Type
Crossword
Description

the branch of mathematics concerning numerical descriptions of how likely an event is to occur, or how likely it is that a proposition is true Probablity
A possible result of an experiment. Example: rolling a 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 Outcomes
A set of possible outcomes resulting from a particular experiment Event
probability that is determined on the basis of reasoning. Theoretical probability
-has a single outcome.
can only happen 1 way simple event
steps in reasoning, moving from premises to logical consequences; etymologically, Inference
probability that is determined on the basis of the results of an experiment repeated many times. Experimental probability
summary statistic that represents the amount of dispersion in a dataset. measure of variability
a single performance of well-defined experiment trials
when the result of the second event is not affected by the result of the first event. independent events
a tool in the fields of general mathematics, probability, and statistics that helps calculate the number of possible outcomes of an event or problem, and to cite those potential outcomes in an organized way. tree diagram
The process of imitating a real phenomenon with a set of mathematical formulas Simulation
an outcome of a random experiment sample
where each member of a population is equally likely to be selected random sample
a value that attempts to describe a set of data by identifying the central position of the data set measures of center
The difference between the lowest and highest values. range
he combination of two or more simple events (with two or more outcomes) compound event
when the outcome of the first event affects the outcome of the second event, so that the probability is changed. dependent events
states that if there are p ways to do one thing, and q ways to do another thing, then there are p×q ways to do both things. fundamental counting principle
a discrete group of people, animals or things that can be identified by at least one common characteristic for the purposes of data collection and analysis. population
is a group or set chosen from a larger statistical population or group of factors or instances that adequately replicates the larger group according to whatever characteristic or quality is under study. representative sample
one in which the method used to create the sample results in samples that are systematically different from the population biased sample
as a graphical method of displaying variation in a set of data. box and whisker plot
the average distance between each data value and the mean. mean and absolute deviaton

Probability Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A set of all outcomes in an experiment EVENT
The ratio of the number of times a specified event happens to the total number of trials or experiments performed Experimental Probability
An event that includes two or more independent events Compound Event
When there are M ways to do one thing, and N ways to do another, then there are M x N ways of doing both Counting Principle
All the possible results in a probability experiment Sample Space
An event that consists of exactly one outcome Simple Event
The number of possible ways an event can happen compared to all possible outcomes Theoretical Probability
All the OTHER possible outcomes of an experiment Complement
A chart that organizes possible outcomes for a process to make it easy to count Tree Diagram
All possible results of a trial or an experiment Outcome
Denoting two events that cannot occur at the same time Mutually Exclusive
The likelihood or chance of a given event happening Probability
An event whose outcome has nothing to do with the outcome of other event Independent Event
An event whose outcome is affected by the outcome of another event Dependent Event

Probability and Statistics Terms Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A set of information data
the range of numbers that includes the largest and smallest values scale
the difference between the largest and smallest values range
the scale divided into equal, non-overlapping parts intervals
a graphical representation of data on a number line line plot
data that is unbroken and numerical continuous
a graph depicting bars that represent non-continuous data bar graph
a bar graph representing continuous data; bars touch histogram
the middle data point when the data are in order median
the sum of the data divided by the number of data mean
the data that occurs most mode
the ratio of the number of successful outcomes to the number of possible outcomes probability
the set of all possible outcomes sample space
the result of a probability experiment outcome
when the result of the first event does not affect the result of the second event independent events
when the result of the first event does affect the result of the second event dependent events

ANSWER KEY Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The maximum or minimum point of a quadratic function. vertex
The line of symmetry that runs through the vertex; can be found algebraically: x=-b/(2a) axis of symmetry
All the input values of a function. domain
All the output values of a function. range
x = -b ± √(b² - 4ac)/2a quadratic formula
one of the possible outcomes of a probability experiment event
a possible result of an experiment outcome
a diagram that shows how two or more sets in a universal set are related Ven diagram
a collection or list of items SET
events such that the outcome of one event does not affect the probability of the outcome of another event independent events
'sides and angles' that are images of each other will be equal if the two triangles are congruent. CORRESPONDING PARTS
Any number that can be written as a simple fraction, with a whole number numerator and denominator, such as terminating decimals, repeating decimals and integers. rational number
A square with a whole number root. perfect square
An angle of exactly 90 degrees. right angle
A triangle that contains a right angle. right triangle
Any number that cannot be written as a simple fraction, such as non-repeating, non-terminating decimals, square roots of non-perfect squares, pi. irrational number
The result of multiplying a number by itself square
Greek philosopher, 570-495 BC. There is no evidence that Pythagoras himself worked on or proved the Pythagorean Theorem, which was used previously by Babylonians and Indians. Pythagoras
A mathematical symbol that indicates the extraction of the root of the square inside. radical sign
the statement that the values of two mathematical expressions are equal equation
a numerical or constant quantity placed before and multiplying the variable in an algebraic expression Coefficient
solving a problem solutions
value that,when multiplied by itself,gives the number roots
relationship between two numbers indicating how many times the first number contains the second ratio
two ratios or fractions are equal proportion
relationship between two numbers indicating how many times the first number contains the second ratio
a single number or variable, or numbers and variables multiplied together terms
an unbroken part of a circle arc
an angle whose vertex is at the center of a circle central angle

Probability Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The set of all possible outcomes of an experiment Sample space
The set that contains elements or objects that belong to either A or B or to both Union of two sets (A u B)
The set having no elements Null or Empty set
Refers to the elements not in that set Complement of a set
A diagram that shows relationships between different finite sets Venn Diagram
Two or more events that cannot occur at the same time Mutually exclusive
Two or more events that can occur at the same time Mutually inclusive
When two events A and B are mutually exclusive, the probability that A or B will occur is the some of probability of each events Addition rule
Probability of both occurring by p(A and B) Event
Total number outcome is based on a particular category or event p(A/B) Conditional probability
Two events are dependent if the outcome of the first affect the outcome of the second probability changed Dependent event
Two events, A and B are independent if the fact that A occur does not effect the probability that B occur Independent events
Is the chance that something's will happen how likely is that some event will happen sometime you can measure a probability with a number like 10 percent chance of rain Basic probability
A tree diagram is a toal that we use in general mathematics ..Probability and stastic that allow us to calculate the number of possible outcome of an event Tree diagrams
The probability of two independent events occurring can found by the following former p(AnB) =p(A).p(B) Multiplication rule
When two events are said to be independent of each other Two way table
Drawing a red card from a standard deck of card is 26/52 so percent the probability of drawing a deck is 13/52 (25) percent the odd for event is the ratin of the number Odds
The chance of an event occurring Probability

Statistics Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Facts and statistics collected together for reference or analysis Data
Practice or science of collecting and analyzing numerical data in large quantities Statistics
The entire pool from which a statistical sample is drawn Population
Official count or survey of a population Census
A small part or quantity intended to show what the whole is like Sample
A numerical or other measurable factor forming one of a set that defines a system or sets the conditions of its operation Parameter
A fact or piece of data from a study of a large quantity of numerical data Statistic
Data expressing a certain quantity, amount or range Quantitative Data
Is typically descriptive data and as such is harder to analyze than Quantitative data Qualitative Data
Results from either a finite number of possible values or a countable number Discrete
Results from infinitely many possible values that can be on a continuous scale without gaps or interruptions Continuous
Level if measurement of data; characterizes data that consists of names, labels ,or categories only. Nominal
Characterizes data that may be arranged in order, but differences between data values either cannot be determined or are meaningless Ordinal
Characterizes data that can be arranged in order, but differences between data values are meaningful Interval
Characterizes data that can be arranged in order, for which differences between data values are meaningful, and there is an inherent zero starting point. Ratio
Study in which we observe and measure specific characteristics, but dont attempt to manipulate or modify the subjects being studied Observational Study
Study in which data are observed, measured, and collected at one point in time Cross Sectional Study
Longitudinal cohort study that follows over time a group of similar individuals who differ with respect to certain factors under study, to determinehow these factors affect rates of certain outcome Prospective Study
Studies a cohort of individuals that share a common exposure factor to determine its influence Retrospective Study
a variable in a statistical model that correlates (directly or inversely) with both the dependent variable and an independent variable. Confounding
The practice of keeping patients in the dark as to whether they are receiving a placebo or not. Blinding
noun: placebo effect; plural noun: placebo effects a beneficial effect, produced by a placebo drug or treatment, that cannot be attributed to the properties of the placebo itself, and must therefore be due to the patient's belief in that treatment. Placebo Effect
denoting a test or trial, especially of a drug, in which any information that may influence the behavior of the tester or the subject is withheld until after the test. Double Blind
With a randomized block design, the experimenter divides subjects into subgroups called blocks, such that the variability within blocks is less than the variability between blocks. Then, subjects within each block are randomly assigned to treatment conditions. Blocks
the repetition of an experimental condition so that the variability associated with the phenomenon can be estimated. Replication
type of probability sampling method in which sample members from a larger population are selected according to a random starting point and a fixed periodic interval. Systematic Sampling
One of the non-probability sampling methods Convenience Sampling
Type of sampling method where the researcher divides the population into seperate groups, called strata Stratified Sampling
sampling technique used when "natural" but relatively heterogeneous groupings are evident in a statistical population Cluster Sampling
the error caused by observing a sample instead of the whole population Sampling Error
the deviations of estimates from their true values that are not a function of the sample chosen, including various systematic errors and random errors that are not due to sampling. Nonsampling Error
a method of selecting a sample (random sample) from a statistical population in such a way that every possible sample that could be selected has a predetermined probability of being selected Random Sample
subset of a statistical population in which each member of the subset has an equal probability of being chosen. Simple Random Sample
Subjects that are very carefully chosen Rigorously Controlled Design
subjects are put into blocks through a process of random selection Completely Randomized Design

Chapter 1: Statistics Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Consists of information coming from observations, counts, measurements, or responses. Data
The science of collecting, organizing, analyzing, and interpreting data in order to make decisions Statistics
The collection of all outcomes, responses, measurements, or counts that are of interest Population
A subset of a population Sample
A numerical description of a population characteristic Parameter
A numerical description of a sample characteristic Statistic
The branch of statistics that involves the organization, summmarization, and display of data Descriptive Statistic
Consists of attributes, labels, or nonnumerical entries Qualitative Data
Consist of numerical measurements or counts Quantitative Data
Occurs when an experiment cannot tell the difference between the effects of the different factors on a variable. Confounding Variable
A technique where the subject does not know whether he or she is receiving a treatment or a placebo Blinding
A process of randomly assigning subjects to different treatment groups. Randomization
The repetition of an experiment using a large group of subjects. Replication
A count or measure of an entire population. Census
On in which every member of he population has an equal chance of being selected. Random Sample
Depending on the focus of the study, members of the population are divided into two or more subsets Stratified Sample
Divide the population into groups and select the members in one or more groups Cluster Sample
Each member of the population is assigned a number Systematic Sample
Convenience Sample Convenience Sample

Probability Vocab Crossword Lessons 1-3

Type
Crossword
Description

The ________ of an event is a ratio that compares the number of favorable outcomes to the number of possible outcomes. Probability
Outcomes occur at ________ if each outcome is equally likely to occur. Random
__________ ____________ is based on uniform probability- what should happen when conducting a probability experiment. Theoretical Probability
______________ _________ is based on relative frequency- what actually occurs during such experiment. Experimental Probability
The set of all the possible outcomes in a probability experiment is called the _________ _________. Sample Space
Organized lists, tables, and _______ ________ can be used to represent the sample space. Tree Diagrams
A _________ ___________ is one in which there is more than one possible outcome. Compound Event
A possible result in a probability experiment is called ___________. Outcome
_________ ________ are two events in which either one or the other must happen, but they cannot happen at the same time. Complementary Events
__________ __________ is the ratio of the number of experimental successes to the number of experimental attempts. Relative Frequency

Statistics Terms Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

what is the average of a given set numbers? mean
what do you call the data that measures distribution around the mean? variance
what measures how spread out numbers are? standard deviation
what graph shows a quantitative comparison using bars bar graph
a graphical display that shows data grouped ranges with connected bars? histogram
a graph of plotted points that shows a relationship between two sets of data scatter plot
what describes the strength and direction of relationships of two variables? correlation
the likelihood of an event happening would be? probability
two or more events that cannot occur at the same exact time mutually exclusive
this would that the event hasn't occured complement
circles overlapping or not to show a direct relationship between groups Venn diagram
an event with a probability of 1 certain event
an event with a probability of 0 is an uncertain event
an arrangement of objects with regards to the order permutation
a group of numbers that have been arranged arrangement
when you see "!" after a number (12!) that is called? factorial
all possible outcomes of a set sample space
when two events have similar outcomes non-mutually exclusive
when you dont know the set but you're able to make it by describing whats in it set notation
selection of all or part of a set of numbers without regard to their order combination

statistics vocab Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

numbers or information describing some characteristic data
collection of data from every element of a population census
measured characteristic of a sample stastistic
data where the number of possibilities is finite discrete
characterizes data may be arranged in order ordinal
data you find and observe observational
situation occurs when effects of 2 or more variables can not be distinguished from each other confounding
groups of subjects that are similar blocks
data is readily available convience
difference between population result and true population samplingerror
sample of particular size simplerandomsample
methods for planning experiments, obtaining data, summerizing, etc. statistics
subset of a population sample
observations made by counting quantitative
infinatley many possible values continuous
level of measurement interval
data is observed from one point of time crosssectional
experiments undergo a placebo blinding
repetition of an expiriment replication
samples are drawn from groups stratified
untreated subject believes they are under treatment placeboeffect
entire collection of elements to be studied population
measured characteristics parameter
observation using senses qualitative
characterizes data by names and labels nomial
data that can be arranged in order like a fraction ratio
data is collected from the past retrospective
subject and person giving subject treatment are under a placebo doubleblind
every (x) element is selected systematic
randomly selecting subjects in a population cluster

STats Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

chance of something happening Probability
total number of outcomes samplespace
subset of the outcomes (portion of the total) event
the set of elements that belong to one or both sets. union
elements common in all sets Intersection
elements that are not in the set compliment
the occurrence of one event does not affect the other Independent Events
An event in which more than one outcome is possible compound event
In a normal curve, the 1st standard deviations are 68%, 2nd 95%, 3rd 99.7% Imperical rule
Data Curve showing usual probability Normal Distribution
average Mean
A numerical quantity measuring some aspect of a population of scores Parameter
A numerical measurement describing some characteristic of a sample Statistics
Gives the number of how many standard deviations x lies from the distribution mean Zscore
Favors a certain outcome bias
When a sample is chosen from an entire group at random Cluster Sample
numerical data quantitative
categorical data qualitative
type of sample preventing bias random
way to gather information by asking people questions survey
sample of population favors a certain circumstance convenience sample
Process of applying a treatment to a sample group Experiment
the likelihood of an event based on mathematical reasoning theoretical probability
the actual probability that occurs in an experiment experimental probability
probability that event a and b will both occur intersection