Aldosterone and Testosoterone are secreted from this part of the endocrine system.
The pineal gland produces this hormone.
The least specialized WBC'S are called
cell mediated immunity activates these cells.
B-cells are responsible for creating this type of immunity
blood components are produced in this area of the body
the majority of blood consists of these substances and is called
an allergic reaction activates these cells
Parasites stimulate what kind of WBC
blood cells are recycled in what area of the body?
The majority of filtration occurs in this region
The majority of nephrons located in this area
This type of cellular epithelium lines most of the respiratory tract
The features in the nasal passageways responsible for increasing the residency time of air are called
The posterior pituitary releases the hormones OXT and ___?
Where do Granulocytes mature?
Which cell types have no nucleus when mature?
A White Blood cell is also called what?
These cells aid in the coagulation process.
What cells lack Granulocytes?
What do monocytes become in the tissues?
What is the formation of platelets called?
An immature red blood cell is known as what?
These white blood cells are defined by their round nucleus.
These white blood cells have an indented nucleus.
What cell is associated with cell mediated immunity?
What cell is associated with humoral immunity?
What is the balance between coagulation and anticoagulation?
The fist step to coagualtion is what?
This prevents excessive clotting/thombus formation.
Fibrinogen and what other plasma protein are involved in the clotting of blood?
This Granulocyte stains pink.
Which Granulocytes pick up a blue/purple stain?
These granulocytes do not take up any stain.
Which hormones stimulates the liver to to release glucose, thereby increasing blood glucose levels?
Which gland controls the release of anterior pituitary hormones?
Which hormone produces epinephrine?
Which gland produces T3 & T4?
The hormone that promotes growth of all body tissues.
Which hormone promotes salt & water retention in potassium excretion?
Which gland produces the hormone cortisol & adlosterone?
The hormone that regulates sexual development, mood, & daily cycles in response to light.
The hormone that increases blood glucose concentration in response to stress?
Which hormone stimulates thyroid gland to produce thyroid hormones?
Which gland produces estrogen & progesterone?
Which hormone stimulates the adrenal cortex to produce glucocorticoids & androgens?
Which hormone stimulates milk production?
Which hormone stimulates hair growth on the body & face?
Which hormone regulates the exchange of calcium between blood and bones?
Which gland produces the hormones insulin and glucagon?
Which gland produces the hormone ADH & oxcytocin other than hypothalmus?
What hormone is released in the adrenal medulla gland?
The hormone oxytocin promotes contraction of the organ.
Insulin reduces concentration of _______ in the blood
the fluid portion of the blood
red blood cells
the oxygen-transporting pigment of erythrocytes
white blood cell
a white blood cell with secretory granules in its cytoplasm (ex. eosinophil/basophil)
the most abundant of the white blood cells
granular white blood cells whose granules readily take up a stain called eosin
white blood cells whose granules stain deep blue with basic dye; have a relatively pale nucleus and granular-appearing cytoplasm
white blood cells with a one-lobed nucleus. no granules in cytoplasm
agranular white blood cells formed in the bone marrow that mature in the lymphoid tissue
large single-nucleus white blood cell; agranular leukocyte
one of the irregular cell fragments of blood; involved in clotting
formation of blood cells
stem cells that give rise to all the formed elements of the blood
the stopping of a flow of blood
the stout wall separating the lower chambers of the heart from one another
begins at the base of the right ventricle, branches into two pulmonary arteries which deliver deoxygenated blood to the corresponding lung
bicuspid and tricuspid
cord-like tendons that connect the papillary muscles to the tricuspid valve and the mitral valve in the heart (heart strings)
lub dub, lub dub
a condition in which the heart produces or is apt to produce a recurring sound indicative of disease or damage
abnormally high blood pressure
a disease of the arteries characterized by the deposition of plaques of fatty material on their inner walls
the membranous sac enveloping the heart
a chamber of the heart receiving blood from the veins; superior heart chambers
discharging chambers of the heart
system of blood vessels that carry blood to and from the lungs for gas exchange
major systemic artery; arises from the left ventricle of the heart
systems of blood vessels that carries nutrient- and oxygen-rich blood to all the body organs
valves that prevent blood return to the ventricles after contraction
the contraction phase of heart activity
a period (between contractions) of relaxation of the heart during which it fills with blood
a volume of blood ejected by a ventricle during systole
sequence of events encompassing one complete contraction and relaxation of the atria and ventricles of the heart
A red blood cell is called an _______.
Platelets are fragments of this type of mature cell.
A cell that becomes a red blood cell is called a _______.
White blood cells, unlike red blood cells, do not carry any _____.
A high count of these cells is likely due to a bacterial infection.
To combat inflammation, ______ release histamine.
Monocytes differentiate into macrophages, which are either _____ or wandering.
This is an abnormally low level of WBCs caused by radiation, shock, and/or chemotherapy.
_______ is the sequence of responses that stops bleeding.
Stem cells from the umbilical cord are taken and frozen in a ____-blood transplant.
Erythropoietin is released by this organ.
These cells make up about 20-25% of circulating WBCs.
A ______ WBC count is taken to determine specific issues in the body.
Basophils normally make up less than ___ percent of circulating WBCs. (spell it out!)
Eosinophils have large granules that stain an orange-___ color.
Alveolar macrophages are stationed in the _____.
The percent of blood occupied by RBCs is called the _____.
This vein, found in the arm, is typically used for venipuncture. (two words, no spaces)
Blood is more _____ than water.
________ stem cells form all blood cells.
Type AB blood contains no anti-A or anti-B ______.
Type O blood is compatible with ___ other blood types.
______ disease of the newborn involves an Rh- mother and an Rh+ fetus
_____-matching is the mixing of a donor's and recipient's blood to test for compatibility.
Lysozyme is an enzyme that kills _____.
A deficiency in clotting factors is called _____.
_______ fluid bathes body cells.
The study of blood is called _____.
These proteins make up most of the proteins in blood plasma.
Two gases transported by blood are oxygen and _________. (two words, no spaces)
Activates cells influenced by the SNS
Which hormone in the Adrenal Cortex increases blood glucose concentration in resoonse to stress
Which hormone in the pancreatic islet stimulates the liver to release glucose, thereby increasing blood glucose levels
This hormone stimulates growth and development of the testes and penis
Which gland in the ovaries stimulates development of mammary glands' secretory tissue and aids in maintaning pregnancy
The pineal gland produces which hormone thst regulates mood, sexual development, and daily cycles in response to the amount of light in the environment
Which hormone produced by the adrenal cortex contributes to some secondary sex characteristics in women
Which hormone produced by the ovaries stimulate growth of primaty sex organs such as the uterus and tubes
Which gland controls the release of the anterior pituitary hormone
Which hormone stimulates constriction of blood vessels
Which hormone causes uterine contractions and the ejection of milk from the mammary gland
Which hormone in the anterior pituitary promotes body tissue growth
This hormone stimulates milk production
Which gland increases metabolic rate and is required for normal growth
The hormone that promotes sperm cell development is the ________ stimulating hormone
Which hormone increases metabolic rate
The hormone that stimulates the adrenal cortex to produce glucocorticoids and androgen s
The hormone that initiates ovulation
The hormone that regulates the exchange of calcium between blood and bones; increases calcium level in blood
The hormone Epinephrine is produced in which gland
Prepares uterline lining for implantation of feetilized ovum
Regulates mood, sexual development, and daily cycles in response to amount of light in their environment.
Stimulates the liver to release glucose, increasing blood glucose levels
Stimulates growth and development of sexual organs plus development of secondary sexual characteristics, such as hair growth and deepeninf voice
Reduces blood gluclose concentration by promoting gluclose uptake into cells and gluclose storage; promotes fate and protein synthesis
Contribute to some secondary sex characteristics in women
Promotes salt retention and potassium excretion
Increase blood gluclose concentration in response to stress
Increase blood pressure and heart rate
Regulates exchange of calcium between blood and bones; increase calcium level in blood
Initiates ovulation, corpus luteum formation, and progesterone production in the female; stimulates testosterone secretion in male
Stimulates growth and hormonal activity of ovarian follicles
Stimulates milk production by mammary glands
Stimulates adrenal cortex to produce glucocorticoids and androgens
Stimulates thyroid gland to produce thyroid hormones
Promotes growth of all body tissues
Causes uterine muscles contraction; causes milk ejection from mammary glands
Promotes water reabsorption in kidney tubules; at high concentration, stimulates constriction of blood vessels
Control the release of anterior pituitary hormones
Increase metabolic rate, influencing both physical and mental activities; required for normal growth
Another name for formed elements
Clear yellowish portion of whole blood
Involved in stopping blood flow from a wound
The study of blood
Molecule important to transporting oxygen
Prime function of this cell is to carry oxygen to all parts of the body
The blood cell can leave the circulatory system
When two blood types can be safely mixed
a type of granular leukocyte
the process of stopping the loss of blood
disease where bleeding can be difficult to stop
blood disease that the woman in the film Blood was diagnosed with
blood disease caused by a pathogen
a type of agranulocyte
substances that can trigger a protective defense mechanism
Type of blood that contains both anti-A and anti-B antigens
Type of blood that contains neither anti-A or anti-B antigens
red blood cell formation
an immature rbc
this allows a rbc to fit into and go thru very tight spaces
The state of low oxygen levels in tissues is referred to as
What type of cell is responsible for most types of blood cell production
refers to blood, stem cells, bone marrow, or other tissue that is transferred from one person to another
a drug that prevents blood clots from forming
refers to blood or other tissue derived from a person's own body
refers to a non-cancerous disease that does not spread throughout the body
the soft, spongy tissue inside of bones where blood cells are produced
the process by which blood clots
a test that provides information about the types and numbers of cells in one's blood
a type of white blood cell that mediates allergic reactions and defends the body from infection by parasites and bacteria
also called the red blood cell
a type of white blood cell that includes neutrophils, eosinophils, and basophils
the percentage of the whole blood volume that is made up of red blood cells
blood that is circulating through the body's blood vessels and heart
part of the complete blood count, a blood test used to evaluate bleeding and clotting disorders
is the group of specialized glands that affects the growth
the secretory organs that remove and release certain elements from the blood to convert the new compounds
it is also known as the duct glands
this is also known as the ductless glands
male sexual glands;function in reproduction(singular:testicle)
a sweat and oil glands of the skin, produce a substance that travels through the small,tube-like ducts
female sexual glands; function in reproduction
secretions, such as insulin, adrenaline, and estrogen,that stimulate functional activity or other secretions in the body
secrete about 30 steroid hormones and control metabolic processes of the body
plays a major role in sexual development, sleep, and metabolism
secretes enzyme-producing cells that are responsible for digesting carbohydrates, proteins, and fats
most complex organ of the endocrine system
regulate blood calcium and phosphorus levels so that the nerves and muscular system can function properly.
controls how quickly the body burns energy(metabolism)
there are 30 ___________ telling your body what it should do every day
Lymphatic capillaries help the absorption of this substance from the small intestines
Anything that can cause a fever is called this
The collecting ducts empty lymph into this vein
This immunogloblin is produced in allergies
This cell kills viruses and cancer cells
This part of the spleen is full of red blood cells, lymphocytes and macrophages
This protein is released by cytotoxic T cells and causes tears in the cell membranes
This is the name of the space between the nodules in the cortex of the lymph nodes
Small molecules that can cause an immune response only when combined to a larger molecule
These cells are special macrophages found in the liver
This hormone helps the maturation of the T-lymphocytes
The largest lymphatic organ in the body
This is the part of the lymph node where the blood vessels and nerves pass
The spleen filters the....and not lymph
This protein is produced in response to viruses
Swelling because of the accumulation excess interstitial fluid
Anything that starts an immune response is called this
Is a process by which chemicals attract phagocytic cells to an injury or infection site
These cells are responsible for cellular mediated immunity
The most abundant immunoglobulin in the body