one person from another. PERSONALITY
Freud's stage of psychosexual development when children begin to associate both pleasure and conflicting feelings with their genital organs. PHALLIC
______ describes growth and development that progresses from the center of the body towards the extremities. PROXIMODISTAL
The achievement of one's full potential. SELFACTUALIZATION
______ occurs when a person is unconcerned with the welfare of others and is preoccupied with himself or herself. STAGNATION
The _______ level of awareness stores memories, thoughts, and feelings. SUBCONSCIOUS
The _____ is a further development of the ego. It judges, controls, and punishes. SUPEREGO
Defense mechanism in which the individual acts in a manner that symbolically cancels a previous unacceptable thought or action. UNDOING

Mental and Emotional Health Crossword Puzzle


condition or quality of being sad sadness
the intentional act of attempting to kill one's self suicide
mark of disgrace associated with a particular circumstance, quality, or person stigma
treatment for OCD psychotherapy
an anxiety disorder in which people have unwanted and repeated thoughts, feelings, ideas, sensations (obsessions), or behaviors OCD
a feeling of worry, nervousness, or unease, typically about an imminent event or something with an uncertain outcome anxiety
a state of mental or emotional strain or tension resulting from adverse or very demanding circumstances stress
feelings of severe despondency and dejection depression
a common mental illness defined by feelings of uneasiness, worry and fear anxiety disorder
disorder that develops in some people who have experienced a shocking, scary, or dangerous event PTSD
example of a symptom of OCD fear of germs
cause of OCD genetics

Developmental Psychology Crossword


the developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception to birth Fetus
interpreting one's new experience in terms of one's existing schema assimilation
psychologist that is best known for theorizing the stages of cognitive development Piaget
the ideal parenting style authoritative
a sense that the world is predictable and trustworthy, according to Eriksen Basic Trust
type of intelligence consisting of one's accumulated knowledge and verbal skills crystallized
type of intelligence consisting of one's ability to reason speedily and abstractly fluid
psychologist best known for theorizing the 8 psychosocial stages of development Eriksen
psychologist that came up with the 6 stages of moral thinking Kohlberg
what FAS stands for fetal alcohol syndrome
harmful agents that can cause damage to a fetus teratogens
neurodegenerative disease that causes the patient to lose their memory and become mentally vacant alzheimers
disorder that results in a deficit of communication and social interaction autism
psychologist that studied dependency by exxperimenting with monkeys Harlow
a baby's tendency to open mouth and search for food when touched on the cheek rooting reflex

Early Childhood Cognitive Development Crossword


Increases the likelihood of a behavior occurring Reinforcement
mental representations of the world around them schemas
Piaget's first developmental stage sensorimotor
Conscious, rational part of personality Ego
Unconscious, source of biological needs/desires ID
The conscience Superego
directly processing information that a child knows Assimilation
changing what one knows to fit the new information Accommodation
Child starts to think in symbols Preoperational
Child starts to think logically Concrete
reinforcers and punishments operant
stimulus, response classical
decreases the likelihood of a behavior to occur punishment
Bandura's Social Learning Theory modeling
consists of activities and interactions in the immediate environment Microsystem

Mental illness Crossword


Relating to disorders of the mind Mind
A disorder that affects a person's ability to think, feel and behave clearly. Schizophrenia
a chronic or persistent disorder of the mental processes caused by brain disease or injury and marked by memory disorders, personality changes, and impaired reasoning. Dementia
A state of confusion Disorder
A state of being free from illness or injury Health
a mental condition, present from early childhood, characterized by great difficulty in communicating and forming relationships with other people and in using language and abstract concepts. Autism
a physical or mental condition that limits a person's movements, senses, or activities. Disability
Hallucinations are where someone sees, hears, smells, tastes or feels things that don't exist outside their mind. Hallucinations
A mental health disorder characterised by feelings of worry, anxiety or fear that are strong enough to interfere with one's daily activities. Anxiety disorder
a common and serious medical illness that negatively affects how you feel, the way you think and how you act. Depression
showing wild, apparently deranged, excitement and energy Manic
medical care given to a patient for an illness or injury. Treatment
a mental condition marked by alternating periods of elation and depression. Bipolar disorder
treatment intended to relieve or heal a disorder. Therapy
the act or an instance of taking one's own life voluntarily and intentionally Suicide
the identification of the nature of an illness or other problem by examination of the symptoms. Diagnosis
a person who concentrates primarily on a particular subject or activity; a person highly skilled in a specific and restricted field Specialist
relating to a person's emotions. Emotional
deliberate injury to oneself Self- harm
a failure of a relationship or system. Breakdown
a mental condition characterized by delusions of persecution, unwarranted jealousy, or exaggerated self-importance, typically worked into an organized system. Paranoia
the state of being unstable; lack of stability. Instability
A mental condition in which you are so upset or so unhappy that you cannot look after yourself Nervous breakdown
An illness caused by witnessing or experiencing a traumatic event, often used as a basis for a legal compensation claim Nervous shock
Obsessive compulsive disorder OCD
Post-traumatic stress disorder PTSD
A tendency to have extreme and unexpected changes of emotion of behaviour Split personality

Unit 10: Personality Crossword


an individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting. Personality
in psychoanalysis, a method of exploring the unconscious in which the person relaxes and says whatever comes to mind, no matter how trivial or embarrassing. Free Association
Freud's theory of personality and therapeutic technique that attributes thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts. Freud believed the patient's free associations, resistances, dreams, and transferences—and the therapist's interpretations of them Psychoanalysis
the childhood stages of development (oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital) during which, according to Freud, the id's pleasure-seeking energies focus on distinct erogenous zones. Psychosexual Stages
complex according to Freud, a boy's sexual desires toward his mother and feelings of jealousy and hatred for the rival father. Oedipus Complex
(1) the inability to see a problem from a new perspective, by employing a different mental set. (2) according to Freud, a lingering focus of pleasure-seeking energies at an earlier psychosexual stage, in which conflicts were unresolved. Fixation
Carl Jung's concept of a shared, inherited reservoir of memory traces from our species' history. Collective Unconscious
a personality test, such as the Rorschach or TAT, that provides ambiguous stimuli designed to trigger projection of one's inner dynamics. Projective Test
a projective test in which people express their inner feelings and interests through the stories they make up about ambiguous scenes. Thematic Apperception Test
the most widely used projective test, a set of 10 inkblots, designed by Hermann Rorschach; seeks to identify people's inner feelings by analyzing their interpretations of the blots. Rorschach Inkblot Test
a theory of death-related anxiety; explores people's emotional and behavioral responses to reminders of their impending death. Terror-Management Theory
according to Maslow, one of the ultimate psychological needs that arises after basic physical and psychological needs are met and self-esteem is achieved; the motivation to fulfill one's potential. Self-Actualization
a caring, accepting, nonjudgmental attitude, which Carl Rogers believed would help clients to develop self-awareness and self-acceptance. Unconditional Positive Regard
all our thoughts and feelings about ourselves, in answer to the question, "Who am I?" Self-Concept
a characteristic pattern of behavior or a disposition to feel and act, as assessed by self-report inventories and peer reports. Trait
a questionnaire (often with true-false or agree-disagree items) on which people respond to items designed to gauge a wide range of feelings and behaviors; used to assess selected personality traits. Personality Inventory

Chapter 8 Crossword


The process of thinking, gaining knowledge, and dealing with knowledge. Cognition
Mental pictures or visual depictions used in memory and thinking. Mental Images
Mental category for classifying things based on common features or properties. Concept
Words or symbols, and rules for combining them, that are used for thinking and communication. Language
Experiencing a sense that is normally associated with another sense. Synesthesia
A concept defined by the relationship between features of an object or between an object and its surroundings. Relational concept
An ideal model used as a prime example of a particular concept. Prototype
Study of meanings in words and language. Semantics
The exact, dictionary definition of a word or concept. Denotative meaning
The subjective, personal, or emotional meaning of a word or concept. Connotative meaning
Ability to speak 2 languages bilingualism
Basic speech sounds of language. Phonemes
A set of rules for combining language units into meaningful speech or writing. Grammar
Rules for ordering words when forming a sentence. Syntax
A problem solution achieved by following a series of step by step rules Algorithmic Solution
Drawing conclusions on the basis of formal principles of thinking. Logical Thought
Shortcut or rule of thumb for finding a solution to a problem. Heuristic
A sudden mental reorganization of a problem that makes the solution obvious. Insight
The tenancy to repeat wrong solutions or faulty responses. Fixation
Tendency to perceive an item only in terms of its most common use. Functional fixedness
Ability to combine mental elements in new and useful ways. Creativity
Thinking that produces many ideas or alternatives. Divergent Thinking
A vivid waking fantasy. Day dream
Impulsive thought that does not use formal logic or clear reasoning. Intuition
The basic rate at which an event occurs overtime. Base Rate
Difficulty making a decision in the face of many alternatives. Choice Overload
A predisposition to perceive or respond in a particular way. Mental State

Psychology chapter 1 Crossword


Physical needs such as sleep and hunger Physiological
Private, unobservable mental reason Cognitive
the scientific study of behavior and mental processes Psychology
Educated guess about same phenomenon Hypothesis
A complex explanation based on findings from a large number of experimental studies Theory
Research Basic science
Using psychological principles to solve more immediate problems Applied science
A general approach to gathering info & answering questions so that error and biases are minimized Scientific method
Interested in the basic elements of human experience Structuralist
A method of self observation in which participants report their thoughts & feelings Introspection
Study how human and animals adapt to their environments Functionalist
A phychologist who studies how unconscious motives and conflicts determine human behavior, feelings, and thoughts Psychoanalyst
A psychologist who analyzes how organisms learn or modify their behavior based o response to events in the environment Behaviorist
A psychologist who believes that each person has freedom in directing his or her future and achieving personal growth Humanist
A psychologist who studies how we process, store, retrieve, and use info and how thought processes influence our behavior Cognitivist
A psychologist who studies how chemical and physical changes in our body influence behavior Psychobiologist
A branch of medicine that deals with mental, emotional, or behavioral disorders Psychiatry
A pyschologist who diagnoses and treat people with emotional disturbances Clinical psychologist
A psychologist who studies the emotional, cognitive, biological, personal, & social changes that occur as individuals mature Developmental
A pysychologist who is concerned with helping students learn Educational
A psychologist who may work in a mental health or social welfare agency Community
A psychologist who uses psychological concepts to make the work place a more satisfying environment for employees & managers Industrial
A psychologist who studies sensation, perception, learning, motivation, and/or emotion in carefully controlled laboratory conditions Experimenal

Intro to Psychology Crossword


Who is often called the "father" of psychology? wundt
Psychology is the scientific study of _______ and mental processes. behavior
This is a complex, unlearned behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a species. instinct
What part of the brain includes the auditory (hearing) areas? temporallobes
The autonomic nervous system is split into two divisions, one that calms and one that arouses. Which one is the calming side? parasympathetic
Paranoid, catatonic, disorganized, and undifferentiated are all classifications of what psychological disorder? schizophrenia
What level sits at the top of Maslow's hierarchy of needs? selfactualization
What area of the brain controls many of your emotional responses, including fear and anger? amygdala
Formerly known as multiple personality disrder, _______ identity disorder is characterized by a person exhibiting 2 or more distinct personalities. dissociative
In the study of behavior genetics, the real question of "what makes you who you are?" deals with nature v. _______. nurture
This research method is the only one that allows the experimenter to draw conclusions about cause and effect. experiment
The period between childhood and adulthood. adolescence
What gland is often referred to as the master gland? pituitary
A fetus is the developing human organism from _______ weeks after conception to birth. nine
In order to be judged a psychological disorder, it has to meet these 4 criteria: maladaptive, _______, disturbing, and atypical. unjustifiable
This is the culturally preferred timing of social events such as marriage, parenthood, and retirement. socialclock
What psychologist's studes in the area of morality led his to develop a 3 stage theory of moral development? kohlberg
_______ nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by excessive eating followed by purging, laxative use, fasting, or excessive exercise. bulimia
_______ is the fear of swallowing. phagophobia
What is the 1st stage in Jean Piaget's stages of cognitive development? sensorimotor



a feeling of worry, nervousness, or unease, typically about an imminent event or something with an uncertain outcome ANXIETY
feelings of severe despondency and dejection; inexplicable saddness DEPRESSION
an unfair judgement of a person or people; a mark of disgrace associated with a particular circumstance, quality, or person STIGMA
Negative Stress. D__________ DISTRESS
Positive Stress. E__________ EUSTRESS
an anxiety disorder in which people have unwanted and repeated thoughts, feelings, ideas, sensations (obsessions), or behaviors OCD
disorder that develops in some people who have experienced a shocking, scary, or dangerous event PTSD
to make easier or less difficult; contribute to; facilitate HELP
the branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of mental illness PSYCHIATRY
to give advice to; advise COUNSEL
Confidence in one's own worth or abilities. (2 wds.) SELF ESTEEM
Ability to understand and share the feelings of another. EMPATHY
Feelings of pity and sorrow for someone else's misfortune. SYMPATHY
A sense of resolution or conclusion. CLOSURE
A person looked to by others as an example to be imitated. (2wds.) ROLE MODEL