Type
Word Scramble
Description

soil
energy resources
fossil fuels
acid rain
Saudi Arabia
humus
earthquake
volcano
Iceland
fold mountain
Haiti
living organisms

SOIL CROSSWORD

Type
Crossword
Description

Largest particle dries quicl;y and texture is rough and gritty. Sand
Relative proportions of sand, silt, and clay texture
What the soil is composed of air, water, nutrients, and orgainic matter Composition
the proccess by which the surface of the earth is worn away by the action of water, glaciers, winds, waves, ext. Erosion
How much water the soil will allow through permeability
Depends on how many pores and the size of the pores porosity
influenced by the amount of proteins present in the soil Color
used to identify different types of soil Soil Properties
the break down of rock and minerals by rain, acid, salt, wind, and temperature into sediments weathering
Medium sized particles, texture is smooth and powdery when dry and slippery when wet. silt
smallest particle; smooth and hard as stone when dry and sticky when wet clay
Mixture of sand, silt, and clay. Best type of soil for growing plants. Loam
soil layers; more mature soil has more horizons soil horizon
Mixture of rock, minerals, and organiz matter soil
living particles in soil organic
non living particles in soil inorganic
Mostly made of decaying leaves, twigs, and animal remains/waste Humus
loose soil that is rich in organic material needed by plants topsoil
rich in minerals that are wased down in minerals that are wased downfrom topsoil by rain subsoil
slightly broken up rock. plants roots cannot go through this layer. Mostly inorganic. weathered rock
also knowthe parent material. unweathered solid rock bneath all layers. bedrock
the extraction of valuable minerals or geological materials from the earth. mining
a natrual material with a high concentation of metals and valuable materials that can be extracted for a profit. Ore
when a mine is no longer being used, the land should be restored to its former state or better. Reclamation
minerals or substances that occur in nature and can be used for economic gain. Natrual resource
a natural resource that can be replaced quickly enough so that we will not run out renewable resource
hydrocarbons created from the remains of formerly living organisms used for energy. fossil fuel
a natrual resource that we need to use carefully because it cannot be replaced quickly and we will run out. nonrenewable resource

Natural Resources Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

Any material made naturally that is used by humans or living things. Natural Resources
A natural resource that can be used and replaced over a relatively short time. Renewable Resource
A natural resource that cannot be replaced or that can be replaced only over thousands or millions of years. Nonrenewable resource
Energy as solar, wind, or nuclear energy that can replace traditional fossil fuel sources, such as coal, oil, and natural gas. Alternative energy
Renewable energy derived from burning organic materials such as wood and alcohol. Biomass energy
Conservation method in which old materials are processed to make new ones. Recycling
Nonrenewable energy resource, such as oil and coal, formed over millions of years from the remains of dead plants and other organisms. Fossil Fuel
Inexhaustible energy resource that used hot magma or hot, dry rocks from below Earth's surface to generate electricity. Geothermal energy
Electricity produced by water-power using large dams in a river. Hydroelectric energy
Alternative energy source that is based on atomic fission. Nuclear energy
Energy from the Sun that is clean, inexhaustible, and can be transformed into electricity by solar cells. Solar energy
Careful use of resources to reduce damage to the environment though such methods as composting and recycling materials. Conservation
A resource that remains in constant supply and will not run out. Inexhaustible source
Fossil fuel formed from marine organisms that is often found in tilted or folded rock layers and is used for cooking and heating. Natural gas

Weathering and Erosion Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

acid rain
mudslide
landslide
dune
glacier
humus
deposition
valley
soil
plateau
plain
oxidation
mountain
runoff
groundwater
physical weathering
chemical weathering
delta
cavern
canyon
frost wedging
carbonic acid
abrasion
erosion
weathering

Earth's Resources Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

a type of natural resource that cannot be replaced or can only be replaced after thousands or millions of years nonrenewable
protecting our natural resources and using them responsibly conservation
a type of natural resource that can be replaced renewable
a solid, non-living substance found in nature mineral
a non-living substance made of one or more minerals; there are 3 main types rock
a material that is burned for energy fuel
a mixture of minerals, weathered rocks, and decayed plants and animal matter soil
a type of resource found on Earth that is necessary or useful to people natural
the trace or remains of an organism that lived long ago fossil
type of energy from the sun solar
died out, leaving no more of that type of organism alive extinct
when harmful things get into the water, air, and land pollution
a type of energy that comes from moving air wind
energy made from moving or falling water hydroelectricity
a type of resource that can be used again and again reusable
energy from living things, plants or animals, or waste biofuels
a type of energy made from heat inside the earth geothermal
melted rock that is underground in the mantle layer of the Earth magma
combination of sand, silt, clay and humus; best soil for plants loam
tiny bits of weathered or broken-down rock and once-living animals and plants sediment

Geology Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

molten rock magma
cool, top layer of Earth crust
17 huge slabs of rock tectonic plates
tool to measure motion of ground seismometer
a naturally occurring solid that has a specific chemical make-up Mineral
2 or more minerals together. Rock
formed from cooled magma or lava. Igneous
forms under the surface, cools slowly and forms big crystals. Intrusive
forms above the surface, forms small crystals. Extrusive
made of sand, rocks, minerals, and organic matter. Sedimentary
the compaction and cementation of sediments. lithification
organisms (plants + animals) preserved in sedimentary rock. fossils
formed when heat and pressure "RECYLCE" rock. Metamorphic
this law states that older rocks are at the bottom of the sequence, youngest at the top. Law of Superposition
movement of Earths crust. Plate Tectonics
heat, ash, and lava released from vent forms "cones" volcanoes
shaking caused when tectonic plates suddenly move and release pressure and stress. Earthquakes
acid rain eats away rock. Forms caves and sinkholes. chemical weathering
water and wind breaking down rocks. physical weathering
weathered rock and organic matter. Soil
organic material Humus
nutrient rich Topsoil
sand, silt, clay Subsoil
Least Permeable Bed Rock
air spaces Porosity
ability to transport H2O Permeability
gritty, H2O flows easily Sand
powder Silt
sticky and clumpy (NO H2O flow) Clay
best for plants, mix of all. Loam
wind deposited silt Loess
decomposing organic matter Humus

Natural Resources and Pollution Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

Acid Rain
Bio Fuel
Biomass
Carbon Dioxide
Climate
Deforestation
Depletion
Fossil Fuels
Geothermal Energy
Global Warming
Greenhouse Effect
Greenhouse Gasses
Hydroelectric Energy
Natural Resources
Non Renewable Resources
Ozone
Pollutants
Pollution
Renewable Resources
Solar Energy
Wind Energy

Renewable and Nonrenewable Resources Bingo Cards

Type
Bingo Cards
Description

fossil fuels
hydroelectric power
geothermal energy
nuclear energy
petroleum
coal
natural gas
wind energy
solar energy
biomass energy
natural resources
man-made resources
carbon
carbon dioxide
greenhouse effect
uranium
renewable
nonrenewable
strip mining
oil spills
acid rain
pollution
carbon emissions
radioactive waste
bread
clothing
cactus
chicken
organic
fossil

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Human Impact on Earth Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

natural resources
monoculture
smog
ecological footprint
biodiversity
ocean
sewage
recycling
radiation
population
plastic
pollution
pesticides
landfill
land
global warming
fossil fuels
farming
environment
desertification
deforestation
chemicals
carbon dioxide
air
acid rain

EARTH SCIENCE CROSSWORD PUZZLE

Type
Crossword
Description

the action of surface processes (such as water flow or wind) that remove soil, rock, or dissolved material from one location on the Earth's crust, then transport it away to another location. EROSION
wear away or change the appearance or texture of (something) by long exposure to the air: WEATHERING
Waves of energy that travel through the Earth's layers, and are a result of an earthquake, explosion, or a volcano that gives out low-frequency acoustic energy SEISMIC WAVES
an instrument that measures and records details of earthquakes, such as force and duration. SEISMOGRAPH
the point on the Earth's surface that is directly above the hypocentre or focus, the point where an earthquake or underground explosion originates. EPICENTER
the great size or extent of something MAGNITUDE
a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface. volcano
is one of several very large landmasses on Earth continent
a mixture of molten or semi-molten rock, volatiles and solids that is found beneath the surface of the Earth, and is expected to exist on other terrestrial planets. magma
the line at which the earth's surface and the sky appear to meet horizon
a solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence. mineral
the upper layer of earth in which plants grow, a black or dark brown material typically consisting of a mixture of organic remains, clay, and rock particles soil
a sudden and violent shaking of the ground, sometimes causing great destruction, as a result of movements within the earth's crust or volcanic action. earthquake

Ecology/Environmental Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Precipitation that is more acidic than normal because of air pollution. Acid Rain
Capable of being broken down by bacteria and other decomposers. Biodegradable
Fuel made from living things. Biomass Fuel
Human-made gases containing chlorine and fluorine Chlorofluorocarbons
The process of helping biodegradable wastes to decompose naturally. Composting
A period of less rain than usual Drought
The study of how living things interact with each other and their environment Ecology
The community of organisms that live in a particular area, along with their nonliving surroundings Ecosystem
Pollutants that are released into the air Emissions
An energy-rich substance (such as coal, oil, or natural gas) Fossil fuels
The theory that increasing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere will raise Earth's temperature. Global Warming
The trapping of heat near Earth's surface by certain gases in the atmosphere. Greenhouse Effect
The breaking of a habitat into smaller, isolated pieces. Habitat Fragmentation
An energy-rich chemical compound that contains carbon and hydrogen atoms. Hydrocarbon
A species that influences the survival of many others in an ecosystem. Keystone Species
A thick, brownish haze formed when certain gases react with sunlight Photochemical Smog
A resource that is either always available or is naturally replaced in a relatively short time. Renewable Resource
A close relationship between two species that benefits at least one of the species. Symbiosis
A condition in which a layer of warm air traps polluted air close to Earth’s suface Temperature Inversion
A species that could become endangered in the near future. Threatened Species