a change or the process of change by which an organism or species becomes better suited to its environment.
the regions of the surface, atmosphere, and hydrosphere of the earth occupied by living organisms.
an animal that feeds on flesh.
the number of people or things that can be conveyed or held by a vehicle or container.
a group of organisms or a population of different species occupying a particular area.
a biological community of interacting organisms and their physical environment.
a region of transition between two biological communities.
originating in or characteristics of a foreign country.
spieces no longer having members.
a hierarchical series of organisms each dependent on the next as a source of food.
wild mammals or birds hunted for sport or food.
the natural name or environment of an animal, plant, or other organism.
an animal that feeds on plants.
the condition or period of an animal or plant spending the winter in a dormant state.
an insectivorous animal or plant.
environment conditions that limit the growth, abundance, or distribution of an organism.
materials or substance such as minerals, forests, water, and fertile land that occur in nature and can be used for economic gain.
active at night.
an animal or person that eats food of both plant and animals origin.
a group of living organisms consisting of similar individuals capable of exchanging genes or interbreeding.
an area or ridge of land that separates waters flowing to different rivers, basins, or seas.
wild animals collectively; the native fauna of a region.
the manipulation of wildlife populations and habitat to achieve a goal.
a cud-chewing animal with a complex stomach often divided into four chambers.
any predatory bird that has feet with sharp talons or claws adapted for seizing prey and a hooked beak for tearing flesh.
non living factors that effect an organism
an organism that eats only meat
the number of people, other living organisms, or crops
a group of interdependent organisms of different species growing or living together in a specified habitat
an organism, especially a soil bacterium, fungus, or invertebrate, that decomposes organic material.
an animal that feeds on dead organic material
The ecological role and space that an organism fills in an ecosystem.
The progressive replacement of one dominant type of species or community by another in an ecosystem until a stable climax community is established.
the scientific analysis and study of interactions among organisms and their environment
to represent the flow of food energy and the feeding relationships between organisms
A graphical model showing the interconnecting food chains in an ecological community
an organism that eats only plants
Non-native species disrupting and replacing native species
A factor present in an environment that controls a process, particularly the growth, abundance or distribution of a population of organisms in an ecosystem.
an organism that eats plants and animals
the amount of organisms of the same species in an area
one is predator, one is prey
an organism that makes its own food
A position in a food chain or Ecological Pyramid occupied by a group of organisms with similar feeding mode.
a biological community of interacting organisms and their physical environment
the increasing concentration of toxic substances within each successive link in the food chain.
a species that has a disproportionately large effect on its environment relative to its abundance
An organism that generally obtains food by feeding on other organisms
A science that deals with the relationships between groups of living things and their environments
The place or type of place where a plant or animal naturally or normally lives or grows
Any living component that affect another organism
Drawing from natural ecosystems which are defined as the network of interactions among organisms and between organisms and their environment
Non-living chemical and physical parts of the environment that affect living organisms and the functioning of ecosystems
The function or position of a species within an ecological community
An autotrohpic organism that serves as a source of food for other organisms in a food chain.
A heterotrophic organism that feeds on other organisms in a food chain.
The total mass of living matter within a given unit of environmental area.
An animal that feeds on plants.
An animal that feeds on flesh.
An animal that eats both plants and animals.
an animal that feeds on dead organic material
break down dead or decaying organisms
the position an organism occupies in a food chain
series of organisms each dependent on the next as a source of food
a system of interlocking and interdependent food chains
the flow of chemical elements between living organisms and the enviroment
when a plant absorbs water in its roots
the chemical processes by which atmospheric nitrogen is assimilated into organic compounds
the process of ammoniating; decomposition with production of ammonia
biological oxidation or ammonium to nitrite followed by the oxidation of the nitrite to nitrate
the loss or removal of nitrogen or nitrogen compounds
the trapping of the sun's warmth in a plants lower atmosphere
an organism that is able to form organic substances from simple inorganic substances
an organism deriving its nutritional requirements from complex organic substances
process by which plants use sunlight to synthesize foods from carbon dioxide and water
Organisms that make their own food
The variety of species in an ecosystem
Organic matter that derives from living or recently living organisms
The area on earth were organisms live
An organism that only gains energy from other animals
The maximum quantity of organisms in an area
All the organisms in a habitat working together
An organism that gains energy from deceased organisms
Form of biology
Representation of energy flow
A simple diagram that represents the consumption of organisms in an ecosystem
Complex combination of food chains
An organism that only gains energy from plants
Animal that gets it's energy from autotrophs
An object or organism the limits the growth of a population
Organism that eats meat and plants
amount of organisms in one species
An organism that hunts another organism
An organism that is hunted by a predator
an individual living thing composed of one or more cells
organism that must obtain nutrients and energy from eating other organisms
another term for producer
The complete destruction of every member of a species
energy links between different organisms in an ecosystem
very similar organism that can interbreed and produce fertile offspring
a group of organisms of the same species living in an ecosystem
organism that breaks down chemical compounds made by living things
organism that consumes only animal tissue
the second level of consumer that eats herbivores
the place organisms live
the non-living components of an ecosystem
the study of the relationships and interactions of living things with their environment
animals that hunt for other living animals
organism that can produce their own food through the process of photosynthesis
the primary level of consumer that eats producers
the living components of an ecosystem
a community of organisms in an environment
another term for consumer
the animal hunted by other animals
the overlapping of food chains in an ecosystem
organism that consumes only plant tissue
organism that must obtain nutrients and energy from eating other organisms
the part of the Earth in which life can exist
the third level of consumer, generally a carnivore
organism that consumes both plant and animal tissue
the role of an organism and what it needs to survive in its ecosystem.
the interaction between two organisms that require the same resource
all living components of an ecosystem
a major ecological community occupying a large geographic region
Non living factors in an environment.
Things having been changed to help the creature survive or better change to its habitat/situation.
Opposite of descendant.
One of the five Kingdoms, not plants, fungi, prokaryotes or the eukaryotes.
Living organism which feeds mainly on living matter. Can be domesticated.
An invertebrate animal of the large phylum Arthropoda, such as an insect, spider, or crustacean. Arachnids are also classed under this.
The standard amount of something that is taken as 'normal' / usual.
The type of adaptation involving, relating to, or emphasizing behaviour.
Variety of plant and animal life in the world/particular habitat, a high level being considered important.
Relating to the living organism/factors in the environment.
Something that is the main ingredient in making plant cell walls.
Series of questions and instructions to help identify an unknown object/organism.
All the living organisms in a certain area.
Organisms that get their energy by eating other living organisms.
Organisms that feed on dead plant and animal materials that help them to decay.
An animal that feeds on dead organic material.
Opposite of nocturnal; sleeping during the day.
The role and position a species has in its environment, how it meets its needs for food and shelter, how it survives, and how it reproduces also the Abiotic and Biotic factors.
A graphical model that illustrates the flow of energy through different forms of life in an ecosystem.
The branch of biology which deals with the relations of organisms to one another and to their physical surroundings.
Biological community of interacting organisms and their physical environment in which they live.
Surroundings or conditions in which a person, animal, or plant lives/operates.
The type of substance Rennet is.
An educated guess/roughly calculated.
Organism with membranes around the organelles, also having a nucleus.
Over the years, having developed and grown/changes. eg. Monkey to man.
Type of variable. Something that can change and influence the result.
The number of Kingdoms.
The show of energy transfer through interacting organisms, the feeding relationship between all the biotic components.
Shows all the interlinked chains/connections of food.
Hunts other organisms in order to feed on them
Hunted by other organisms
Biological interaction between predator & prey
Feeds on animal tissue
Feeds on plant matter
Method used is without opinion or preference
Produced when the method used is the same each time it is repeated
Occurs naturally between coexisting organisms for food, nutrients & mates
Feature important for survival, may make an organism better suited to a habitat
Feeds on dead organic matter (detritus)
A living system e.g. plant, animal, fungus, micro
All the conditions that surround a living organism
An area where a particular organism will live
Animal without a skeletal structure
Living things of the same type
A community and its habitat
The nonliving parts of an ecosystem
A predator that is at the top of a food chain and that is not preyed upon by any other animal
A living part of an ecosystem
A relationship between two species in which one species benefits and the other is neither helped or harmed
An interaction that occurs when organisms try to get the same resources
All the populations of organisms in an ecosystem
An organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms
A helpful interaction among organisms living in a limited area that aids each organism's survival
An organsim that gets energy by breaking down dead organisms and the wastes of living things
The process in which fixed nitrogen compounds are converted back into nitrogen gas and returned to the atmosphere
All the living and nonliving parts of an environment as well as the ineractions among them
An organism that a parasite lives in or on
An environmental factor that prevents a population from increasing
A symbiotic relationship between two organisms in which both organisms benefit
An organism's role in its environment
The process that converts nitrogen in the atmosphere into compounds in the soil that are useful to a varity of organisms
An organism that lives in or on another organism and benefits at the other organism's expense
A symbiotic relationship in which one organism benefits and the other is harmed
A process by which plants use the sun's energy to make food
A group of organisms of the same species living in the same place
A relationship in which one animal hunts, kills and eats another animal
An organism that eats producers
An organism in a food web or food chain that makes its own food
A close relationship between two species that benefits at least one of the species (3 types-mutualism, commensalism, parasitism)
A feeding level in an ecosystem
The non-living components in the environment; including both physical and chemical
The biological or living components of the biosphere
A group of individuals of the same species occupying a given area at a certain time
The populations of all species that occupy a habitat
A community and its physical and chemical environment
The number of species in an ecosystem
A sequence linking organisms that feed on each other
An autotroph; an organism that makes its own food
an organism that must eat to survive
A species that is sensitive to small changes in the environment
an animal that eats only plants
an animal that feeds only on other animals
Waste from plants and animals, including their dead remains
An organism that feeds on detritus
a place or type of environment with conditions suitable for the survival of an organism or population
A layer in the stratosphere that helps to screen out UV radiation
All free ranging vertebrates in their naturally associated environments.
The condition where in the breeding, care and feeding of animals are more or less controlled by man.
Domestic Animals which have reverted to the wild state.
The art of making land produce valuable populations of wildlife.
The habitat of earth occupied by living organisms.
All the materials and processes in the surroundings of an organisms or population.
The study of relationships between organisms and the environment.
It is the kind of biotic community, or set of biotic communities in which an animal or population lives.
Te combination of biotic community and physical environment.
Biological changes that fit an animal for survival and reproduction within a particular environment or within a limited range of environments.
A term referring o forest.
Any materials provided by nature from which living things draw their substances.
A two-way movement, usually between seasonally used home ranges.
The cessation of existence of a species or group of taxa reducing biodiversity.
Pairing male and one female for at least one breeding season.
A group of living organisms consisting of similar individuals capable of exchanging genes or interbreeding.
A range of different species.
An animal that feeds on plants.
An animal that feeds on flesh
An animal that eats both food of both plants and animal origin.
A region of transition between two biological communities.
Resources are limited in that environment.
An area of cooperation.
An animal born in a specific habitat.
An ecological unit composed of a group of organisms.
All living and nonliving things that exist and interact in one place.
The remains of plants and animals.
All the organisms that live in the same ecosystem and interact with each other.
All the organisms of the same kind that live in the ecosystems.
An organism that eats living things to get energy.
An animal such as an insect or bird, that helps plants make seeds by moving pollen from one part of the plant to another.
Any organism that makes its own food.
The process of making more of one's own kind.
The scattering or carrying away of seeds from the plant that produced them.
An animal that only eats other animals.
An animal that only eats plants.
An animal that eats both plants and other animals.
The process plants use to make food.
An animal that hunts other animals for food.
An animal that is hunted for food by a predator.
To break down into simpler materials.
An orgaism that breaks down the remains of dead organisms.
A tiny living thing that can only be seen with a microscope.
The process of breaking down materials into a different form for a new use.
An animal that feeds on the remains of dead animals.
A physical feature or behavior that helps an organism survive in its habitat.
The coloring, marking, or other physical appearance of an animal that helps it blend in with its surroundings.
The place where an organism lives.
To go into deep sleep during which an animal uses very little energy and usually does not need to eat.
An adaptation that allows an animal to protect itself by looking like another kind of animal or like a plant.
The role a plant or an animal plays in its habitat.
A group of organisms that produce organisms of one kind.
No longer living
To move to another region when seasons change and food supplies become scarce.
A major division of geologic time defined by events that took place during that time.
The preserved traces and remains of an organism that lived long ago
A scientist who studies fossils.