The study of word formation
Morphology
The study of how words form larger structures such as phrases, clauses and sentences
Syntax
Taking an approach to language study that focuses on how language is actually used
Descriptive
Taking an approach to language study that focuses on rules and notions of correctness
Prescriptive
An auxiliary verb that joins with a main verb to show tense
Primary Auxiliary Verb
An auxiliary verb that joins with a main verb to show the degree of commitment towards an event or person that a speaker holds
Modal Auxiliary Verb
A morpheme that can stand on its own and can usually form a word in its own right
Root
A morpheme that comes after a root word to modify its meaning
Suffix
A morpheme that goes before a root word to modify its meaning
Prefix
The overall term for an addition to a root to modify its meaning ot create a new word
Affix
The way than an affix shows a grammatical category such as a verb tense or a plural noun
Inflectional Function
The way that an affix helps form a new word by attaching itself to a root
Derivational Function
A group of words built around a noun
Noun Phrase
A group of words built around a head (main) verb
Verb Phrase
The main noun in the phrase
Head Word
A word that goes before the head noun to add detail or clarify some aspect of it
Pre-modifer
An additional word or phrase that adds some further detail to the noun
Qualifier
A word that comes after the head noun to add detail or clarify some aspect of it
Post-modifier
Groups of words centered around a verb phrase
Clause
The joining of two clauses that gives them equal weighting
Coordination

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