Cramping pain after childbirth caused by alternating relaxation and contraction of uterine muscles.
Afterpains
A disorder in which amniotic fluid with its particulate matter enters the pregnant woman’s circulation, lodging in her lungs.
Anaphylactoid syndrome
Development of strong affectional ties as a result of interaction between an infant and a significant other (such as mother, father, sibling, caretaker)
Attachment
Development of a strong emotional tie of a parent to a newborn.
Bonding
Encircling the cervix with sutures to prevent recurrent spontaneous abortion caused by early cervical dilation.
Cerclage
Separation of the longitudinal muscles of the abdomen (rectus abdominis) during pregnancy.
Diastasis recti
Stretching of the cervical os to permit suctioning or scraping of the walls of the uterus. The procedure is performed to obtain samples of endometrial tissue for lab examination, during the postpartum period to remove retained fragments of placenta.
Dilation and curettage
Difficult or painful coitus in women.
Dyspareunia
Form of hypertension of pregnancy complicated by generalized (grand mal) seizures
Eclampsia
Implantation of a fertilized ovum in any area other than the uterus; most commonly the fallopian tube
Ectopicpregnancy
Infection of the inner lining of the uterus
Endometritis
Inability of the cervix to remain closed long enough during pregnancy for the fetus to reach a maturity sufficient to survive
Incompetentcervix
Reddish or red-brown vaginal discharge that occurs immediately after childbirth; composed mostly of blood.
Lochia rubra
Pink or brown-tinged vaginal discharge that follows lochia rubra and precedes lochia alba; composed largely of serous exudate, blood, and leukocytes.
Lochia serosa
White, cream-colored, or light yellow vaginal discharge that follows lochia serosa. Occurs when the amount of blood is decreased and the number of leukocytes is increased.
Lochia alba
Infant birth weight above the 90th percentile for gestational age.
Macrosomia
Infections of the breast.
Mastitis
Release of milk from the alveoli into the ducts.
Milk ejection reflex
A placenta that is abnormally adherent to the uterine muscle.
Placenta accreta
Temporary, self-limited period of tearfulness experienced by many new mothers beginning the first week after childbirth.
Postpartum blues
Period of depression with onset during pregnancy or within 4 weeks after childbirth that last at least 2 weeks. It includes depressed mood or loss of interest in almost all activities. It also includes at least four of the following: changes in appetite or weight, sleep, and psychomotor activity; decreased energy; feelings of worthlessness or guilt; difficulty thinking, concentrating or making decisions; recurrent thoughts of death or suicide; or death or suicide plans or attempts.
Postpartum depression
A hypertensive disorder of pregnancy characterized by hypertension and proteinuria.
Preeclampsia
Delayed return of the uterus to its nonpregnant size and consistency.
Subinvolution
Drug that inhibits uterine contractions.
Tocolytic
Turning of the uterus inside out after birth of the fetus.
Uterine inversion
Branching of umbilical cord vessels in the amniotic sac rather than inserting into the placenta.
Vasa previa