Type
Crossword
Description

The unit for energy Joules
Moving things have a _____________ energy store Kinetic
High up things have a _______________ energy store gravitational
Stretched, twisted or bent things have an ___________ energy store Elastic
Hot things have a ____________ energy store thermal
Energy cannot be created or destroyed. It can only be __________ transferred
______________ energy divided by total energy, times 100 gives percentage efficiency Useful
Energy transferred can be shown on a _________ diagram Sankey
Energy in food is measured in __________ calories
What is measured in degrees Celcius Temperature
As particles gain thermal energy they move apart, causing the object to do what? expand
Materials that allow heat to flow through them easily are known as what? Conductors
Materials that don't allow heat to flow through them easily are known as what? Insulators

Heat Transfer: Conduction, Convection, and Radiation Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

stored energy potential energy
energy in motion kinetic energy
ability to cause change energy
movement of energy due to differences in temperature thermal energy
transfer of energy when a push or pull makes an object move work
force between two surfaces that resists friction
material that can be burned to produce energy fuel
measure of the kinetic energy in the particles of a material temperature
movement of thermal energy from warmer objects to cooler objects heat
increase in the volume of a substance when the temperature increases thermal expansion
transfer of thermal energy by particle collision in matter conduction
materials which transfer energy easily are called__________________. conductors
transfer of thermal energy by the movement of matter from one place to another convection
transfer of thermal energy by electromagnetic waves radiation
movement of fluid particles due to increased temperature and decreased density convection currents
material made of liquids or gases that can easily change their locations fluid

Heat and Energy Transfers Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

State of matter that has tightly packed particles that vibrate Solid
State of matter that has packed particles that move around Liquid
State of matter that has spread out particles that move freely and quickly Gas
Removing heat from a gas causes _____________ Condensation
Adding heat to a liquid causes ________________ Evaporation
Theory that states all particles that make up matter are constantly in motion Kinetic theory of matter
Measures the average kinetic energy of particles Temperature
Measures the total kinetic energy of particles Thermal energy
Unit used to measure energy Joules
The transfer of energy from a warmer object to a colder one Heat
Study of heat movement Thermodynamics
The comparison of how much matter there is in a certain amount of space Density
The amount of matter in an object Mass
The amount of space an object takes up Volume
_________ objects are more dense Colder
___________ objects are less dense Warmer
How thermal energy transfers between solid objects touching Conduction
A material that transfers heat well Conductor
A material that does not transfer heat well Insulator
How thermal energy transfers through liquids and gases Convection
How thermal energy transfers as electromagnetic waves Radiation

ELECTROSTATICS Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

protons and neutrons nucleus
charges that don't move easily through material since their electrons are tightly bound to the nucleus. insulators
A force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are in contact friction
the fundamental law of electrostatics stating that the force between two particles is directly proportional to the product of their charges and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them Coloumbs law
charges that move easily through the material, outer electrons are not as tightly bound to the nucleus. they conduct heat and electricity easily. ex): metal, fingers, etc conductor
What is the unit for current ampere
only allows electrons to flow in one way Direct current
electrons move back and forth without appreciable movement alternating current
what is the unit for resistance ohms
uses mechanical motion to create electricity generators
Continuous path for which charge flows Electric Circuit
Rate of which energy is transferred in the circuit; 1 Watt Power
example of electrical conductors metal
force is measured in newtons
charge is measured in coloumbs
electric potential or also called voltage
gain electrons, charge becomes negative
unlike charges do what attract
like charges do what repel
A way to charge insulators and conductors Contact

Thermal Energy Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A measure of hot (or cold) something is; specifically, energy of the particles in an object Temperature
An increase in the size of a substance in response to an increase in the response to an increase in the temperature of the substance Thermal Expansion
The temperature of which molecular molecular enegry is at a minimum, 0K on the Kelvin Scale Absolute Zero
The enegry transferred between objects that are at different temperatures Heat
The kinetic energy of a substance's atoms Thermal Energy
A material through which energy can be transferred as heat Thermal Conductor
A material through which energy can be transffered as heat Thermal Conductor
A material that reduces or prevents the transfer of heat Thermal Insulator
The transfer of energy as heat through a material Thermal Conductor
The transfer of thermal energy by the circulation or movement of a liquid or gas Convection
The transfer of energy as electromagnetic waves Radiation
The quatitiy of heat r in a equired to raise a unit mass of homogeneous material 1K or 1C in a specified way given constant pressure and volume Specifc Heat
A temperature increase in a body of water that is caused by human activity and that has a harmful activity and that has a harmful effect on water quality and on the ability of that body of water to support life Thermal Pollution

Physical Science Crossword Puzzle Project

Type
Crossword
Description

is an idea or explanation that you then test through study and experimentation. hypothesis
is the variable that is changed or controlled in a scientific experiment. dependent variable
are the variables that the experimenter changes to test their dependent variable. independent variable
is the rate at which an object covers distance. speed
speed and direction of an object. velocity
a unit of mass equal to 1000 grams. kilograms
is the base unit for length or distance. meters
is the metric unit base for temperature. kelvin
something that causes a change in the motion of an object. (an object's mass multiplied by its acceleration) force
is the resistance of any physical object to any change in its state of motion. inertia
the process in which energy is emitted as particles or waves. radiation
the amount of energy exerted when a force of one newton is applied over a displacement of one meter. joule
transfer of energy that occurs when a force makes an object move. work
the amount of work (or energy transfererrd) in a certain amount of time. power
transfer occurs by three mechanisms: conduction, convection, and radiation. heat
a measure of the warmth or coldness of an object or substance with reference to some standard value. temperature
the amount of heat needed to raise the temperature of one gram of a substance by one degree Celsius, or to raise the temperature of one pound of a substance by one degree Fahrenheit. specific heat
energy that is transferred by the movement of electrons or ions. conduction
heat transferred in a gas or liquid by the circulation of currents from one region to another. convection
a material or an object that does not easily allow heat, electricity, light, or sound to pass through it. insulator
can be transferred from one object to another in the form of heat. thermal energy

Energy Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

ability to do work and cause change Energy
stored energy Potential Energy
energy in motion Kinetic Energy
energy that travels as vibrations Sound Energy
energy released when the nucleus of an atom is split or fused Nuclear Energy
energy that is classified as a type of light and heat energy Radiant Energy
current flows in a single path Series Circuits
current that follows more than one path Parallel circuits
exert a force that either attracts or repels Magnet
transfer of heat through the motion and gases Convention
transfer of heat through the collusion of atoms by direct contact Conduction
heat transfer through electromagnetic waves radiation
force that opposes motion and causes unwanted or unusable forms of energy Friction
measure of the number of particles in how fast they are moving, otherwise known as heat Thermal energy
force that is exerted by masses, gravity depends on mass and distance, all objects with mass exert a gravitational force gravity

Thermal Energy Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Transfer of thermal energy through waves ex: Sunlight Radiation
Thermal energy is an example of _________ Energy (Energy of Motion) Kinetic
Convection is the transfer of heat through the movement of ________ Fluids
Through convection, hotter, less __________ fluids rise above the colder fluids Dense
_____________ Energy is transferred through Radiation, Convection, or Conduction. Thermal
A measure of the amount of thermal energy in an object or region. Temperature
During conduction, heat always transfers from the hotter object to the __________ object. Colder
Thermal Energy is more commonly known as ________ Heat
A material that allows heat to travel through easily is known as a __________ CONDUCTOR
A material that does not allow heat to travel through easily is known as a __________ INSULATOR
Thermal Energy transferred through direct contact CONDUCTION
Movement of heat through the movement of fluids Convection
Particles move _____________ as an object reaches higher temperatures faster
Radiation is the transfer of heat along Electromagnetic _______ waves

Physical Science Ch. 9 Test Review Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

heat transfer where thermal energy is carried from one location to another by a fluid convection
heat transfer where electromagnetic energy moves directly away from the source radiation
energy that is the sum of all kinetic and potential energies in an object internal
point reached from the continual transfer of thermal energy between objects until they are the same temperature thermaleqilibrium
Convection is the only type of heat transfer that can travel through a _?_ because it does not need matter to transfer. vacuum
Neither internal nor thermal energy can be directly _?_, only changes in them can be. measured
a fluid's resistance to flow; thickness viscosity
2nd best conductors of thermal energy (the best is too expensive to be practical) metals
amount of thermal energy that must be gained or lost to change the temperature of an object by 1°C heatcapacity
heat transfer where two objects of different temperatures come in direct contact with each other conduction
A vacuum is the best _?_ because there are no particles that can transfer energy. insulator
basic state of matter where particles have the most energy, making them good insulators because the particles spread far apart gas
energy that is the sum of all kinetic energies in an object thermal
Insulators _?_ the flow of thermal energy. resist
Conduction is the main source of heat transfer in _?_. solids
Heat always transfers from _?_ to _?_. hotter>cooler
a measure of the kinetic energy in a substance temperature
term for the common points used on the Fahrenheit and Celsius scales anchors
The anchor points for the Fahrenheit and Celsius scales are the same but their _?_ are different. values
force needed for convection to occur (it pulls the dense fluids back down) gravity
In containers holding fluids at the same temperature, the _?_ container will have more thermal energy. bigger
When an object increases in length or volume as temperature increases, it is experiencing thermal _?_. expansion
When power lines sag in the hot weather, the electrons become more disorganized and do not allow electricity to flow as easily, this is known as electrical _?_. resistance
the flow of thermal energy form one object to another heat

Heat Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The energy of moving particles in matter Thermal Energy
The flow of thermal energy from warmer objects to cooler objects Heat
A force that occurs when one object rubs against another object Friction
A measure of how hot or cold something is Temperature
The tool that is used to measure temperature Thermometer
Unit of measure for temperature Degrees
F Fahrenheit
C Celsius
Energy from the Sun Solar Energy
The movement of energy by waves Radiation
The movement of heat within a solid or from one solid to another Conduction
The way in which heat moves through liquids and gases Convection
Any material that allows heat to move through it easily Conductor
Any material that does not allow heat to pass through it easily Insulator

Heat and Energy Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the measure of motion of matter particles. Temperature
a temperature scale that defines the freezing point of water as 32 degrees and the boiling point of water a 212 degrees  Fahrenheit scale
a temperature scale that defines the freezing point of water as 0 degrees and the boiling point of water as 100 degrees Celsius scale
the temperature scale in which the freezing point of water is 273 K and the boiling point is 373 K; 0 K is absolute zero Kelvin scale
the temperature at which no thermal energy can be removed from matter. Absolute zero
thermal energy that is transferred from matter at a higher temperature to matter at a lower temperature. Heat
the transfer of energy by direct contact. The term can apply to either heat transfer or electron transfer. Conduction
the transfer of thermal energy by the circulation or movement of a liquid or gas. Convection
the movement of a fluid, caused by differences in temperature, that transfers heat from one part of the fluid to another. Convection current
the transfer of energy by electromagnetic waves. Radiation
a material that transfers heat, electricity, or both easily. Conductor
a material that does not transfer, heat, electricity, or both easily. Insulator
a physical property that describes matter as a solid, liquid, or gas. State of matter
the physical change of matter from one state to another. Change of state
the changing a solid to a liquid. Melting
the withdrawal of heat to change something from a liquid to a solid. Freezing
the temperature at which no thermal energy can be removed from matter. Boiling
the changing of a gas to a liquid. Condensation
the spreading apart of the matter particles of an object when that object is heated. Thermal expansion
the total energy of all the particles in an object. Thermal energy
The amount of heat that must be absorbed or lost for 1 gram of a substance to change its temperature by 1°C. Specific heat
the change of a substance from a liquid to a gas; it that takes place at the surface of a liquid. Evaporation