It is at the base of the brain.
It controls basic bodily functions such as breating, heart rate, boold pressure, eyeball movement, salivation and taste.
It is above the brain stem. It acts as a bridge between the sensory inputs and the cortex.
It controls bodily functions needed to maintain homeostasis, such as body temperature, sleep, water, and food.
It controls emotions and agression.
It is responsible for memory.
It divides the cerebrum into two halves, or hemispheres and connects them for neural processing.
It is related to processing visual information.
It is responsible for the sense of touch and determines body position.
It is responsible for processing auditory information.
It is related to memory, planning, decision making, goal setting, and creativity.
Technical name for the sense of smell
The specialized sensory receptors for taste that are located on the tongue and inside the mouth and throat
The technical name for the sense of location and position of body parts in relation to one another
The technical name for the sense of balance, or equailibrium
The use of visual cues to perceive the distance or three-dimensional characteristics of objects
Distance or depth cues that require the use of both eyes
The tendency to perceive objects or situations from a particular frame of reference
Founder of Gestalt psychology
The process of detecting a physical stimulus, such as light, sound, heat, or pressure
The process of integrating, organizing, and interpreting sensations.
Principle of sensation that holds that the size of the just noticeable difference will vary depending on its relation to the strength of the original stimulus.
The distance from one wave peak to another
The process by which the lens changes shape to focus incoming light so that it falls on the retina
The long, thin, blunt, sensory receptors of the eye that are highly sensitive to light, but not to color, and that are primarily responsible for peripheral vision and night vision.
Coiled fluid-filled inner-ear structure that contains the basilar membrane and hair cells
part of the ear that collects sound waves; consists of the pinna, the ear canal, and the eardrum
Property of color that corresponds to the purity of the light wave.
The minimum amount of stimulus energy that a person can detect
The perception that a stationary object is moving
The process of focusing awareness on a narrow aspect of the environment
The nerve structure that receives information about sound from the hair cells of the inner ear and carries these neural impulses to the brain’s auditory areas
In the sense of vision, the bringing together and integration of what is processed by different neural pathways or cells
Depth cues that depend on the combination of the images in the left and right eye and on the way the two eyes work together
The operation in sensation and perception in which sensory receptors register information about the external environment and send it up to the brain for interpretation
The receptor cells in the retina that allow for color perception
A binocular cue to depth and distance in which the muscle movements in an individual’s two eyes provide information about how deep and/or far away something is
The ability to perceive objects three-dimensionally
The degree of difference that must exist between two stimuli before the difference is detected
Neurons in the brain’s visual system that respond to particular features of a stimulus
The principle by which we organize the perceptual field into stimuli that stand out (figure) and those that are left over (ground)
Theory on how the inner ear registers the frequency of sound, stating that the perception of a sound’s frequency depends on how often the auditory nerve fires
A school of thought interested in how people naturally organize their perceptions according to certain patterns
The part of the ear that includes the oval window, cochlea, and basilar membrane and whose function is to convert sound waves into neural impulses and send them to the brain
Senses that provide information about movement, posture, and orientation
The part of the ear that channels sound through the eardrum, hammer, anvil, and stirrup to the inner ear
Powerful depth cues available from the image in one eye, either the right or the left
Irrelevant and competing stimuli—not only sounds but also any distracting stimuli for the senses
The lining of the roof of the nasal cavity, containing a sheet of receptor cells for smell
Theory stating that cells in the visual system respond to complementary pairs of red-green and blue-yellow colors; a given cell might be excited by red and inhibited by green, whereas another cell might be excited by yellow and inhibited by blue
The structure at the back of the eye, made up of axons of the ganglion cells, that carries visual information to the brain for further processing
The outermost part of the ear, consisting of the pinna and the external auditory canal
The sensation that warns an individual of damage to the body
Rounded bumps above the tongue’s surface that contain the taste buds, the receptors for taste
The simultaneous distribution of information across different neural pathways
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory information so that it makes sense
persistence of learning over time
process of getting information out of memory storage
memory-immediate, very brief recording
memory-holds a few items briefly
memory-relatively permanent and limitless storehouse
momentary sensory memory of visual
momentary sensory memory of auditory
tendency for distributed study or practice to yield better long-term retention
enhanced memory after actually retrieving
clear memory of emotionally significant moment
impairment of language (often damage to Broca's or Wernicke's)
controls language comprehension and expression
smallest distinctive sound unit
smallest unit in language that carries meaning
inability to form new memories (______ amnesia)
inability to get information from past (_______ amnesia)
Stimulus in the internal and external environment of an organism
Two cells including rods and cones
Carries auditory sensory to the inner ear then to the brain
Known as the ear drum
Triggers nerve impulses
Controls the size of a pupil
Provides sense of taste
Sensitive to light, dark, shape and movement changes
Distinguishes spacial distance between organisms and objects
Small, rounded protuberance on an organ of a body
Responsible for color vision
Translates sound to the nerve and impulses to send to the brain
Detection of odor molecules
Transmits impulses to the brain from the retina
Maintain balance located in inner ear
Basic building block of nervous system
Branchy part of neuron that receives messages and conducts impulses
Neural impulse, charge down an axon
Period of inactivity after a neuron has fired
Level of stimulation needed to trigger neural impulse
Reabsorption of a neurotransmitter by sending neuron
Neurotransmitters linked to pain control and pleasure
Molecule that stimulates
Molecule that inhibits or blocks a response
Glands above the kidneys and secrete hormones that help arouse body during stress
Most influential endocrine system gland. Regulates and controls others.
Base of brainstem, controls heartbeat and breathing
Brain sensory control center, forwards and redirects messages
Directs hunger, drinking, body temperature; emotion and drive
Lobes-receive touch input
Lobes-receive visual input
Study of environmental influences on gene expression
changes in the environment
mechanoreceptors detect touch, pressure, _____ and stretch
receptors that detect changes in temperature
receptors that respond to wavelengths of light
photoreceptors are only found in the _____
receptors that detect chemicals suspended in fluid
receptors that respond to pain if damage to tissue is impending
a mechanoreceptor that detects overstretch of a muscle
a mechanoreceptor that detects overstretch of a tendon
a hair follicle receptor is a kind of _______
___ are sensitive to stimuli outside of the body
_____ are sensitive to stimuli inside of the body
____ inform the brain about limb position
receptors that detect special senses
type of simple receptor with free nerve endings without a connective tissue cover
type of simple receptor with a connective tissue sheath surround it
a mechanoreceptor that allows for hearing
a chemoreceptor that allows for taste
a chemoreceptor that allows for smell
photoreceptors that specialize in vision
The special sense are: vision, hearing, taste, smell and ______.
awareness of changes in the environment
interpretation of sensations
daily maintenance list
early warning signs
acts of kindness
Characterized by regular breathing; occasional jerky movements
Eyes open and bright; attention focused on stimuli; activity level low
Reaction to a sudden nose
A congenitally organized behavior
Whole hand grasping
Grasping between forefinger and thumb
Developer of the dynamic systems approach
Stimulation of a sense organ
Interpretation of sensory stimulation
Active, exploratory use of touch
Sensitivity to gravity and motions of our bodies
A research method used for the study of infant visual ability
Another word for "acuity"
A way to test an infant's depth perception
Type of attention used when focusing on one thing, but not another
One important aspect of attention that develops with age (according to Flavell)
A diagnosis characterized by difficulty sustaining attention and hyperactivity
One thing that influences whether babies sleep independently or in the same room as an adult
a specialized cell transmitting nerve impulses; a nerve cell.
a chemical substance which is released at the end of a nerve fibre by the arrival of a nerve impulse and, by diffusing across the synapse or junction, effects the transfer of the impulse to another nerve fibre, a muscle fibre, or some other structure.
relating to sensation or the physical senses; transmitted or perceived by the senses.
Share. Motor neurone disease (MND) is a condition which causes weakness in the muscles that gets worse and eventually leads to paralysis. It is also known as Lou Gehrig's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or ALS.
a junction between two nerve cells, consisting of a minute gap across which impulses pass by diffusion of a neurotransmitter
near the surface of the body, with special reference to the circulation and nervous system.
a neuron which transmits impulses between other neurons, especially as part of a reflex arc.
the complex of nerve tissues that controls the activities of the body. In vertebrates it comprises the brain and spinal cord.
a non-specialised sensory receptor, or more accurately the receptive portion of a sensory neuron, that codes absolute and relative changes in temperature, primarily within the innocuous range.
a sense organ or cell that responds to mechanical stimuli such as touch or sound.
a sensory cell or organ responsive to chemical stimuli.
A thing or event that evoke a specific functional reaction in the organ or tissue
a region of the forebrain below the thalamus which coordinates both the autonomic nervous system and the activity of the pituitary.