Type
Crossword
Description

type of erosion that occurs when windblown sediment scrapes and wears away rock abrasion
type of erosion that occurs when wind removes small particles of sediment from the land and leaves heavy pieces of sediment behind deflation
trees planted to slow the wind windbreak
mound of windblown sediment that piles up behind an object dune
deposits of very fine-grained soil carried by the wind loess
a low cloud of windblown grains of sand sandstorm
high winds erode dry soil and form dust storms
plants with __________ roots are good for holding the soil fibrous
sand dunes can move or ____________ migrate
dunes that form where the direction of the wind changes often star
an area of rock fragment exposed by wind desert pavement
particles roll or slide over the surface creep
particles hop or bounce saltation
particles are suspended and move through the air suspension
crescent shaped dune barchan
when energy of motion decreases or stops, _________________ occurs deposition
the process that wears away surface materials and moves them from one place to another erosion
sand grains blow and _________ up the dunes bounce

Weathering, Erosion and Soil Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

process of erosion where windblown particles scrape against rock surfaces and wear them away abrasion
unweathered solid parent rock bedrock
all of Earth's organisms and the environment in which they live biosphere
type of weathering where rocks and minerals undergo changes in their composition due to chemical reactions chemical
process by which productive land becomes a desert desertification
removal and transport of weathered material erosion
the settling of eroded material deposition
process that occurs when water repeatedly freezes and thaws in cracks in rocks frost wedging
erosion that occurs when a channel widens and deepens gully
weathering where big rocks break down into smaller pieces physical
erosion where water runs down the side of a slope carving a small stream rill
pieces of rock that are moved and deposited sediment
loose covering of weathered rock overlying bedrock soil
distinct layer in soil horizon
section of soil with many distinct layers profile
the change in elevation of the Earth's crust topography
the most influential factor in soil formation climate
soil whose parent material is local residual
soil whose parent material has moved far from its source transported
steep slopes have this kind of soil shallow
they help break down organic material and helps increase water holding capacity organisms
regardless of the type of soil, they all need this to develop time
decreasing surface area, _____________ chances of chemical weathering decreases
row of trees planted perpendicular to the wind windbreak
type of erosion that creates unsorted deposits glacial
chemical weathering due to oxygen oxidation
weathering where outer layers seem to peel away like an onion exfoliation
type of weathering that is favored in cold and dry climate mechanical
type of erosion that can defy gravity wind

Weathering, Erosion, and Deposition Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The dropping of weathered rock by wind or moving water. deposition
Very small pieces of rock, sand, and silt carried by water. Sediment
A hill's _______ affects how gravity will act on it. slope
The process of moving weathered rock from one place to another. erosion
This causes rocks and sediment to slide down mountains and cliffs. gravity
Huge sheets of ice. glaciers
The ______ from flowing water can carry sediment down a river. energy
When huge chunks of rock and soil slide down a slope all at once. landslide
The process of rock breaking apart. weathering
This carries sediment down a river or along a beach. water
Carries soil and other sediment wind
Hills formed from the dropped-off sediment from glaciers. moraines

Weathering, Erosion and Deposition Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the process by which sediment and other materials are moved from one place to another Erosion
process by which eroded material is dropped deposition
materials carried by a stream load
flat area formed by layers of deposited sediment floodplain
fan shaped pattern where streams deposit their loads delta
a fan shaped deposit that forms on dry land alluvial fan
a place where land and a body of water meet shoreline
water located within the rocks below Earth's surface groundwater
an area of shoreline that is made up of material deposited by waves and currents beach
mounds of wind deposited sand dunes
thick deposits of windblown, fine-grained sediment loess
term for all materials carried and deposited by a glacier Glacial drift
large mass of moving ice that forms by the compacting of snow by natural forces glacier
sudden and rapid movement of a large amount of material downslope landslide

Wind Erosion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Closely packed small rocks. Stonepavement
A mound of wind-deposited sand that moves as a result of the action of wind. Dune
The movement of sand or sediments by short jumps and bounces that are caused by wind or water. Saltation
Any rock that is pitted, grooved, or polished by wind abrasion. Ventifact
A crescent-shaped dune whose open side faces into the wind. The long crescent ends stay behind, held in place by vegetation. ParabolicDune
In desert or coastal areas that have a large amount of sand, a series of ridges of sand may from in long, wavelike patterns. These ridges are called. TransverseDunes
Sand that is blown over the crest of the dune tumbles down the opposite side, which is called. Slipface
As the wind strips off the topsoil, a shallow depression forms. DeflationHollow
A type of dune that is similar to a transverse dune, called. LongitudeDune
A form of wind erosion in which fine, dry soil particles are blown away. Deflation
Thick deposits of yellowish, fine-grained sediment. Loess

Weathering and Erosion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What type of weathering breaks smaller pieces of rock from larger pieces Mechanical
What type of weathering slowly dissolves rock chemical
What is the process in which wind, water, gravity transport soil? Erosion
When farmers change crops to protect nutrient depletion. Crop rotation
When farmers grow a crop between seasons to prevent erosion. cover crop
Creating a series of steps so that farming can occur on a steep hill Terracing
Leaving the previous season's stalks behind to prevent erosion. no till
Refers to the pore space in soil taken up by water or oxygen porosity
Water dissolves and carries nutrients in topsoil to lower layers leaching
The top layer of soil topsoil
The most fertile section of topsoil humus
The layer of rock beneath soil layers bedrock
When water in the air causes chemical change oxidation
Repeated freezing and thawing in cracks of rock ice wedging
Type of weathering in which harder rock weathers less than softer rock differential
When limestone is dissolved underground, you get a... cave
When pollution and rain weather together. acid rain
Grinding away of rock abrasion
Agent of mechanical weathering wind
Agent of chemical weathering water
Living agent of mechanical weathering plants
Rock that is the source of the fragments parent rock
Protecting soil from nutrient loss or erosion soil conservation
When water slows and drops sediment deposition
Deposition that occurs as a body of water slows to flow into another delta
Sediment deposits here when a river overflows its banks (pg.318) floodplain
a fan-shaped deposion on land alluvial fan
As a mountain ages, its peaks become (rounder/sharper) rounder

Chapter 18.1 Worksheet Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the movement of sand or other sediments by short jumps and bounces that is caused by wind or water. salatation
a form of wind erosion in which fine, dry soil particles are blown away. deflation
any rock that is pitted, smoothed, or polished by wind abrasion ventifact
a mound of wind-deposited sand that moves as a result of the action of wind dune
fine-grained sediment of quartz, feldspar, hornblende, mica, and clay deposited by the wind loess
a type of erosion caused by constant or not constant wind. wind erosion
when wind slows down and deposits small sand particles which develop over time and eventually become sedimentary rock wind deposition
the movement of dunes over a long period of time due to constant wind in a single direction dune migration
a type of dune. formed when strong winds hit limited sand. crescent shaped. Barchan
a type of dune. U shaped and formed when a plant anchors to the edge of barchan dunes, causing them to invert. parabolic
a type of dune. long ridges formed when barchan coalesce and sand is plentiful. transverse
a type of dune. similar to transverse dunes but lie parallel to the wind. longitudinal

Weathering Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the breaking down of rock by mechanical action of an other rock ABRASION
when strong acids fall to Earth they are called ACIDPRECIPITATION
the process by which rock is broken down by physical changes PHYSICALWEATHERING
the breakdown of rock by physical and chemical changes WEATHERING
the process when the outer layers of rock slowly peel away EXFOLIATION
the breaking down and wearing away of rock material by the mechanical action of other rock ABRASION
the breakdown of rocks by chemical reactions CHEMICALWEATHERING
the process by which other chemical combine with oxygen OXIDATION
a common feature in cave systems STALACTITES
a common feature in cave systems STALAGMITES
the process by which by which sediment is moved to one place to another EROSION
the process by which eroded material is dropped DEPOSITION
layers of deposited sediment can form a flat area called a FLOODPLAIN
streams often deposits their loads in a fan-shaped pattern DELTA
a fan-shaped deposit that forms on dry land ALLUVIALFAN
the water located within the rocks below Earth's surface GROUNDWATER
is a place where land and a body of water meet SHORELINE
an area of shorelinethat is made up ofmaterial deposited by waves and currents BEACH
an underwater or exposed ridge of sand, gravel, or shell material SANDBAR
a long narrow island usally made of sand BARRIERISLAND
mounds of wind-deposited sands are called DUNES
deposites of this windblown, finegrained sediment LOESS
a large mass of moving ice GLAICER
the general term for all materials carried and deposited by a glaicer GLACIERDRIFT
slow movement of material downslope CREEP
happens when loose rocks fall down a steep slope ROCKFALL
the sudden movement of a large amount of material downslope LANDSLIDE
a rapid movement of a large mass of mud is called MUDFLOW

S5E1a. Constructive and Destructive Forces Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Processes that wear away Earth's surface features and landforms Destructive Forces
The breaking of larger rocks into smaller pieces called sediment Weathering
Land features that form when eroded sediment drops at the mouth of the river Deltas
Land features that are deep, v-shaped valleys, formed by water erosion Canyons
Tallest landform on Earth that may go through changes due to destructive processes Mountains
This is the process that builds up Earth's surface and landforms Constructive Force
Moves sediment from one place to another by wind, water, ice, gravity, and organisms Erosion
Land features that from when eroded sediment drops and builds up through the process of deposition Sand Dunes
When sediment is released or dropped Deposition
Landforms that open to a pool of molten rock that can be changed due to destructive and constructive processes Volcanoes

Mass Movement Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the rapid, downward slope of material that separates from the bedrock landslide
a mudflow that occurs after a volcanic eruption lahar
the side of a dune that is in direct contact with the wind windward
Creep that occurs in frigid areas that sometimes melts solifluction
a pile of deposited sand dunes
when rock breaks off and fall downward rockfall
made up a small amount of sand that is located in a flat area with continuous winds and is crescent barchandune
sinking of the ground deflation
rocks shaped by abrasions ventifacts
a dune that is in ridge form that is perpendicular to wind direction transversedune
form in moderate to humid areas with the top of the dune pointing in the same direction as the wind. parabolicdune
thick, windblown silt deposits loess
the side of a dune that is not in contact with the wind leeward
when sediment and other particles stay airborne suspension
downslope movement of soil and weathered rock that happens due to gravity. massmovement
a landslide that is on a curved surface slump
a landslide of snow avalanche
when loose minerals and soils slowly and steadily move downhill. creep
slow movement of Earth due to the addition of water flow
a dune that creates ridges parallel to the wind longitudinaldune

Rocks, Weathering, and Erosion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The process by which natural forces break down rocks. weathering
When weathered materials are carried away. erosion
__________ rocks are formed from shells, fossils, pebbles, and sand. sedimentary
__________ rocks are formed when other rock types are changed by the heat and pressure under earths surface. metamorphic
__________ rocks are formed when magma cools and solidifies. Igneous
The breaking of ricks by physical force. mechanical weathering
the breakdown of rocks by chemical reactions changing their composition. chemical weathering
The freezing and thawing of water in cracks of rocks that causes rocks to split ice wedging
When fertile land becomes desert like, often in result of a drought. desertification
A large mass of ice that moves over land causing erosion. glacier
Rain that causes weathering because it contains sulfuric acid. acid rain
When two objects collide causing damage. abrasion
Particles of rock and soil that are eroded ad deposited and form sedimentary rocks. sediment