No person in the United States shall, on the grounds of race, color, national origin, age or disability be subjected to unlawful discrimination under any program or activity conducted by or which receives Federal financial assistance.
Under the _______ complaint process for employees and applicants for employment, you may file a complaint if you believe you have been discriminated against on one or more of the following bases: race, color, religion, sex, gender, sexual orientation, gender identity, national origin, age, physical or mental disability, genetic information, or reprisal for protected activity.
Denial of services, aids, or benefits; provision of different service or in a different manner; and segregation or separate treatment.
Signed the landmark Civil Rights Act of 1964.
Title VI protects ________ who is in the United States.
The award or grant of money, the use or rental of federal land or property at below market value, federal training, a loan of federal personnel, subsidies, and other arrangements with the intention of providing assistance.
An entity that receives, directly or indirectly, financial assistance from a federal agency.
Individuals and entities that directly or indirectly receive an advantage through the operation of a federal program.
Often involves a statement from a decision-maker that expresses a discriminatory motive.
Also known as indirect evidence, requires the fact finder to make an inference or presumption.
Can be used show that an ostensibly race-neutral action actually causes a pattern of discrimination, a racially disproportionate impact, or foreseeably discriminatory results.
A case in which the evidence produced is sufficient to enable a decision or verdict to be made unless the evidence is rebutted.
Is a deliberate action used to send a clear message that complaining is unwelcome and risky. It is employed to instill fear in others who might consider making a complaint in the future.
Report of Investigation
Final Agency Decision
to clear from charge or accusation
to hear and settle a case
An act that violates the law
Written declaration made under oath
An assertion that must be proved with evidence
A defendant’s defense against charges
Transferring a case to a higher court for review
Hears court appeals and reviews decisions
Objecting that admits facts of an opponent’s argument that denies they sustain pleading
To call the accused to answer the charge
Someone’s specific attorney
Responsible for the case
Assessing the cause of death and examining the cadaver
Money in exchange for release of the arrested, in guarantee that they’ll come to trial
Court attendant who keeps order
Responsible of proving a charge or allegation
Facts or evidence in support of claim
Hall for trials and court
Laws of a nation dealing with rights of citizens
Summing up important arguments, after seeing evidence
Filed in court against someone, by a plaintiff
When someone is officially guilty of a crime
Someone who investigates suspicious deaths
One who gives advice on legal matters
Group of people who make decisions about legal cases, and the time when this happens
When the accused is charged and judged
System for those who commit (or are accused of) crimes
Witness is interrogated/extends testimony
Award as compensation for loss/injury, usually money
The accused party
Questioning a witness
Fair treatment of anyone in court
Anything giving information on the case(documents, testimony, items)
Document or article that is inspected; a form of evidence
Crime that is more serious than a misdemeanor
Formal charge for crime
Court order that prohibits a party of from specific action
Witnesses must leave the room when someone is appealing to the judge
One who hears and decides on court of law
Right to interpret and apply law
A jury of 12-23 people
Sits at civil and criminal cases
People or things that can prove one side’s version of what happened
The document that created the judicial branch
Asking an appellate court to review a case
Type of case about someone accused of committing a crime
Court system that deals with United States laws
Court system that deals with state laws
Type of case relating to peoples’ rights
Group of people that decides a case after hearing the evidence
Number of justices on the Supreme Court
the court of last resort
The Supreme Court’s power to decide what is constitutional
The lowest court in the federal system
Term used to protect the rights of individuals
False accusations in writting
An opinion in the supreme court that emphasizes the majority
Practice of spying for a foreign power
The review by the supreme court of a decision made by a lower court
Supreme court Chief Justice
The right to remain silent
A law that Established a Federal Civil Rights Commission.
An African American semstress who would Not give up her seat on a bus to a white person
A leading figure when it comes to Civil Rights (Chief Justice)
A baptist minister who helped lead the Civil Rights Movement
A movement of young Civil Rights activist founded in 1960
A protest between blacks and whites to ban segregation on the interstate busses
Over 200,000 people rallied for Economic Equality and Civil Rightd because of Discrimination
Discrimination was outlawed in public places and for enployment
Try to register African American voters in Mississippi
A religious organization that advocated seperation of the race held by African Americans
A movement that urged African Americans to use collective political and economic power to gain equal power
An organization of militant that African Americans were found in
Became president after Abraham Lincoln
the period of rebuilding after the civil war
wanted to give African Americans full citizenship
Radical Republican who defended slaves
Bill passed in 1864 and vetoed by President Lincoln
federal agency to help former slaves
discriminatory laws passed through the south post civil war
all citizenship given to all born or naturalized in the US
formerly charge an officer with misconduct
amendment in 1870 that prohibits people of race to be denied to vote
northerner who moved to south after civil war
first African American senator
system where landowners give farmworkers land and seed in return for some of the crop
farmers who supply their own tools and rent farmland for cash
confederate veterans prohibiting Africans from their rights
court case that has to do with "seperate but equal"
Students wore black wristbands to protest discrimination
was instrumental in ending legal segregation and became the first African-American justice of the Supreme Court.
state and local laws enforcing racial segregation in the Southern United States
federal law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in any federally funded education program or activity
aimed at abolishing wage disparity based on sex
ended segregation in public places and banned employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin
Laws that prohibit discrimination in the work place
Student could not get into UT because he was Black
admission policies that provide equal access to education for those groups that have been historically excluded
prohibits any poll tax in elections for federal officials.
case against abortion
challenged segregation in Orange County, California
made the segregation of children of Mexican descent in Texas illegal
the first and only Mexican-American civil-rights case heard and decided by the United States Supreme Court during the post-World War II period
Court ruled that members of both houses of a state legislature must be chosen from districts approximately equal in population.
concerning public school finances
Breaking down of racial separation
Congress of Racial Equality
A black woman who refused to move to the back of the bus
President Eisenhower sends troops to this high school
Rosa didn't move to the back of the bus in
Four black college students began _____ at lunch
"I have a dream..."
The speech delivered to hundreds at the
Black men and women walked fifty-four miles which created the
African American Civil Rights
Who was the first African American to graduate from Little Rock High School?
In the University of Mississippi _____, the first black man to attend
Emmett Till was from
Who was killed after trying to protect his mother and grandfather?
Who was chosen to lead the Montgomery Bus Boycott
/Michael Schwerner, James Chaney, and Andrew Goodman's deaths brought
Former NAACP worker
Crime committed because of a persons race, religion, or sex
Little Rock nine got put into school because of this movement
Activists who rode on a bus that were segregated
A committee that included many different Civil rights movements founded by the SCLC
Girl who was expelled before her first class at U of A
Killing someone without giving them a legal trial
Providing equal pay to everyone no matter their race or gender
Separating certain races from every other race
A racist group
Thinking or believing that one race is better than the rest
Law separating blacks from whites
The act or practice rather than the category of an individual
Supreme Court saying that schools cannot segregate
_____ law is for disputes between individuals
________ law is for wrongs committed against the state
lying in court while under oath
Mens ____ the mental element of a crime (2)
Actus ______ the physical element of a crime (2)
the party being sued in a lawsuit
the party suing someone else in a lawsuit
compensation paid to a successful litigant
a previous legal decision that courts rely on to make future decisions
one of the words in ADR
a written statement under oath
when a higher court reviews the judgement of a lower court trial
a formal accusation of a serious crime
money given to the court to ensure that the defendant will return to face trial
_______________ law, used in English Canada, has been developed through case decisions by judges, not by legislation
____________ claim: when the defendant in a civil action sues the plaintiff right back
_____________ judgements are made if the defendant in a civil action doesn't appear for the trial
a formal meeting before a lawsuit begins in order to disclose information or facts
to collect money or property via a court order
testimony given by a witness who tells second hand information, generally not allowed
Habeas __________ a court order used to bring a person physically before a court in order to see if there is enough evidence to proceed to criminal trial
a court order to stop doing, or to start doing, a specific act
a resolution process where an impartial third party assists to voluntarily reach a mutually acceptable settlement
release from incarceration after serving part of a sentence
temporarily, or indefinitely, stopping a judicial proceeding
a civil injury or wrong to someone else
_____________ damages: compensation for future lost earnings, or pain and suffering
_____________ damages are compensation for lost wages or expenses before a civil trial begins
an order to appear in court to testify as a witness
State level legal codes of segregation, such as literacy requirements and poll taxes
In 1955, after Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a city bus, Dr. Martin L. King led a boycott of city busses. After 11 months the Supreme Court ruled that segregation of public transportation was illegal.
a 1896 Supreme Court decision which legalized state ordered segregation so long as the facilities for blacks and whites were equal
Nonviolent protests in which a person sits and refuses to leave
The prejudice that members of one race are superior to members of other races
1955 a 14 year old black boy said "Bye, Baby" to a white woman in Mississippi. In response, he was brutally murdered
The intermixing of people or groups previously segregated
the students were initially prevented from entering the racially segregated school by Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus
United States civil rights leader whose college registration caused riots in traditionally segregated Mississippi (born in 1933)
American civil rights lawyer, first black justice on the Supreme Court of the United States. Marshall was a tireless advocate for the rights of minorities and the poor
Refused to give up her seat to a white passenger. After she was jailed, the Montgomery bus boycott was organized
U.S. Baptist minister and civil rights leader. A noted orator, he opposed discrimination against blacks by organizing nonviolent resistance and peaceful mass demonstrations. He was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee. Nobel Peace Prize (1964)
An organization founded by James Leonard Farmer in 1942 to work for racial equality
Southern Christian Leadership Conference, churches link together to inform blacks about changes in the Civil Rights Movement, led by MLK Jr., was a success
the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, an organization founded on February 12, 1909, that works to obtain equal rights for all Americans
to end the separation of two groups of people, or to free of laws or practices that have maintained this separation, in an area or facility
biasedly treating one person or one group differently from others based on something other than merit
preconceived opinion that is not based on reason or actual experience
President Mandated desegregation of the interstate system
incident in which nine African-American students were prevented from attending Little Rock Central High in 1957 during the Civil Rights Movement
The amendment that ended slavery
Southern laws designed to restrict the rights of the newly freed black slaves
was an African-American revolutionary organization established to promote Black Power, and by extension self-defense (using arms) for blacks. It was active in the United States from the mid-1960s into the 1970s
It outlawed taxing voters, i.e. poll taxes, at presidential or congressional elections, as an effort to remove barriers to Black voters
segregation by custom
a key leader in India's struggle for independence, inspired MLK to give speaches in blacks civil rights and encourage them to remain nonviolent
provides billions of dollars nationally in the form of grants, loans, and student employment for students to pursue post secondary education
a collection of different types of financial aid from multiple sources
students, parents, and borrowers are required to use an.
a set amount of time after you graduate, leave school, or drop below half-time enrollment before you must begin repayment on your loan.
one who meets at least one of the following criteria: You are working on a degree beyond a bachelor's, such as a master's or doctorate. You have a child or children, or other legal dependents, who receive more than half their financial support from you.
the proportion of a loan that is charged as interest to the borrower, typically expressed as an annual percentage of the loan outstanding.
Some money for college is awarded without regard for financial need.
is defined as a formal process focus on how a product addresses the needs of a human.
the final price paid for goods or services after subtracting tax and any other costs
payment in excess of what is due
A quantitative estimate of the parents ability to contribute to the post secondary educational expenses of an independent student
the amount of money borrowed by the student
a signed document containing a written promise to pay a stated sum to a specified person or the bearer at a specified date or on demand.
omeone who is enrolled or accepted for enrollment in an eligible institution for the purpose of obtaining a degree or certificate offered by the school.
a federal regulation requiring the U-M Office of Financial Aid to monitor the progress of each student who is receiving financial aid as they move toward completing their degree
The system used in the United States to draft young people into armedservice. Though the United States at present has no draft, young men are required by law to register with the Selective Service when they reach the age of eighteen.
a paper or electronic document that gives you some basic information about your eligibility for federal student aid and lists your answers to the questions on your Free Application for Federal Student Aid
the amount of income used to calculate an individual's or a company's income tax due.
the Higher Education Act of 1965 (HEA) covers the administration of the United States federal student financial aid programs
The Federal Government pays the interest for Direct Subsidized Loans while the student is in college or while the loan is in deferment
all incommode received that is not reported to the IRS
the process of establishing the truth, accuracy, or validity of something.