A government that reflects the needs of the people is said to be a ___________ government.
representative
The name given to the upper house of Commonwealth Parliament.
Senate
s109 of the constitution deals with areas of ________________
inconsistencies
The political party who holds a majority of seats in the lower house
government
The type of power where only Commonwealth Parliament can legislate in
exclusive
Areas of law-making left with the states at the time of Federation.
residual
s128 outlines this process
referendum
A formal written request to change the law
petition
The lower house of Victorian Parliament is known as the Legislative __________
assembly
Laws may change due to a change in our morals and beliefs. This reason is referred to as changing _______
values
The principal of separation of powers involves the three powers of legislative, judicial and _________
executive
A proposed law
bill
The purpose of the bill is outlined during this stage; _________ reading.
second
When State Parliament pass on some of their law-making powers to Commonwealth Parliament.
referral
This High Court Interpretation case involved the interpretation of s51(5) "other like services"
Brislan
The Tasmanian Dam case involved the High Court interpreting s51(xxix). This section related to ________ _________
external affairs
A method individuals and groups may use to influence change when they gather in large groups
demonstration
The name (abbrev) of the law reform body that investigates area of law for Victorian Parliament
VLRC
Shared law-making powers of State and Commonwealth Parliament.
concurrent
An example of a concurrent power
marriage
An example of a residual power
education
s115 prevent State Parliaments from _______ money
coining
When a court makes a law, this is known as a __________?
precedent
A decision of a court that must be followed by all courts lower in the same hierarchy
binding
A judge may find material facts of the case that are different, and therefore is not bound to follow a precedent.
distinguishing
The binding part of a judge's statement is the ratio _____________
decidendi
Judges opinion/Things said by the way
obiter dictum
When the Governor-General or Governor sign off on a bill after it has passed through both house of parliament.
royal assent
Rights that are explicitly written in the constitution
express
Freedom of political communication is an example of this type of right
implied
The right to _______ is protected through structural protection
vote
As new situations arise, they need to be covered by the law to reduce the opportunity for individuals and groups being exploited or harmed; this is due to advances in ___________
technology
Newspapers, talk-back shows and letters to the editor are examples of this method individuals and groups can use to influence chnange
media
When Canadian Parliament repass legislation that goes against a right within their charter, this law lasts for 5 years and is known as the ________ clause.
sunset
A reason why courts may need to interpret a statute is due to words having more than one meaning, this means that words are _____________
ambiguous
When interpreting statutes, courts may look at other sections of the act, the long title, preamble etc. This approach is using _________ materials
intrinsic
A method used by courts when interpreting statutes known as the class rule
ejusdem generis
The system of having two houses, an upper and lower house
bicameral
All powers given to Commonwealth Parliament under the constitution
specific
The High Court interpretation of the constitution does not change the wording but gives __________ to it.
meaning
An example of a referral of power was in relation to ______________
terrorism