Type
Crossword
Description

deoxyribonucleic acid DNA
the monomer, building block in DNA nucleotide
5 carbon sugar making up part of the nucleotide deoxyribose
nitrogen base including adenine & guanine purine
nitrogen base including thymine & cytosine pyrimidine
the bonding pattern between the nitrogen bases base pairing
the copying of DNA replication
DNA wrapped with proteins and fit into nucleus chromatin
protein DNA wraps around histone
DNA wrapped around histone nucleosome
packed, coiled form of DNA chromosome
2 indentical copies of a chromosome attached sister chromatids
enzyme that joins nucleotides to produce strands of DNA and proofreads DNA polymerase
ribonucleic acid RNA
section of DNA that is coded instructinons to make proteins gene
production of a protein protein synthesis
first step in protein synthesis transcription
second step in protein synthesis translation
enzyme used to copy DNA into mRNA RNA polymerase
area of DNA that signals enzyme where to start promoter
non-coded instruction for protein on DNA introns
coded instructions forprotein on DNA exons
mRNA language, determines amino acid genetic code
group of 3 bases on mRNA codon
group of 3 bases on tRNA that "check" for accuracy of amino acid anticodon
change in genetic material mutations
a change in the gene (base) gene mutations
changes in the whole chromosome chromsomal mutations
type of gene mutation where a change is made at a single point point mutations
area where the 2 DNA copies are held together until split centromere

DNA and RNA Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A change in the genetic material of cell Mutation
Each three base set of genetic code. Codon
The cell uses information from mRNA to make proteins during _____________ . Translation
The language for naming RNA. Genetic code
A condition in which an organism has extra set of chromosome. Polyploidy
A group of three bases of tRNA molecule that are complementary to the three bases of condon of mRNA. Anticodon
The tips of chromosomes. Telomere
The process of copying DNA from DNA. Replication
A kind of virus that infects bacteria cell. Bacteriophage
The process in which one stain of bacteria is change by a gene or genes from another bacteria. Transformation
An enzyme that joins individual nucleotides to produce a new strand of DNA. DNA Polymerase
A long chains of amino acids that make proteins Polypeptides
The synthesis of an RNA molecule from a DNA template , or pattern. Transcription
A type of RNA that carries copies of instructions for the assembly of amino acids into proteins from DNA to all cell part. mRNA
A type of RNA that carries each amino acid to form ribosomes. Transfer RNA
A singled-stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ribose. RNA
A chemical or physical agent in the environment that interacts with DNA and may cause mutation. Mutagen
A cell that contains two sets of homologous chromosomes. Diploid
A cell that contains only one set of genes. Haploid
Chromosomes in which one set comes from male parent and another set comes from female parent Homologous

DNA Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

A compound consisting of a nucleoside linked to a phosphate group. Nucleotides form the basic structural unit of nucleic acids such as DNA. Nucleotide
A pair of parallel helices intertwined aboucomt a mon axis,especially that in the structure of the DNA molecule. Double Helix
Constrains imposed by the molecular structure of DNA and RNA on the formation of hydrogen bonds among the four purine and pyrimidine bases such that adenine pairs with thymine or uracil, and guanine pairs with cytosine. Base-pairing rules
Genetics. The process by which double-stranded DNA makes copies of itself, each strand, as it separates, synthesizing a complementary strand. Replication
Any of a class of enzymes involved in the synthesis of deoxyribonucleic acid from its deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate precursors. DNA Polymerase
Molecular biology describes the two-step process, transcription and translation,by which the information in genes flows into proteins. Central Dogma
Any of a class of single-stranded molecules transcribed from DNA in the cell nucleus or in the mitochondrion or chloroplast RNA
The first step of gene expression, in which a particular segment of DNA is copied into RNA. Transcription
An enzyme that synthesizes the formation of RNA from a DNA template during transcription. RNA Polymerase
The form of RNA in which genetic information transcribed from DNA as a sequence of bases is transferred to a ribosome. Messenger RNA
A type of RNA, distinguished by its length and abundance, functioning in protein synthesis as a component of ribosomes. Ribosomal RNA
A small RNA molecule, consisting of a strand of nucleotides folded into a clover-leaf shape, that picks up an unattached amino acid within the cell cytoplasm and conveys it to the ribosome for protein synthesis. Transfer RNA
The process follows transcription in which the DNA sequence is copied (or transcribed) into an mRNA. Translation
A triplet of adjacent nucleotides in the messenger RNA chain that codes for a specific amino acid in the synthesis of a protein molecule. Codon
A codon that stops the synthesis of a protein molecule. Stop Codon
A codon that starts the synthesis of protein molecule. Start Codon
A sequence of three nucleotides in a region of transfer RNA that recognizes a complementary coding triplet of nucleotides in messenger RNA during translation by the ribosomes in protein biosynthesis. Anticodon
Occurs when a DNA gene is damaged or changed in such a way as to alter the genetic message carried by that gene. Mutation
A type of mutation that causes a single nucleotide base substitution, insertion, or deletion of the genetic material, DNA or RNA. Point Mutation
A number of nucleotides in a DNA sequence that is not divisible by three. Frameshift Mutation

Protein Synthesis Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

double membrane that acts as the storehouse for most cell's DNA Nucleus
molecule that allows for transmission of genetic information and protein synthesis RNA
monomer that forms DNA Nucleotide
in which two strands wind around one another, to that of a twisted ladder Double Helix
process by which DNA is copied Replication
enzyme that makes bonds between nucleotides DNA polymerase
either of the two sides that make up a double helix of DNA complementary side
matches Thymine and Uracil Adenine
matches with Cytosine Guanine
matches with Guanine Cytosine
matches with Adenine Thymine
matches with Adenine Uracil
nitrogenous base, has two circular ring structures, A, G match with a pyrimidine Purine
organelle that links amino acids together to form proteins Ribosome
nitrogenous base, has one circular ring structure, C, T match with purine Pyrimidine
process of copying a nucleotide sequence of DNA Transcription
process by which mRNA is decoded and a protein is produced Translation
enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of a complementary strand RNA polymerase
carries genetic information from the nucleus to the cytoplasm Messenger RNA
RNA that is in the ribosome and guides the translation of mRNA into a protein Ribosomal RNA
form of RNA that brings amino acids to ribosomes during protein synthesis Transfer RNA
sequence of three nucleotides that codes for one amino acid Codon
sequence of three nucleotides in a tRNA molecule that binds to a complementary mRNA codon during translation Anticodon
molecule that makes up proteins, composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen and sometimes sulfur Amino Acid
Polymer composed of amino acids linked by peptide bonds; folds into a particular structure depending on bonds between amino acids Protein

chapter 12 biology Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

sequence of dna with proteins and traits gene
carries copies if instructions messenger rna
transfers amino acids transfer rna
helps assemble proteins ribosomal rna
dna copied into a rna sequence transcription
binds to dna and separates strands during transcriptions rna polymerase
dna enzyme binds to make rna promoter
not involved in coding for proteins intron
3 nucleotide sequence on messenger rna codon
decoding of mrna into a chain translation
trna molecule that are complimentary to a mrna codon anticodon
dna coiled in around proteins chromatin
dna coiled in the chromatin histone
cell duplicates its dna replication
enzyme involved in replication dna polymerase
1 strand of bacteria is changed by a gene transformation
virus that infects bacteria bacteriophage
monomer of nucleic acids nucleotide
A=T and G=C base pairing
change in the dna sequence mutation
changes in 1 or few nucleotides point mutation
mutation that shifts the reading frame frameshift mutation
extra set of chromosomes polyploidy
genes operating together operon
operon is turned off operator
cells become specialized differentiation
controls the differentiation of cells and tissue hoxgene
codes for proteins exon

DNA Replication and Protein Synthesis Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

Adenine
Amino acid
Anticodon
Chromosome
Codon
Complementary
Cytoplasm
Cytosine
Deoxyribose
DNA
Double stranded
Guanine
Helicase
Helix
Message
mRNA
Mutation
Nitrogen base
Nucleotide
Nucleus
Peptide bond
Phosphate
Polymerase
Protein
Replication
Ribose
Ribosomal
Ribsome
RNA
rRNA
Single stranded
Start
Stop
Sugar
Thymine
Transcription
Transfer
Translation
tRNA
Uracil

DNA Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The monomer for Protein Amino acid
Monomer for nuclaeic acid nucleotide
A significant and bassic change Mutation
The molecular unit of heredity Gene
Single stranded molecule found in Cytoplasm RNA
Process in which the DNA is copied into RNA by polymerase Transcription
Process in which ribosomes create proteins. Translation
Three nucleotides that form a genetic code Codon
Made up of adenine, thymine, guanine, and cytosine Nitrogenous bases
Bonding of a large number of amino acids forming a chain Polypetide
Organelle that produces proteins Ribosome
Type of base that allows cells to copy information from one generation to another Complementary
Physical link between the mRNA and the amino acids sequence of proteins tRNA
Essential for protein synthesis in all living organisms rRNA
Process of producing two identical replicas of DNA DNA replication

Chapter 12 Vocab Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene or genes from another strain of bacteria. Transformation
Virus that infects bacteria. Bacteriophage
Monomer of nuclic acid made up of a 5-carbon sugar. Nucleotide
Principle that bonds with DNA. Base Pairing
Granular material visible within the nucleus. Chromatin
Protein molecule around which DNA is tightly coiled in chromatin Histone
Copying process by which a cell duplicates its DNA. Replication
Enzyme involved in DNA replication. DNA Polymerase
Sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and thus determines a trait. Gene
RNA molecule that carries copies of instructions. Messenger RNA
Are made of several dozens of protein. Ribosomal RNA
Type of RNA molecule thath transfers amino acids to ribosomes during protein synthesis. Transfer RNA
Particular segment of DNA is copied into RNA by the enzyme RNA polymerase Transcription
Similar to DNA polymerase, binds the DNA and seperates the DNA strands during trascription. RNA Polymerase
Regio of DNA that indicates to an enzyme where to bind to make RNA. Promoters
Sequence of DNA that is not involved in coding for a protein. Intron
Expressed sequence of DNA; codes for a protein. Exon
Three-nucleotide sequence on messanger RNA that codes for a single amino acid. Codon
Decoding of a mRNA message into a polypeptide chain. Translation
Group of three bases on a tRNA molecule that are complementary to an mRNA codon. Anticodon
Change in DNA sequence that affects genetic information. Mutations
Gene mutation involving changes in one or a few nucleotides. Point Mutations
That shifts the reading frame of a genetic message by inserting or deleting a nucleotide. Frameshift Mutations
Condition in which an organism has extra sets of chromosomes. Polyploidy
Group of genes operating together. Operon
Interacts with a regulatory protein that controls the trascription of the operon. Operator
Process in which cells become specialized in structure and function Differentiation
Series of genes that controls the differentiation of cells nd tissues in an embryo. Hox Gene

Protein Synthesis Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

1st word Adenine
2nd word Amino Acid
3rd word Anticodon
4th word Codon
5th word Cytoplasm
6th word Cytosine
7th Dna
8th Dna ligase
9th Dna polymerase
10 Double-Stranded
11 Exon
12 Guanine
13 Helicase
14 Hydrogen Bond
15 Intron
16 Mutation
17 mRNA
18 Nitrogen bases
19 Nucleotide
20 Nucleus
21 Peptide Bond
22 Polypeptide
23 Replication
24 Ribosome
25 Rna Polymerase
26 rRna
27 Semiconservative
28 Single-Stranded
29 Thymine
30 Topoisomerase

from DNA to Proteins Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

monomer that forms DNA and has a phosphate group, a sugar, and a nitrogen containing base nucleotide
process by which DNA is copied replication
nucleaic acid molecule that allows for the transmission of genetic information and protein synthases RNA
process of copying a nucleotide sequence of DNA to form a complementary strand of mRNA transcription
form of RNA that carries genetic information from the nucleus to the cytoplasm ,where it serves as a template for protein synthesis messanger RNA
RNA that is in the ribosome and guides the translation of mRNA into a protein; also used as a molecular clock ribosomal RNA
form of RNA that brings amino acids to ribosomes during protein synthesis transfer RNA
process by which mRNA is decoded and a protein is produced translation
sequence of 3 nucleotides that codes for one amino acid codon
codon that signals the ribosomes to stop translation stop condon
codon that signals to ribosomes to begin translation start codon
set of 3 nucleotides in the tRNA molecule that binds to a complpementary mRNA codon during translation anticodon
change in the DNA sequence mutation
mutation that involves a substitution of only one nucleotide point mutation
mutation that involves the insertion or deletion of a nucleotide in the DNA sequence frameshift mutation
agent that can induce or increase the freguency of mutation in organisms mutagen

DNA, RNA, Protein Synthesis crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Type macromolecule know a nucleic acid. dna
a nucleid acid present in all living cell. rna
it is paired with guanine in double-stranded DNA. cytosine
a compoun that ocurrs in guano and fish scales. guanine
in DNA its place taken by thymine. uracil
a pyrimidine derivative, it is paired with adenine in double-stranded DNA thymine
a purine derivatinve, it is paired with thymine in double-stranded DNA. adenine
the shape of DNA. double helix
a sugar derived from ribose by replacing a hydroxyl group with hydrogen. deoxyribose
where does the mRNA travel to ribose
a compound consisting of a nucleosides linked to a phosphate group. nucleotide
process by which the genetic code puts together proteins in the cell. protein synthesis
messenger RNA, is a subtype of RNA. mrna
activated by enzyme that attaches a specific amino acid to the end trna
the first step of the central dogmainvolves the synthesis of mRNA from DNA in process transcription
once the mRNA is synthesized and processed, it moves to the ribosome. translation
a sphere- shaped structure within the cytoplasm of the cell that is composed of RNA and protein and is the site of protein synthesis. ribosome
the building blocks of all biological proteins. amino acid
set of three bases codon
opposite codon antidon
built from a large number of amino acids. polypeptide