Type
Crossword
Description

a figure of speech that consists of the use of the name of one object or concept for that of another to which it is related metonymy
the following is an example of what rhetorical device: "The shadow touched the steps at exactly 5pm." personification
to disprove a statement or theory refute
an opposing claim that disagrees with the thesis counterclaim
a way to describe an argument when it's based on logic/common sense sound
vague/ambiguous language equivocation
opinion without means of support prejudice
a conclusion based on clues and observations inductivereasoning
editorials, political speeches, and debates are all examples of what type of writing persuasion
something, such as a point previously claimed in an argument that is later yielded concession
main point premise
the conclusion does not logically follow its premise; faulty reasoning non-sequitur
assumptions without proof or evidence generalization
assuming that because of this this will happen; however there is no logical proof of the situation occurring posthoc
the following is an example of what rhetorical device: "I came, I saw, I conquered." asyndeton
the following is an example of what rhetorical device: "Sally sells seashells by the seashore." alliteration
the repetition of a phrase at the beginning of multiple sentences anaphora
appeal that targets logical thinking logos
appeal that targets morals beliefs ideals and principals ethos
appeal that targets sense of duty self preservation social acceptance and personal gain etc. pathos
MLK and Lincoln both use these kinds of words in order to rally advocates and excite the audience charged
a statement that is not strong enough to express how good bad impressive etc. something really is understatement
the following statements are examples of what rhetorical device: bittersweet passive-aggressive jumbo shrimp oxymoron
the technique of arranging words phrases clause or larger structures by placing them side by side and making them similar in form. parallelism
something that is unusual or amusing because something strange happens or the opposite of what is expected happens or is true irony

Persuasive Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

a persuasive appeal that is used to show the credibility of the speaker (expert or celebrity) Ethos
a persuasive appeal that is used to evoke the emotions of the audience Pathos
a persuasive appeal that is uses logic through definitions, facts, or statistics to prove a point Logos
an error in thinking or arguing Fallacy
the author/creator of the persuasive appeals ethos, pathos, and logos Aristotle
to state something to be true with or without evidence Claim
a claim plus supporting reasons Thesis
a statement that creates an inferred conclusion Premise
a confident and forceful statement of fact or belief Assertion
language used to persuade an audience Rhetoric
the degree to which an objective is achieved Effectiveness
Judging the value or character of something; discussing the positive and negative advantages or disadvantages. Evaluate
A summary based on evidence or facts Conclusion
the available body of facts or information indicating whether a belief or proposition is true or valid. Evidence

Rhetorical Devices Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A statement of what has already been covered and what will be said next Metabasis
When an author goes back and corrects a statement they just said Metanoia
An inversion of the normal order of words, especially for the sake of emphasis Hyperbaton
Syllogism (logical argument) in which the major premise is unstated but meant to be understood Enthymeme
A sentence begins and ends with the same word/clause Epanalepsis
The last word or phrase is repeated in various sentences Epistrophe
The use of a word in a way that is not correct Catachresis
A figure of speech in which a part is made to represent the whole or vice versa Synecdote
Speaker, Audience, Subject Aristotelian triangle
speakers/writers intend to express meanings of words differently than their literal meanings Trope
a basis of mutual interest or agreement that's found in the course of an argument common ground

Argument Techniques Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

comparison between two things that help us draw conclusions about their similarities analogy
a brief personal account or story anecdote
plays on people's tendency to react emotionally when their safety, security, country or loved ones are threatened appeal to fear
engages with people's belief that everyone deserves fair treatment appeal to justice
draws on national pride and people's loyalty to their country appeal to patriotism
an idea or statement that someone takes for granted as being true assumption
basing an argument on a premise that is the same as the conclusion begging the question
linking an outcome to a particular set of events or decisions cause and effect
examining general rules about a group to form a conclusion about one small part of the group deductive reasoning
facts, information or expert opinions used to support an argument evidence
a sweeping statement that claims that something is true for most or all cases because it is true in one or some instances generalisation
observing a series of specific events to from a more general theory about what is most likely happening inductive reasoning
the use of evidence or deduction to support a clear argument reason and logic
misrepresenting an opponent's argument in order to make it easier to rebut straw man argument
attacking or insulting a person rather than addressing their opinion or the facts ad hominem attack

Argument analysis technique's Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A comparison between two things that helps the reader to draw conclusions about their similarities analogy
Suggests that families are good, especially traditional nuclear families appeal to family values
A story about someone or something that the writer has experienced or heard about Anecdote
Examining general rules and facts about a group to form a specific conclusion about one part of the group Deductive Reasoning
Overused phrase quickly understood by a wide audience Cliche
Repetition of a consonant, especially at the start of words Alliteration
Evidence in a visual form graphs and diagrams
Language that has a strong emotional impact. Uses the positive and negative connotations of words to influence the readers respond Emotive language
Uses 'we' 'our' 'us' etc. to include the readers in the same group as the writer Inclusive language
Figure of speech that identify a similarity between two different things. Metaphor and simile
Exaggerates the true situation for dramatic impact Exaggeration
Used to link together and develop an argument in support of the main contention reason and logic
Plays on people's tendency to react emotionally with their safety, security, country or loved ones as threatened appeal to fear
An idea or statement that someone takes for granted as being true assumption
facts, information or expert opinions to support an argument evidence

Chapter 2 Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The phrase that follows the word "then" conclusion
Formed by joining two or more statements with the word "and" conjunction
Formed by joining two or more statements with the word "or" disjunction
Not P negation
If q, then p converse
If not p, then not q inverse
If not q, then not p contrapositive
A statement that requires a proof Theorem
A statement accepted as true Axiom
An example that shows a conjecture is false counterexample
A=A Reflexive
If A=B, then B=A Symmetric
If A=B, and B=C, then A=C. transitive
logically correct valid
If p, then q conditional
A concluding statement reached using inductive reasoning conjecture
A logical argument that leads you from the hypothesis to the conclusion proof
the study of shapes geometry

Argument Essay Writing Terms Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

using evidence to persuade someone to agree with you argument
presents evidence to both sides of an argument argument essay
the position that supports the argument; thesis statement claim
facts or reasons that supports the claim: facts, statistics, examples evidence
chain of reasoning that connects evidence to the claim warrant
the opposite (opposing) position counterclaim
logical reasons for rejecting the counterclaim rebuttal
hook, basic information of topic, claim introduction
sum up important points, restate the claim conclusion
introduces the topic of the paragraph topic sentence
words used to help readers progress from one idea to another transitions

Argumentative Writing Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

making a claim supporting it argument
making a claim supporting it using feelings persuasion
The position that you are trying to get your reader to accept claim
Facts that support your claim evidence
Statement that explains how the evidence supports and connects to the claim bridge
Challenging the argument by addressing the position of someone who may not agree with the argument counterargument
Demonstrating why the counterargument is wrong refutation
Who will be affected by the topic. Who will read the essay. audience
Also known as claim Thesis statement
First paragraph where you will hook the reader introduction
Paragraph that introduces the reason that your claim is valid Body Paragraph 1
Paragraph that introduces the second reason that your claim is valid Body Paragraph 2
Paragraph that introduces an opposing claim Body Paragraph 3
Last paragraph that restates the thesis statement conclusion
The first sentence in each paragraph that tells you what the paragraph is talking about topic sentence
words that show the relationships among the ideas in a piece of writing transition

Logic and Geometry Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A logical argument that shows a statement is true. proof
A statement formed by exchanging the hypothesis and conclusion. converse
The "then" part of a conditional statement. hypothesis
When a conditional statement and its converse are both true, you can write them as a _____ statement. biconditional
A conditional statement is either true or _______. false
A statement formed by negating and switching the hypothesis and conclusion. contrapositive
______ reasoning is reasoning from a specific case to a general rule. inductive
A statement formed by negating both the hypothesis and conclusion. inverse
Law of logic that is similar to the Transitive Property. syllogism
The Law of _______ says that if a conditional statement is true and the hypothesis is true, we must conclude the conclusion is true. detachment
An educated guess based on analyzing information or patterns. conjecture
_____ reasoning uses facts, definitions, accepted properties, and the laws of logic to form a logical argument. deductive
A statement written in "If-then" form is called a _______ statement. conditional
The _____ of a statement is the opposite of the original statement. negation
The contrapositive is formed by negating and switching the hypothesis and _______. conclusion
A specific case for which the conjecture is false. Counterexample
The ______ property refers to when something is congruent to itself. reflexive

Logical Fallacies Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Comparing two things as though they are actually alike when they have key features that are different. False Analogy
The fallacy of composition arises when one infers that something is true of the whole from the fact that is true of some part of the whole Fallacy of Composition
Assuming casual relationships between two events based solely on the two events happening close in time, or "after this, therefore because of this." False Cause Fallacy
"Domino theory" and "ripple affect" aka one thing leads to another Slippery slope
Attacking someone personally while criticizing them in a totally different arena Ad hominem
Purposely misinterpeting or mistaking an opponents argument as a way to make it easier to denigrate or attack Straw Man Fallacy
Bringing up irrelevant issues that have more emotional appeal than the real issues in order to divert attention away from the point Red Herring
Claiming that a statement/argument is more valid because it comes from an authority figure Appeal to Authority
Claiming that a position is valid because it hasn't been proven wrong Ad Ignorantium
Claiming that the majority opinion must be the correct opinion Ad Populum

Literary Devices Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

a phrase whose meaning is different from the words that make up the phrase idiom
a statement or claim not meant to be taken seriously hyperbole
the attribution of human nature or character to animals, inanimate objects, or abstract notions, especially as a rhetorical figure. Personification
the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words alliteration
a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable metaphor
a figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind, used to make a description more emphatic or vivid simile
the formation of a word from a sound associated with what is named onomatopoeia
a figure of speech in which apparently contradictory terms appear in conjunction oxymoron
the characteristic spirit of a culture, era, or community as manifested in its beliefs and aspirations ethos
the quality or power in an actual life experience or in literature, music, speech, or other forms of expression, of evoking a feeling of pity, or of sympathetic and kindly sorrow or compassion. pathos
to convince an audience by use of logic or reason logos
a symbolism device where the meaning of a greater, often abstract, concept is conveyed with the aid of a more corporeal object or idea being used as an example Allegory