the process by which a minority group adopts the language and customs of a dominant population; in the mid-1900s assimilation of Indigenous Australians into white society became ofcial government policy
an economic system under which the means of production (e.g. factories, farms and machinery) are privately owned by individuals or corporations and run to generate prots; as opposed to state-owned and controlled systems such as socialism and communism
a ‘head count’ or audit of the number of people living in a particular place at a particular time; information collected during a census can include age, occupation, income, religious beliefs etc.
to leave one country or region to settle in another
a group of countries and/or areas, often with different languages and having different cultures, ruled by a central power or leader (known as an emperor)
the process by which separate colonies or states form a unied nation with a central government; the Commonwealth of Australia was established in 1901 after the six colonies were joined
the act of entering and settling permanently in a country or region to which a person is not native
the process of gaining and maintaining control over other countries, regions or territories for economic or strategic (military) reasons
a process in which a society or country transforms from an economy based mainly on agriculture and farming into one based on manufacturing and industry
information or material that attempts to inuence the behaviour or opinions of people within a society; propaganda can take many forms (e.g. posters, yers, advertising campaigns, lms) and is designed to promote a particular cause or course of action and/or damage the cause of an enemy
money paid by one country to another as compensation for damage, injuries and deaths it has caused during war
an economic system under which the means of production (e.g. factories, farms and machinery) are publicly owned and resources are allocated to the people according to need; as opposed to privately owned and controlled systems such as capitalism
a term used to describe the increase in the numbers of people living in urban areas (i.e. cities) versus rural areas (i.e. farms)