a sultan placed on the Ottoman throne and ruled like an authoritarian and suspended the constitution; he was in constant fear of assassination
British adventurer popularly known as "Lawrence of Arabia"
Father of Turks
the capital and largest city of Iran
Persian army officer who seized power in 1925
a theocratic islamic republic in the Middle East in western Asia
reform leader in the early 1920s and united Northern Arabian Peninsula. He created Saudi Arabia in 1932.
an absolute monarchy occupying most of the Arabian Peninsula in southwest Asia
an ancient country is southwestern Asia on the east coast of the Mediterranean
a republic in eastern Africa
believed that African Americans should strive for full rights immediatly;founded the NAACP
Many poor urban blacks turned to him. He was head of the Universal Negro Improvement Association and he urged black economic cooperation and founded a chain of UNIA grocery stores and other business
Vietnamese communist statesman who fought the Japanese in World War II and the French until 1954 and South vietnam until 1975 (1890-1969)
a region in northeastern China
the largest city of China
also called the Yangtze River; stretches 3,400 miles
military leader that took over Guomindang when Sun Yat-sen died
Nationalists massacre Communists in China
a city in eastern China on the Yangtze River
Chinese communist leader (1893-1976)
Religious leaders hold the power
One of the world's most important source of oil
The birthplace of several different religious
Most Turkish people live here
Has been in war for years
Is the home to the religion of Islam
Independent small country, Borders Egypt and Israel
Northern part of Indian Ocean bounded by by Pakistan and Iran
Connects Red Sea to Mediterranean Sea
Lies between Strait of Hormuz and the Indian Ocean
Flows through northeast Iran and the southwest to the Arabian Peninsula
Flow through Jordan
One of the most historically important rivers in western Asia
Between the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf
method in which water is supplied to plants at regular intervals for agriculture
Water that is contamination
The unbalanced division of anything
An ethnic group that the native language is a variety of Arabic
A ethnic group that was with the Ottoman Empire
Believes the new leader should be in the prophets Muhammad's bloodline
Believed in the teachings of Muhammad
World's largest religion
A variety. State of being diverse.
Believed the new leader should be of the head of state
a community who share a common cultural background
A set of individuals whose identity as such is distinctive in common doctrines, practicers or rituals
What was the largest empire in SW Asia?
What is the belief in one God?
The main relgion of SW Asia is _______.
What is the "holy city"?
Country made for the Jews.
The country that is left of the Ottoman Empire.
City Muslims visit during Hajj.
Holy book of Islam.
The torah is which religion's holy book?
SW Asia has a ____ and dry climate.
About _____% of Muslims in the word are Shia.
Who is the founder of Islam?
The version of Islam that believes that a decendent from Muhammad should lead the religion.
Most muslims are _______.
Converting salty water to fresh water for drinking and farming.
______ is the capital of Saudi Arabia.
The river that flows through Syria and Iraq to join the Tigris in the Shatt al-Arab, which empties into the Persian Gulf.
The river flows south from the mountains of southeastern Turkey through Iraq and empties itself into the Persian Gulf.
The terrorist group that caused 9/11.
The place of worship for Muslims.
People who move from place to place without a permanent home
Desert that stretches across north africa
When people in an area move into cities and those cities grow larger
A system of writing using pictures and other symbols
Worlds 2nd largest river in the world
Worshiping only one god
Violence against innocent civilians to create fear for political reasons
The royal family controls everything in the country/no voting
Holy book of Christianity
The holy book of Islam
Holy book of Judaism
Islamic houses of worship
Capital of Egypt
Sea located above africa
The removal of salt from seawater
A messenger of god
How many cultural hearths are in the world?
Country with the largest oil reserves in the world
What water mass separates Africa from Asia?
A place in a desert where water can be found
Region In between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers
A leader who has complete control over a country
Beliefs about what is right and wrong
A leader chosen by god
Very good region for growing crops
the founder and major prophet of Islam
monotheistic religion based on the teachings of the Quran
a believer in the religion of Islam who accepts Allah as the only god
natural fuel formed from the remains of living organisms
central religious text of Islam
chief Muslim civil and religious leader
Muslim place of worship
use of violence and intimidation in the pursuit of political arms
head covering worn by Muslim women in public
political party founded in Syria by Michel Aflaq
viscous liquid derived from petroleum
capital of Saudi Arabia
one of the two main branches of Islam, commonly described as orthodox
an adherent of the Shia branch of Islam
arabic word for God
war or struggle against disbelievers of Islam
person regarded as an inspired teacher or proclaimer of God
belief that there is only one God
fertile spot in a desert where water is found
ninth month of the Muslim year during which strict fasting occurs from sunrise to sunset
building in the courtyard of The Great Mosque in Mecca
nomadic Arab of the desert
Islamic fundamentalist political movement
materials of substances that occur in nature and can be used for economic gain
state of armed conflict between different nations or states
What is the largest river
The majority of Saudi Arabia is covered in whst landform
Non renewable natural resource has contributed to the growth of the Middle East
Which religion do most southwest Asia practice
Who makes up the largest ethnic group in turkey
What is the oldest religion of the Middle East
Which war was caused over oil
What form of government does Saudi Arabia have
What form of government does Iraq have
A major environmental issue facing the countries of the Middle East is the pollution of
The Torah which contains the mosaic law is most often used in
Blocks of rock and soil.
Nonrenewable resource formed over millions of years.
Removal of salt from seawater.
Most of the population in cities.
More than half.
A culture that has written language in which people have different jobs.
Worshiping more than one god.
The holy book of Islam.
Muslim political and religious leader.
Islamic houses of worship.
A group with less than half of the population.
A leader who seizes power undemocratically and has complete control of a country.
The belief that holy books should be taken literally.
An a arabic word that means "struggle"
The use of violence against innocent civilians to create fear.
The willingness to take risks of starting a business.
A group of hired government officials.
A sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean.
A sea bordering Israel.
Longest river in Western Asia.
Eastern member of the Euphrates.
Was a campaign of violent resistance against Israel.
A government controlled by one person who has not won an election.
The raising of plants and animals.
a small fertile or green area in a desert region, usually having a spring or well.
the patriarch of a tribe or family; chief: a term of polite address.
a group of travelers, as merchants or pilgrims, journeying together for safety in passing through deserts, hostile territory, etc
a Muslim temple or place of public worship.
the branch of mathematics that deals with general statements of relations, utilizing letters and other symbols to represent specific sets of numbers, values, vectors, etc., in the description of such relations.
any substance or substances used in treating disease or illness; medicament; remedy.
the systematic treatment of magnitude, relationships between figures and forms, and relations between quantities expressed symbolically.
Persian poet and mathematician.
the religious faith of Muslims, based on the words and religious system founded by the prophet Muhammad and taught by the Koran, the basic principle of which is absolute submission to a unique and personal god, Allah
a person who speaks for God or a deity, or by divine inspiration.
founder of Islam.
a Semitic language that developed out of the language of the Arabians of the time of Muhammad, now spoken in countries of the Middle East and North Africa.
, sultan of the Ottoman Empire
a city in and the capital of Iraq, in the central part, on the Tigris
a republic in SW Asia, N of Saudi Arabia and W of Iran, centering in the Tigris-Euphrates basin of Mesopotamia.
a city in and the capital of Hejaz, in W Saudi Arabia: birthplace of Muhammad; spiritual center of Islam.
a region in Saudi Arabia bordering on the Red Sea, formerly an independent kingdom: contains the Islamic holy cities of Medina and Mecca.
religion, including the Catholic, Protestant, and Eastern Orthodox churches.
a group of nations or peoples ruled over by an emperor, empress, or other powerful sovereign or government:
of or relating to the religion, law, or civilization of Islam.