Type
Crossword
Description

Heart wall layer that corresponds to the visceral pericardium epicardium
Series of events that constitutes a complete heartbeat cardiac cycle
valve separating the left ventricle from the aorta aortic
pacemaker of the heart SA node
Outermost layer covering the heart fibrous pericardium
recording of the electrical activity associated with a heartbeat EKG
sound made during ventricular contraction Dub
phase of cardiac cycle when the heart chamber walls contracts systole
inferior portion of the heart apex
parasympathetic nerve that "brakes" the heart rate vagus
smallest blood vessel capillary
Vein on heart's posterior that empties into the right atrium Coronary sinus
small branches off arteries arterioles
restriction of blood vessel diameter vasoconstriction
valve between right atrium and right ventricle tricuspid
vessel that transports blood away from the heart artery
muscle that extends inward from ventricular walls of the heart papillary
lower chambers of the heart ventricles
wall dividing the right side of the heart from the left interventricular septum

The Heart and Coronary Circulation Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Double walled sac that encloses the heart pericardium
Outer layer of the heart that is continuous with the pericardium epicardium
Forms the bulk of the heart and is composed of mostly cardiac muscle myocardium
Glistening white sheet of endothelium that lines the inside of heart chambers, 3rd layer of heart endocardium
Chamber of heart that deoxygenated blood from systemic circulation enters Right Atrium
AV valve that separates right atrium and right ventricle tricuspid valve
Lower chamber of heart that forces blood into pulmonary circulation Right ventricle
Blood flows through the ________________ valve into the pulmonary trunk. pulmonary semilunar
Blood returning from the lungs flows into this chamber Left Atrium
Two-cusped valve between left atrium and ventricle Bicuspid valve
Left chamber that pumps blood into systemic circulation Left ventricle
The left ventricle pumps blood through this valve into the aortic trunk aortic semilunar valve
This vessel branches to send blood to both lungs Pulmonary trunk
Large branching vessel that is the beginning of systemic circulation Aortic trunk
The thicker myocardium of the ventricles that exherts a greater force trabeculae carneae
The thinner myocardium of the atria has bundles of muscles called _____________. pectinate muscles
Dense network of connective tissue fiber that reinforces myocardium and anchors cardiac muscle fibers cardiac skeleton
Vessels that carry blood away from heart Arteries
Vessels that carry blood back to the heart veins
small vessels in which blood and tissue cells exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide capillaries
Functional blood supply of the heart coronary circulation

Cardiovascular System Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

left atrium
diastole
systole
cardiac cycle
tricuspid
atrioventricular valve
right ventricle
inferior vena cava
superior vena cava
right atrium
interventricular septum
interatrial septum
endocardium
myocardium
epicardium
pericardial activity
visceral layer
parietal layer
serous pericardium
pericardium
venules
veins
capillaries
arterioles
arteries
blood vessel
plasma
blood
heart
cardiovascular

Cardiovascular System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the fluid portion of the blood plasma
red blood cells erythrocytes
the oxygen-transporting pigment of erythrocytes hemoglobin
white blood cell leukocytes
a white blood cell with secretory granules in its cytoplasm (ex. eosinophil/basophil) granulocytes
the most abundant of the white blood cells neutrophils
granular white blood cells whose granules readily take up a stain called eosin eosinophils
white blood cells whose granules stain deep blue with basic dye; have a relatively pale nucleus and granular-appearing cytoplasm basophils
white blood cells with a one-lobed nucleus. no granules in cytoplasm agranuloctyes
agranular white blood cells formed in the bone marrow that mature in the lymphoid tissue lymphocytes
large single-nucleus white blood cell; agranular leukocyte monocytes
one of the irregular cell fragments of blood; involved in clotting platelets
formation of blood cells hematopoiesis
stem cells that give rise to all the formed elements of the blood hemocytoblast
the stopping of a flow of blood hemostasis
the stout wall separating the lower chambers of the heart from one another interventricular septum
begins at the base of the right ventricle, branches into two pulmonary arteries which deliver deoxygenated blood to the corresponding lung pulmonary trunk
bicuspid and tricuspid atrioventricular valves
cord-like tendons that connect the papillary muscles to the tricuspid valve and the mitral valve in the heart (heart strings) chordae tendineae
lub dub, lub dub heart sounds
a condition in which the heart produces or is apt to produce a recurring sound indicative of disease or damage murmur
abnormally high blood pressure hypertension
a disease of the arteries characterized by the deposition of plaques of fatty material on their inner walls atherosclerosis
the membranous sac enveloping the heart pericardium
a chamber of the heart receiving blood from the veins; superior heart chambers atria
discharging chambers of the heart ventricles
system of blood vessels that carry blood to and from the lungs for gas exchange pulmonary circulation
major systemic artery; arises from the left ventricle of the heart aorta
systems of blood vessels that carries nutrient- and oxygen-rich blood to all the body organs systemic circulation
valves that prevent blood return to the ventricles after contraction semilunar valves
the contraction phase of heart activity systole
a period (between contractions) of relaxation of the heart during which it fills with blood diastole
a volume of blood ejected by a ventricle during systole stroke volume
sequence of events encompassing one complete contraction and relaxation of the atria and ventricles of the heart cardiac cycle

The Heart Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The middle layer of the heart, responsible for pumping. Composed of cardiac muscle myocardium
Chamber of the hear that receives oxygenated blood from the lungs. leftatria
Routes blood pumped from the left ventricle to the rest of the body. aorta
Rapid, irregular heart contractions. fibrillation
Recording of electrical change accompanying the cardiac cycle electrocardiography
Double layered membrane that surrounds the heart pericardium
Vein thats vessels transport oxygenated blood from the lungs back to the heart pulmonary
Period of the cardiac cycle when relaxing diastole
Blood is transported away from the heart arteries
High elevation in diastolic or systolic blood pressure hypertension
Separates the heart into the right and left pumps septum
Amount of blood pumped in a single contraction. strokevolume
_____ valve that contains flaps between the right atrium and the right ventricle. Prevents back flow of blood. tricuspid

Heart anatomy crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What artery supplies oxygenated blood to the circulatory system? Aorta
What are the tubes called that help blood circulate blood throughout the body? Veins
What are the tubes called the are surrounded in muscular tissue and help oxygenate the blood? Arterys
The two upper cavities of the heart, they help to pass blood through the heart. Atrium
What are the two main sides of the heart called? Ventricles
The muscular tissue of the heart. Cardiac Tissue
The portion of the heart separating the two chambers of the heart. Septum
The fine blood vessels running through the heart. Capillaritis
The vein through the heart that carries the deoxygenated blood. Vena Cava
The valve between the left atrium and the left ventricle. Mitral Valve
The artery that carries blood from the right ventricle to the lungs. Pulmonary Artery

Cardiovascular System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the thin outer layer (also called the visceral of the serous pericardium) epicardium
middle and thickest layer of the hearts wall, the muscle layer myocardium
the sac that surrounds and protects the heart pericardium
the inferior point of the heart which is formed by the tip of the left ventricle apex
thin walled low pressure chambers; receiving centers for blood (two upper chambers) atria
high pressure chambers that push blood out of the heart ventricles
between the right atrium and right ventricle; is formed of three flaps of tissue tricuspid valve
between left atrium and left ventricle; has only two flaps of tissue bicuspid
three crescent shaped cusps which each ventricle empties through semilunar
separates the right ventricle from the pulmonary artery pulmonic valve
separates the left ventricle from the aorta; the body's largest artery aortic valve
reversible cell injury due to decrease blood/oxygen supply ischemia
two vessels interconnect to supply the same area collateral circulation
the largest artery aorta
blood circulation through capillaries microcirculation
(inner heart) membrane lining the heart's interior wall endocardium
serous fluid which acts a lubricant and reduces friction between the layers as the heart contracts and relaxes pericardial fluid
atrial relaxation followed by ventricular relaxation diastole
the sequence of dual contractions, atria followed by the ventricle systole
sensory receptors in blood vessel walls baroreceptors
a rhythmic expansion of arterial walls with each heartbeat pulse
the amount of pressure or stretching force against the ventricular wall at maximum relaxation of the heart preload
the amount of pressure or resistance the ventricles must overcome to empty their contents afterload
pulse assessment locations pulse pressure

Structure of the heart Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Main artery of the body Aorta
Carries blood from upper body Inferior Vena Cava
Carries blood from lower body Supeior Vena Cava
Left lower chamber of heart that receives blood from the left atrium Left Ventricle
Deoxygenated blood enters from Inferior Vena Cava to this chamber Right Atrium
Carries high O2 blood towards the heart Veins
The Semilunar Valve seperating the Aorta from the Left Ventricle that prevents bloodflow backwards Aortic Valve
Acts as a holding chamber for blood returning from lungs and acts as pump to transport blood Left Atrium
Right side valve between Right Atrium and the Right Ventricle Tricuspid Valve
Pumps Low O2 blood out of the heart Arteries
The valve between the Left Atrium ad Left Ventricle Mitral Valve
Between Left Ventricle and Aorta Pulmonary Valve
Right side lower chamber that receives blood from Right Atrium Right Ventricle
Function is to make sure blood is flowing how it should Valves
Found on both sides of the heart Lungs

Anatomy Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The blood vessel that carries blood from the right ventricle to the lungs pulmonary artery
The left ventricle ejects blood into this blood vessel Aorta
The venae cavae empties blood into this cardiac chamber right atrium
The mitral valve and the aortic valve are associated with this cardiac chamber left ventricle
The pulmonic and tricuspid valves are associated with this structure right ventricle
In which structure does blood change from blue to red? pulmonary capillary
which side of the heart has oxygenated blood left
which side carries deoxygenated blood right
how many chambers does the heart have? four
which ventricle is in the right side of the heart? tricuspid
which ventricle is in the left side of the heart? Bicuspid
what muscle is the heart made up of cardiac

Circulatory System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

place where substances are exchanged between the blood and body cells capillaries
the liquid part of blood Plasma
a flap of tissue that prevents blood from flowing backward valve
bloodvessles that carry blood back to the heart veins
take up oxyhgen in the blood and deliver it to cells elsewhere in the body redbloodcells
the body's disease fighters whitebloodcells
consists of the heart, blood vessels, and blood cardiovascular system
(singular) lower chambers of the heart ventricle
(singular) upper chambers of the heart atrium
the process by which molecules move from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration diffusion
largest artery in the body aorta
a force exerted by blood against the walls of blood vessels blood pressure
the alternating expansion and relaxation of the artery walls pulse
a group of heart cells that sends out signals that make the heart muscle contract pacemaker
hollow, muscular organ that pumps blood throughout the body heart
blood vessles that carry blood away from the heart arteries
iron-containing protein that binds chemically to oxygen molecules hemoglobin

Anatomy of the Heart Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

a large arterial trunk the arises from the base of the left ventricle and channels blood from the heart in to other arteries throughout the body. Aorta
The semi lunar valve between the left ventricle and the aorta that prevents blood from flowing back in to the left ventricle. Aortic Valve
The outermost layer of the heart and the innermost layer of the pericardial sac. Epicardium
A irregular heartbeat or rhythm Arrhythmia
The largest vein in the human body that returns oxygenated blood to the right atrium of the heart.q Inferior Vena Cava
To relax Repolarize
To contract Depolarize
Vessels that carry blood away from the heart. Arteries
The innermost layer of the heart, which lines the inferior of the heart chambers and covers the valves of the heart. Endocardium
A normal heart rhythm but with a rate of 60 BPM; common in athletes. Bradycardia
A large vein that carries oxygenated blood in to the heart. Superior Vena Cava
An abnormally rapid heart rate. Tachycardia
Muscles located in the ventricles of the heart. Papillary Muscles
A small body of specialized muscle tissue in the wall of the right atrium of the heart that acts as a pacemaker by producing contractile signals at regular intervals. Sinoatrial Node
The muscular tissue of the heart. Myocardium