Type
Crossword
Description

Makes up Earths atmosphere. Air
Adding____to a fire. Fuel
What people breath into there lungs. Oxygen
When carbon is burned in a place where there is not much oxygen it makes______________. Carbon monoxide
______________ is a colorless gas which causes irritation to our lungs and eyes. Sulphur dioxide
Dirty air that is called____can irritate our breathing passages and cause respiratory illnesses. Smog
Vehicle engines combine nitrogen and oxygen in the air as the fuel is burned making_____________. Nitrogen oxide
Substances containing____are added into fuel. Lead
________is most commonly used in petroleum refining and fertilizer production. Hydrogen
When something is_________ Flammable

Sources of Air Pollution- pages 462-463 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

caused by human activities and natural processes air pollution
particulate matter emissions
volcanic eruptions, forests fires natural processes
pollution that comes from power plants and factories point source
pollution that comes from cars and trucks nonpoint source
carbon-containing fuels that formed millions of years ago from remains of living things fossil fuels
pollutants may do direct harm primary air pollutants
gas that binds to hemoglobin and deprive cells of oxygen carbon monoxide
colorless gas that causes acid rain sulfur dioxide
gas found in combustion engines that causes lung irritation nitrogen dioxide
methane, propane, butane, benzene VOC
soot, dust, metal bits particulate matter
cause damage to the nervous system lead
protects humans from radiation ozone

The Air We Breathe Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the presence in or introduction into the air of a substance which has harmful or poisonous effects air pollution
fog or haze combined with smoke and other atmospheric pollutants smog
a layer in the Earth's stratosphere that protects us from harmful UV Rays ozone layer
gas that makes up the Ozone layer but can be harmful to humans as ground level; one of the main ingredients in smog ozone
about how many days does it take for dust and soot to be washed out of the atmosphere by rain fall ten
one of the main air pollutants in the U.S. given off by aircraft lead
air pollutant that is given off by cars and other machinery that burns fossil fuels Carbon Monoxide
air pollutant that is given off by fossil fuel combustion and natural volcanic activity sulfur dioxide
How far can pollution travel from its source? Around the World
a substance enclosed under pressure and able to be released as a fine spray, typically by means of a propellant gas Aerosol
most abundant gas in our atmosphere; makes up about 78% of the air Nitrogen
most chemically active gas in the atmosphere; makes up about 21% of the air Oxygen
produced naturally by lightning and bacterial processes involved in plant growth and decay, However, the strongest sources are man-made Nitrogen Dioxide
NASA satellite built to understand the chemistry of our atmosphere Aura
third most abundant gas even though in make up less than 1% of the air Argon
name given to all the other gases that make up our atmosphere because they exist in trace amounts Trace Gases
clear inert gas; used to make neon signs Neon
second lightest gas, used to fill balloons Helium
an odorless, colorless, flammable gas; mainly comes from bacteria and petroleum fields Methane
the lightest gas that exists and is highly flammable Hydrogen
gaseous form of water Water Vapor
a trace gas that used to make headlights in cars Xenon
a colorless, odorless gas in its natural state and is mostly nonreactive; used to make lamps Krypton
one of the most common particles that can trigger allergies in humans Pollen
Carbon Particles; mainly comes from fires and modified diesel trucks Soot

APES Unit 4 Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

non-moving sources of pollution, such as factories. stationary sources
pollutants that are put directly into the air by human or natural activity. primary pollutants
pollutants that form from chemical reactions that occur when primary pollutants come in contact with other primary pollutants or with naturally occurring substances, such as water vapor. secondary pollutants
the 1970 amendments to the Clean Air Act required EPA to set National Ambient Air Quality Standards for certain pollutants known to be hazardous to human health. EPA has identified six criteria pollutants: sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, lead, nitrogen oxides, ozone, and particulate matter. criteria pollutants
Air pollutants that are potentially harmful and may pose long-term health risks to people who live and work around chemical factories, incinerators, or other facilities that produce or use them (also called hazardous air pollutants). air toxics
A form of oxygen that has three oxygen atoms in each molecule instead of the usual two. ozone
Colorless toxic gas created naturally by volcanoes. Human source is mainly from the burning of coal. Creates respiratory problems in humans and acid rain in the environment sulfur dioxide
(NOx) Major source is auto exhaust. Primary and secondary effects include acidification of lakes, respiratory irritation, leads to smog and ozone. Reduced using catalytic converters. nitrogen oxides
A colorless, odorless, poisonous gas in cigarette smoke that passes through the lungs into the blood. carbon monoxide
A small discrete mass of solid or liquid matter that remains individually dispersed in gas or liquid emissions (usually considered to be an atmospheric pollutant) particulate matter
A highly toxic metal that can damage the nervous system, blood, and kidneys, and can cause harm to the development of a children's intellectual abilities. Main source was leaded gasoline. lead
A category of organic chemical with a high vapor pressure, which readily evaporate at normal temperature and pressure. They include benzene, chloroform, formaldehyde, ethanol, etc. volatile organic compounds
Chemical compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen atoms. hydrocarbons
Rain containing acids that form in the atmosphere when industrial gas emissions (especially sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides) combine with water. acid rain
A decline in the amount of light reaching the earth's surface because of increased air pollution, which reflects more light back into space. global dimming
A process that converts coal that is relatively high in sulfur to a gas in order to remove the sulfur coal gasification
An additive in gasoline and is an important industrial solvent (also a component in cigarette smoke) Benzene
Condition in which warmer air is found above cooler air, restricting air circulation; often associated with a pollution event in urban areas Thermal Inversion
A brownish haze that is a mixture of ozone and other chemicals, formed when pollutants react with each other in the presence of sunlight photochemical smog
A gray-colored air pollution created when power plants and home furnaces burn fossil fuels, releasing sulfur compounds and smoke particles into the air sulfurous smog
Comprehensive regulations that address acid rain, toxic emissions, ozone depletion, and automobile exhaust Clean Air Act Amendments
Human-induced changes on the natural environment Anthropogenic
A term for several minerals that have the form of small elongated particles. Some particles believed to be carcinogenic asbestos
A colorless, odorless gas that is radioactiveand comes from the decay of Uranium 238 radon
The tendency of gas or air to rise in a vertical shaft because its density is lower than that of the surrounding gas or air. It is also called stack effect. chimney effect
A phenomenon in which building occupants experience acute health and/or comfort effects that appear to be linked to time spent in a particular building. sick building syndrome
Refers to a structure and using process that is environmentally responsible and resource-efficient throughout a building's life-cycle: from siting to design, construction, operation, maintenance, renovation, and demolition. This practice expands and complements the classical building design concerns of economy, utility, durability, and comfort. green building
An air pollutant that is a colorless chemical used to manufacture building materials and many household products, such as particleboard, hardwood plywood paneling, and urea-formaldehyde foam insulation. chemical formaldehyde

The First 20 ELements Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Used to keep swimming pools hygenic Chlorine
Burns with a squeaky pop Hydrogen
Makes balloons float in the air Helium
We need this to survive Oxygen
A metal that when burnt glows brightly magnesium
Light metal used in kitchen foil Aluminium
A very heavy metal used for fishing sinkers Lead
______dioxide is the gas that we breath out carbon
Smells like Rotorua (Rotten Eggs) Sulfur
Chemical symbol is K. It is found in bananas Potassium
Metal that reacts violently with water. One part of salt. Sodium
We find this metal in the majority of our phone batteries. Lithium
Heavy nonreactive gas used in light bulbs Argon
The hardest element to spell. Beryllium
Element with the chemical symbol B Boron
Makes up 80% of the air we breath (not oxygen) Nitrogen
Its added to our water to keep our teeth strong (not calcium). Flourine
Used in bright signs for advertising Neon
Element with the symbol Si Silicon
Used on the top of matches Phosphorous

Global Warming Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

An increase in Earth's Global Temperature Global Warming
The most abundant gas in the air we breathe. Nitrogen
The trapping of heat in the atmostphere Greenhouse effect
Strong acids such as nitric acid or sulfuric acid that fall to earth Acid rain
What happens to earth's average temperature due to the greenhouse effect? Increases
Chlorine containing chemicals that cause the thinning of the ozone layer chlorofluorocarbons
Increasing amounts of this gas is associated with global warming Carbon dioxide
The main source of air pollution is the burning of Fossil fuels
A haze of pollutants that hangs in the air above many cities Smog
Depletion of this atmosphere layer increases Earth's exposure to UV radiation ozone layer
The three invaluable resources are land, air, and ____________ Water
True or false: acid rain can damage statues and destroy forests true

The Respiratory System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

breathing out; exhalation Expiration
breathing in; inhalation Inspiration
substance that is expelled from the lungs sputum
brings oxygen into the lungs and eliminates carbon dioxide Respiratory System
breathe in air in the enviroment mouth and nose
windpipe trachea
large branches that provide passage of oxygen into the lungs bronchi
moves oxygen into the blood and removes carbon dioxide lungs
infection of the lungs that is caused by bacteria, viruses and etc. pnuemonia
respiratory disease in which the mucous membrane in the bronchial passages of the lungs becomes inflamed bronchitis
common chronic respiratory disorder in which irritants and allergens can cause inflammation of the airways Asthma
uncontrolled growth of abnormal cancerous cells that are usually in the cells that line the air passages lung cancer
a contagious, airborne disease that is caused by a type of bacteria Tuberculosis

Tobacco Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

An addictive drug found in tobacco leaves and in all tobacco products. Nicotine
Capable of causing a user to develop intense cravings. Addictive
A thick, oily, dark liquid that forms when tobacco burns. Tar
passages through which air enters and spreads through the lungs. Bronchi
a poisonous, colorless, odorless gas. carbon Minoxide
ground tobacco that is chewed or inhaled through the nose. Smokeless Tobacco
a condition in which passages in the lungs become swollen and irritated eventually losing their elasticity. COPD
a process in which the body needs more and more of a drug to get the same effect. Tolerance
a type of addiction in which the body itself feels a direct need for a drug. Physical Dependence
Physical and psychological reactions that occur when someone stops using an addictive substance Withdrawal
Products that assist a person in breaking a tobacco habit. NRT
a return to the use of a drug after attempting to stop. Relapse
Environmental tobacco smoke Secondhand Smoke
smoke that comes directly from a burning cigarette, pipe, or cigar. Sidestream Smoke
smoke that is exhaled by a smoker. Mainstream Smoke
A nonsmoker who breathes in secondhand smoke Passive Smoker
pressure you feel to go along with harmful behaviors or beliefs of others your age. Negative Peer Pressure

Combustion Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

CHEMICAL
U TUBE
FUNNEL
LIMEWATER
GASES
EQUATION
BURNING
CARBON DIOXIDE
CARBON MONOXIDE
COMBUSTION
EXTINGUISH
FIRE
FUEL
GLOBAL WARMING
HEAT
HYDROCARBON
OXYGEN
PETROL
WATER
WOOD

Gas exchange Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A gas produced in respiration that is passed out of the body from the lungs Carbon dioxide
Allows the lungs to move over one another without friction Pleural fluid
Another name for the chest cavity Thorax
the process of drawing air into and out of the lungs Ventilation
An abbreviation for a disease that affects the heart, caused by the nicotine and carbon monoxide found in cigarettes CHD
Allows air to pass from the mouth to the lungs Trachea
the process of breathing in inhalation
An infection of the bronchi bronchitis
A good ______ ______ maintains the concentration gradient in the lungs Blood supply
An addictive chemical found in cigarettes nicotine
Causes a range of lung conditions smoking
The process of breathing out air exhalation
A chemical process by which energy is released respiration
Artery that carries blood between the heart and lungs pulmonary
Two of these carry air into each lung bronchi
Where the walls of the alveoli are damaged and fuse together emphysema
A mechanical process to get oxygen into, and carbon dioxide out of, the lungs breathing
This model represents the lungs in a limited way Bell jar
Has an effect on breathing rate, the more you do the higher your breathing rate exercise
A carcinogen found in cigarette smoke Tar
Sheet of muscle that allows the thorax to ventilate diaphragm
Process by which gas exchange occurs in the lungs diffusion
Found centrally in the thorax heart
Small sac where gas exchange takes place Alveoli

Air Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The configuration of the surface of something: or the lay of the land Topography
A photochemical reaction produces this acrid smelling pollutant ozone
The atmospheric layer where ozone is found Stratosphere
Particulate matter is found in this form solid
When a polluted air mass remains stagnant over a regional area, this is called a thermal inversion
These substances produce air pollution when burned fossil fuels
The most abundant gas in the atmosphere nitrogen
According to the _________________ Act, citizens can take legal action against those in violation of emissions standards clean air
Natural rain has a pH of 5.6 because of the presence of this compound carbonic acid
A 'dirty' source of energy, but abundant in the U.S. coal
Vehicles are a _________ source of air pollution mobile
The type of smog common in Chicago Industrial
One of the most susceptible populations to poor air quality Sick
Smoky Fog smog
One source of a natural primary pollutant volcano
The human/animal system most affected by air pollution Respiratory
One factor which reduces the effects of air pollution wind
Sulfur dioxide would be characterized as this type of pollutant primary
A measure of the acidity (or alkalinity) of a substance, such as precipitation Ph
A pollutant which competes with oxygen in your body carbon monoxide
A molecule in red blood cells which oxygen binds to strongly hemoglobin
A nitrogen oxide in a liquid state nitric acid
The troposphere, the stratosphere, mesosphere, and thermosphere Atmosphere
The source of nitrogen dioxide, if it is not industry vehicles
Ozone is an example of this type of pollutant secondary