Railroad joined in 1869 that linked the nation by railway from the east to the west.
The last notable armed conflict between US troops and Native Americans, it resulted from an attempt by US soldiers to arrest Chief Sitting Bull.
Law passed in an attempt to assimilate Native Americans to US society by abolishing tribal organizations and dividing up reservations for the purpose of allotting land to individual Native American families.
Invention by Thomas Edison that enabled factories to remain open longer and helped increase US production.
the process of producing goods in large numbers so as to sell more, thereby charging less and still making profit.
Innovative industrialist who revolutionized the auto industry with a more efficient assembly line and mass production techniques that made automobiles more affordable.
Names used to describe businessmen who dominated the railroad industry
Capitalist who made his fortune in oil and founded the nation's first trust in the form of the Standard Oil Company.
A business arrangement under which a number of companies unite into one system, effectively creating a monopoly as it destroys competition.
Markets in which there are only one supplier of a product and no market competition.
Taxes on imports to protect US business.
Producing so much of a product that the prices fall and producers often go bankrupt.
Process of children working as part of the work force.
A tiny island near the Statue of Liberty, it opened in 1892 and became a well known reception center for immigrants arriving by ship.
People coming to the US
RR industry when he extended his New York Central railroad to reach Chicago, Illinois allowing travel from New York to Chicago without changing trains several times.
The first federation of labor unions in the United States
An American union leader and leader of the pullman strike of 1894.
A nationwide conflict between labor unions and railroads that began in 1894
He was the creator of the American Federation of Labor from 1886-1924
American oil industry tycoon and philanthropist , started the standard oil company
the exclusive possession or control of the supply or trade in a company
which claim to apply biological concepts of natural selection and survival of the fittest to sociology and politics
a person who seeks to promote the welfare of others, especially by the generous donation of money to good causes.
Scottish American industrialist who led the enormous expansion of the American steel industry in the late 19th century.
came to America from areas that had not traditionally supplied settlers to the US.
was an attack by the Colorado National Guard and Colorado Fuel & Iron Company camp guards on a tent colony of 1,200 striking coal miners and their families
was a nationwide railroad strike in the United States on May 11, 1894. It pitted the American Railway Union (ARU)
, sometimes referred to as the Great Upheaval, began on July 14 in Martinsburg, West Virginia, United States after the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad (B&O) cut wages for the third time in a year.
was an Irish-born American schoolteacher and dressmaker who became a prominent labor and community organizer.
a part of a city, especially a slum area, occupied by a minority group or groups.
was a philosopher and economist famous for his ideas about capitalism and communism. Marx, in conjunction
Scottish immigrant who made his riches in the steel industry
Type of integration in which a company buys out all its suppliers
Type of integration in which companies producing similar products merge
theory that taught only the strong survived
Head of the Standard Oil Company
Act that made it illegal for corporations to interfere with free interstate or international trade
Formed the American Federation of Labor
Acronym of the union that focused on collective bargaining and used strikes as a major tactic
Formed the American Railway Union
Acronym for the union of radicals and socialists nicknamed the Wobblies
Organizer of the United Mine Workers of America
Kind of railroad that crosses the entire country
Inventor of the sleeping car, who built a factory outside of Chicago to produce his railroad cars
Company created to steal railroad money
Court case that gave government right to regulate private industry
First person to use a steam engine to drill for oil
Process used to make steel from iron
Inventor of the light bulb and a system of producing and distributing electricity
Inventor of the typerwriter
Inventor of the telephone
Buildings that extended upwards instead of outwards
Complete control over an industry's production, wages, and prices
1877 strike by protesters upset over their second wage cut in two months
Refusals to work
People who believed in government control over business and property, as well as equal distribution of wealth
Negotiations to reach agreements on wages, hours, and working conditions
A man risking money to start a business
A policy of letting things take their own course
A steel making process
Owned a railroad and shipping industry
Owned standard oil company
Owned Carnegie steel company
Created pullman sleeping car
Made monopolies illegal
People moving into cities
Buying all companies that produce the same product
Owning all steps to make a product
Carnegie steel workers cut wages strike called off
Federal troops called in to end strike
Located at the bottom of ship
Immigration station on east coast
Immigration station on west coast
Prohibited immigration by Chinese laborers
To go against a corporation
When one company controls most of an industry.
Writer of How The Other Half Lives.
Goals of a labor union.
Nation wide rally for 8 hours days
Strike leader that was arrested in the Pullman palace car strike of 1894.
Organization of low-level workers that tries to improve wages and working conditions.
Founder of the American Federation of Labor.
First labor union
an economic group consisting of large profit-making corporations especially with regard to their influence on social or political policy
began with the founding of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company in 1827. The Baltimore and Ohio was the first U.S. railroad chartered as a common carrier of freight and passengers.
a railroad line linking the Atlantic and Pacific coasts of the United States, completed in 1869.
the business of processing iron ore into steel, which in its simplest form is an iron-carbon alloy, and in some cases, turning that metal into partially finished products or recycling scrap metal into steel.
An American businessman of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries; a founder of the Standard Oil Company.
was an American oil producing, transporting, refining, and marketing company.
American company and corporate trust that from 1870 to 1911 was the industrial empire of John D. Rockefeller and associates, controlling almost all oil production, processing, marketing, and transportation in the United States.
came to the United States with the colonial administration.
inventor and physicist who took out more than 1,000 patents in his lifetime.
Thomas Edison first invention in 1879 in Menlo Park N.J.
A player introduced in 1877 to reproduce sounds on which you can play records and listen to the sound through an attached speaker
:a series of pictures projected on a screen in rapid succession with objects shown in successive positions slightly changed so as to produce the optical effect of a continuous picture in which the objects move.
A Native American leader of the Sioux tribe in the late nineteenth century.
was the last major armed conflict between the Lakota Sioux and the United States, subsequently described as a "massacre" by General Nelson A. Miles in a letter to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs.
Island in the harbor of New York City, southwest of Manhattan. Note: From 1892 to 1954, it served as the prime immigration station of the country. Some twelve million immigrants passed through it during this time.
an alliance of trade and craft unions, formed in 1886
United States labor leader (born in England) who was president of the American Federation of Labor from 1886 to 1924 (1850-1924)
in U.S. history, widespread railroad strike and boycott that severely disrupted rail traffic in the Midwest of the United States in June–July 1894.
the merging of companies that make similar products.
a company’s taking over its suppliers and distributors and transportation systems to gain total control over the quality and cost of its product
Who drilled the first successful oil well in Pennsylvania?
Won the election in 1896, and he is a Republican candidate
This system allowed government politicians to reward loyal party workers with government jobs.
It's an economic and political philosophy that favors public, instead of private.
Invented light bulb
What integration system consolidated firms in the same business?
He is a Stalwart turned reformer upon becoming president; initiated Pendleton Civil Service Act.
Earned the nickname "captains of industry"
Which act outlawed any trust that operated in restraint of trade or commerce among the several states.
This is a policy which allowed businesses to operate under minimal government regulation.
fueled industrialization, and invest money in a product in order to make profit.
Who were pushed from their homelands due to religious discrimination, and crop failures?
What did Samuel Morse invented?
Investors developed a form of group ownership known as a
What market riot had ended deadly violence in Chicago?
This is where workers strike against the pullman palace Car Company
The law which kept blacks and whites segregated?
This Act prohibited Chinese laborers from entering the country.
The amendment which granted women's right to vote
He argued that blacks should earn an education and established the Tuskegee insitiute
This act reversed the government policy of making both gold and silver coins.
Created an invention which made skyscrapers practical, and invented safety elevator.
American Federation of labor founded by
In 1990, how many college students in the U.S. were women?
This is a process for purifying iron resulting in strong, but light weight, steel.
What is the oily, and flammable liquid most Americans used to light their oil lamps?
What is a government document giving an inventor rights to or to sell his or her inventions?
What is the pattern of good and bad times in the economy?
What system was adopted in 1918 that divided the United States into four time zones?
What was a business owned by investors who buy part of the company through shares of stock?
Who lead the oil industry at this time?
Who controlled the steel industry?
What is the union protest named that resulted with about 100 dead after an unknown person threw a bomb?
A nationwide railway strike that spread throughout the rail industry in 1894.
A national organization of labor unions founded in 1886.
A company that that eliminates its competitors and controls an industry.
An organization of workers from all different trades formed after the civil war.
A place where workers labored long hours under poor conditions for low wages.
A person who gives large amounts of money to charities.
A legal body created to hold stock in many companies, often in the same industry.
A new way of making steel that was developed in the 1850's and caused steel production to soar.
The inventor of electricity.
The inventor of the telephone.
A railroad that spanned across the entire continent.
Who was the labor leader that helped found a new national organization called the American Federation of Labor (AFL).
Successfully used a steam engine to drill for oil near Titusville, Pennsylvania, that removing oil from beneath the surface became practical.
Developed independently by the British manufacturer Henry Bessemer and American ironman William Kelly around 1850, soon became widely used.
Became a pioneer on the new industrial frontier when he established the world’s first research laboratory in Menlo Park, New Jersey.
Invented the typewriter in 1867 and changed the world of work.
Invented the telephone which opened the way that the world communicated.
Railroad that spanned across the whole country.
Built a factory for manufacturing sleepers and other railroad cars on the Illinois prairie.
Stockholders gave this company a contract to lay tracks two to three times the actual cost—and pocketed the profits.
The Supreme Court upheld the Granger laws by a vote of seven to two.
Established the right of the federal government to supervise railroad activities and established a five-member Interstate Commerce Commission for that purpose.
rocess in which Carnegie bought out his suppliers.
Companies producing similar products merged.
Grew out of the English naturalist Charles Darwin’s theory of biological evolution.
Established the Standard Oil Company.
made it illegal to form a trust that interfered with free trade between state of with other countries.
Led the Cigar Makers’ International Union to join with other craft unions in 1886.
Focused on collective bargaining, or negotiation between representatives of labor and management, to reach written agreements on wages, hours, and working conditions.
Attempted to form an industrial union—the American Railway Union.
Created by a group of socialists in Chicago, unlike the ARU it included African Americans, but membership never topped 100,000, its only major strike victory occurred in 1912.
Supported the Great Strike of 1877 and later organized for the United Mine Workers of America.
Who was the five we at the time of the Pullman strike
Who was the u.s. president at the time of the strike
Who founded the American railroad union
Who is the founder of the Pullman palace car company
Who protested the use of federal troops?
What does ARU stand for
What college did Richard Olney attend
Who was the attorney general at the time of the Pullman strike
Who was the American federation of labor founded by
Group of corporations run by a single board of directors
A market in which there are many buyers but only one seller
A negative term for buisness leaders that implied they built their fortunes by stealing from the public
A way to manufacture steel quickly and cheaply by blasting hot air through melted iron to quickly remove impurities
The practice where a single manufacturer controls the entire process of a product
A corporate organization in which several branches of a company work together to sell their products in different markets
A social theory which states that the level of a person in society and wealth is determined by their genetic background
He was the creator of the American Federation of Labor from 1886-1924
What city did the Pullman strike begin in
Lead the American Railway Union
Was made to represent all crafts of railroad employees.
An alliance of skilled workers in craft unions; concentrated on brea-and-butter issues such as higher wages, shorter hours, and better working conditions.
The use of an arbitrator to settle a dispute.
Negotiation of wages and other conditions of employment by an organized body of employees.
A labor union of people of the same skilled craft.
A series of laws passed in western states of the United States after the American Civil War to regulate grain elevator and railroad freight rates and rebates and to address long- and short-haul discrimination and other railroad abuses against farmers.
The process of a company increasing production of goods or services at the same part of the supply chain.
a labor union composed of workers in various trades and crafts within one industry.
The labor union of the late 1800s composed mostly of highly skilled craft unions unwilling to sacrifice for unskilled workers easily replaced by scabs during a strike
A theory that individuals, groups, and peoples are subject to the same Darwinian laws of natural selection as plants and animals.
A person who works or is employed in place of others who are on strike, thereby making the strike ineffectual.
On March 25, 1911 was the deadliest industrial disaster in the history of the city, and one of the deadliest in US history.
The combination in one company of two or more stages of production normally operated by separate companies.
A contract between a worker and an employer in which the worker agrees not to remain in or join a union.