2.investment in stocks, property, or other ventures in the hope of gain but with the risk of loss
1.October 29, 1929. On this date, share prices on the New York Stock Exchange completely collapsed, becoming a pivotal factor in the emergence of the Great Depression.
1.a drastic decline in the world economy resulting in mass unemployment and widespread poverty that lasted from 1929 until 1939
raised U.S. tariffs on over 20,000 imported goods to record levels.
1.a shantytown built by unemployed and destitute people during the Depression of the early 1930s.
1.an area of land where vegetation has been lost and soil reduced to dust and eroded, especially as a consequence of drought or unsuitable farming practice.
returning a person to their place of origin or citizenship
massive public works program, complemented by the large-scale granting of loans
one of a series of radio broadcasts made by President Franklin Delano Roosevelt to the nation
•a group of people elected to govern a city, town, or borough
provided work and vocational training for unemployed single young men
eliminate "cut-throat competition" by bringing industry, labor and government together to create codes of "fair practices" and set prices.
large-scale public works construction agency in the United States headed by Secretary of the Interior Harold L. Ickes
providing employment to more than 2 million unemployed people in the U.S. during economic crisis.
social welfare legislative act which created the Social Security system in the United States
The Progressive Era was period of widespread social activism and political______.
________ addressed major issues and problems in American society such as urbanization, industrialization and child labor.
______ were journalists and novelists of the Progressive Era who sought to expose corruption in big business and government.
________ antitrust act was the first measure passed by the U.S. Congress to prohibit monopolies.
In 1902 President ________ took J.P. Morgan’s Northern Securities Company to court for violating the Sherman Antitrust Act.
_______ Roosevelt served as the 26th president from 1901-1909.
The National Child Labor __________ was established with the goal of abolishing all child labor
The Pure Food and Drug Act and the Meat ______ Act were passed to protect the public’s health and welfare.
The ______ Act prohibited discrimination against railroad workers because of union membership and provided for mediation of railway labor disputes.
The Anthracite ______ Strike of 1902 was one of America's largest industrial strikes and saw President Roosevelt act as a mediator.
The 1913 ______ Reserve Act established the Federal Reserve System
The _____ Antitrust Act revises the 1890 Sherman Antitrust Act and bans monopolistic and unfair business practices and affirms the right to go on strike.
The 19th Amendment is passed giving women the right to _____.
NEW YORK CITY
engagement in business transactions involving considerable risk but offering the chance of large gains, especially trading in commodities, stocks
when panicked sellers traded nearly 16 million shares on the New York Stock Exchange
The period of declining and lower economic activity in the worldwide economy from the late 1920s through the 1930s
a shanty town built by homeless people in the US during the Great Depression
A parched region of the Great Plains, including parts of Oklahoma, Arkansas, and Texas, where a combination of drought and soil erosion created enormous dust storms in the 1930s
to bring or send back (a person, especially a prisoner of war, a refugee, etc.) to his or her country or land of citizenship.
A group of government programs and policies established under President Franklin D. Roosevelt in the 1930s;
used to describe a series of 30 evening radio conversations (chats) given by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt between 1933 and 1944.
the U.S. corporation insuring deposits in the United States against bank failure
was a public work relief program that operated from 1933 to 1942 in the United States for unemployed, unmarried men from relief families as part of the New Deal
was a prime New Deal agency established by U.S. president Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR) in 1933. The goal was to eliminate "cut-throat competition" by bringing industry, labor, and government together to create codes of "fair practices" and set prices
the largest and most ambitious American New Deal agency, employing millions of unemployed people
law enacted by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1935 to create a system of transfer payments in which younger, working people support older, retired people.
Tariff that that raised import duties to protect American businesses and farmers, adding considerable strain to the international economic climate of the Great Depression.
was a large-scale public works construction agency in the United States headed by Secretary of the Interior Harold L. Ickes.
cold treeless plain
production of consumer goods such as food products and hose hold goods
products for household goods
people who share a common cultural background including ancestry and language
an authorial political system in Wichita government controls the economy
farm labors bound to the land they worked
dry treeless grassland, often found at the edge of desserts
title of the former empress or emperor of russia
Russian term for openness
Era from the late 1940s to the early 1990s in Wichita the u item states and the Soviet Union competed for world influence
land that is set aside by government to protect plants and wildlife
the National government owns all land, recources, industries, farms, and railroads
basis of a market economy in with people start and run businesses to make a profit with little government control
vast ares of evergreen forests
production of industrial goods
perminantly frozen soil under the ground surface
KNIGHTS OF LABOR
LITTLE BIG HORN
American oil industry tycoon and philanthropist , started the standard oil company
the exclusive possession or control of the supply or trade in a company
which claim to apply biological concepts of natural selection and survival of the fittest to sociology and politics
a person who seeks to promote the welfare of others, especially by the generous donation of money to good causes.
Scottish American industrialist who led the enormous expansion of the American steel industry in the late 19th century.
came to America from areas that had not traditionally supplied settlers to the US.
was an attack by the Colorado National Guard and Colorado Fuel & Iron Company camp guards on a tent colony of 1,200 striking coal miners and their families
was a nationwide railroad strike in the United States on May 11, 1894. It pitted the American Railway Union (ARU)
, sometimes referred to as the Great Upheaval, began on July 14 in Martinsburg, West Virginia, United States after the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad (B&O) cut wages for the third time in a year.
was an Irish-born American schoolteacher and dressmaker who became a prominent labor and community organizer.
a part of a city, especially a slum area, occupied by a minority group or groups.
was a philosopher and economist famous for his ideas about capitalism and communism. Marx, in conjunction
Who drilled the first successful oil well in Pennsylvania?
Won the election in 1896, and he is a Republican candidate
This system allowed government politicians to reward loyal party workers with government jobs.
It's an economic and political philosophy that favors public, instead of private.
Invented light bulb
What integration system consolidated firms in the same business?
He is a Stalwart turned reformer upon becoming president; initiated Pendleton Civil Service Act.
Earned the nickname "captains of industry"
Which act outlawed any trust that operated in restraint of trade or commerce among the several states.
This is a policy which allowed businesses to operate under minimal government regulation.
fueled industrialization, and invest money in a product in order to make profit.
Who were pushed from their homelands due to religious discrimination, and crop failures?
What did Samuel Morse invented?
Investors developed a form of group ownership known as a
What market riot had ended deadly violence in Chicago?
This is where workers strike against the pullman palace Car Company
The law which kept blacks and whites segregated?
This Act prohibited Chinese laborers from entering the country.
The amendment which granted women's right to vote
He argued that blacks should earn an education and established the Tuskegee insitiute
This act reversed the government policy of making both gold and silver coins.
Created an invention which made skyscrapers practical, and invented safety elevator.
American Federation of labor founded by
In 1990, how many college students in the U.S. were women?
This is a process for purifying iron resulting in strong, but light weight, steel.
Breaking down a complex task into a series of smaller tasks
Many buyers, one seller; also a popular board game
Organized stoppage of work to address demands
A group of workers fighting for better conditions and benefits
Northerners who went to the south during Reconstruction for personal advantage
Favoring native born people over foreign born
Captain of industry who developed railroad lines and steamboats
An economic system of private business owners
A person who starts a business
Build wealth from dishonest methods
Southerners who worked with northerners to buy land from desperate Southerners
greatly increased output of machine-made goods that began in England in the middle 1700s
wealthy landowners enclosed their land with fences or hedges. The increase in their landholdings enabled them to cultivate larger fields.
the action or system of rotating crops to restore nutrients
which is the process of developing machine production of goods, required such resources.
the resources needed to produce goods and services that the Industrial Revolution required
Wealthy textile merchants set up the machines in large buildings
a person who organizes, manages, and takes on the risks of a business.
city building and the movement of people to cities
, a social class made up of skilled workers, professionals, businesspeople, and wealthy farmers.
certain rights of ownership.
is a business owned by stockholders who share in its profits but are not personally responsible for its debts.
refers to the economic policy of letting owners of industry and business set working conditions without interference.
a professor at the University of Glasgow, Scotland, defended the idea of a free economy, or free markets, in his 1776 book The Wealth of Nations.
m is an economic system in which the factors of production are privately owned and money is invested in business ventures to make a profit.
the doctrine that an action is right insofar as it promotes happiness, and that the greatest happiness of the greatest number should be the guiding principle of conduct.
the factors of production are owned by the public and operate for the welfare of all
x introduced the world to a radical type of socialism called Marxism.
all land, mines, factories, railroads, and businesses—would be owned by the people
To press for reforms, workers joined together in voluntary labor associations
refuse to work.