Type
Crossword
Description

Grass land extending through the western central portion of the United States Great plains
a feat of bravery performed in battle coup
The treaty where the Sioux agree to live on a reservation. Treaty of Fort Laeamie
Leader of the Hunkpapa Sioux that refused to sign any treaty. Sitting Bull
First reported Gold in the Black Hills George A Custer
The plan which Natives would give up beliefs to white culture assimilation
passed by congress to Americanize the Natives Dawes Act
Battle that brought the Indian wars to a bitter end Battle Of Wounded Knee
Sturdy short tempered breed accustmomed to dry grass lands of Southern Spain long horns
major cattle route from San Antonio,Through Oklahoma, to Kansas. chisholm trail
Overland transport of animals Long drive
offered 160 acres of land free to any citizen or head of househould Homestead Act
African Americans who moved from post reconstruction South to Kansas exodusters
warm in the winter cool in the summer freestanding homes Soddy
gave federal land to the government to help finance argicultural colleges Morrill Act
big single crop farms of 15-50,000 acres bonanza farms
started the patrons of Husbandry. Oliver Hudson Kelly
Was originally to vide a social outlet and an educational forum for isolated farm families. Grange
These groups included many who sympazised with farmers Farmers Alliance
movement of the people populism
the system where cities are given gold or silver by the government bimetallism
backing the dollar solely with this gold standard
editor of the Omaha world Hearld that delivered an address to the assembled delegates William Jennings Bryan
in favor of combined gold William McKinley
to control or direct regulate
person who buys or sells something that involves a risk speculator
numerous grasshoppers that travel in large swarms locust
to legally pledge property to a creditor mortgage
illegal use of one’s official position or powers extortion

Chapter 13 Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

An act that offered 160 acres of land to any citizen or intended citizen who was the head of the household Homestead
An African American who moved from the Post-reconstruction South to Kansas Exoduster
The movement of people Populism
(Nebraskan) Was nominated by the people for the Democratic Party Bryan
An Act that gave federal land to states to help finance agricultural colleges (1862/1890) Morill
A Fort that established a treaty in which the Sioux agreed to live on a reservation along the Missouri River Laramie
Backing dollars solely with Gold Gold Standard
A monetary system in which the government would give citizens either gold or silver in exchange for paper currency or checks Bimetallism
Enormous single-crop spreads of 15,000 to 50,000 acres Bonanza Farm
A home that was warm in the Winter and cool in the Summer; Small, offered very little light or air (Also known as a Sod House) Soddy
Leader of the Hunkpapa Sioux (Tatanka Iyonka) Sitting Bull
Major cattle route from San Antonio, Texas through Oklahoma to Kansas Chisholm Trail
Sturdy, short-tempered breeds accustomed to the dry grass-lands of Southern Spain Longhorn
The grassland extending through the west-central portion of the United States Great Plains
Over land transport of animals (Lasted 3 months) Long Drive
(NEW PURPOSE) taught members how to organize, set up farmers' cooperative, and how to sponsor state legislation to regulate railroads Grange
Aimed to "Americanize" the native Americans; Broke up reservations ab gave sine land to individual Native Americans Dawes Act
Started the Patrons of Husbandry; organization for farmers that became the "Grange" Kelley
(Ohioan) Was nominated by the people for the Republican Party McKinley
Battle that brought the Indian Wars to a bitter end Wounded Knee

The Westward Expansion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

large farms owned by speculators who hired laborers to work the land; these large farms allowed their owners to benefit from economies of scale and prosper, but they did nothing to help small family farms, which continued to struggle bonanza farms
a frontier home constructed of dirt held together by thick-rooted prairie grass that was prevalent in the Midwest; sod, cut into large rectangles, was stacked to make the walls of the structure, providing an inexpensive, yet damp, house for western settlers sod house
Sod houses were common in the ________ as settlers moved west Midwest
This phrase, which implies divine encouragement for territorial expansion Manifest Destiny
allowed any head of household, or individual over the age of twenty-one—including unmarried women—to receive a parcel of 160 acres for only a nominal filing fee. Homestead Act
a term used to describe African Americans who moved to Kansas from the Old South to escape the racism there western settlers: The first houses built by __________ were typically made of mud and sod with thatch roofs exodusters
Farmers also faced the ever-present threat of _______and farm foreclosure by the banks debt
primary goal of most western settlers homestead farming
he period between 1848 and 1849 when prospectors found large strikes of gold in California, leading others to rush in and follow suit; this period led to a cycle of boom and bust through the area, as gold was discovered, mined, and stripped California Gold Rush
the first significant silver find in the country, discovered by Henry T. P. Comstock in 1859 in Nevada Comstock Lode
this armed conflict between cowboys moving cattle along the trail and ranchers who wished to keep the best grazing lands for themselves occurred in Clay County, Texas, between 1883 and 1884 Fence Cutting War
What specific types of hardships did an average American farmer not face as he built his homestead in the Midwest? hostile Indian attacks
The American cowboy owes much of its model to what other culture? Mexicans
Which of the following was not a primary method by which the American government dealt with American Indians during the period of western settlement? appeasement
an attempt to disarm a group of Lakota Sioux Indians near Wounded Knee, South Dakota, which resulted in members of the Seventh Cavalry of the U.S. Army opening fire and killing over 150 Indians Battle of Wounded Knee
the process by which an Indian was “redeemed” and assimilated into the American way of life by changing his clothing to western clothing and renouncing his tribal customs in exchange for a parcel of land Americanization
What brought the majority of Chinese immigrants to the U.S.? gold
How were Hispanic citizens deprived of their wealth and land in the course of western settlement? land seizures
were individual prospectors who sifted gold out of the dirt and gravel through “panning” or by diverting a stream through a sluice box Forty-Niners
provided a quick path from Texas to railroad terminals in Abilene, Wichita, and Dodge City, Kansas, where cowboys would receive their pay. Chisholm Trail
also known as “devil’s rope” barbed wire
who brought their families west? wealthy men
many of the long-trail cattle riders were? African American
This agreement established distinct tribal borders, essentially codifying the reservation system First Treaty of Fort Laramie
. Rather, they either returned to tribal life or fled out of fear of remaining troops, until the ____________ arrived in greater numbers and began to exterminate Indian U.S. Army

1860-1895 crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

grasslands extending through the west of the U.S. great plains
leader of the hunkpapa sioux sittingbull
aiming to Americanize the native Americans dawes act
sort tempered breed accustomed to the dry grasslands of southern Spain longhorns
overland transport long drive
element 79 gold
160 acres of free land to the head of the household homesteadact
African Americans who moved from the post Reconstruction south to kansas exodusters
sod home soddy
gave federal land by financing agricultural education morrill act
movement of the people populism
system in which the government would give citizens either gold or silver in exchange for paper currency bimetallism

The Native American Wars Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Location of Chivington's Massacre (in Colorado) sandcreek
Excellent horseman and Lakota Sioux who led the charge at Little Big Horn against Custer crazyhorse
Land in the Dakotas that was promised to the Sioux for "as long as the grass shall grow." blackhills
Mineral that, when discovered, always cause the US to reclaim land given to the Native Americans gold
Law which required the Native American tribes to divide up land in the reservations into plots like white owners would do dawesact
Lands set aside by the government for various Native American tribes reservations
Ceremony during which Indians envisioned a return of their land and of the buffalo ghostdance
Hunkpapa Lakota Sioux chief who was captured. Made to perform in Buffalo Bill Cody's Wild West Show. sittingbull
Speaker: "From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever." chiefjoseph
1890 site of a bloody massacre which essentially ended Native resistance woundedknee

The Civil War Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The bloodiest day of the war. Antietam
The bloodiest battle of the Civil War. Gettysburg
Northern group. This group was lead by Abraham Lincoln. Union
The southern group whose leader was Jefferson Davis. Confederacy
Largest southern jail that help Union soldiers. Andersonville
General of the Confederacy Robert E. Lee
Battle that started the war. Fort Sumter
President of the United States during The Civil War. Abraham Lincoln
Commander of the Union at the end of the war. Ulysses S. Grant
Confederate's strategy. They would export cotton to other countries hoping to become allies. "King Cotton"
Northern strategy. The north would destroy the supplies and land of The South Anaconda Plan
Northern soldier, W.T Sherman, spread his army around the south and destroyed land and supplies. March To Sea
Largest cause of the Civil War. Union believed the south should not enslave people, while the south thought otherwise. Slavery
Compromise set to make the north and south happy by making CA a free state, but other states would now be open to slavery. a very strict fugitive slave act was set. GA Platform was created because of this compromise. Compromise of 1850
Compromise set where Missouri became a slave state and Maine a free state. Slavery would now not be allowed above the 36,30 line of latitude. Missouri Compromise
Belief on whether state's rights are more important than federal rights. The south was for this while the north was not. Sectionalism
People opposed to slavery Abolitionists
Northern economic system during the Civil War Industrial
Southern economic system during The Civil War Agricultural
Middle-class farmers. They usually owned less than 100 acres of land. Yeoman Farmers
People who owned no land and got by the best they could. About 1 in 10 Poor Whites
The North put tariffs on imported goods, forcing the south to buy goods from the north. SC was the first state to nullify this. Tariff of 1828

War of 1812 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

conflict fought between the United States and Great Britain over British violations of U.S. maritime rights. It ended with the exchange of ratification of the Treaty of Ghent. War of 1812
an act or means of sealing off a place to prevent goods or people from entering or leaving. Blockade
an act of defeating an enemy or opponent in a battle. Victory
called for war against England and eyed Canada as a possible target of expansion. War Hawks
best remembered for surrendering Fort Detroit to the British on August 16, 1812 following the Siege of Detroit. General William Hull
British General that led the Canadians. Isaac Brooks
The British battered Oliver Hazard Perry's own ship and left is helpless. BattleOfLakeErie
Withdraw from enemy forces as a result of their superior power or after a defeat. Retreat
The ninth President of the U.S. William Henry Harrison
A Tennessee officer who took control of the American Troops in the Creek War. Andrew Jackson
Defeated France in 1814. Britain
Defeated by Britain and its army in 1814. France
an engagement fought between January 8 and January 18, 1815, constituting the final major battle of the War of 1812, and the most one-sided battle of that war. BattleOfNewOrleans
a sustained fight between large, organized armed forces. Battle
a state of armed conflict between different nations or states or different groups within a nation or state. War
a Native American leader of the Shawnee and a large tribal confederacy which opposed the United States during Tecumseh's War and became an ally of Britain in the War of 1812. Tecumseh
Tecumseh's brother. TheProphet
a tribe led by Tecumseh. The Shawnee Tribe
an instance of defeating or being defeated. Defeat

Manifest Destiny Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

belief in the United States that its settlers were destined to expand across North America Manifest Destiny
gold was found by James W. Marshall at Sutter's Mill in Coloma, California California Gold Rush
used the term "manifest destiny" in 1845 to promote the annexation of Texas and the Oregon Country to the United States John L Sullivan
William Becknell and five other men began their journey Westward from Franklin, Missouri to New Mexico santa fe trail
traveled on the Santa fe Trail from Missouri to New Mexico William Becknell
key to the nation’s health according to Thomas Jefferson Westward Expansion
purchased the territory of Louisiana from the French government Thomas Jefferson
Mexico lost nearly half of its territory, the present American Southwest from Texas to California; U.S. became a continental power. Mexican American War
negotiated Webster-Ashburton Treaty Daniel Webster
route over which settlers traveled to Oregon oregon trail
discovered in California in 1848 gold
Maine vs.Canada Aroostook War
president during Manifest Destinty James k polk
when people from two countries occupy and settle a territory joint occupation
to take control of annex
After the Texan victory at the Battle of San Jacinto, Santa Anna is captured and recognizes Texas as independent Lone Star Republic
as a result of the treaty, the U.S. annexed present-day New Mexico, Colorado, Arizona, Utah, Nevada, and California Mexican Cession
to give land over to another country Cession

French and Indian War Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Politician elected leader of the British army after many loses. William Pitt
Area of land granted to wealthy English planters, that the French were occupying. Pittsburgh
What was the area called that Robert Cavelier claimed for France. Mississippi Valley
Which Native American recognized the French loss as a native American loss. Pontiac
His mission was to drive out French from the Ohio Valley. Braddock
How did the French and Indian alliance start? Trading
What was the first permanent French settlement in North America. Quebec
Who led the battle that gave the British the upper hand in the war? James Wolfe
What was a negative effect of the 7 Years War for the British? Debt
One major land of contention between the French and English. Ohio River Valley
Financial expert that was sent to help relieve tensions in the colonies. Grenville
First Native Americans to help the British. Iroquois
Set of "laws" that were put in place in 1764 to lower the amount of smuggling. Sugar Act
The fort where the French and Indian War began. Necessity
After the war, which side of the Mississippi did the British claim? East
What colony did Britain have tensions with during and before the 7 years war. Massachusetts

Chapter 13 Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

Farms that operated like factories, with expensive machinery who performed special taska Bonanza Farms
A law that allowed any adult head of the household to claim 160 acres of land Homestead Act
Homes built into the sides of hills dugouts
African Americans who moved from southern states to Kansas after the end of Reconstruction Exodusters
The federal agency that managed the Native American reservations was the Bureau of ________ Indian Affairs
A trail that ran from San Antonio,Texas to Abilene,Kansas Chisholm Trail
The process used to force Native Americans to abandon their traditional ways of life Americanization
Homes built from squares of turf and soil of the prairie Sod Houses
Searching for gold by using pans or other devices to wash gold nuggets out of loose rock Placer mining
Legislation passed by Congress that split up Indian reservation lands among individual Indians and promised them civilization dawes act

Agriculture Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A person who studies and experiments with the selection and growth of crop plants and pastures. Agronomist
The science or practise of farming. Agriculture
An animal kept to produce milk or beef. Cow
Wheat or any other cultivated cereal used as food. Grain
A person who owns or manages a farm. Farmer
A person who studies the origin, managment and use of soils. Soilscientist
A tapering orange-coloured root eaten as a vegetable. Carrot
A pale yellow oval citrus fruit with thick skin and fragrant, acidic juice. Lemon
A powerful motor vehicle with large rear wheels, used chiefly on farms for hauling equipment and trailers. Tractor
A breed of sheep. Merino
Grass that has been mown and dried, often use as sheep food. Hay
Pollination of a flower or plant with pollen from another flower or plant. Crosspollination