Type
Crossword
Description

learning by watching others observational learning
personal belief in one's own power over life events locus of control
the knowledge and skills needed to engage in a particular behavior Behavior capability
personal belief in one's own ability to successfully do something self efficacy
anticipated outcomes of a particular behavior expectations
values assigned to the outcomes of a particular behavior Expectancies
rewards or punishments for doing something Reinforcement
controlling behavior based on personal standards self regulation
when was Social Cognitive Theory Renamed 1980's
The original name of social cognitive theory Social Learning Theory
Behavior, personal factors, and environmental factors interact with each other, and changing one changes them all Social cognitive theory

Albert Bandura Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

People learn through _____ others behaviors and attitiudes observing
ones characteristics, such as sensory capacities, arousal level, perceptual set, and past reinforcement can affect amount of _______ paid. attention
_____ doll experiment examined children's aggression Bobo
_____ learning theory was developed by Albert Bandura Social
Bandura was _______ of the APA in 1974 president
_______ determinism was a part of Bandura's theory Reciprical
_____ is remembering what you paid attention to Retention
_______ is reproducing an image Reproduction
Having a good reason to imitate is considered ________ motivation
Bandura is still teaching at ________ University Stanford
New patterns of behavior can be acquired through direct _______ experience
Bandura's theory spans both _____ ad behavior frameworks cognitive
One construct that plays a role in Bandura's theory is ______ reinforcement
Bandura uses _______ techniques in treatment of clients modeling
______ expectations are beliefs of individuals that can produce certain behaviors Efficacy
An example of the social learning theory would be a _______ commercial television
An example of self _______ would be vowing to exercise 4 days a week judgement
______ outcomes is a person's expectancy that the performance of certain behaviors will secure certain reinforcements Anticipated
________ is a problem that arises from too much self-punishment Inactivity

Sociology Chapter 4 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the lifelong process through which people learn culture and become functioning members of society Socialization
The process of learning cultural behaviors and expectations so deeply that we accept them without question Internalization
Theory maintaining that people learn new attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors through social interaction (especially during childhood) social learning theory
people who we admire and whose behavior we imitate role models
a self-image based on how we think others see us looking glass self
learning to take the perspective of others role taking
someone whose opinion we value and who influences our thinking, especially about ourselves significant other
learning how to perform a role that a person will occupy anticipatory socialization
the norms, values, and expectations of society as a whole that affect a person's behavior generalized other
the process of providing information and cues to others to present oneself in a favorable light while downplaying or concealing one's less appealing characteristics impression management
groups of people who shape an individual's self-image, behavior, values, and attitudes in different contexts reference group
the individuals, groups, or institutions that teach us how to participate effectively in society socialization agents
homes in which three or more generations live together multigenerational households
people who are similar in age, social status, and interests peer group
the process of unlearning old ways of doing things and adopting new attitudes, values, norms, and behaviors resocialization
settings where people are isolated from the rest of society, stripping of their former identities, and rebuild to conform to new rules and behaviors total institutions

Early Childhood Cognitive Development Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Increases the likelihood of a behavior occurring Reinforcement
mental representations of the world around them schemas
Piaget's first developmental stage sensorimotor
Conscious, rational part of personality Ego
Unconscious, source of biological needs/desires ID
The conscience Superego
directly processing information that a child knows Assimilation
changing what one knows to fit the new information Accommodation
Child starts to think in symbols Preoperational
Child starts to think logically Concrete
reinforcers and punishments operant
stimulus, response classical
decreases the likelihood of a behavior to occur punishment
Bandura's Social Learning Theory modeling
consists of activities and interactions in the immediate environment Microsystem

Chapter 11 Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Physical and physiological reactions causing a person to feel alert, attentive, wide awake, excited, or tense Arousal
A transitional phase during which students gradually appropriate self-regulated learning and skills through modeling, direct teaching, feedback, and coaching from teachers, parents, or peers Co-regulation
Procedures based on both behavioral and cognitive learning principles for changing your own behavior using self-talk and self-instruction Cognitive behavior modification
The capacity to coordinate learning skills, motivation, and emotions to reach your goals Human agency
Our own direct experiences- the most powerful source of efficacy information Mastery experience
Changes in behavior, thinking, or emotions that happen through observing another person- a model Modeling
"Contagious" spreading of behaviors through imitation Ripple effect
A person's sense of being able to deal effectively with a particular task; beliefs about personal competence in a particular situation Self-efficacy
Talking oneself through the steps of a task Self-instruction
A view of learning as skills and will applies to analyzing learning tasks, setting goals and planning how to do the task, applying skills, and especially making adjustments about how learning is carried out Self-regulated learning
Process of activating and sustaining thoughts, behaviors, and emotions in order to reach goals Self-regulation
Controlling (selecting and administering) your own reinforcers Self-reinforcement
Students working together to regulate each other through reminders, prompts, and other guidance Shared regulation
Theory that adds concern with cognitive factors such as beliefs, self-perceptions, and expectations to social learning theory Social cognitive theory
Theory that emphasizes learning through observation of others Social learning theory
A "pep talk" or specific performance feedback- one source of self-efficacy Social persuasion
A teacher's belief that he or she can reach even the most difficult students and help them learn Teachers' sense of efficacy
An explanation of behavior that emphasizes the mutual effects of the individual and the environment on each other Triarchic reciprocal casuality
Accomplishments that are modeled by someone else Vicarious experiences
Increasing the chances that we will repeat a behavior by observing another person being reinforced for that behavior Vicarious reinforcement
Will power; self-discipline; work styles that protect opportunities to reach goals by applying self-regulated learning Volition

Psychology chapter 1 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Physical needs such as sleep and hunger Physiological
Private, unobservable mental reason Cognitive
the scientific study of behavior and mental processes Psychology
Educated guess about same phenomenon Hypothesis
A complex explanation based on findings from a large number of experimental studies Theory
Research Basic science
Using psychological principles to solve more immediate problems Applied science
A general approach to gathering info & answering questions so that error and biases are minimized Scientific method
Interested in the basic elements of human experience Structuralist
A method of self observation in which participants report their thoughts & feelings Introspection
Study how human and animals adapt to their environments Functionalist
A phychologist who studies how unconscious motives and conflicts determine human behavior, feelings, and thoughts Psychoanalyst
A psychologist who analyzes how organisms learn or modify their behavior based o response to events in the environment Behaviorist
A psychologist who believes that each person has freedom in directing his or her future and achieving personal growth Humanist
A psychologist who studies how we process, store, retrieve, and use info and how thought processes influence our behavior Cognitivist
A psychologist who studies how chemical and physical changes in our body influence behavior Psychobiologist
A branch of medicine that deals with mental, emotional, or behavioral disorders Psychiatry
A pyschologist who diagnoses and treat people with emotional disturbances Clinical psychologist
A psychologist who studies the emotional, cognitive, biological, personal, & social changes that occur as individuals mature Developmental
A pysychologist who is concerned with helping students learn Educational
A psychologist who may work in a mental health or social welfare agency Community
A psychologist who uses psychological concepts to make the work place a more satisfying environment for employees & managers Industrial
A psychologist who studies sensation, perception, learning, motivation, and/or emotion in carefully controlled laboratory conditions Experimenal

social thinking and social influence Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

when we try to understand and explain what happens in social setting we tend to view behavior as a particularly significant factor fundementalattributionerror
the phenomenon of people deliberately exerting less effort to achieve a goal when they work in a group than when they work alone socialloafing
scientific study of how we think about, influence, and relate to one another socialpsychology
how we attach meaning to others behavior and our own attributiontheory
how we feel about situation and people attitude
what we do we eventualy become roleplaying
theory that we act to reduce the discomfort we feel when two thoughts are inconsistent cognitivedissonance
how individual thoughts, actions and feelings are influenced by social group social influence
social influence involving a change in belief or behavior in order to fit in with a group conformity
the act or practice of obeying obedience
when one's emotions, opinions, or behaviors are affected by others group influence
loss of self awareness in groups deindividuation
tendency for groups to make decisions that are more extreme than the initial inclination of its members group polarization

sociology Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the scientific study of social structure; patterned social behavior sociology
the patterned interaction of people in social relationships social-structure
the belief that knowledge should be derived from scientific observation positivism
the study of social stability and order social-statistics
person who owns or controls the means for producing wealth capitalist
class owning the means for producing wealth bourgeoisie
working class; those who labor for the bourgeoisie proletariat
the ongoing struggle between the bourgeoisie(owners) and the proletariat(working class) class conflict
social interdependence based on a high degree of specialization of rules organic solidarity
approach that emphasizes the contributions made by each part of society functionalism
the ability to control the behavior of others power
negative consequences of an aspect of society dysfunction
unintended and unrecognized consequences of an aspect of society latent- functions
approach emphasizing the role of conflict, competition, and constraint within a society conflict perspective
behavior that matches group expectations conformity

Chapter 3 Terms Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the way in which factors such as skills, abilities, personalities, perceptions, attitudes, values, and ethics differ from one individual to another. Individual differences
the psychological approach to understanding human behavior that involves knowing something about the person and about the situation. Interactional psychology
a relatively stable set of characteristics that influence an individual’s behavior. Personality
a personality theory that advocates breaking down behavior patterns into series of observable traits in order to understand human behavior. Trait theory
the broad theory that describes personality as a composite of an individual’s psychological processes. Integrative approach
a situation that overwhelms the effects of individual personalities by providing strong cues for appropriate behavior. Strong situation
an individual’s generalized belief about internal control (self-control) verses external control (control by the situation or by others). Locus of control
an individual’s general belief that he or she is capable of meeting job demands in a wide variety of situations. General self-efficacy
an individual’s general feeling of self-worth. Self-esteem
the extent to which people base their behavior on cues from other people and situations. Self-monitoring
an individual’s tendency to accentuate the positive aspects of herself or himself, other people, and the world in general. Positive affect
an individual’s tendency to accentuate the negative aspects of himself or herself, other people, and the world in general. Negative affect
a personality test that elicits an individual’s response to abstract stimuli. Projective test
personality assessments that involve observing an individual’s behavior in a controlled situation. Behavioral measures
a common personality assessment that involves an individual’s responses to a series of questions. Self-report questionnaire
an instrument developed to measure Carl Jung’s theory of individual differences. MBTI instrument
being energized by interaction with people. Extraversion
being energized by spending time alone. Introversion
gathering information through the five senses and focusing on what actually exists. Sensing
gathering information through a “sixth sense” and focusing on what could be. Intuition
making decisions in a logical, objective fashion. Thinking
making decisions in a personal, value-oriented way. Feeling
preferring closure and completion in making decisions. Judging
preferring to explore many alternatives with flexibility and spontaneity. Perceiving
the process of interpreting information about another person. Social perception
the assumption that an individual’s behavior is accounted for by the situation. Discounting principle
the tendency to select information that supports our individual viewpoints while discounting information that threatens our viewpoints. Selective perception
a generalization about a group of people. Stereotype
forming lasting opinions about an individual based on initial perceptions. First-impression
overestimating the number of people who share our beliefs, values, and behaviors. Projection
allowing expectations about people to affect our interaction with them in such a way that those expectations are fulfilled. Self-fulfilling prophecy
the process by which individuals try to control the impressions others have of them. Impression management
a theory that explains how individuals pinpoint the causes of their own and others behavior. Attribution theory
the tendency to make attributions to internal causes when focusing on someone else’s behavior. Fundamental attribution error
the tendency to attribute one’s successes to internal causes and one’s failures to external causes. Self-serving bias

Self-Efficacy Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Bandura describes this as, "the belief in one’s capabilities to organize and execute the courses of action required to manage prospective situations.” Self-efficacy
An individual’s representation of reality that has enough personal validity and credibility to guide behavior and thoughts belief
Beliefs are a source of motivation
Created the Social Cognitive Theory, and believes that individuals posses a self system Bandura
The ability that someone else's performance will affect your belief in your performance Vicarious Experience
The belief that an individual will be able to succeed, based on past experiences Master Efficacy
Praising someone based on their efforts instead of their ability is Verbal Persuasion
This is part of helping someone understand their feelings toward a task Physiological Cues
Anxiety and fear will __________ a person's perceived capabilities decrease
Self efficacy is affected by ______ main factors. four
________ is to perceive a cause because of the outcome. Attribution
Self-efficacy pertains to one's ________ capabilities, not their actual abilities to perform a task. believed

Learning Theories Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Thinking,problem solving and creativity summaries this theory cognitive
The learner is the key focus of this theory constructivism
Stimuli and responses are paired together for a number of trials describes which theory Classical
A conditioned stimulus ultimatley will ellicit a conditioned ___ Response
In classical conditioning, discontinuing the pairing of stimuli and response will lead to extinction
When a stimulus-response is reinforced best describes which theory Operant
If a consequence is positive, the behavior will ... increase
If a consequence is negative, a ........ will decrease behavior
The main contributor to Connectionism is... Thorndike
Strengthening connections through practice is call the Law of ... exercise
Learning through observing others is the basis of what learning theory Social
This learning theory focuses on how we group our information gestalt