Type
Crossword
Description

the process by which green plants and some other organisms use sunlight to synthesize foods from carbon dioxide and water photosynthesis
a process in living organisms involving the production of energy respiration
the exhalation of water vapor through the stomata transpiration
The process of absorbing or assimilating substances into cells or across the tissues and organs through diffusion or osmosis absorption
A tiny pore in a plant leaf surrounded by a pair of guard cells that regulate its opening and closure, and serves as the site for gas exchange. stoma
the inner tissue (parenchyma) of a leaf, containing many chloroplasts mesophyll
a green pigment, present in all green plants and in cyanobacteria, responsible for the absorption of light to provide energy for photosynthesis chlorophyll
a plastid that contains chlorophyll and in which photosynthesis takes place. chloroplast
the vascular tissue in plants that conducts sugars and other metabolic products downward from the leaves phloem
: each of a large number of elongated microscopic outgrowths from the outer layer of cells in a root, absorbing moisture and nutrients from the soil. root hairs
A membrane that permits passage of water and certain substances in solution permeable membrane
the outer layer of tissue in a plant, except where it is replaced by periderm. epidermis
an outer layer of tissue immediately below the epidermis of a stem or root cortex
the vascular tissue in plants that conducts water and dissolved nutrients upward from the root and also helps to form the woody element in the stem. xylem
movement of a solvent through a semipermeable membrane into a solution of higher solute concentration that tends to equalize the concentrations of solute on the two sides of the membrane osmosis

All About Plants Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Completes its life cycle within a year Annual
Plants life cycle normally taking two seasons Biennial
A green pigment in plants absorbing light energy used to carry out photosynthesis Chlorophyll
An organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthesis occurs chloroplast
An angiosperm which has two seed leaves dicot
Young plant developing from the zygote embryo
Joining on a sperm cell and an egg cell fertilization
Part of stamen supporting an anther filament
Sprouting of the embryo from a seed that occurs where the embryo resumes growth germination
A plant producing seeds that ae not enclosed by a protective cover gymnosperm
An angiosperm with one seed leaf monocot
A structure containing egg cells ovary
A plant lasting for three seasons or more perennial
The vascular tissue through food moving in some plants phloem
Process where a plant captures energy in sunlight and is used to make food photosynthesis
A threadlike root that anchors nonvascular plants to the ground rhizoid
The male reproductive part of a flower which produces pollen stamen
Pollen grains land on this sticky part stigma
Small openings on surface layers of a leaf and is controlled when a gas enters and exits the leaf stomata
Cell organelle storing materials such as water, salt, protein, and carbohydrates vacuole
System of a tube like structure in plants where minerals an food move vacular tissue
Vascular tissue carrying water upward from the roots to every part of the plant xylem
A fertilized egg zygote

Plant classification Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Transports water Xylem
Two way transport Phloem
Process of water loss through leaves Transpiration
Protects root tip Root cap
Tiny microscopic opening in leaves Stomata
Process of making food in plants Photosynthesis
present between xylem and phloem Cambium
Type of root that runs deep Taproot
Outer layer of root epidermis
outer waxy layer on leaves Cuticle
pigments that makes the leaf green Chlorophyll
Type of roots that never touch the ground Aerial
Type of root that are thin and branches out Fibrous
Does not have tube like vessels nonvascular
product of photosynthesis sugar
flowering plants angiosperms
non flowering plants gymnosperms
an example of non vascular plants mosses
cells that open and close stomata Guardcells

Photosynthesis Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

process by which plants and some other organisms use light energy to convert water and carbon dioxide into oxygen and high-energy carbohydrates such as sugar and starches photosynthesis
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals and use it to produce its own food from inorganic compounds; also called a producer autotroph
the steps in photosynthesis that occur on the thylakoid membranes of the chloroplast and that convert solar energy to the chemical energy of ATP and NADPH, evolving oxygen in the process light reactions
a green pigment found in the chloroplasts of plants, algae, and some bacteria chlorophyll
an organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating other organisms or their byproducts and that cannot synthesize organic compounds from inorganic materials heterotroph
specialized ground tissue that makes up the bulk of most leaves; performs most of a plant's photosynthesis mesophyll
the second of two major stages in photosynthesis (following the light reactions), involving atmospheric CO2 fixation and reduction of the fixed carbon into carbohydrate. Calvin Cycle
a colored chemical compound that absorbs light, producing color pigment
A flattened membrane sac inside the chloroplast, used to convert light energy into chemical energy. thylakoid
granum (grana) a stack of thylakoids in a chloroplast granum
The fluid of the chloroplast surrounding the thylakoid membrane; involved in the synthesis of organic molecules from carbon dioxide and water. stroma
large protein that uses energy from H+ ions to bind ADP and a phosphate group together to produce ATP ATP synthase
The second of two major stages in photosynthesis, involving atmospheric CO2 fixation and reduction of the fixed carbon into carbohydrate. These reactions are also called the Calvin Cycle dark reactions
is the set of metabolic reactions and processes that take place in the cells of organisms to convert biochemical energy from nutrients into adenosine triphosphate (ATP), and then release waste products. Cellular respiration
a compound composed of adenosine and three phosphate groups that supplies energy for many biochemical cellular processes by undergoing enzymatic hydrolysis. ATP

Photosynthesis Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

use sunlight to create food and chemical energy Photosynthesis
green pigment in plants used to absorb sunlight Chlorophyll
a microscopic opening in the epidermis of a plant Stomata
plants absorb water through roots, then give off water vaper through leaf pores Transpiration
a plastid in green plant cells that contains chlorophyll Chloroplast
an important sugar and energy source in living organisms; component of many carbohydrates Glucose
colorless, odorless gas absorbed by plants in photosynthesis Carbon dioxide
energy coming from the sun, light Radiant energy
energy stored in the bonds of chemical compounds Chemical enrgy
colorless, odorless reactive gas; life-supporting component of air Oxygen

PLANTS: Roots, Stems, and Leaves Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Threadlike projection from a plant root Root hair
Covers the tip of the root Root cap
Outer layer of a root and the whole plant Epidermis
Layer under the epidermis Cortex
Series of hollow tubes Vascular system
Seed plant that does not produce a flower Gymnosperm
Seed plant that produces flowers Angiosperm
Roots that never touch the ground Aerial roots
Thin, branching roots Fibrous roots
Single, main stalklike root Taproot
Grow at the bottom of a plant's stem Prop root
Woody stems are covered with Bark
Support structure for a plant Stem
Series of tubes that moves water and minerals up the stem Xylem
Moves sugars that are made plant's leaves to other parts of the plant Phloem
Layer that separates xylem and phloem layers Cambium
Soft, green, and bendy stems Soft stems
Process of making food Photosynthesis
Tiny pores on the underside of the leaves Stomata
Loss of water through a plant's leaves Transpiration

PLANT TISSUE Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

parenchyma tissue with connected air spaces. AERENCHYMA
thick, tough secondary walls impregnated with lignin SCLERENCHYMA
tubes with pits rather than openings at the ends. TRACHEIDS
outermost layer of cells EPIDERMIS
most abundant of the cell types found in the major parts of higher plants. PARENCHYMA
conducts dissolved food materials produced by photosynthesis. PHLOEM
pairs of cells that border stomata. GUARD
chief conducting tissue of water and minerals. XYLEM
provide flexible support for growing and mature plant organs. extra primary wall in the corners. COLLENCHYMA
component of the waxy outer coating of aquatic plant leaves. CUTIN
Certain cells associated with sieve tube companion cells
Tissue only meant for growth meristematic

The Integumentary System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Tiny, smooth muscles attached to hair follicles, contraction causes the hair to stand upright arrector pili
structure with outer and inner root sheaths extending from the epidermal surface into the dermis and from which new hair develops. hair follicle
the less numerous type of sweat gland; produces a secretion containing water, salts, proteins, and fatty acids. apocrine
fat cells adipose cells
superficial layer of the skin; composed of keratinized stratified squamous epithelium epidermis
layer of skin deep to the epidermis; composed of dense irregular tissue dermis
subcutaneous tissue just deep to the skin; consists of adipose plus some areolar connective tissue. hypodermis
loose areolar connective tissue of woven collagen and elastic with rich supply of blood vessels papillary layer
dense irregular connective tissues making up approx. 80% of dermis reticular layer
fine-touch receptors, light pressure, abundant in finger tips, you gather information about its shape, texture, and density, info your brain uses to identify the object meissner's corpuscles
dark pigment formed by cells called melanocytes; imparts color to skin and hair melanin
a primary tissue that covers the body surface, lines its internal cavities, and forms glands epithelial tissue

Cell structure Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A protective outer covering of all cells that regulates the interaction between the cells and the environment. cell membrane
A constantly moving gel-like mixture inside the cell membrane that contains hereditary material and is the location of most of a cell's life processes. Cytoplasm
A rigid structure that encloses, supports, and protects the cells of plants, algae, fungi, and most bacteria. Cell Wall
A structure in the cytoplasm of a eukaryotic cell that can act as a storage site, process energy, move materials or manufacture substances. Organelle
An organelle that controls all the activities of a cell and contains hereditary material made of proteins and DNA. Nucleus
A green, chlorophyll- containing, plant-cell organelle that uses light energy to produce sugar from carbon dioxide and water. Chloroplast
A cell organelle that breaks down food and releases energy Mitochondrion
Small cytoplasmic structure on which cells make their own proteins Ribosome
Cytoplasmic organelle mix materials around in this complex series of folded membranes can be rough (with attached ribosome) or smooth (without attached ribosomes). Endoplasmic reticulum
Organelles that package materials and transfer them within the cell or out of the Golgi body
Group of similar cells that work together to do one job Tissue
Structure, such as the heart, made of different types of tissues that work all together Organ

PLANTS Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

one of the two types of transport tissue in vascular plants, phloem being the other, the basic function is to transport water, but it also transports some nutrients xylem
also known as tracheophytes, they form a large group of plants that are defined as those land plants that have tissues for conducting water and minerals throughout the plant vascular plants
is one of two main structural axes of a vascular plant, the other being the root, it is normally divided into nodes and internodes stems
spore producing plant; diploid (2N) phase of reproduction sporophyte
In vascular plants, itis the organ of a plant that typically lies below the surface of the soil which absorbs water and nutrients roots
is a process in which pollen is transferred to the female reproductive organs of seed plants, thereby enabling fertilization and reproduction pollination
the vascular tissue in plants that conducts sugars and other metabolic products downward from the leaves phloem
a complex organic polymer deposited in the cell walls of many plants, making them rigid and woody lignin
also known as bryophytes, they are small, simple plants without a vascular transport system nonvascular plants
are a group of seed-producing plants that includes conifers, cycads, Ginkgo, and Gnetales gymnosperms
tissue with cells that lie between dermal and vascular tissue; include parenchyma, collenchyma, and sclerenchyma ground tissue
gamete producing plant; haploid (N) phase of reproduction gametophyte
the seed-bearing structure in angiosperms formed from the ovary after flowering fruit
the seed-bearing part of a plant, consisting of reproductive organs (stamens and carpels) that are typically surrounded by a brightly colored corolla (petals) and a green calyx (sepals) flower
the outer covering of a plant which typically consists of a single layer of epidermal cells dermal tissue
a significant part of the embryo within the seed of a plant, upon germination, it usually becomes the first leaves of a seedling cotlyedon
is an impermeable, buoyant material, a prime-subset of bark tissue that is harvested for commercial use cork
are seed-producing plants that include flowers and the production of fruits that contain the seeds angiosperms
organs of a vascular plant and is the principal lateral appendage of the stem that is involved in gas exchange leaves
a flowering plant's unit of reproduction, capable of developing into another such plant seed

Photosynthesis and The Calvin-Cycle Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

An important gas produced in photosynthesis oxygen
The openings in a leaf that allow the passing of gases into and out of the leaf stomata
Dark or light independent reactions CalvinCycle
Protein molecules that aid in photosynthetic reactions enzymes
The place in a plant cell where photosynthesis happens chloroplast
Process in which plants use the suns energy to make food photosynthesis
The stacks of thylakoids embedded in the stroma of the chloroplast grana
Green pigment in plants chlorophyll
a sugar made up of carbon (C), hydrogen (H), and oxygen (O) carbohydrate
The decomposition or separation of molecules by the action of light photolysis
Organism that makes its own food from the sun autotrophe
Singular form of grana granum
Sugar formed from carbon dioxide and water glucose
The water based, fluid filled area of the chloroplast stroma
The original source of all earths energy sun
CO2 carbon dioxide
Adenosine triphosphate (nucleotide) ATP
A living organism (tree, shrub, leaf, flower, etc.) plant
Needed for photosynthesis, along with carbon dioxide and the sun. water
A small membranous sac within a chloroplast of a plant thylakoid