Type
Word Search
Description

sensitive
sunlight
taste
smell
touch
hearing
sight
change
senses
external
internal
echolocation
sensors
organs
stimuli
stimulus
response
environment

The senses Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Stimulus in the internal and external environment of an organism Sensory Receptor
Two cells including rods and cones Photoreceptors
Carries auditory sensory to the inner ear then to the brain Auditory Nerve
Known as the ear drum Tympanic Membrane
Triggers nerve impulses Retina
Controls the size of a pupil Iris
Provides sense of taste Taste Bud
Sensitive to light, dark, shape and movement changes Rod
Distinguishes spacial distance between organisms and objects Lens
Small, rounded protuberance on an organ of a body Papillae
Responsible for color vision Cone
Translates sound to the nerve and impulses to send to the brain Cochlea
Detection of odor molecules Olfactory Receptors
Transmits impulses to the brain from the retina Optic Nerve
Maintain balance located in inner ear Semicircular Canal

Sensory Receptors and Processing Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

changes in the environment stimuli
mechanoreceptors detect touch, pressure, _____ and stretch vibration
receptors that detect changes in temperature thermoreceptors
receptors that respond to wavelengths of light photoreceptors
photoreceptors are only found in the _____ retina
receptors that detect chemicals suspended in fluid chemoreceptors
receptors that respond to pain if damage to tissue is impending nociceptors
a mechanoreceptor that detects overstretch of a muscle musclespindle
a mechanoreceptor that detects overstretch of a tendon tendonorgan
a hair follicle receptor is a kind of _______ mechanoreceptor
___ are sensitive to stimuli outside of the body exteroreceptors
_____ are sensitive to stimuli inside of the body interoreceptors
____ inform the brain about limb position proprioreceptors
receptors that detect special senses specialsenseorgans
type of simple receptor with free nerve endings without a connective tissue cover nonencapsulated
type of simple receptor with a connective tissue sheath surround it encapsulated
a mechanoreceptor that allows for hearing organofcorti
a chemoreceptor that allows for taste tastebud
a chemoreceptor that allows for smell olfactoryepithelium
photoreceptors that specialize in vision rodsandcones
The special sense are: vision, hearing, taste, smell and ______. equilibrium
awareness of changes in the environment sensation
interpretation of sensations perception

nervous system Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

spinal
hearing
sight
touch
taste
smell
brain
central
nerves
peripheral
senses
signals
stimulus

PSYC 101 Chapter 6 Keywords Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

period of initial learning in classical conditioning in which human or animal begins to connect a neutral stimulus and an unconditioned stimulus so that the neutral stimulus will begin to elicit the conditioned response. acquisition
form of learning that involves connecting certain stimuli or events that occur together in the environment. associative
____________________ conditioning a type of learning in which the stimulus or experience occurs before the behavior and then gets paired or associated with the behavior. classical
a mental picture of the layout of the environment is a _____________ map. cognitive
___________ response is a response caused by the conditioned stimulus conditioned
The conditioned __________ elicits a response due to its being paired with an unconditioned stimulus stimulus
a type. of reinforcement that rewards behavior everytime it occurs continuous
the decrease in the conditioned response when the unconditioned stimulus is no longer paired with the conditioned stimulus. extinction
when we learn not to respond to a stimulus that is presented repeatedly without change habituation
unlearned knowledge, involving complex patterns of behavior; thought to be more prevalent in lower animals than in humans instinct
a type of learning that may not be evident until there is a reason to demonstrate it. latent
change in behavior or knowledge that is the result of experience learning
person who performs a behavior that serves as an example model
taking away a pleasant stimulus to decrease or stop a behavior is an example of negative _________________. punishment
taking away an undesirable stimulus to increase a behavior is ____________ reinforcement negative
type of stimulus that does not initially elicit a response neutral
type of learning that occurs by watching others observational
____________ conditioning is a form of learning in which the stimulus/experience happens after the behavior is demonstrated operant
rewarding behavior only some of the time is _____________ reinforcement partial
adding a desirable stimulus to increase a behavior is positive ________________. reinforcement
_________________ punishment is adding an undesirable stimulus to stop or decrease a behavior positive
Food, water, shelter and sex are examples of _______________ reinforcers primary
implementation ofo a consequence in order to decrease a behavior punishment
implementation of a consequence in order to increase a behavior reinforcement
unlearned, automatic response by an organism to a stimulus in the environment reflex
A ___________________ reinforcer has no inherent value unto itself and only has reinforcing qualities when linked with something else (poker chips, money, gold stars) secondary
rewarding successive approximations toward a target behavior. shaping
stimulus ______________ is the ability to respond differently to similar stimuli discrimination
stimulus __________________ demonstrates the conditioned response to stimuli that are similar to the conditioned stimulus. generalization
Type of punishment where the observer sees the model punihed, making the pbserver less likely to imitate the model's behavior vicarious

Descriptive and narrative writing techniques Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

climax point
twists
turning points
structure
punctuation
dialogue
settings
themes
characters
emotive language
colour
simile
metaphor
alliteration
imagery
feeling
hearing
touch
taste
smell
sight
senses
sentence variety
nouns
adverbs
verbs
adjectives

Psychology Chapter 5 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A relatively enduring change in behavior or thinking that results from experiences Learning
A basic form of learning evident when an organism does not respond as strongly or as often to an event following multiple exposures to it. Habituation
An event or occurance that generally leads to a response Stimulus
a stimulus that does not cause a relevant automatic or reflexive response. Neutral Stimulus
A stimulus that automatically triggers an involuntary response without any learning needed. Uncondition Stimulus
Learning process in which two stimuli become associated with each other; when an originally neutral stimulus is condition to elicit an involuntary response. Classical Conditioning
A reflexive, involuntary response to an unconditioned stimulus. Unconditioned Response
A previously neutral stimulus that an organism learns to associate with an unconditioned stimulus. Conditioned Stimulus
A learned response to a conditioned stimulus Conditioned Response
The initial learning phase in both classical and operant conditioning Acquisiton
The tendency for stimuli similar to the conditioned stimulus to elicit the conditioned response. Stimulus Generalization
The ability to differentiate between a conditioned stimulus and other stimuli sufficiently different from it. Stimulus Discrimination
In classical conditioning the process by which the CR decreases after repeated exposure to the CS in the absence of the US; in operant conditioning the disappearance of the learned behavior through the removal of it’s reinforce. Extinction
The reappearance of a conditioned response following its extinction Spontaneous Recovery
With repeated pairings of a conditions stimulus and a neutral stimulus, the second neutral stimulus becomes a conditioned stimulus as well. Higher Order Conditioning
A form of classical conditioning that occurs when an organism learns to associate the taste of a particular goof or drink with illness. Conditioned Taste Aversion
The degree to which a trait or behavior helps an organism survive. Adaptive Value
The tendency for animals to be predisposed or incline to from associations Biological Preparedness
An emotional reaction acquired through classical conditioning; process by which an emotional reaction becomes associated with a previously neutral stimulus. Conditioned Emotional Response
Thorndike’s principle stating that behaviors are more likely to be repeated when followed by pleasurable outcomes, and those followed by something unpleasant are less likely to be repeated. Law of Effect
Consequences, such as events or objects, that increase the likelihood of a behavior reoccurring. Reinforcers
Process by which an organism learns to associate a voluntary behavior with its consequences. Reinforcement
the scientific study of observable behavior Behaviorism
the use of reinforces to guide behavior to the acquisition of a desired, complex behavior Shaping
A method of shaping that uses reinforces to condition a series of small steps that gradually approach the target behavior. Successive Approximations
The tendency for animals to revert to instinctual behaviors after a behavior pattern has been learned. Instinctive Drift
The process by which reinforces are added or presented following a targeted behavior, increasing the likelihood of it occurring again. Positive Reinforcement
The removal of an unpleasant stimulus following a target behavior, which increases the likelihood of it occurring again. Negative Reinforcement
A reinforce that satisfies a biological need, such as food, water, physical contact; innate reinforce. Primary Reinforcer
Reinforces that do not satisfy biological needs but often gain their power through their association with primary reinforces. Secondary Reinforcer
A schedule of reinforcement in which every target behavior is reinforced Continuous Reinforcement
A schedule of reinforcement in which target behaviors are reinforced intermittently, not continuously. Partial Reinforcement
The tendency for behaviors acquired through intermittent reinforcement to be more resistant to extinction than those acquired through continuous reinforcement. Partial Reinforcement Effect
A schedule in which the subject must exhibit a predetermined number of desired behaviors before a reinforcer is given. Fixed-Ratio Schedule
A schedule in which the number of desired behaviors that must occur before a reinforcer is given changes across trials and is based on an average number of behaviors to be reinforced. Variable-Ratio Schedule
A schedule in which the number of desired behaviors that must occur before a reinforcer is given changes across trials and is based on an average number of behaviors to be reinforced. Variable-Ratio Schedule
A schedule in which the reinforcer comes after a pre-established interval of times goes by: the behavior is only reinforced after the given interval is over. Fixed-Interval Schedule

AP Psychology Unit 6! Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Decreasing response to stimulus with repeated exposure to it habituation
Conditioning/Learning-link 2 or more stimuli and learn to anticipate classical
Tendency, after response conditioned, for similar stimuli to elicit similar responses generalization
Learned ability to distinguish between conditioned stimulus and other irrelevant stimuli discrimination
Got dogs to salivate to sound of bell Pavlov
Did "Little Albert" and later-marketing and ads Watson
Conditioning-control behavior with reinforcers and punishers operant
Thorndike-behaviors followed by favorable become more likely, and vice versa. lawofeffect
Reinforcers guide behavior toward closer to desired shaping
Innately reinforces, satisfies bio. need primaryreinforcer
Studies on taste aversion Garcia
Process of observing and imitating a specific behavior modeling

Stimulus & response Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The pressure exerted on a plant cell wall by water passing into the cell by osmosis Turgor pressure
To maintain a state of balance Homeostasis
A plant or tree grown from a seed seedling
Organism's response, characterized by a rise in temperature & disturbance of various body functions fever
to eject the contents of the stomach vomiting
a state of equilibrium balance
to lose or cause to lose freshness & become limp wilt
biological response to extreme stress fight or flight
a growth response of a plant toward or away from a stimulus tropism
growth response to water by plants hydrotropism
a directional growth of a plant in response to touch thigmotropism
growth of a plant shoot toward or away from light phototropism
change in direction of plant growth in response to gravity geotropism
an action or change in behavior that occurs in reaction to a stimulus response
a change in a organism's surroundings that causes the organism to react stimulus
of or situated on the inside internal
of or situated on the outside external

Five Senses Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

music
rainbow
dark
bright
whisper
shout
noise
soft
sharp
smooth
rough
umami
bitter
colour
hearing
salty
sight
smell
sweet
taste
touch

Chapter 3, Sensation and Perception Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Technical name for the sense of smell olfaction
The specialized sensory receptors for taste that are located on the tongue and inside the mouth and throat Taste buds
The technical name for the sense of location and position of body parts in relation to one another Kinesthetic sense
The technical name for the sense of balance, or equailibrium Vestibular sense
The use of visual cues to perceive the distance or three-dimensional characteristics of objects Depth perception
Distance or depth cues that require the use of both eyes Binocular cues
The tendency to perceive objects or situations from a particular frame of reference Perceptual set
Founder of Gestalt psychology Max Wertheimer
The process of detecting a physical stimulus, such as light, sound, heat, or pressure Sensation
The process of integrating, organizing, and interpreting sensations. perception
Principle of sensation that holds that the size of the just noticeable difference will vary depending on its relation to the strength of the original stimulus. webers law
The distance from one wave peak to another wavelength
The process by which the lens changes shape to focus incoming light so that it falls on the retina accommodation
The long, thin, blunt, sensory receptors of the eye that are highly sensitive to light, but not to color, and that are primarily responsible for peripheral vision and night vision. Rods
Coiled fluid-filled inner-ear structure that contains the basilar membrane and hair cells cochlea
part of the ear that collects sound waves; consists of the pinna, the ear canal, and the eardrum outer ear
Property of color that corresponds to the purity of the light wave. Saturation