Jewish folk music klezmer
Jews with Spanish or Portuguese lineage Sephardic
Jews born in Israel sabras
Hebrew for Western Wall kotel
group of nomadic Arab people who live primarily in the desert Bedouins
name of the Israeli Parliament Knesset
city where Knesset building is located Jerusalem
Israeli political parties work together to form these in order to win majority coalitions
Jews living scattered outside of Israel Diaspora
name of Israeli army in English Israel Defense Forces
alternative to army service national service
the first wave of mass immigration to Israel was known as First Aliyah
organized attacks on Jews pogroms
communal settlements in Israel kibbutz
the UN's plan to divide the land into separate Jewish and Arab states Partition Plan
A surprise attack against Israel was carried out on this holiday in 1973 Yom Kippur
farming technique used because of Israel's water scarcity drip irrigation
only subway in Israel Carmelit
Israeli unit of currency shekel
a large industry in Israel that involves vacations tourism
Jews living outside Israel Diaspora
Egypt president planned to joint Arab to attack Israel on the date of Yom Kippur Anwar Sadat
Israeli teacher, stateswoman, and politician and 4th Prime Minister of Israel, she created American Young Sister Society Golda Meir
dedicated to the establishment of an independent state for Palestinian Arabs and elimination of Israel PLO
chairman of PLO carried out the group gave a lot of attacks against Israel Yasir Arafat
At the year 1979, It was first signed agreement Arab country and Israel. Egypt recognized Israel as rightful country Camp David Accords
UPRISING, Palestinians express their frustrations and make civil disobedience Intifada
An agreement to grant Palestinians self-rule in Gaza Strip and West Bank Oslo Peace Accords
movement for re-establishment and development and protection of a Jewish nation which now is Israel Zionists
British government decided to endorse the establishment of Jewish home in Palestine Balfour Declaration
an organized massacre of a particular ethnic group, mostly Jews in Russia and eastern Europe Pogroms
Palestinian Liberation Organization PLO
a movement for the original re-establishment and protection of a Jewish state (Israel) Zionism
scattered population with a common origin in a smaller geographic location Diaspora
a period in time where the Jews were treated very harshly by the Germans (Nazis) Holocaust
The __________ _________ was a letter from the United Kingdom's Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour to Walter Rothschild, a leader of the British Jewish community, for transmission to the Zionist Federation of Great Britain and Ireland Balfour Declaration
people of this type speak the Arabic language Arab
home to the Palestinians Palestine
Jewish promise land Israel
Anwar el-Sadat;Menachem Begin;Jimmy Carter Camp David Accords
The Israelis defended the war as a preventative military effort to counter what the Israelis saw as an impending attack by Arab nations that surrounded Israel (1967) Six Day War
holiest day of the year in Judaism Yom Kippur
the Palestinian uprising against Israeli occupation of the West Bank and Gaza Strip, beginning in 1987 Intifada
the action or state of dividing or being divided into parts Partition
hatred of Jews Anti-Semitism
one of the largest empires in history Ottoman Empire
Austrian Zionist Leader Theodor Herzl
Capital of the Eastern Roman Empire Constantinople
commonly known as Suleiman the Magnificent Suleiman
what is the small section of land that the Arabs call Palestine Gazastrip
what the economic status of most of the Arab people poverty
What the Arab people think Israel is Palestine
what the Israeli people and the Palestinian are at war
The home land for Jews Israel
What the Arab people practice Islam
Where the Arab people live RefugeCamp
This is what the Arab people have to go through to travel Checkpoints
Where Israel is located MiddleEast
What Israel has been dropping on Israel Bombs
This is what the Jewish people practice Judaism
Israels capital Jerusalem
A large section of land that the Arab people call Palestine WestBank
the river that separates Israel and Jordan Jordan River
A holy sight for Jewish people that is located in Jerusalem wailing wall
A separation of two or more things Partitioning
A formal agreement between two or more countries in reference to peace and alliance. Treaty
An international organization formed after WWII to facilitate cooperation in international law and security. United Nations
People who have to leave their home country as a result of war Refugees
An organization for several Arab groups dedicated to the recovery of Palestine from the state of Israel PLO
An Arab formerly living in Palestine who advocates the establishment of an Arab homeland Palestinians
A set of simplistic generalizations about a group that allows others to categorize them. Stereotype
Hatred of Jews because they practice the Jewish faith Anti-Semitism
A time when over 6 million Jews were killed in concentration camps set up by Germany Holocaust
Information, ideas, or rumors deliberately spread to help or harm a person, group, or nation Propaganda
Oasis GREEN/LUSH AREA IN THE DESERT FED BY WATER UNDERGROUND.
Desalinization THE PROCESS OF REMOVING SALT FROM SEAWATER TO MAKE IT DRINKABLE.
O.P.E.C OIL PRODUCING AND EXPORTING COUNTRIES/ORGANIZATION OF PETROLEM EXPORTING COUNTRIES.
Hammurabi's Code HAMMURABI WAS BABYLON'S GREATEST KING AND HE MADE A SET OF LAWS OR CODES.
Israeli A NATIVE OR INHABITANT OF ISREAL, OR A PERSON OF ISRAELI DESCENT.
Arab AN ETHNIC GROUP OF PEOPLE LIVING PRIMARILY IN ARAB STATES IN SW ASIA AND NORTH AFRICA.
Palestinians ARAB PEOPLE LIVING IN ISRAEL, MOST ARE MUSLIMS.
Pharaoh EGYPTIAN KING.
Shah TITLE FOR A KING IN IRAN.
Muhammad MUSLIMS BELIVE THAT MUHMMAD IS THE LAST PROPHET OF ALLAH.
Monotheism BELIEF THAT THERE IS ONLY ONE GOD.
Polytheism BELIEF THAT THERE IS MORE THAN ONE GOD.
Church PLACE OF WORSHIP FOR FOLLOWERS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.
Synagogue PLACE OF WORSHIP FOR FOLLOWERS OF THE JEWISH FAITH.
Mosque PLACE OF WORSHIP FOR THE ISLAMIC FOLLOWERS.
Jerusalem HOLY CITY TO CHRISTIANS,JEWS AND MUSLIMS.
Mecca/Makkah MUSLIM HOLY CITY LOCATED IN SAUDI ARABIA.
Five Pillars of Faith FOLLOWERS OF THE ISLAMIC FAITH ARE EXPECTED TO FOLLOW THESE 5 PRINCIPLES.
Hajj RELIGIOUS JOURNY TO MECCA/MAKKAH THAT MUSLIMS ARE EXPECTED TO MAKE AT LEAST ONCE DURING THAIR LIFETIME.
Bible HOLY BOOK FOR CHRISTIANS.
Torah HOLY BOOK FOR THE JEWISH RELIGION.
Koran/Quran/Qu'ran MUSLIM HOLY BOOK
the dispersion of the Jews outside Israel Diaspora
food that fulfills the requirements of Jewish dietary law kosher
a coastal region at the southeastern corner of the Mediterranean bordering Israel and Egypt Gaza
an area between Israel and Jordan on the west bank of the Jordan river West Bank
a collective farm or settlement owned by its members in modern Israel Kibbutz
a policy for establishing and developing a national homeland for Jews in Palestine Zionism
capital and largest city of the modern state of Israel Jerusalem
head of government in Israel Prime Minister
one of Israel’s official languages Arabic
very important Jewish holiday Yom Kippur
spring holiday that celebrates the Israelites’ escape from captivity in ancient Egypt Passover
a river that runs through Israel and empties into a large lake called the Dead Sea Jordan River
one of Israel's largest citities Tel Aviv
what Israel is often referred to because its home to many scared sites Holy Land
descendants of the Hebrews and ancestors of the Jews Israelites
who was incharge of Jerusalem After World War I The British control
In 1947 the United Nations voted to divide what place Palestine
At 18 most of the people of Israeli have to serve at least one year in what the military
75 percent of Israel’s population is Jewish
a holy day that takes place from sun-set Friday until sundown Saturday the Sabbath
Many people who come to Israel not knowing what offcial language of israel Hebrew
what is the name of the lake that is the lowest point on earth, and also is located in Israel The Dead Sea
technology that was developed in Israel, and is used daily on phones Voice mail
In the summer olympics Israel has a total of 7 of what medal bronze medal
Egypt's largest dam and source of hydoelectric power Aswan High Dam
Lake with extremely high salt content located at mouth of the Jordan River. Dead Sea
Shipping route connecting the Mediterranean Sea with the Gulf of Suez Suez Canal
A landlocked territory near the Mediterranean coast of Western Asia, forming the bulk of the Palestinian territories West Bank
Green/lush area in a desert fed by water from under ground Oasis
The process of removing salt from seawater to make it drinkable Desalinization
Oil Producing and Exporting Countries/Organization of Petrolium OPEC
Some of these laws seemed cruel by our standards, but the code was created to attempt to equalize these laws and make them more just Hammurabis Code
a native or inhabitant of Israel, or a person of Israeli descent Israeli
Arab people living in Israel, most are Muslims Palestinians
An Egyptian king Pharaoh
Title for the king in Iran Shah
Muslims believe that _____ is the last prophet of Allah Muhammad
Belief that there is only one God Monotheism
Belief that there is more that one God Polytheism
Place of worship for followers of the Christian faith Church
Place of worship for the followers of the Jewish faith Synagogue
Place of worship for the Islamic followers (Muslims) Mosque
Holy City to Christians, Jews, & Muslims Jerusalem
Muslim holy city located in Saudi Arabia Mecca
Followers of the Islamic faith are expected to follow these 5 principles Five Pillars of Faith
The religious journey to Mecca, Muslims are expected to make at least one trip there in their lifetime. The 5th Pillar of Faith Hajj
Holy Book for Christians Bible
Holy Book for the Jewish religion Torah
Muslim holy book Koran
Ethnic group of people living in Arab states in SW Asia & North Africa Arab
What time of year is Yom Kippur celebrated? October
How long is Yom Kippur? 25hrs
What is the main reason for Yom Kippur? Make Amends
What type of prayer do Jews do? Synagogues
Is fasting a Jewish custom of Yom Kippur Yes
One of the customs of Yom Kippur is to (answer) Apologize
Do you go work on Yom Kippur No
How many customs are on Yom Kippur? four
How long do Jews fast? 25 Hours
Do Jews amend their the past year or future? Past Year