low blood sugar
Body cant produce this substance if you suffer from type 1 diabetes.
a symptom of diabetes
what we call chest pains experienced in coronary heart disease
plaque that builds up in the arteries but is also essential to the body
Good HDL cholesterol source
cause of high cholesterol is trans fats and _________fats.
anaemia is a lack of iron which means a low ______count?
symptom of anaemia
more likely to be anaemic
hinders the absorption of nutrients
common in people suffering from HIV
SA dietary guidelines says the following should be used sparingly
this root has natural antibiotic properties
can be caused by consuming contaminated water
biggest medical concern with gastro enteritis and e.coli infection
lecithin, found in the yolk of an egg is an example of an
can be a stabilizer and a thickener
natural preservative in pickling
additive that makes a yellow/orange colour
a common reaction to additives
prevents oxidation and if consumed, improves health
hepatitis A can cause _______________, yellowing of the skin and eyes.
heart and blood vessels are being overworked, blood pumps at a higher pressure than usual.
Calcium rich food will prevent and assist in management of this disorder.
must be on a food label
word that shouldn't appear on a label, unless approved by the health department
advantage of genetically modified foods or other items (medication)
A technique used in food production. It can be used to kill bacteria that cause food poisoning
Diabetes is what type of disorder?
what accumulates in the blood?
what is one way to manage diabetes?
what does exercise decrease the resistance of cells to?
if exercise and diet doesn't reduce blood glucose levels, what is the next step?
what medication blocks the production of glucose by the liver?
what occurs when the blood glucose level drops too low?
what is a symptom of hypoglycaemia?
over time medications can become more or less effective?
diabetics should avoid food rich in what type of fat?
in the plate method, what portion of the plate is assigned for starch and bread?
how many cups of vegetables are we recommended to eat per day?
an example of unprocessed whole grains is?
when cooking meat such as chicken and turkey, what should be removed?
stronger muscles use what more effectively?
What type of food can cause staphylococcus aureus?
What type of food can cause Listeria Monocytogenes?
Undercooked ground meat can cause...?
Clostridium Botulinum can cause...?
Eating raw chicken or eggs can lead to...?
Cramps, diarrhea, nausea and headaches are common ____ of a food borne illness.
___ your hands, vegetables and work space can prevent food borne illnesses.
Avoiding cross contamination can help ___ food borne illnesses.
If you have clostridium botulinum you should go see the...?
Consuming soil, dust or crops can cause clostridium...?
Fully ___ all meats can help prevent food borne illnesses.
Drinking unpasteurized milk can cause campylobacter...?
E. Coli can cause ___ diarrhea
Foods will begin to grow bacteria after ___ hours of being left out.
The food ___ zone is between 4 degrees Celsius and 60 degrees Celsius.
Small children and elderly people are more ___ to food borne illnesses.
Food borne illnesses can last up to a...?
Never eat from a ___ that is bulging or expired.
A common name for food borne illness is food...?
You can get a food borne illness by eating ___ food.
First thing you should look at on a nutrition label.
The number of calories the average diet recommends consuming each day.
The second item you should look at on a nutrition label.
The nutrient needed to increase bone strength and prevent the development of osteoporosis.
The nutrient you need that helps with digestion.
This vitamin carries oxygen to the blood and is checked when you donate blood with a finger-prick.
This vitamin helps your immune system and is often found in orange juice
This nutrient should be limited with how much you intake. It is commonly found in salt.
This nutrient should be monitored as it can cause heart attacks.
On the example, what is the number of servings?
How many calories are in each serving on this nutrition label?
What is the total number of calories in the container? (calories x number of servings)
what is one way contaminants are transfered?
bacteria, viruses, parasites, and fungi are harmful microorganisms that are called pathogens, which is what type of contamination?
one of the 5 most common foodborne illness symptom
The six conditions bacteria needs in order to grow
how many weeks can a pathogen live?
carried in blood & intestinal tract, severity of symptoms depends on health of person
found in feces, high levels remain in feces for weeks after symptoms are gone
found in intestines of cattle and people, small amounts make you sick
carried by humans and animals, need a living host, cannot row in food but can be transferred in food
found in feces of infected people, linked to shellfish in contaminated h2o
associated w/ seafood, wild game, and food processed w/ contaminated h2o
a fungi that causes an foodborne illness
To include more fruits and veggies in your diet, when would be the ideal meal to eat them during to encourage such a habit?
These are great sources of energy in fruits and vegetables.
Sources of this can be added to fruit and vegetable snacks to make them even more nutritious and delicious
Try different vegetables, because our bodies like ___.
______ are nutrients in food that the body uses to build cell membranes, nerve tissue (like the brain), and hormones.
The body uses ___ as fuel.
What is a unit of energy that measures how much energy food provides to the body?
Light (lite) and _______-fat foods may still be high in fat.
What is the requirement for a food to be labeled light (lite)? Have 50% less fat or _______ fewer calories per serving
One of the most harmful fats: s_____.
One of the most harmful fats: t_____.
Trans and saturated fats can cause what?
Unsaturated fats are ____ at room temperature.
One type of unsaturated fat: p_________.
One type of unsaturated fat: m_________.
the parts that make up a particular food
diet that excludes food of animal origin
nutrition that helps the body use carbs, proteins, and fats
a substance in foods that helps with body functions
to rid the body of food by vomiting or by taking laxatives and diuretics
a quick weight-loss strategy that is popular for a short time
nutrient that provides energy, and helps the body store and use vitamins
building blocks that make up protein
a body weight that is 20 percent or more than desireable body weight
an adnormal responce to food that is triggered by the immune system
simple sugar that is the body's main energy source
a fat-like substance made by the body and found in certain foods
a hormone that regulates the blood sugar level
the sum of the processes by which humans, animals, and plants consume and use food
the listing of the amount of food that is considered a serving
title of information panel that is required on most foods
a panel of nutrition information required on all processed foods regulated by the FDA
nutrient that is needed for growth, and to help build and repair body tissue
the part of grains and plants that cannot be digested
a category of foods that contain similar nutrition
to eat a large amount of food in a short amount of time
an eating disorder in which a person binges and purges
a disease in which the body produces little or no insulin
a food substance that is made and stored in most plants
a unit of energy produced by food
Blood culture tubes, no inversions, can be done to r/o infections
Coagulation tubes, 4 inversions additive Sodium Citrate
Often used in blood bank(cross match) immunology and seriology
used for PT PTT has Heparin additive
Has EDTA additive, 8 inversions, used for CBC, WBC, RBC
This is used to preserve glucose in whole blood, also for special chemistry tests
Red blood cells per microliter of blood
Heel sticks performed on
The 2 hr postprandial test is used for
found in capillaries
normal range for insulin testing
Normal hemoglobin for female
normal hemoglobin for males
Normal fasting glucose level
normal hematocrit in males
Lab testing conducted close to the site of patient care
Normal total cholesterol
Are most heart diseases genetic?
most likely to accure in high or low blood pressure?
most likely to have heart disease?
main body organ?
a cause of heart disease?
something to quit while having heart problems?
things that are stopping artery from working?
what does the heart pump?
what is the most important thing pumped throughout blood?
who to ring during an expected heart attack?
the size of an adult human heart?
amount of deaths caused by heart attacks yearly in the United States?
can increase the risk of heart disease?
main symptoms in females?
produces with fat count to clog artery?
a symptoms of an heart attack?
people at risk?
forms of ways to prevent heart attack?