Another name for formed elements
Clear yellowish portion of whole blood
Involved in stopping blood flow from a wound
The study of blood
Molecule important to transporting oxygen
Prime function of this cell is to carry oxygen to all parts of the body
The blood cell can leave the circulatory system
When two blood types can be safely mixed
a type of granular leukocyte
the process of stopping the loss of blood
disease where bleeding can be difficult to stop
blood disease that the woman in the film Blood was diagnosed with
blood disease caused by a pathogen
a type of agranulocyte
substances that can trigger a protective defense mechanism
Type of blood that contains both anti-A and anti-B antigens
Type of blood that contains neither anti-A or anti-B antigens
red blood cell formation
an immature rbc
this allows a rbc to fit into and go thru very tight spaces
The state of low oxygen levels in tissues is referred to as
What type of cell is responsible for most types of blood cell production
Where do Granulocytes mature?
Which cell types have no nucleus when mature?
A White Blood cell is also called what?
These cells aid in the coagulation process.
What cells lack Granulocytes?
What do monocytes become in the tissues?
What is the formation of platelets called?
An immature red blood cell is known as what?
These white blood cells are defined by their round nucleus.
These white blood cells have an indented nucleus.
What cell is associated with cell mediated immunity?
What cell is associated with humoral immunity?
What is the balance between coagulation and anticoagulation?
The fist step to coagualtion is what?
This prevents excessive clotting/thombus formation.
Fibrinogen and what other plasma protein are involved in the clotting of blood?
This Granulocyte stains pink.
Which Granulocytes pick up a blue/purple stain?
These granulocytes do not take up any stain.
A red blood cell is called an _______.
Platelets are fragments of this type of mature cell.
A cell that becomes a red blood cell is called a _______.
White blood cells, unlike red blood cells, do not carry any _____.
A high count of these cells is likely due to a bacterial infection.
To combat inflammation, ______ release histamine.
Monocytes differentiate into macrophages, which are either _____ or wandering.
This is an abnormally low level of WBCs caused by radiation, shock, and/or chemotherapy.
_______ is the sequence of responses that stops bleeding.
Stem cells from the umbilical cord are taken and frozen in a ____-blood transplant.
Erythropoietin is released by this organ.
These cells make up about 20-25% of circulating WBCs.
A ______ WBC count is taken to determine specific issues in the body.
Basophils normally make up less than ___ percent of circulating WBCs. (spell it out!)
Eosinophils have large granules that stain an orange-___ color.
Alveolar macrophages are stationed in the _____.
The percent of blood occupied by RBCs is called the _____.
This vein, found in the arm, is typically used for venipuncture. (two words, no spaces)
Blood is more _____ than water.
________ stem cells form all blood cells.
Type AB blood contains no anti-A or anti-B ______.
Type O blood is compatible with ___ other blood types.
______ disease of the newborn involves an Rh- mother and an Rh+ fetus
_____-matching is the mixing of a donor's and recipient's blood to test for compatibility.
Lysozyme is an enzyme that kills _____.
A deficiency in clotting factors is called _____.
_______ fluid bathes body cells.
The study of blood is called _____.
These proteins make up most of the proteins in blood plasma.
Two gases transported by blood are oxygen and _________. (two words, no spaces)
the fluid portion of the blood
red blood cells
the oxygen-transporting pigment of erythrocytes
white blood cell
a white blood cell with secretory granules in its cytoplasm (ex. eosinophil/basophil)
the most abundant of the white blood cells
granular white blood cells whose granules readily take up a stain called eosin
white blood cells whose granules stain deep blue with basic dye; have a relatively pale nucleus and granular-appearing cytoplasm
white blood cells with a one-lobed nucleus. no granules in cytoplasm
agranular white blood cells formed in the bone marrow that mature in the lymphoid tissue
large single-nucleus white blood cell; agranular leukocyte
one of the irregular cell fragments of blood; involved in clotting
formation of blood cells
stem cells that give rise to all the formed elements of the blood
the stopping of a flow of blood
the stout wall separating the lower chambers of the heart from one another
begins at the base of the right ventricle, branches into two pulmonary arteries which deliver deoxygenated blood to the corresponding lung
bicuspid and tricuspid
cord-like tendons that connect the papillary muscles to the tricuspid valve and the mitral valve in the heart (heart strings)
lub dub, lub dub
a condition in which the heart produces or is apt to produce a recurring sound indicative of disease or damage
abnormally high blood pressure
a disease of the arteries characterized by the deposition of plaques of fatty material on their inner walls
the membranous sac enveloping the heart
a chamber of the heart receiving blood from the veins; superior heart chambers
discharging chambers of the heart
system of blood vessels that carry blood to and from the lungs for gas exchange
major systemic artery; arises from the left ventricle of the heart
systems of blood vessels that carries nutrient- and oxygen-rich blood to all the body organs
valves that prevent blood return to the ventricles after contraction
the contraction phase of heart activity
a period (between contractions) of relaxation of the heart during which it fills with blood
a volume of blood ejected by a ventricle during systole
sequence of events encompassing one complete contraction and relaxation of the atria and ventricles of the heart
Proteins produced by the liver to maintain osmotic pressure and blood volume.
Type of plasma protein that transports fatty acids and steroid hormones.
Antibodies that help to reduce disease.
Antibodies that cause blood clotting.
Hemoglobin molecule (RBC) that carry oxygen, iron, carbon dioxide.
Lymphocytes that destroy invading cells by breaking down their membranes.
Lymphocytes that secrete antibodies with then mark and destroy invading cells.
White blood cells that secrete histamine to increase inflammation.
White blood cells that secrete antihistamine to decrease inflammation.
White blood that ingest and digest bacteria and dead matter.
White blood that ingest and digest bacteria and dead matter AND help immune system by presenting antigens which stimulate lymphocytes.
Name of the process by which lysosomes break down other cells and foreign particles.
System that delivers oxygen and nutrients to the body.
General name for white blood cells.
Which part of the blood do Albulins, Globulins and Fibrinogens belong to?
An abnormal increase in the number of red cells in the blood
An immature RBC
A clump of red blood cells that appear to be stacked like a roll of coins
Red blood cell formation
An oxygen carrying molecule
Having two copies of the same gene
Breakdown of RBCs
Having a high fat level
Capillary blood collector
Samll blood vessels throughout the body that connect the smaller arteries to the smaller veins
Area in front of the elbow
The liquid part of blood
Plasma protein that is converted to fibrin in the clotting process
The excessive variation in size of cells, especially RBCs
A condition in whihc many red blood cells have abnormal or multiple types of shapes
having a multi-lobed nucleus; used to describe cells such as granulocytes
the inflammation of the lining of hte hear. may be associated with an increase in number of monocytes.
wBCs that are responsible for combating infection by parasites in the body
damage to the brain that occurs when the blood flow to the brain is disrupted.
a potent vasoconstrictor that is released by platelets adhering to a wounded blood vessel
an anticoagulant used to prevent and treat a thrombus or embolus. Also a rodent poison
Any substance that stimulates the production of antibodies.
removal and examination of tissue from the body performed to establish a precise diagnosis
a stone developing in the body, e.g., kidney or bile (not the branch of mathematics)
the study of cells, their origin, structure, function and pathology
A substance the body cannot recognize, usually on living
A quick and general immune response you're born with
A highly specific attack on a antigen or pathogen by the creation of antibodies
A type of WBC that fights infection by swallowing pathogens
The movement of B cells to produce antibodies
A sexually transmitted disease
Swelling and redness at the site of infection
Chemical released by the body in response to an injury or allergen
Specific particles created by the immune system to destroy specific disease causing invaders
The action or process of recognizing foreign bodies
Any substance that causes an allergic reaction
A special version of auntie Jen that provides immunity against disease
A disease that can be spread by contact with infected people animals water or food
Physical contact touching and infected individual including sexual contact
A severe allergic reaction that can result in swelling breathing difficulty and sometimes does
The action or process of anti-bodies destroying pathogens
Third and order or level
Blood cells that fight infection and prevent the growth of cancer
Specialized white blood cells that fights diseases by talking antigens directly
Specialized White blood cells that fight diseases by activating the B-cells
The percentage of whole blood consisting of whole blood
Composed of approximately 90 percent water and a non living fluid matrix
Function primarily to ferry oxygen to all cells to the body
Phagocytes at active site of infection and the numbers increase during infection
Release histamine at site of inflammation and heparin
The function as macrophages and it is important in fighting chronic infection
Part of the immune respones
Needed for hemostasis
Process of blood cells formation
Protein carried in plasma that recognized and bind to foreign antigen ( not "self" antigen)
Protein found on surface of RBC AND Recognized by immune system as "self" or foreign body
Is an immune serum that prevent this sensitization and subsequent immune respones
In which paricles ( such as red blood cells or bacteria) suspended in a liquid collect in to clumps and which occurs especially as a serologic response to a specific antibodyt
Defend the body against diseas
The cear yellowish fluid that remains from blood plasma after fibrinogen, prothrombin, and other clotting factors have been removed by clot fromation
nucleus, abnormal condition, mono
tumor, thymus gland
surgical removal, tonsils
across, pouring, action
separation of, blood
carry away, serum
mor than the normal number of cell, clot
blood condition, white
pretaining to being attracted to, base
cell, too few, all
cutting into, vein
thyroid gland, disease, low
refers to blood, stem cells, bone marrow, or other tissue that is transferred from one person to another
a drug that prevents blood clots from forming
refers to blood or other tissue derived from a person's own body
refers to a non-cancerous disease that does not spread throughout the body
the soft, spongy tissue inside of bones where blood cells are produced
the process by which blood clots
a test that provides information about the types and numbers of cells in one's blood
a type of white blood cell that mediates allergic reactions and defends the body from infection by parasites and bacteria
also called the red blood cell
a type of white blood cell that includes neutrophils, eosinophils, and basophils
the percentage of the whole blood volume that is made up of red blood cells
blood that is circulating through the body's blood vessels and heart
part of the complete blood count, a blood test used to evaluate bleeding and clotting disorders
Production of blood cells
First red cell precursor
Bi-lobed white blood cell
Immature cells produced through erythropoiesis and released into blood
Hormone regulating erythrocyte production
An abnormally large nucleated red cell precursor with an immature nucleus
Nutrient absorbed in the duodenum and stored in the body for 4 months
Two genes for making this chain exist on each chromosome 16 (4 in cell) multiple mutations can lead to thalassaemia
An autosomal recessive disorder in which HbS polymerises if exposed to low oxygen levels, distorting the RBC
Red cell destruction