Type
Word Search
Description

Paupers
Magnates
Entrepreneurs
Randlord
Underground
Open pit
Flexibility
Durability
Gold
Kingdom
Pass system
Migrant labour
Closed compound
Africa
Mineral

PLANT TISSUE Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

parenchyma tissue with connected air spaces. AERENCHYMA
thick, tough secondary walls impregnated with lignin SCLERENCHYMA
tubes with pits rather than openings at the ends. TRACHEIDS
outermost layer of cells EPIDERMIS
most abundant of the cell types found in the major parts of higher plants. PARENCHYMA
conducts dissolved food materials produced by photosynthesis. PHLOEM
pairs of cells that border stomata. GUARD
chief conducting tissue of water and minerals. XYLEM
provide flexible support for growing and mature plant organs. extra primary wall in the corners. COLLENCHYMA
component of the waxy outer coating of aquatic plant leaves. CUTIN
Certain cells associated with sieve tube companion cells
Tissue only meant for growth meristematic

The Mineral Revolution in South Africa Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

Gold Rush
Reserves
Randlord
Discriminate
Miners
King Sekhukhune
Victory
Rifles
Taxes
Unite
Prospector
Exile
Appalling
Independence
Kimberley
De Beers
Alliance
Enemy
Racial division
Britain
Chiefs
Wealth
Dispossession
Pedi
Xhosa
Zulu
African kingdoms
Witwatersrand
Gold
Mines
Deep level
Land expansionism
Compounds
Migrant labour
Diamond mining
Mineral Revolution

Africa Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

this kingdom stretched from the Atlantic to Lake Chad songhai
large body of water that seperates Europe from Africa mediterranan
according to the ancient Greeks this word meant not cold aphrike
these animals are known as the ships of the desert camels
largest desert located in Africa sahara
country between Egypt and Algeria libya
kingdom had over 200,000 soldiers ghana
island nation on the east coast of Africa madagascar
2nd largest continent africa
another name for grasslands savannah
worth it's weight in gold salt
means hello in swahili jamba
religion in african kingdom of Axum christianity
city in Mali that was the center of learning timbukutu
powerful ruler of Mali mansa musa
city that Mansa Musa travelled to for his hajj Mecca
kingdom of Songhai extended from the Atlantic to lake Chad
Songhi trading center that was located on the Niger river Gao
ocean on the east coast of Africa Indian
African kingdoms became wealthy because of trade

West African Kingdoms Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What religion did the Muslim merchants spread? Islam
What did the Moroccans have that the Songhai soldiers didn't? guns
What city was a center of Muslim learning in Mali? Timbuktu
Africans needed salt in their _____. diet
What precious metal was a popular trading source? gold
Where did Mansa Musa make the pilgrimage? Mecca
How many camels carried gold on Mansa Musa's pilgrimage? eighty
What kingdom was the largest in western Africa? Songhai
What was a powerful king called in the kingdom of Mali? Mansa
What is the largest desert in Africa and the world? Sahara
What is the longest river in the world? Nile
Who was in charge of keeping African history alive by oral storytelling? griots
Who was the Mali king known as the "Lion Prince"? Sundiata Keita
Nearly all trade came through this kingdom. Ghana
Sunni Ali was the leader of ________. Songhai
Which people's migration helped spread culture across medieval Africa? Bantu
What society was a mixture of African and Muslim culture? Swahili
What was the earliest known form of African art? rock painting
In west Africa most people lived in large, extended ____. families
Which geographic zone in Africa runs through the equator? Rain Forest
Tracing ancestry through the mother is known as ______. matrilineal
In Ghana, the throne passed to the king's _____. nephew
Who was the leader of Songhai during its "Golden Age"? Muhammad Ture
True or False - Mansa Musa let his people practice their own religion? True
Who was the Moroccan lawyer who wrote about Mansa Musa's pilgrimage? Ibn Battuta

The Australian Gold Rush Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The ____________ Stockade Eureka
People that are from China Chinese
Type of mining tool sluice
People that came from other countries to Australia to mine for gold Migrants
Used to find Gold in creeks and rivers pan
Miners didn't want to ge caught without this Permit
People that found a lot of fortune were very lucky
Another name for a miner digger
The first person to find Gold Edward Hargraves
What miners slept in tents
They used ___________ to keep warm fires
If you got caught you would get a fine
tool used for digging shovel

California Gold Rush Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

He was the first to find gold James Marshall
The news of gold saturated the country, people from near and far traveled in search of tapping into the riches of gold! People left high paying jobs to mine for gold, it eventually became known as…. Gold Fever
The easiest way to discover gold in the sand panning
Name for the people who panned for gold Gold prospectors
Long wooden frames used for searching through large amounts of gravel and soil sluices
What percent of the miners were men 97
These were used for shelter by the minors tents
A disease that spread from the dirty water and living conditions. cholera
This man’s entrepreneurial path started by selling canvas tents to the prospectors. This then led to a hired seamstress to help miners sew knees of pants that had worn out from a hard days work. The canvas was switched to denim. Levi Strauss
How much gold was harvested by 1960 in California 500 million
State where THIS gold rush took place California
What year did the California gold rush take place? 1848
Conflict arose with the _____ when the settlers approached California Native Americans
People who went to California looking for Gold in 1849 FortyNiners
These grew near all the major mining sites. Eventually a bunch of restaurants, hotels, and other places were built in order to accommodate the miners. Boom Towns
Where gold was first discovered in 1848; marked the beginning of the Gold Rush Sutters Mill
Steamships and railroads were used as _______ during the gold rush Transportation
What two things were miners forced to create when they arrived in California Laws and government
What could a miner do if he felt mistreated by a group of miners? Call camp meeting
A large migration of people to a newly discovered gold field gold rush
A soft yellow malleable ductile metallic element that California miners were in search for gold
Who was the president of America during the California gold rush? James Polk
The act of searching for precious minerals in the earth mining
A seam-like deposit containing metallic ore Iode
A lump or mass of gold nugget
A descriptive phrase used by a miner who strikes gold paydirt
The first migrants to arrive were those from lands accessible by _____. Boat
The Gold Rush undoubtedly sped up California’s admission to the Union as the ___state. 31
By the end of the decade, California’s population was_______. 380000
California officially became a US state because of what compromise? Compromise of 1850

South Africa Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

open lands veld
a long steep slope that separates lands at different heights escarpment
first people to establish a colony dutch
areas that blacks were forcefully relocated to homelands
a government order stopping trade with another country embargo
imprisoned 27 years for political views mandela
president who helped to end apartheid deklerk
segregation system in South Africa apartheid
a country with elected representatives republic
currency of South Africa rand
valuable natural resource gold
kingdom located completely within South Africa Lesotho
descendants of Dutch settlers in South Africa Afrikaners
Nobel Peace Prize winner tutu
South Africa has this many capitals three
South Africa has this many official languages eleven
main capital of South Africa Pretoria
desert in South Africa Kalahari

West Africa Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The term "mansa" means what? king
Africa is the what largest continent in the world? Second
This king was the greatest king of Ghana. Tunka Manin
The idea of cannibalistic tribes came not from Africa, but from which continent? South America
What does Africa have that makes it almost an island? The Sinai Peninsula
What is the name of the people of Madagascar? Malagasy
Which African kingdom was the biggest and most powerful? Songhai
Who was richer, Bill Gates or Mansa Moosa Mansa Moosa
Nearly all trade came through this kingdom. Ghana
What happened when the Almoravids brought their cattle? Overgrazing
Griots took real history and did what to it? Twisted it
How long did Mansa Moosa rule? Till 1337
Which kingdom's name means "where the grouchy king resides"? Mali
Who introduced Mali to cotton? Sundiata
How did Mansa Moosa keep his empire in order His army
Mansa Moosa converted to which religion as a sign of good will? Islam
What did Ghana absorb Muslim architecture
When did Mansa Moosa make his famous pilgrimage to Mecca? 1324
Who made Timbuktu a center of learning and education? Mansa Moosa
Where did Africa get a lot of its influence? The Middle East

African Trading Empires Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Where was Mansa Musa born? Mali
What was the earliest trading kingdom in africa? Ghana
What part of Africa was the Sahara desert in? North
What was the third and final trading kingdom in Africa? Songhai
what animal did they use to cross the sahara desert? CAMEL
What was the religion of the Arab traders? Islam
What were the people called that tried to steal items from the traders? bandits
What were two items that Ghana and Mali traded? Gold and Salt
what were the people called that followed the islam religion? muslims
What was a tool that the traders used to travel? astrolabe
What year did Mali reach its peak as an empire? early 1300s

MINING OF MINERAL RESOURCES Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Small amounts of elements found in the soil. minerals
The compounds in the soil which contain minerals ores
Larger quantities of ores. deposits
How ores in deposits are removed from the earth's crust. mining
A valuable form of carbon which is mined. diamond
The type of mining which involves strip mining, open pit mining and quarrying. surface
Mineral salts that contain potassium. potash
This is mined in its natural form and used as a food additive. salt
The ore which contains lead. galena
The ore which contains titanium. rutile
The ore which contains uranium. pitchblende
The ore which contains zinc. sphalerite
The tunnels in underground mining. shafts
When the mineral is removed from an ore. extraction
Where most of our iron is mined in South Africa. Sishen
The hot burner in which iron is extracted. blastfurnace
The form in which carbon is added to a blast furnace. coke
The product of carbon and the oxygen from iron oxide. carbondioxide
The iron which comes directly off a blast furnace. pig
Iron used to make pots and engine blocks. cast
Iron used to make iron furniture. wrought
Iron mixed with carbon. steel
Substance added to a blast furnace which comines with the sand. limestone
Byproduct of a blast furnace which is used to make cement. slag
Gold is found in these layers. reefs
Extracting gold by hand from rivers. panning
The first additive to gold ore to dissolve the gold. sodiumcyanide
The metal added in the gold extraction process to precipitate the gold. zinc
The third substance added in the extraction of gold. sulphuricacid
The solid wastes from gold mining are stored in these mine ..... dumps
The liquid wastes from gold mining are stored in .... slimedams
The number of variety of living organisms. biodiversity
Mining activities are meant to leave the environment as the found it or ...... it. rehabilitate
The outer mantle, crust and soil. lithosphere
Valuable sites with old cultural and/or biological value. heritage
The compound in which most minerals are found. oxide
Diamonds are formed by these. volcanoes
A diamond mining city in SA Kimberley
Where natural gas in mined in SA MosselBay
Where most gold is mined in SA Witwatersrand