Type
Crossword
Description

This stage of observational learning involves the learner mentally representing and recollecting what they have observed Retention
What is the capacity of short term memory 7+-2
This involves removing something undesirable to increase the likelihood of that behaviour reoccurring Negative Reinforcement
In operant conditioning this word is defined as the outcome of the behaviour Consequence
This term is also referred to as working memory Short Term Memory
What is the capacity of long-term memory? Potentially Unlimited
Remembering how to ride a bike is an example of what type of memory? Procedural Memory
In Pavlov’s experiment, the salivation in response to the bell is a/an Conditioned Response
A type of learning in which consequences of the behaviour determines the likelihood that it will be performed again in the future Operant Conditioning
Sensory memory is in what form? Raw
In terms of the three-phase model of operant conditioning, a phone ringing when awaiting an important phone call from your mother is an example of which phase Antecedent
The gradual decrease in the strength of rate of a response Extinction
Albert Bandura is associated with which model of learning Observational Learning
What is the third stage of observational learning Reproduction
What is the nature of the response in operant conditioning Voluntary
What is visual memory called Iconic Memory

PSYC 101 Chapter 6 Keywords Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

period of initial learning in classical conditioning in which human or animal begins to connect a neutral stimulus and an unconditioned stimulus so that the neutral stimulus will begin to elicit the conditioned response. acquisition
form of learning that involves connecting certain stimuli or events that occur together in the environment. associative
____________________ conditioning a type of learning in which the stimulus or experience occurs before the behavior and then gets paired or associated with the behavior. classical
a mental picture of the layout of the environment is a _____________ map. cognitive
___________ response is a response caused by the conditioned stimulus conditioned
The conditioned __________ elicits a response due to its being paired with an unconditioned stimulus stimulus
a type. of reinforcement that rewards behavior everytime it occurs continuous
the decrease in the conditioned response when the unconditioned stimulus is no longer paired with the conditioned stimulus. extinction
when we learn not to respond to a stimulus that is presented repeatedly without change habituation
unlearned knowledge, involving complex patterns of behavior; thought to be more prevalent in lower animals than in humans instinct
a type of learning that may not be evident until there is a reason to demonstrate it. latent
change in behavior or knowledge that is the result of experience learning
person who performs a behavior that serves as an example model
taking away a pleasant stimulus to decrease or stop a behavior is an example of negative _________________. punishment
taking away an undesirable stimulus to increase a behavior is ____________ reinforcement negative
type of stimulus that does not initially elicit a response neutral
type of learning that occurs by watching others observational
____________ conditioning is a form of learning in which the stimulus/experience happens after the behavior is demonstrated operant
rewarding behavior only some of the time is _____________ reinforcement partial
adding a desirable stimulus to increase a behavior is positive ________________. reinforcement
_________________ punishment is adding an undesirable stimulus to stop or decrease a behavior positive
Food, water, shelter and sex are examples of _______________ reinforcers primary
implementation ofo a consequence in order to decrease a behavior punishment
implementation of a consequence in order to increase a behavior reinforcement
unlearned, automatic response by an organism to a stimulus in the environment reflex
A ___________________ reinforcer has no inherent value unto itself and only has reinforcing qualities when linked with something else (poker chips, money, gold stars) secondary
rewarding successive approximations toward a target behavior. shaping
stimulus ______________ is the ability to respond differently to similar stimuli discrimination
stimulus __________________ demonstrates the conditioned response to stimuli that are similar to the conditioned stimulus. generalization
Type of punishment where the observer sees the model punihed, making the pbserver less likely to imitate the model's behavior vicarious

Learning Theories Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Thinking,problem solving and creativity summaries this theory cognitive
The learner is the key focus of this theory constructivism
Stimuli and responses are paired together for a number of trials describes which theory Classical
A conditioned stimulus ultimatley will ellicit a conditioned ___ Response
In classical conditioning, discontinuing the pairing of stimuli and response will lead to extinction
When a stimulus-response is reinforced best describes which theory Operant
If a consequence is positive, the behavior will ... increase
If a consequence is negative, a ........ will decrease behavior
The main contributor to Connectionism is... Thorndike
Strengthening connections through practice is call the Law of ... exercise
Learning through observing others is the basis of what learning theory Social
This learning theory focuses on how we group our information gestalt

Developmental Psychology Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Who is the father of developemental psychology who wrote the first scietific journal of developemental psychology and the founder of APA? StanleyHall
the study of the same group of people over time? Longitudinal
An organized set of ideas? Theory
Which theorist studied the unconscious and theorised the fice psychosexual stages? Freud
Which theorist created thepsychosocial stages that includes a crisis/challenge at each stage? Erikson
What is the term for learning by observing others? SocialLearning
the actions that are taken to try to continue a good behavior? reinforcement
having belief in one's own abilities/talents? Selfefficacy
the theorist that saw children as "little scientists"? Piaget
What is the goal of Maslow's heiarchy of needs? SelfActualization
how an individual adapts to their enviornment? SelectiveAdaptation
pulling ideas from multiple theories or perspectives? Eclectic
An individual's genetic makeup? DNA
the observable physical characteristics of a person? Phenotype
when an individual has a trait but doesnt express it? carrier
multiple pairs of genes go into one trait? polygenic
the theory that states our mind is like a computer? InfoProcessing
Who studied operant conditioning,or the study of consequences of a child's behavior? Skinner
Who used classical conditioning on little Albert to condition a fear of a bunny? Watson

Psychology Chapter 5 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A relatively enduring change in behavior or thinking that results from experiences Learning
A basic form of learning evident when an organism does not respond as strongly or as often to an event following multiple exposures to it. Habituation
An event or occurance that generally leads to a response Stimulus
a stimulus that does not cause a relevant automatic or reflexive response. Neutral Stimulus
A stimulus that automatically triggers an involuntary response without any learning needed. Uncondition Stimulus
Learning process in which two stimuli become associated with each other; when an originally neutral stimulus is condition to elicit an involuntary response. Classical Conditioning
A reflexive, involuntary response to an unconditioned stimulus. Unconditioned Response
A previously neutral stimulus that an organism learns to associate with an unconditioned stimulus. Conditioned Stimulus
A learned response to a conditioned stimulus Conditioned Response
The initial learning phase in both classical and operant conditioning Acquisiton
The tendency for stimuli similar to the conditioned stimulus to elicit the conditioned response. Stimulus Generalization
The ability to differentiate between a conditioned stimulus and other stimuli sufficiently different from it. Stimulus Discrimination
In classical conditioning the process by which the CR decreases after repeated exposure to the CS in the absence of the US; in operant conditioning the disappearance of the learned behavior through the removal of it’s reinforce. Extinction
The reappearance of a conditioned response following its extinction Spontaneous Recovery
With repeated pairings of a conditions stimulus and a neutral stimulus, the second neutral stimulus becomes a conditioned stimulus as well. Higher Order Conditioning
A form of classical conditioning that occurs when an organism learns to associate the taste of a particular goof or drink with illness. Conditioned Taste Aversion
The degree to which a trait or behavior helps an organism survive. Adaptive Value
The tendency for animals to be predisposed or incline to from associations Biological Preparedness
An emotional reaction acquired through classical conditioning; process by which an emotional reaction becomes associated with a previously neutral stimulus. Conditioned Emotional Response
Thorndike’s principle stating that behaviors are more likely to be repeated when followed by pleasurable outcomes, and those followed by something unpleasant are less likely to be repeated. Law of Effect
Consequences, such as events or objects, that increase the likelihood of a behavior reoccurring. Reinforcers
Process by which an organism learns to associate a voluntary behavior with its consequences. Reinforcement
the scientific study of observable behavior Behaviorism
the use of reinforces to guide behavior to the acquisition of a desired, complex behavior Shaping
A method of shaping that uses reinforces to condition a series of small steps that gradually approach the target behavior. Successive Approximations
The tendency for animals to revert to instinctual behaviors after a behavior pattern has been learned. Instinctive Drift
The process by which reinforces are added or presented following a targeted behavior, increasing the likelihood of it occurring again. Positive Reinforcement
The removal of an unpleasant stimulus following a target behavior, which increases the likelihood of it occurring again. Negative Reinforcement
A reinforce that satisfies a biological need, such as food, water, physical contact; innate reinforce. Primary Reinforcer
Reinforces that do not satisfy biological needs but often gain their power through their association with primary reinforces. Secondary Reinforcer
A schedule of reinforcement in which every target behavior is reinforced Continuous Reinforcement
A schedule of reinforcement in which target behaviors are reinforced intermittently, not continuously. Partial Reinforcement
The tendency for behaviors acquired through intermittent reinforcement to be more resistant to extinction than those acquired through continuous reinforcement. Partial Reinforcement Effect
A schedule in which the subject must exhibit a predetermined number of desired behaviors before a reinforcer is given. Fixed-Ratio Schedule
A schedule in which the number of desired behaviors that must occur before a reinforcer is given changes across trials and is based on an average number of behaviors to be reinforced. Variable-Ratio Schedule
A schedule in which the number of desired behaviors that must occur before a reinforcer is given changes across trials and is based on an average number of behaviors to be reinforced. Variable-Ratio Schedule
A schedule in which the reinforcer comes after a pre-established interval of times goes by: the behavior is only reinforced after the given interval is over. Fixed-Interval Schedule

Early Childhood Cognitive Development Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Increases the likelihood of a behavior occurring Reinforcement
mental representations of the world around them schemas
Piaget's first developmental stage sensorimotor
Conscious, rational part of personality Ego
Unconscious, source of biological needs/desires ID
The conscience Superego
directly processing information that a child knows Assimilation
changing what one knows to fit the new information Accommodation
Child starts to think in symbols Preoperational
Child starts to think logically Concrete
reinforcers and punishments operant
stimulus, response classical
decreases the likelihood of a behavior to occur punishment
Bandura's Social Learning Theory modeling
consists of activities and interactions in the immediate environment Microsystem

Learning Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A scientist associated with operant conditioning. he designed an operant chamber to test his theory. SKINNER
A type of motivation that is performed in order to get a reward or avoid punishment. extrinsic
A type of conditioning where organism associate their actions with consequences operant
A type of conditioning in which one links 2 or more stimuli and anticipate events classical
Frontal lobe neurons that fire when observing another person performing certain actions mirror
People who believe that they control their own destiny internal
A type of motivation to perform a behavior for its own sake. Intrinsic
People who believe that chance or outside forces determined their fate external
The process of observing and imitating a specific behavior modeling
A scientist who studied the digestive system, but famous for his work in classical conditioning Pavlov
The reinforcement that present a stimulus in order to STRENGTHEN a response Positive
a reinforcement that REDUCES a negative stimuli to strengthen a behavior negative
ability to distinguish between different stimuli discrimination
tendency, once conditioned, for stimuli similar to the conditioned stimulus to elicit similar response generalization
diminished response when an unconditioned stimulus no longer follows a conditioned stimulus extinction

Nature Of Science Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

In science, (blank) can also involve the recording of data via the use of instruments Observation
An (blank) is a logical interpretation based on what scientists observe. Inference
consisting in systematic observation, measurement, and experiment, and the formulation, testing, and modification of hypotheses. Scientific Method
variables that the experimenter changes independent variable
variable being tested in a scientific experiment Dependent Variable
is an experiment or observation designed to minimize the effects of variables other than the independent variable. control
an idea or explanation that you then test through study and experimentation. hypothesis
final process of the basic scientific method Conclusion
"a method of investigation involving observation and theory to test scientific hypotheses." analysis
which serves to either support or counter a scientific theory or hypothesis. Evidence
researcher subjectively gathers information that focuses more on the differences in quality than the differences in quantity, qualitative
of, relating to, or expressible in terms of quantity Quantitative

AP Human Geography Exam Review Crossword #1

Type
Crossword
Description

This man is known as the Father of the Green Revolution Norman Borlaug
War, famine, and natural disasters are all examples of this Push factor
Unlike Gross Domestic Product, this can be generated by a country's citizens regardless of location Gross National Income
In the isogloss of the Southern United States, this term for Coca-Cola is used Coke
Maquiladoras are American-owned factories in which country? Mexico
In trading, English is the main Lingua franca
What is the first step in the evolution of boundaries? Definition
Choropleth maps shades areas on a map using Color
The flu virus is an example of this type of diffusion Contagious diffusion
The Bible Belt, Rust Belt, and Sun Belt are all examples of what type of region Functional region
This language was created by the creolization of French and English Cajun
Goods switch forms of _____ in break-of-bulk points Transportation
Gerrymandering redraws _____ in such a way as to give one political party maximum political advantage Voting districts
Neo-Malthusians believed there would be a lack of Natural resources
New Orleans has a good _____ due to its access to rivers allowing trade Situation
There are currently no countries in this stage of the Demographic Transition Model Stage One
What was the biggest exchange of food all at one time? Columbian Exchange
The Human Development Index uses GDP, literacy rate, and amount of Education
Another name for shifting cultivation Slash and burn
This is the final stage of Rostow’s model of economic development High Mass Consumption
This country implemented a system of racial segregation known as apartheid South Africa
As women become more educated, the total fertility rate Decreases
The _____ increases as countries go through the stages of the Demographic Transition Model Standard of living
Judaism, Hinduism, and Daoism are all examples of this Ethnic religion
This job sector includes fishing, lumbering, and oil drilling Primary sector

Unit 11: Psychological Perspectives Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What defense mechanism involves pushing something out of consciousness? Denial
What is our superego in control of? Morality
What is the psyche? personality
Who suggested the process of Self Actualization? Abraham Maslow
Which theory defines learning as being a result of observation and environmental conditions? Behaviourist
What is the second step in the social learning theory? Retention
What type of reinforcement comes from watching the behaviour of others? Vicarious
What type of motivation is described as a feeling or want? Internal
What is the name of the method used to decrease undesirable behaviour? Punishment
What method is used to encourage learning through associations developed between a behaviour and consequence? Operant Conditioning
What is the name of our automatic behaviours? Respondent
What kind of stimulus do you have to be conditioned to respond to? Neutral
Which behaviour theorist practiced classical conditioning? Pavlov
What is the name given to a person who is looked to by others as an example to be imitated? role model
What was the name of Freud's theory based on the belief that our past experiences impact on our behaviour? Psycho dynamic
What is defined as being the scientific study of the mind and behaviour of humans and animals? Psychology

Child Development Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

their first facial expression smile
a skill to be social communicate
begins to move around crawl
your child will begin to develop this milestones
from early childhood until adolescence human growth
the stage that deals with how your body operates, moves, and develops physical
the stage that deals with feelings emotional
the stage that involves how the brain works development, the act of changing either intellectually, emotionally, socially, or physically intellectual
the stage that deals with how you interact with others social
a child between the ages of 0 and 12 months infant
a child between the ages of 2 and 3 toddler
a child's development of how they think and understand the world around them cognitive
the child's ability to communicate and express their feelings language development
a child's main way of learning play
helps you and your child learn a little more about each other relationship
the child's ability to see near and far, and to understand what you see vision
recently just born newborn
being taught and understanding the things around them learning
larger movements when baby use their body to move around gross motor skills
an action that involves your baby using their muscles fine motor skills
the bond between a baby and a parent attachment
producing the sounds that form words speech
the words that a child would understand language
when the developmental milestones are not reached by the expected time period developmental delay
babies learn to feel secure, talk and, enjoy being with other people interaction
care for and protect the child while growing up nurture
the ability to hear, listen and interpret sounds hearing
the ability to learn and interact with others social behaviour
provide energy and nutrients for the child to grow and develop healthy eating
able to show affection love