Refers to the blood and its role in carrying gases and nutrients around the body.
The portion of the cardiovascular system that carries oxygen-depleted blood from the heart to the lungs and returns oxygenated blood to the heart.
The blunt point at the bottom of the heart.
The space between two consecutive ribs.
The lower chambers on the left and right chambers of the heart.
Specialised, voluntary muscle tissue that is found in the heart.
The muscular wall that divides the left and right sides of the heart.
A pliable sheet of tissue that surrounds the heart and other organs of the body.
A complex transport system that is responsible for supplying oxygen to the tissues of the body and removing waste products.
A vein carrying oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart.
This is the largest artery in the body. It begins at the top of the left ventricle, the heart's muscular pumping chamber.
A large vein carrying deoxygenated blood into the heart.
What artery supplies oxygenated blood to the circulatory system?
What are the tubes called that help blood circulate blood throughout the body?
What are the tubes called the are surrounded in muscular tissue and help oxygenate the blood?
The two upper cavities of the heart, they help to pass blood through the heart.
What are the two main sides of the heart called?
The muscular tissue of the heart.
The portion of the heart separating the two chambers of the heart.
The fine blood vessels running through the heart.
The vein through the heart that carries the deoxygenated blood.
The valve between the left atrium and the left ventricle.
The artery that carries blood from the right ventricle to the lungs.
Double walled sac that encloses the heart
Outer layer of the heart that is continuous with the pericardium
Forms the bulk of the heart and is composed of mostly cardiac muscle
Glistening white sheet of endothelium that lines the inside of heart chambers, 3rd layer of heart
Chamber of heart that deoxygenated blood from systemic circulation enters
AV valve that separates right atrium and right ventricle
Lower chamber of heart that forces blood into pulmonary circulation
Blood flows through the ________________ valve into the pulmonary trunk.
Blood returning from the lungs flows into this chamber
Two-cusped valve between left atrium and ventricle
Left chamber that pumps blood into systemic circulation
The left ventricle pumps blood through this valve into the aortic trunk
This vessel branches to send blood to both lungs
Large branching vessel that is the beginning of systemic circulation
The thicker myocardium of the ventricles that exherts a greater force
The thinner myocardium of the atria has bundles of muscles called _____________.
Dense network of connective tissue fiber that reinforces myocardium and anchors cardiac muscle fibers
Vessels that carry blood away from heart
Vessels that carry blood back to the heart
small vessels in which blood and tissue cells exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide
Functional blood supply of the heart
place where substances are exchanged between the blood and body cells
the liquid part of blood
a flap of tissue that prevents blood from flowing backward
bloodvessles that carry blood back to the heart
take up oxyhgen in the blood and deliver it to cells elsewhere in the body
the body's disease fighters
consists of the heart, blood vessels, and blood
(singular) lower chambers of the heart
(singular) upper chambers of the heart
the process by which molecules move from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration
largest artery in the body
a force exerted by blood against the walls of blood vessels
the alternating expansion and relaxation of the artery walls
a group of heart cells that sends out signals that make the heart muscle contract
hollow, muscular organ that pumps blood throughout the body
blood vessles that carry blood away from the heart
iron-containing protein that binds chemically to oxygen molecules
the fluid portion of the blood
red blood cells
the oxygen-transporting pigment of erythrocytes
white blood cell
a white blood cell with secretory granules in its cytoplasm (ex. eosinophil/basophil)
the most abundant of the white blood cells
granular white blood cells whose granules readily take up a stain called eosin
white blood cells whose granules stain deep blue with basic dye; have a relatively pale nucleus and granular-appearing cytoplasm
white blood cells with a one-lobed nucleus. no granules in cytoplasm
agranular white blood cells formed in the bone marrow that mature in the lymphoid tissue
large single-nucleus white blood cell; agranular leukocyte
one of the irregular cell fragments of blood; involved in clotting
formation of blood cells
stem cells that give rise to all the formed elements of the blood
the stopping of a flow of blood
the stout wall separating the lower chambers of the heart from one another
begins at the base of the right ventricle, branches into two pulmonary arteries which deliver deoxygenated blood to the corresponding lung
bicuspid and tricuspid
cord-like tendons that connect the papillary muscles to the tricuspid valve and the mitral valve in the heart (heart strings)
lub dub, lub dub
a condition in which the heart produces or is apt to produce a recurring sound indicative of disease or damage
abnormally high blood pressure
a disease of the arteries characterized by the deposition of plaques of fatty material on their inner walls
the membranous sac enveloping the heart
a chamber of the heart receiving blood from the veins; superior heart chambers
discharging chambers of the heart
system of blood vessels that carry blood to and from the lungs for gas exchange
major systemic artery; arises from the left ventricle of the heart
systems of blood vessels that carries nutrient- and oxygen-rich blood to all the body organs
valves that prevent blood return to the ventricles after contraction
the contraction phase of heart activity
a period (between contractions) of relaxation of the heart during which it fills with blood
a volume of blood ejected by a ventricle during systole
sequence of events encompassing one complete contraction and relaxation of the atria and ventricles of the heart
in warm conditions, the diameter of small blood vessels near the surface of the body increases, which increases blood flow
in cold conditions, the diameter of small blood vessels near the surface of the body decreases, which reduces blood flow
vessel that carries oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left atrium
vessel that carries deoxygenated blood from the right ventricle to the lungs
cell fragments which help in blood clotting
straw-coloured liquid part of blood
bright red substance formed when oxygen binds to haemoglobin in red blood cells; this is how oxygen is transported to tissues
white blood cells that produce antibodies and antitoxins to destroy pathogens
chemical found in red blood cells which binds to oxygen to transport it around the body
the net movement of particles from a high concentration to a lower concentration (along their concentration gradient)
small blood vessels that are one cell thick and permeable for diffusion of gases; join arteries to veins
blood vessels with thick elastic walls that carry oxygenated blood away from the heart under high pressure
artery that carries oxygenated blood from the left ventricle to tissues around the body
the anterior (nearer to the head) chambers of the heart that receive blood from the body or lungs
vein that carries deoxygenated blood from the body to the right atrium
the lower chambers of the heart that pump blood around the body (left) or back to the lungs (right)
muscle that makes up the heart; it continuously contracts and relaxes
blood cells with a concave shape which are adapted to the transport of oxygen. As they move through the blood vessels they carry oxygen from the lungs to body cells
Main artery of the body
Carries blood from upper body
Carries blood from lower body
Left lower chamber of heart that receives blood from the left atrium
Deoxygenated blood enters from Inferior Vena Cava to this chamber
Carries high O2 blood towards the heart
The Semilunar Valve seperating the Aorta from the Left Ventricle that prevents bloodflow backwards
Acts as a holding chamber for blood returning from lungs and acts as pump to transport blood
Right side valve between Right Atrium and the Right Ventricle
Pumps Low O2 blood out of the heart
The valve between the Left Atrium ad Left Ventricle
Between Left Ventricle and Aorta
Right side lower chamber that receives blood from Right Atrium
Function is to make sure blood is flowing how it should
Found on both sides of the heart
A tube used to transport blood vessels throughout the body (4)
One of the hearts chambers that recieves oxygenated blood from the lungs (4-6)
One of the hearts chambers that recieves deoxygenated blood from the body (5-6)
chamber within the heart that pumps deoxygenated blood to the lungs (5-9)
chamber of the heart that pumps oxygenated blood to the body (4-9)
Part of the body supplying blood with oxygen (4)
cartilaginous tube that connects the pharynx and larynx to the lungs (7)
the air sacs at the end of the respiratory tree of the lungs (7)
an extremely small blood vessel located within the body tissues (11)
the main artery in the human body, originating from the left ventricle of the heart (5)
also known as the oral cavity (5)
the body's primary organ of smell and also functions as part of the body's respiratory system (4)
a chemical element with symbol O (6)
a passage of airway in the respiratory tract that conducts air into the lungs (7)
the tube that carries food from the throat to the stomach (10)
What type of circulation does the heart use?
How many sections are in your heart?
How many ventricles are there in your body?
How many atrium's are in your body?
Which large vein brings oxygen/poor blood from the upper parts of the body to the right atrium?
Brngs oxygen/poor blood from lower regions of the body to the right atrium?
This chamber of the heart receives deoxygenated blood from the body.
The chamber of the heart that pumps oxygen/ poor blood to the lungs.
Carries poor oxygenated blood from the right ventricle to the left lung.
Blood vessels that carry oxygenated from the lungs to the left atrium.
Divides the left and right chambers of the heart.
circulation of blood between the heart and lungs.
Tiny, thin walled blood vessels that allow the exchange of gasses and nutrients between the blood and the cells of the body.
Blood vessels that carry blood back to the heart.
Blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart.
Colorless watery fluid of blood and lymph containing no cells and in which erythrocytes and leukocytes and platelets are suspended.
Tiny disk shaped bodies in the blood, very important in blood clot formation.
Blood cells containing hemoglobin that carry oxygen through the bloodstream.
Disease fighting cells in Blood cells containing hemoglobin that carry oxygen through the bloodstream.
What are the different types of blood?
The blood pressure (as measured by a sphygmomanometer) after the contraction of the heart while the chambers of the heart refill with blood.
The blood pressure (as measured by a sphygmomanometer) during the contraction of the left ventricle of the heart.
Circulation that supplies blood to all the body except to the lungs.
The system of heart and blood vessels that circulate blood throughout the body.
blood cell that fights infection by destroying microscopic, disease-causing organisms
either of the two lower chambers of the heart that pumps blood through arteries
blood vessel that carries blood to the heart
blood cell that carries oxygen throughout the body
muscular organ that pumps blood throughout the body
body system that includes the heart, blood vessels and blood
tiny blood vessel
a tube in the body through which blood flows
artery that carries blood from the right ventricle to the lungs
vein that carries blood from the lungs to the left atrium
either of the two upper chambers of the heart that receives blood from the veins
blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart
The system that is made up of the heart, blood vessels, and blood
Is a flap of tissue that prevents blood from flowing backwards
Another name for the circulatory system
Another name for the circulatory system
A group of cells that adjusts the speed of the heart beat
The largest artery
Number of lower chambers
A kind of blood vessel
Substances are exchanged between the body and blood cells
The muscular organ that pumps blood through the body
What type of muscle is the heart made of?
The sound that the heart makes
Two organs that helps us breathe
What moves from the lungs into the blood
The name of the upper chambers