Type
Crossword
Description

Divided into duchies, with each duchy being ruled by a duke. Louis' kingdom
First Saxon king. Henry the Fowler
Replaced the Saxon line. Salinan House
Local tribes leaders who assumed the role of protectors. Dukes
Each duke ruled like a king in his own territory. Duchy
The powerful medieval pope. Innocent III
Depriving an individual of the sacraments. Excommunication
A suspension of church services and the sacraments. Interdict
Designed to free the church of secular control. College of Cardinals
Greatest reforming pope. Prohibited any layman from appointing church officials. Pope Gregory VII
In 1077, refused to obey the pope's screen which led to his excommunication. Henry IV
910 Bernard Clairvaux
Appointment of church officials by layman. Lay investiture
Lived secluded and disciplined lives. Led by Bernard Clairvaux. Cistercians

Middle Ages Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

covering of iron worn by knights armor
chuirch official who oversaw the work of priest bishop
a high official of the catholic church appointed by pope cardinal
where the lord and his knights lived castle
people of the middle ages believed it represented god's rules and teachings Catholic Church
qualities of a good knight, bravery,respect for women chivalry
an official of the church such as priest, bishop clergyman
expeditions sent by the pope to capture the holy land crusades
a period of several hundred years during the dark middle ages dark ages
large piece of land owned by a lord estate
the act of removing a persons membership from church excommunication
arrangement between lord, vassal,, and serf for ownership of land feudalism
land given for military service fief
holding beliefs that the church felt were wrong heresy
court to punish heretics inquisition
clowns before a lord to make them laugh jesters
contest between knights on horseback joust
person who rules a country during middle ages king
man of honor in the military knight
well to noble who owns an estate lord
large piece of land owned by a lord manor
fall of the roman empire in 476 and ended with modern period 1400 medieval period
same as medieval period middle ages
singers and musicians who entertained the lords minstrels
deep, wide, water-filled ditch surrounding a castle moat
building where monks lived monastery
man who gives up property to serve god monk
class of rich people, nobles or lords nobility
poor people who worked on manors peasants
head of the roman catholic church pope
clergyman of the christian church priest
very poor people who worked for lords serfs
contest or joust beetween two knights or two groups of knights tournament
wandering minstrels who wrote poems about the love of a beautiful lady of noble birth troubadours
noble who was given land by the lord in return for military service vassal

Dark Ages Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

Greatest king of the middle ages Charlemagne
Disease that ravaged the Byzantine Empire and most of Europe Bubonic plague
Date of the Fall of Rome 476 AD
A holy war; military expeditions undertaken by European Christians in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries to recover the Holy Land from the Muslims Crusade
led by the Pope; this institution was the stable force that unified Europe Catholic Church
To be barred (or kicked out) of the church excommunicated
political system of local government based on the granting of land in return for loyalty, military assistance, and other services Feudalism
"Great Charter" ...outlines basic rules and rights of the people Magna Carta
made a deal with Byzantine emperor to retake the Holy Land Pope Urban II
fought Christians for the Holy Land Muslim Turks
served and fought for the king Knights
Relating or belonging to the Middle Ages Medieval
defeated the Muslim Moors at Tours in 732 AD Charles martel
religious men who lived apart from society in isolated communities Monks
First Germanic king to convert to Christianity Clovis
Invaders from Scandinavia Vikings
the abbreviation for anno domini; which means in the year of our lord AD
a body of laws developed by the medieval Church Canon Law
Method used by the church to force governments to abide by their wishes interdict
Capital of the Eastern Roman Empire Constantinople
Former Greek city that was the location of Constantinople Byzantium
The estate or domain of a feudal lord Fief
Document that declared religious tolerance for Christianity in the Roman empire Edict of milan
First Roman emperor to convert to Christianity Constantine
Splitting of the church into the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church Great schism
Government rule where one person has all the power autocracy
Word that means non-religious secular
A rite or ritual performed in the church that allows for salvation sacrament
People who did not follow or adhere to religious ways pagan
City where three major religions began Jerusalem

Medieval vocab crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Germanic people from Gaul (modern day France and Switzerland) The Franks
religious communities built by the church for women (nuns) Convents
religious communities built by the church for men (monks) Monasteries
Empire begun by Charlemagne Holy Roman Empire
social structure in medieval Europe including lords, knights, vassals, serfs and sometimes a king. Feudalism
(in feudalism) the lord’s estate Manor
complex set of ideals or code by which medieval knights followed. Chivalry
worldly (involved in politics and other social matters) Secular
church tax Tithe
the office of the Pope The Papacy
Different ranks of Church leaders including priests, bishops, cardinals, and the Pope. Clergy
a ceremony in which kings and nobles appointed church officials Lay Investiture
everyday language used by different regions Vernacular
selling of church positions Simony
Church law Canon Law
important religious ceremonies Sacraments
anyone who does not conform to an established attitude, doctrine, or principle Heretic
A holy war launched by Pope Urban II to reclaim the Holy Land for Christians Crusade
group of advisors who acted like a court for the pope Papal Curia
Unified body of law in England formed by England’s royal judges Common Law
Legislative group in England originally comprised of two burgesses (citizens of wealth and property) from every borough and two knights from every county Parliament
Document drawn up by English nobles and approved by King John which guaranteed certain political rights for the people Magna Carta
Meeting of the three estates in France: 1st was the Church leaders, 2nd was the great lords, and the 3rd was the commoners Estates-General
people who are sent out to teach their religion Missionaries
an agreement between the pope and the ruler of a country Concordat
To exclude a person from church membership Excommunicated
a noble who served a lord of higher rank Vassal
land granted a vassal by his lord Fief
vassals or warriors in armor who on horseback Knights
peasants who could not the manor, own property, or marry without the lord’s approval Serfs
the practice of planting crops at different times and leaving some fields unplanted Crop rotation
groups of businesses made up of tanners, carpenters, bakers and craftspeople Guilds
religious beliefs that conflict with the Church teachings Heresy

7.3 Vocab: The Medieval Church Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Rules that regulate life in a monastery drawn up by a monk named Benedict in 530 A.D. Benedictine Rule
The sacred rites of the church, such as baptism and communion. Only priests could administer these.. Sacraments
Having to do with worldly, not religious(nonreligious) matters. Secular
Claims of the medieval pope that he had authority over all secular rules. Papal Supremacy
Church laws. Canon Law
Banishment from the Roman Catholic Church as a penalty for refusing to obey the church laws. Excommunication
Excommunication of an entire town, religion, and kingdom. Interdict
A medical monk who travels from place to place to help the poor and sick. Friar
Abandoned a wealthy life to travel and minister to the poor and sick and teach the bible. Saint Friar of Assisi
Money given to the church by individual people. 10% of ones income. Tithe
A priest who is in charge of the local churches that the peasants attend. He administered the sacraments-baptism, funeral rites, and visit the sick Parish Priest

Unit 3 Review Part One: The Middle Ages Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The ___________________ Atlantic Drift has a warming effect on northwestern European coasts North
During the Middle Ages many people looked to this religion to bring peace, order and unity Christianity
This is the political and social order that strengthed the ties of loyalty among the nobility Feudalism
A __________- was a low ranking noble who served a lord Vassal
An economic system of distributing and profiting from the land that includes lords, serfs and freemen Manorialism
A group of peasants who worked land for a noble and were tied to the land: unable to own property, move or marry without their noble's permission Serfs
________ innovations led to more efficent production of crops and greater food production agricultural
The Norman Invasion was led by ________________________ of Normandy in order to attain the English throne William
The son of Pepin, King of the Franks, became known as ____________ due to his expansion of the western european empire Charlemagne
The Roman ______________ ____________________ played an important role in the growth of civilizations throughout Western Europe CatholicChurch
Henry IV was ______________ from the church by Pope Gregory VII due to their conflict over who could appoint church leadership excommunicated
During the late Middle Ages disputes within the church led to a deep divide called the Great Schism
Henry IV seized ____________ because Pope Gregory VII had declared a new emperor Rome
Cities and towns in coastal cities became wealthy due to Trade

The Reformation Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

period of time where art and literature became more popular Renissance
began reformation and made the ninety- five theses Martin Luther
a movement which caused thousands of Roman Catholics to become Protestants Reformation
people who protested against certain church practices Protestants
to reduce or eliminate the punishment for sin indulgence
church officials clergy
officialy kicked out of the church excommunicated
goes against church teachings heretic
summarized the religious teachings of Martin Luther Augsbergconfession
Holy Roman Emporer, he declared war on Lutheran Kings CharlesV
Charles let each prince decide if he wanted Lutheran Princes peaceofaugsberg
made reforms in Switzerland. ended Catholic Mass, Confessions, and Indulgences UlrichZwingli
Disagreed with Luther's contention that an individual could work toward salvation through faith in God. JohnCalvin
Broke away from Catholic Church because he wanted a divorce and couldn't get one HenryVIII
respect for an individuals right to worship in his own way religioustoleration
period of reform that strengthened the Catholic Church counterreformation
an attitude that encouraged hard work and careful managment of money and materials, contributed to the growth of buisness and industry in Europe. protestantethic
a feeling of pride in ones country Nationalism
kidnapped the pope after the pope ordered the clergy not to pay taxes PhilipIV
69 years were popes remained under the control of French Kings BabylonianCaptivity

Medieval Europe Crossword Puzzel

Type
Crossword
Description

The Major Domo of the Franks, who stopped the spread of the Muslims into Europe Charles Martel
Also referred to as the Black Death and caused a ton of death in Europe Bubonic Plague
The Battle that William the conqueror won and Hector was killed Battle of Hastings
A ceremony in witch Kings and Nobles appointed Church officals Lay Investiture
People, who receive land Vassels
Landowners, who could grant land Lords
A document that King John was forced to sign and it weakened the power of kings Magna Carta
Mounted horsemen, who pledged to defend their lords lands in exchange for land Knights
Mock battles that Knights took place in to test their skills Tournaments
A war between the English and the French, where the longbow and cannon were invented Hundred Years War
Important religious ceremonies Sacraments
The economic system of Medieval Europe Manorialism
A teenage peasant girl, who worked to drive the English from France Joan of Arc
Common people, who work the land Peasents
People who could not lawfully leave their place of birth Serfs
Church Law that all Medieval Christians were subject to Canon Law
The battle that stopped the spread of Muslims into Europe Battle of Tours
An agreement that allowed the Church to appoint Bishops, but the King could decline the appointment Concordat of Worms
Charels the Great, who was crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Leo Charlemagne

13.2-13.4 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Dividing the empire into three kingdoms Treaty of Verdun
Sailing form Scandinavia also known as Northern. Vikings
Plan was to conquer and settle in Europe Muslim
King of France but held little power granted , Viking leader a huge piece of territory Charles the simple
A dynasty of Frankish rulers Carolingian
A political and economic system based on land ownership and personal loyalty Feudalism
First evidence of feudalism china . Ruled in the 11th century Zhou
An estate granted to vassal by a lord under the feudal system in Europe Fief
A person who receive the grant of land from lord in exchange for a pledge of loyalty and services Vassal
A lords estates in feudal Europe Manor
A family payment of 1/10 of its income to the church Tithe
Suggested the 2 leader could share power in harmony Gelasius
Religious officials Clergy
Around the church Parish
In charge of the hold church community Diocese
The body of laws governing the religious practices of a Christian church Canon law
The taking away of a persons right of membership in a Christian church Excommunication
People working under under king don't have to work for him anymore Interdict
Crown king , by church leader Otto I
The appointment of religious boy kings or nobles Lay investiture
Banned lay investment Gregory VII
Called a meeting of the German bishops he had appointed Henry IV
The church alone could appoint a bishops, but the emperor could veto the appointment Concordot of Worms
Pope that increased secular role involved in politics Gregory I
A youth being trained for the medieval rank of knights and in the personal service of a knight Page
The medieval knight system with its religious, moral, and social code Chivalry
A young nobleman acting as an attendant to a knight before becoming a knight himself Squire

Lesson 1: Absolute Monarchy in Spain and France WLD HST/CVL B 1548 Unit 2: Absolutism and Revolution Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

to give up or step down from power abdicate
a ruler who has complete authority over the government and lives of the people he or she governs absolute monarch
a large group of ships, boats, etc. armada
one of the greatest politicians in history, played an important role in France's history while serving as chief minister to Louis XIII. Cardinal Richelieu
the Holy Roman emperor during the time of Martin Luther's reformation efforts. A staunch Catholic, he rejected Luther's doctrines.. Charles V
idea that a rule's authority came directly from God divine right
law issued by French king Henry IV in 1598 giving more religious freedom to French Protestants Edict of Nantes
a master of Spanish painting who also worked as a sculptor and architect during Spain's Golden Age. El Greco
Central European empire that lasted from the 1400s to the 1900s and at its height included the lands of the Holy Roman Empire and the Netherlands Hapsburg empire
a German king who became Holy Roman emperor in 1084. His efforts to increase the power of the monarchy led him into conflict with Pope Gregory VIII over lay investiture. Gregory excommunicated him but later reinstated him in the Church after he did penance. Henry IV
French Protestants of the 1500s and 1600s Huguenots
official appointed by French king Louis XIV to govern the provinces, collect taxes, and recruit soldiers intendant
erved as king of France (1643–1715) and is considered the symbol of absolute monarchy. Louis XIV
a Spanish novelist, playwright, and poet, was the most important figure in Spanish literature. His novel Don Quixote is his most well-known work. Miguel de Cervantes
served as king of the Spaniards (1556–1598) and king of the Portuguese I (1580–1598), and strong supporter of the Roman Catholic Counter-Reformation. Under his rule, the Spanish empire was at its strongest; however, he was unable to control the revolt of the Netherlands and failed in his attempt to invade England. Philip II

Protestant Reformation Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

During the 1500's, there was a ______________ in response to the Roman Catholic church reformation
He nailed his 95 thesis on the Wittenberg door Martin Luther
Swiss Reformation leader Zwingli
City in Germany where the Protestant Reformation originated Wittenburg
Pardons from the Church for certain sins in exchange for money indulgences
A former nun who became the wife of Martin Luther in 1525 Katherina von Bora
One who holds beliefs or opinions contrary to the established doctrines of his religion heretic
Pope who excommunicated Martin Luther in 1520 Leo X
Calvin's doctrine that the salvation or damnation of men had been determined by God since the beginning of time predestination
French Reformation leader John Calvin
Many of the officials in the Roman Catholic church were __________ corrupt
Who is the Catholic clergyman who is attributed to saying "As soon as a coin in the coffer rings, a soul from purgatory springs." Tetzel
Luther's Hymn _ ________ ______ is popularly known as the "battle hymn of the Reformation." A Mighty Fortress
Luther and the other reformers became the first to skillfully use the power of the _____ _______ to give their ideas a wide audience. printing press
In 1521, Martin Luther was summoned before the ____ __ ____ and excommunicated. Diet of Worms
which language did Martin Luther translate the New Testament German
Martin Luther promised to become a monk when he feared for his like while caught in a terrible ______ thunderstorm
an early English reformer/translator who translated the bible in 1382 Wycliffe
The 5 _________ are 5 Latin phrases that emerged from the reformation solas
the latin phrase for "scripture alone" is Sola ______ scriptura