Word Scramble

negative feedback
positive feedback
blood vessels

Hormones and Endocrine System Crossword


molecule secreted into the extracellular fluid hormone
, chemical signaling by hormones is the function of the endocrine system
major communication and control system nervous system
, ductless organs with endocrine cells endocrine glands
secreted molecules that act over short distances to reach their target cells by diffusion local regulators
targets lie near secreting cell paracrine
secreted molecules act on the secreting cell itself autocrine
secreted by neurons nerotransmitters
specialized neurons secrete molecules that diffuse from nerve cell endings neurohormones
chemicals released into external environment pheromones
series of changes in cellular proteins that converts the signal into a response signal transduction
released in a stressful situation epinephrine
polypeptide local regulator in immune responses cytokines
stimulate cell proliferation and differentiation growth factors
nitrogen and double-bonded oxygen nitric oxide
modified fatty acids prostaglandins
gland located behind the stomach pancreas
response reduces the initial stimulus negative feedback
triggers uptake of glucose from the blood insulin
promotes release of glucose into the blood glucagon
scattered throughout the pancreas islets of Langerhans
caused by deficiency of insulin diabetes mellitus
released by the prothoracic glands ecdysone

Homeostasis Crossword


1.the tendency toward a relatively stable equilibrium between interdependent elements, especially as maintained by physiological processes. homeostasis
The _____ is the sensing component that monitors and responds to changes in the environment. receptor
Many diseases involve a _________ of homeostasis. disturbance
The process of _____ can create adaptations that help an individual stay in homeostasis. evolution
This changing may be accomplished through various ____ in DNA or other mechanisms that drive evolution. mutations
The nervous and _____ systems control homeostasis in the body through feedback mechanisms involving various organs and organ systems. endocrine
Another one of the most common examples of homeostasis in humans is the regulation of body temperature
_____ concentration refers to the amount of glucose – blood sugar – present in the bloodstream. Glucose
____ help to regulate this balance by causing the excretion or retention of fluid Hormones
Maintains homeostasis. PARASYMPATHETIC
molecules move from high values of this concentration
These are broken down into urea aminoacids
The organ where urea goes to be excreted in the urine kidneys
related to or characterized by homeostasis homeostatic
a state of rest or balance due to the equal action of opposing forces. equilibrium

The Endocrine Glands and Their Hormone Crossword


Activates cells influenced by the SNS Epinephrine
Which hormone in the Adrenal Cortex increases blood glucose concentration in resoonse to stress Cortisol
Which hormone in the pancreatic islet stimulates the liver to release glucose, thereby increasing blood glucose levels Glucagon
This hormone stimulates growth and development of the testes and penis Testosterone
Which gland in the ovaries stimulates development of mammary glands' secretory tissue and aids in maintaning pregnancy Progesterone
The pineal gland produces which hormone thst regulates mood, sexual development, and daily cycles in response to the amount of light in the environment Melatonin
Which hormone produced by the adrenal cortex contributes to some secondary sex characteristics in women Weak androgens
Which hormone produced by the ovaries stimulate growth of primaty sex organs such as the uterus and tubes Estrogen
Which gland controls the release of the anterior pituitary hormone Hypothalamus
Which hormone stimulates constriction of blood vessels Antidiuretic
Which hormone causes uterine contractions and the ejection of milk from the mammary gland Oxytocin
Which hormone in the anterior pituitary promotes body tissue growth Growth
This hormone stimulates milk production Prolactin
Which gland increases metabolic rate and is required for normal growth Thyroid
The hormone that promotes sperm cell development is the ________ stimulating hormone Follicle
Which hormone increases metabolic rate Thyroxine
The hormone that stimulates the adrenal cortex to produce glucocorticoids and androgen s Adrenocorticotropic
The hormone that initiates ovulation Luteinizing
The hormone that regulates the exchange of calcium between blood and bones; increases calcium level in blood Parathyroid
The hormone Epinephrine is produced in which gland Adrenal medulla

Endocrine System Crossword


holds the eggs in women ovaries
understands body's biological time pineal
stimulates development to help prevent disease and only active until puberty thymus
known as master gland and sends signals to organs and other glands pituitary
holds the sperm in men testes
organ that regulates blood sugar pancreas
helps regulate metabolism, brain development, muscle control, calcium and more thyroid
causes bones to release calcium into the blood stream parathyroid
an organ that secretes chemical substances for use in the body gland
a substance to regulate blood sugar insulin
outer portion of a gland tht produces steroid hormones adrenal cortex
inner portion of a gland that synthesizes, stores and releases specific hormones adrenal medulla
These systems maintain conditions so homeostasis can happen and can be negative or positive feedbacksystem

Endocrine System Review Crossword Puzzle


Chemical messenger molecules that are made by cells in one part of the body and cause changes in cells in another part of the body. Hormones
Human body system of glands that release hormones into the blood Endocrine System
Part of the brain that secretes hormones Hypothalamus
Master gland of the endocrine system that secretes many hormones, the majority of which regulate other endocrine glands Pituitary gland
Type of cell on which a particular hormone has an effect because it has receptor molecules for the hormone Target cell
large endocrine gland in the neck that secretes hormones that control the rate of cellular metabolism throughout the body Thyroid gland
Gland near the stomach that secretes insulin and glucagon to regulate blood glucose and enzymes to help digest food Pancreas
Gland of the endocrine system that secretes the hormone melatonin that regulates sleep-wake cycles Pineal gland
A reaction in which the system responds in such a way as to reverse the direction of change. Negative feedback
A reaction in which the system responds in such a way as to speed up the direction of change. Positive feedback
Glands that secrete sex hormones and produce gametes; testes in males and ovaries in females Gonads
Minerals that carry an electric charge when they are dissolved in a liquid such as blood. Electrolyte
Process that allows your body to maintain its core internal temperature Thermoregulation
Regulates salt, water balance, and blood pressure Adrenal Glands

Blood Glucose regulation Crossword


The process which maintains a constant internal environment homeostasis
A reactant of aerobic respiration that is ingested glucose
Glucose is stored as ________________ in the muscles glycogen
A hormone that stimulates the liver to break down glycogen to glucose Glucagon
Your blood sugar levels would___________________ after eating increase
The organ which constantly monitors and controls your blood glucose concentration pancreas
When your blood glucose levels rise after a meal which hormone is secreted? insulin
The _____________ and muscles are responsible for storing excess glucose as glycogen. liver
Your blood glucose levels are controlled through _______________ feedback. negative
If your body cannot make enough insulin to contol your glucose levels you have type 1 ______________ diabetes

Homeostasis & Organization Word Search

Word Search

stratified epithelium
skeletal muscle
smooth muscle
positive feedback
nerve tissue
negative feedback
hair follicle
glial cell
exocrine gland
endocrine gland
connective tissue
cardiac muscle
adipose tissue

Chapter 11- Hormones Crossword


Which hormones stimulates the liver to to release glucose, thereby increasing blood glucose levels? Glucagon
Which gland controls the release of anterior pituitary hormones? hypothalamus
Which hormone produces epinephrine? Adrenal Medulla
Which gland produces T3 & T4? Thyroid
The hormone that promotes growth of all body tissues. Growth hormone
Which hormone promotes salt & water retention in potassium excretion? Aldosterone
Which gland produces the hormone cortisol & adlosterone? Adrenal cortex
The hormone that regulates sexual development, mood, & daily cycles in response to light. Melatonin
The hormone that increases blood glucose concentration in response to stress? Cortisol
Which hormone stimulates thyroid gland to produce thyroid hormones? TSH
Which gland produces estrogen & progesterone? Ovaries
Which hormone stimulates the adrenal cortex to produce glucocorticoids & androgens? ACTH
Which hormone stimulates milk production? Prolactin
Which hormone stimulates hair growth on the body & face? Testosterone
Which hormone regulates the exchange of calcium between blood and bones? Parathyroid
Which gland produces the hormones insulin and glucagon? Pancreatic islets
Which gland produces the hormone ADH & oxcytocin other than hypothalmus? Posterior Pituitary
What hormone is released in the adrenal medulla gland? Epinephrine
The hormone oxytocin promotes contraction of the organ. Uterus
Insulin reduces concentration of _______ in the blood Glucose

Hormones and Homeostasis Crossword


An action that is performed without conscious thought as a response to a stimulus reflex
Chemical messengers which are secreted from glands directly into the blood. hormones
This receives information from the receptors and then coordinates a response CNS
Cells that detect stimuli receptors
All of your muscles and glands which respond to nervous impulses Effectors
This gland secretes FSH and LH Pituitary
This gland produces insulin which is used to regulate the blood glucose level Pancreas
This makes the liver turn glycogen into glucose Glucagon
This organ makes urine by removing waste products from your blood Kidneys
The concentration of urine is controlled by this hormone adh
This happens at stage 3 of the menstrual cycle Ovulation
A person has this treatment when no kidneys are aailable to be transplanted dialysis
This is the monthly release of an egg from a womans ovaries menstrual cycle
The neurones that carry electrical impulses from the CNS to effectors motor
A person goes through this when they reach sexual maturity and become capable of reproduction puberty
This is a condition that affects your ability to control your blood sugar level diabetes

Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1 Crossword


Study of the structure of the body Anatomy
Study of the functions of the body Physiology
Smallest unit of an element Atom
Smallest unit of life Cell
It is made of 11 systems that work together Organism
Toward the head Superior
Towards the back Posterior
Close to the point of attachment Distal
Towards the surface Superficial
A cut that divides the bod or organ into superior and inferior part Transverse
A cut that divides the body or organ into right and left parts Sagittal
Cavity that surrounds each lung Pleural
Cavity that contains the liver and the stomach Abdominal
A fluid that allows the organs to move without friction Serous
Feedback that reverses the stimulus Negative
Fluid found outside of the cells Extracellular
Extracellular fluid found in the blood vessels Plasma
Organ that responds to control center's output Effector
What monitors the environment Receptor
A cavity that contains 4 quadrants Abdominopelvic