Type
Crossword
Description

Cell division resulting in two daughter cells each having the same number and kind of chromosomes Mitosis
Threadlike structures of nucleic acids and protein Chromosomes
Semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cell Cell membrane
Thick solution that fills each cell Cytoplasm
Opposite ends of the cell Poles
New cells must be genetically _______ to the original cells Identical
Middle of cell Equator
Mitochondria and ribosomes are internal __________ Structures
Carrier of genetic information DNA
Mistakes made during mitosis can potentially lead to _______ _________ Genetic disorders
Animal cells are examples of this Eukaryotic cells

Mitosis Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the process of a cell dividing into two new daughter cells cell division
type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to form the first cell of a new organism sexual reproduction
substance found in eukaryotic chromosomes that consists of DNA tightly coiled around histones chromatin
period of the cell cycle between cell divisions interphase
phase of mitosis in which the distinct individual chromosomes begin to spread out into a tangle of chromatin telophase
one of two identical “sister” parts of a duplicated chromosome Chromatid
phase of mitosis in which the chromosomes separate and move to opposite ends of the cell anaphase
process of reproduction involving a single parent that results in offspring that are genetically identical to the parent asexual reproduction
threadlike structure of DNA and protein that contains genetic information chromosome
series of events in which a cell grows, prepares for division, and divides to form two daughter cells cell cycle
phase of mitosis in which the chromosomes separate and move to opposite ends of the cell anaphase
part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell nucleus divides mitosis
division of the cytoplasm to form two separate daughter cells cytokinesis
first and longest phase of mitosis in which the genetic material inside the nucleus condenses and the chromosomes become visible prophase
structure in an animal cell that helps to organize cell division centriole
phase of mitosis in which the chromosomes line up across the center of the cell metaphase

Cell Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

An organelle found in plants and algae that absorbs sunlight and uses it to drive the synthesis of organic compounds (sugars) from carbon dioxide and water Chloroplasts
A protective layer external to the plasma membrane in plant cells bacteria fungi and some protists; protects the cell and helps maintain its shape Cell Wall
A structure found in animal cells from which microtubules originate and that is important during cell division (contains two centrioles) Centrosome
The central vacuole is a cellular organelle found in plant cells. It is often the largest organelle in the cell. It is surrounded by a membrane and functions to hold materials and wastes. Central Vacuole
A narrow thread of cytoplasm that passes through the cell walls of adjacent plant cells that allows connections between them. Plasmodesma
A digestive organelle in eukaryotic cells; contains hydrolytic enzymes that digest engulfed food or damaged organelles Lysosome
The contents of a eukaryotic cell between the plasma membrane and the nucleus; consists of a semi-fluid medium and organelles; can also refer to the interior of a prokaryotic cell Cytoplasm
A cell structure consisting of RNA and protein organized into two subunits and functioning as the site of protein synthesis in the cytoplasm; in the eukaryotic cells the ribosomal subunits are constructed in the molecules Ribosomes
organelle composed of a double membrane that acts as the storehouse for most of a cell's DNA Nucleus
A bean-shaped organelle that supplies energy to the cell and has its own ribosomes and DNA Mitochondria
The thickest of the three main kinds of fibers making up the cytoskeleton of a eukaryotic cell; a hollow tube made of globular proteins called tubulins; found in cilia and flagella Microtubules
That portion of the endoplasmic reticulum with ribosomes attached that make membrane proteins and secretory proteins Rough ER
The portion of the endoplasmic reticulum that lacks ribosomes centrioles/ A small cylindrical organelle near the nucleus in animal cells, occurring in pairs and involved in the development of spindle fibers in cell division. Smooth ER
A small cylindrical organelle near the nucleus in animal cells, occurring in pairs and involved in the development of spindle fibers in cell division. Centrioles
A thin flexible layer around the cells of all living things; it's job is to separate the cytoplasm from the cell's surroundings Cell Membrane
A complex of vesicles and folded membranes within the cytoplasm of most eukaryotic cells, involved in secretion and intracellular transport. Golgi Body

Cell organelles and functions Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Basic unit of a chemical element Atom
A group of atoms bonded together Molecule
the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, Cell
an organelle found in large numbers in most cells Mitochondria
the material or protoplasm within a living cell Cytoplasm
study of cell structure and function Cell biology
the semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cell. Cell membrane
(in green plant cells) a plastid that contains chlorophyll and in which photosynthesis takes place. Chloroplast
a dense organelle present in most eukaryotic cells Nucleus
any of a number of organized or specialized structures within a living cell. Organelles
single-celled organism which has neither a distinct nucleus with a membrane nor other specialized organelles Prokaryote
organism whose cells contain a nucleus surrounded by a membrane Eukaryote
a rigid layer of polysaccharides lying outside the plasma membrane of the cells of plants, fungi, and bacteria Cell wall
A sphere-shaped structure within the cytoplasm of a cell that is composed of RNA and protein and is the site of protein synthesis Ribosomes
a network of membranous tubules within the cytoplasm of a eukaryotic cell Endoplasmic Reticulum
It is another packaging organelle like the endoplasmic reticulum Golgi Complex
transport of materials within the cytoplasm. Vesicles
an organelle in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells containing degradative enzymes enclosed in a membrane. Lysosomes
Theory that states that cells are the basic units of structure and function in living organisms. Cell theory

Cell Structure and Function Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

osmosis
concentration
lipid bilayer
cell membrane
cell wall
centrioles
cytoskeleton
chromosomes
chloroplasts
mitochondria
vacuoles
lysosomes
golgi apparatus
endoplasmic reticulum
ribosomes
nucleolus
chromatin
nuclear envelope
cytoplasm
organelles
prokaryotes
eukaryotes
Nucleus
Cell theory
Cells

Cells Answer Key Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The basic building blocks of all living things. Cell
A group of similar cells that live and work together Tissues
A collection of tissues joined in a structural unit to serve a common function. Organ
A group of organs that work together to perform one or more functions. Organ System
An individual life form. Organism
Surrounds the cytoplasm of a cell and gives the cell structure and support. Cell Membrane
A gel-like substance inside the cell that contains all the cell parts and organelles. Cytoplasm
A group of tissues that work together to perform a specialized function or functions. Organelles
Molecules that contain all the genetic material and traits for each organism. DNA
Molecules are single stranded nucleic acids composed of nucleotides. RNA
A type of plastid that contains chlorophyll which is where photosynthesis takes place. Chloroplast
An organelle that modifies,sorts,and packs molecules and stores or sends it when needed. Golgi Complex
Often known as the "powerhouses" of the cell, this organelle generates energy for the cell through cellular respiration.​This means it takes in nutrients from the cell, breaks it down, and turns it into energy. Mitochondria
An organelle in both plant and animal cells that provides support and participates in a variety of cellular functions including storage, protection, and growth. Vacuole
Sacs of enzymes that digest food, water, and waste Lysosomes
Extensive network of membranes composed of both regions with ribosomes (rough ER) and regions without ribosomes (smooth ER). Endoplasmic Reticulum
Tiny structures bound by a membrane that contain enzymes that produce hydrogen peroxide as a by-product. Peroxisomes
The outermost covering of a cell that protects the cell and gives it shape & support. Cell Wall
Multicellular organism Eukaryote
Unicellular organism Prokaryote
Organisms made up of only one cell Unicellular Organisms
Organisms made up of two or more cells Multicellular Organisms
Chemical compound that contains carbon atoms. Organic Compound
Molecules that allow organisms to transfer genetic info from one generation to the next. There are two types of nucleic acids: DNA and RNA. Nucleic Acid
Consisting of RNA and proteins, they are responsible for protein production and assembly. Ribosomes
A substance made entirely of one type of atom. Element
The smallest unit of a substance that maintains the properties of that substance. Atom
Membrane bound structure that contains the cell's hereditary information and DNA. Also controls all of the cells activities. Nucleus
A membrane which surrounds the genetic material and nucleus in eukaryotic cells. Nuclear Membrane
A structure inside the cell nucleus that rewrites ribosomal RNA (rRNA) and combine it with proteins, results in the formation of incomplete ribosomes. Nucleolus
Tubelike structures that aid in cell division and Celiogenesis, are generally are found close to the nucleus Centrioles
A theory that descibes the basic characteristics of all cells and organisms. It is one if the foundational ideas of modern biology Cell Theory

Cell Cycle and Mitosis Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

_______ is a self-replicating material present in nearly all living organisms. Dna
_____ is the amount of space that a substance or object occupies volume
_____ is the outside part of something that you can calculate surface area
_____ is the series of events that takes place in a cell cell cycle
______ is a microscopic single-celled organism that has no distinct nucleus prokaryote
_____ is an organism consisting of a call or cells eukaryote
___ is the material of which the chromosomes of organbisms other than bacteria chromatin
_____ are pieces of identical DNA that are crucial in the process of cell replication and division sister chromatids
____ is a threadlike structure of nucleic acids and protein found in the nucleus chromosome
____ is a minute cylindrical organelle near the nucleus in animal cells centriole
___ is the resting phase between the first and second divisions of meiosis interphase
__ is the division of a cell into two daughter cells with the same genetic material cell division
__ is a type of cell division that resultis in two daughter cells each having the same number mitosis
___ is the first stag of cell division , before metaphase prophase
____ is the second stage of cell division metaphase
___is the stage of meiotic or mitotic cell division anaphase
___ is the final phase of cell division telophase
__ is the cytoplasmic division of a cell at the end of mitosis or meiosis cytolinesis
__ forms a protein structure that divides the gentic material in a cell spindle fiber
__ is the disase caused by an uncontrollrd division of abnormal cells in a part of the body cancer

Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cells Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What are the smallest units of life? cells
what is in the center of our cells? nucleus
What is a microscopic single-celled organism? Prokaryote
What is an organism consisting of a cell? Eukaryote
What is the semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cell? cell membrane
Several structures with specialized functions, suspended in the cytoplasm of a eukaryotic cell organelle
What are the food producers of the cell? chloroplast
What are known as the powerhouses of the cell? mitochondria
What are the protein builders or the protein synthesizers of the cell? ribosomes
What is a complex of vesicles and folded membranes within the cytoplasm of most eukaryotic cells? Golgi bodies
What are organelles that contain digestive enzymes? lysosome
What is the material or protoplasm within a living cell, excluding the nucleus? cytoplasm
What is a tough and rigid outer layer that protects the cell and gives it shape? cell wall
What is a gelatinous layer forming the outer surface of some bacterial cells? capsule
What is a whip-like structure that allows a cell to move? flagellum
What is a small dense spherical structure in the nucleus of a cell during interphase? nucleolus
What is an irregularly shaped region within the cell of a prokaryote? nucleoid
What is a molecule that encodes genetic information for the development and functioning of living organisms? DNA
What is the colorless material comprising the living part of a cell? protoplasm
What is a network of membranous tubules within the cytoplasm of a eukaryotic cell? endoplasmic reticulum

Cell Parts Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the basic structural unit of all living things cell
a specialized part of a cell having some specific function made of macromolecules organelle
A single-celled or multicellular organism whose cells contain a membrane-bound nucleus eukaryote
organism not enclosed in a nucleus. Bacteria and archaeans are this prokaryote
an organelle in the cytoplasm of cells that produces energy mitochondria
the semipermeable membrane enclosing the cytoplasm of a cell cell membrane
the definite boundary that is part of plant cells and not in animal cells cell wall
a double membrane, and found in most living eukaryotic cells, directing their growth, metabolism, and reproduction, and functioning in the transmission of genic characters nucleus
particles in the cytoplasm of cells, either free or attached to the endoplasmic reticulum, that contain RNA and protein and are the site of protein synthesis ribosome
The membrane network in cytoplasm that is composed of tubules that carry ribosomes on their surfaces some are rough while others are smooth. endoplasmic reticulum
a cell organelle containing enzymes that digest particles lysosome
contains chlorophyll and other pigments, occurrs in plants and algae that carry out photosynthesis chloroplast
a complex of vesicles and folded membranes within the cytoplasm of most eukaryotic cells, involved in secretion and intracellular transport golgi apparatus
jelly like substance between the cell membrane and the nucleus cytoplasm
enables many protozoa, bacteria, spermatozoa to move about / swim about the cell flagellum
providing locomotion to protozoans and moving liquids along internal tissues in animals cilia

Mitosis Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

First step in mitosis Prophase
At this stage chromosomes attach to microtubules at the kinetochores. Prometaphase
At this stage all chromosomes are aligned at the equator of the cell, called the metaphase plate. Metaphase
In this stage of Mitosis, the proteins holding centromeres of sister chromatids are degraded, freeing individual chromosomes. Anaphase
The last stage in mitosis; chromosomes are clustered at opposite poles and decondense. Telophase
How many phases are in mitosis? Five
This structure composed of microtubules radiating from the poles of the dividing cell division. Spindle
In animal cells, a radial array of microtubules extending from the centrioles toward the plasma membrane. Aster
The protein that forms microtubules. Tubulin
What happens before Mitosis? Interphase
One of two identical copies of each chromosome. Sister Chromatids
What cells do not have centrioles? plant
Chromosomes vary in how many ways? Five
During mitosis ____ cell divides once to form two identical cells. one
The major purpose of mitosis is for ______ and to replace worn out cells. growth
If not corrected in time, mistakes made during mitosis can result in changes in the DNA that can potentially lead to _______________. genetic disorders
During interphase, ____________ extend from these centrosomes. microtubules
In prophase, the chromosomes condense into _-shaped structures that can be easily seen under a microscope. x
In metaphase, the centrioles are now at __________ poles of the cell with the mitotic spindle fibers extending from them. opposite
In anaphase, the sister chromatids are then pulled apart by the mitotic spindle which pulls one ________ to one pole and the other chromatid to the opposite pole. chromatid
In telophase, a membrane forms around each set of chromosomes to create two new _________. nuclei
pairs of identical chromosomes are attached to each other at an area called the...? centromere
Uncontrolled cell division occurs in... cancer
During cell division in a plant cell, a cell ___________ grows between the two new cells to separate the cytoplasm. Plate
A cell with 22 chromosomes undergoes mitosis. How many daughter cells are created? two
Acronym for Mitosis PMAT
DNA and protein that makes up chromosomes is called _________. chromatin
Mitosis can also be called __________. Cell division
Mitosis may take _________ or hours, depending upon the kind of cells and species of organisms. minutes
How many chromosomes are in a cell? twenty-two

cell biology Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the semipermeable membrane enclosing the cytoplasm of a cell. cell membrane
act of diffusing; state of being diffused. diffusion
the tendency for a fluid to pass througha semipermeable membrane into a solution. osmosis
a central part about which other parts are grouped or gathered; core nucleus
a tiny, somewhat mitten-shaped organelle occurring in great numbers in the cell cytoplasm either freely, in small clusters, or attached to the outer surfaces of endoplasmic reticula, and functioning as the site of protein manufacture. ribosome
an organelle in the cytoplasm of cells that functions in energy production. mitochondria
an organelle, consisting of layers of flattened sacs, that takes up and processes secretory and synthetic products from the endoplasmic reticulum and then either releases the finished products into various parts of the cell cytoplasm or secretes them to the outside of the cell. golgi apparatus
a cell organelle containing enzymes that digest particles and that disintegrate the cell after its death. lysosomes
a plastid containing chlorophyll. chloroplast
a membrane-bound cavity within a cell, often containing a watery liquid or secretion. vacuole
the usual method of cell division, characterized typically by the resolving of the chromatin of the nucleus into a threadlike form. mitosis
a shifting lattice arrangement of structural and contractile components distributed throughout the cell cytoplasm, composed of microtubules, microfilaments, and larger filaments, functioning as a structural support and transport mechanism. cytoskeleton
a musical instrument consisting of one or more sets of pipes sounded by means of compressed air, played by means of one or more keyboards, and capable of producing a wide range of musical effects. organ
an extremely long macromolecule that is the main component of chromosomes and is the material that transfers genetic characteristics in all life forms, constructed of two nucleotide strands coiled around each other in a ladderlike arrangement with the sidepieces composed of alternating phosphate and deoxyribose units and the rungs composed of the purine DNA
an aggregate of similar cells and cell products forming a definite kind of structural material with a specific function, in a multicellular organism. tissue
any of a class of organic compounds that contains at least one amino group. amino acid