Type
Crossword
Description

The dropping of weathered rock by wind or moving water. deposition
Very small pieces of rock, sand, and silt carried by water. Sediment
A hill's _______ affects how gravity will act on it. slope
The process of moving weathered rock from one place to another. erosion
This causes rocks and sediment to slide down mountains and cliffs. gravity
Huge sheets of ice. glaciers
The ______ from flowing water can carry sediment down a river. energy
When huge chunks of rock and soil slide down a slope all at once. landslide
The process of rock breaking apart. weathering
This carries sediment down a river or along a beach. water
Carries soil and other sediment wind
Hills formed from the dropped-off sediment from glaciers. moraines

Weathering and Erosion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What type of weathering breaks smaller pieces of rock from larger pieces Mechanical
What type of weathering slowly dissolves rock chemical
What is the process in which wind, water, gravity transport soil? Erosion
When farmers change crops to protect nutrient depletion. Crop rotation
When farmers grow a crop between seasons to prevent erosion. cover crop
Creating a series of steps so that farming can occur on a steep hill Terracing
Leaving the previous season's stalks behind to prevent erosion. no till
Refers to the pore space in soil taken up by water or oxygen porosity
Water dissolves and carries nutrients in topsoil to lower layers leaching
The top layer of soil topsoil
The most fertile section of topsoil humus
The layer of rock beneath soil layers bedrock
When water in the air causes chemical change oxidation
Repeated freezing and thawing in cracks of rock ice wedging
Type of weathering in which harder rock weathers less than softer rock differential
When limestone is dissolved underground, you get a... cave
When pollution and rain weather together. acid rain
Grinding away of rock abrasion
Agent of mechanical weathering wind
Agent of chemical weathering water
Living agent of mechanical weathering plants
Rock that is the source of the fragments parent rock
Protecting soil from nutrient loss or erosion soil conservation
When water slows and drops sediment deposition
Deposition that occurs as a body of water slows to flow into another delta
Sediment deposits here when a river overflows its banks (pg.318) floodplain
a fan-shaped deposion on land alluvial fan
As a mountain ages, its peaks become (rounder/sharper) rounder

Weathering, Erosion and Soil Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

process of erosion where windblown particles scrape against rock surfaces and wear them away abrasion
unweathered solid parent rock bedrock
all of Earth's organisms and the environment in which they live biosphere
type of weathering where rocks and minerals undergo changes in their composition due to chemical reactions chemical
process by which productive land becomes a desert desertification
removal and transport of weathered material erosion
the settling of eroded material deposition
process that occurs when water repeatedly freezes and thaws in cracks in rocks frost wedging
erosion that occurs when a channel widens and deepens gully
weathering where big rocks break down into smaller pieces physical
erosion where water runs down the side of a slope carving a small stream rill
pieces of rock that are moved and deposited sediment
loose covering of weathered rock overlying bedrock soil
distinct layer in soil horizon
section of soil with many distinct layers profile
the change in elevation of the Earth's crust topography
the most influential factor in soil formation climate
soil whose parent material is local residual
soil whose parent material has moved far from its source transported
steep slopes have this kind of soil shallow
they help break down organic material and helps increase water holding capacity organisms
regardless of the type of soil, they all need this to develop time
decreasing surface area, _____________ chances of chemical weathering decreases
row of trees planted perpendicular to the wind windbreak
type of erosion that creates unsorted deposits glacial
chemical weathering due to oxygen oxidation
weathering where outer layers seem to peel away like an onion exfoliation
type of weathering that is favored in cold and dry climate mechanical
type of erosion that can defy gravity wind

Weathering & Erosion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the breakdown of rocks into smaller particles weathering
small particles of rock that break off another rock sediments
the type of weathering in which the composition stays the same physical
the type of weathering in which the composition of the rock changes chemical
what water does when it freezes expands
the release of pressure that causes a rock to break exfoliation
when sediments collide and break abrasion
the name of the rock that caves form in limestone
the most important cause of chemical weathering water
when oxygen combines with iron in a rock and forms iron oxide(rust) oxidation
examples of organisms that release acids to chemically weather rocks lichens
decayed plant an animal material found in soil humus
when the bedrock matches the soil residual
when the bedrock does NOT match the soil transported
the process by which weathered sediments are transported erosion
another name for gravity erosion massmovement
the force behind most types of erosion gravity
a smaller stream running into a larger one tributary
an area of land that drains to a specific stream/water body watershed
a v-shaped valley is formed by this river
when sediments are dissolved in water solution
when small minerals are carried within water suspension
a u-shaped lake that forms when a meander is cut off from the rest of a stream/river oxbow
wind blows loose sediment against rocks sandblasting
a U-shaped valley is made by this glacier
a rock deposited by a glacier that does not match the surrounding rock in the area erratic
the shape of rocks eroded by water round
the shape of rocks eroded by gravity angular
you find these on rocks carried by glaciers scratches

Weathering, Erosion and Deposition Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the process by which sediment and other materials are moved from one place to another Erosion
process by which eroded material is dropped deposition
materials carried by a stream load
flat area formed by layers of deposited sediment floodplain
fan shaped pattern where streams deposit their loads delta
a fan shaped deposit that forms on dry land alluvial fan
a place where land and a body of water meet shoreline
water located within the rocks below Earth's surface groundwater
an area of shoreline that is made up of material deposited by waves and currents beach
mounds of wind deposited sand dunes
thick deposits of windblown, fine-grained sediment loess
term for all materials carried and deposited by a glacier Glacial drift
large mass of moving ice that forms by the compacting of snow by natural forces glacier
sudden and rapid movement of a large amount of material downslope landslide

Weathering, Erosion, and Deposition Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The mechanical and chemical processes that change objects on Earth's surface over time is called _____________. Weathering
When physical processes naturally break rocks into smaller pieces __________________, occurs Mechanical Weathering
______________ is when you have water seep through a crack in a rock, that then freezes, expanding the crack of the rock. Ice Wedging
_______________ is when you have the grinding away of a rock by friction or impact. Abrasion
_______ can also cause weathering (mechanical weathering) by crumbling rocks. Plants
____________ that live in soil creates holes in the soil where water enters and causes weathering(mechanical weathering). Animals
___________________ changes the materials that are part of a rock into new materials. Chemical Weathering
Most substances dissolve in ____________ and the minerals that make up rock dissolve very slowly in __________ (same answer as first blank) Water
______ increase the rate of chemical weathering more than rain or water does and the action of _________ (same answer as first blank) attracts atoms away from rock minerals and dissolves them in the _______ (same answer as the firs and second blank). Acids
_____________ combines the element oxygen with the other elements or molecules. Oxidation
Environment, water, temperature, type of rock, the size of and number if holes in the rock, and rocks being made out of one or more minerals affects _________________. Weathering Rates
___________ is the removal of weathered material from one location to another. Erosion
__________ of erosion include water, wind, glaciers, and gravity. Agents
The ___________________sometimes depends on the type of rock. rate of erosion
When rock fragments bump each other doing erosion it causes them to be ______________. Rounded
Erosion affects the level of _________ of sediment and _________ (same answer as first blank) is the separating of items into groups according to one or more properties. Sorting
______________ is the laying down or settling eroded rock. Depostion
Sediment is deposited in locations called _____________ __________, such as swamps, deltas, at the bottom of the ocean floor, and on land. Depositional Environment
________ grains of sediment are often deposited in high-energy environments. Large
_________ grains of sediment are often deposited in low-energy environments. Small
Sediment deposited in water typically form layers called ______. The _______(same answer as first blank) usually have "stripes". Beds
Landforms can have features that are clearly produced by _________, like the landforms are often tall, jagged structures with cuts in layers of rock. Erosion
____________ created by deposition are often flat and low. Landforms

Earth's changes Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The dropping, or releasing, of sediments that have been moved from one place to another. Deposition
A force that breaks down something Destructive
Topographic maps show the shapes of _____ features and how high they are above sea level. Surface
A type of weathering that is a breakdown of rocks by changing its composition. chemical
A type of weathering where Ice, moving air, and water breaks down large rocks into smaller pieces of rocks, called sediment. Mechanical
A type of landform that is a tall sloped raised area on the Earth’s crust Mountains
A type of force that builds up the land. Constructive
Type of erosion responsible for the creation and destruction of sand dunes wind
By studying contour lines, you can learn the _____ and steepness of the land. shape
The carrying away of sediments by moving water, wind, or moving ice Erosion

S5E1a. Constructive and Destructive Forces Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Processes that wear away Earth's surface features and landforms Destructive Forces
The breaking of larger rocks into smaller pieces called sediment Weathering
Land features that form when eroded sediment drops at the mouth of the river Deltas
Land features that are deep, v-shaped valleys, formed by water erosion Canyons
Tallest landform on Earth that may go through changes due to destructive processes Mountains
This is the process that builds up Earth's surface and landforms Constructive Force
Moves sediment from one place to another by wind, water, ice, gravity, and organisms Erosion
Land features that from when eroded sediment drops and builds up through the process of deposition Sand Dunes
When sediment is released or dropped Deposition
Landforms that open to a pool of molten rock that can be changed due to destructive and constructive processes Volcanoes

Rocks, Weathering, and Erosion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The process by which natural forces break down rocks. weathering
When weathered materials are carried away. erosion
__________ rocks are formed from shells, fossils, pebbles, and sand. sedimentary
__________ rocks are formed when other rock types are changed by the heat and pressure under earths surface. metamorphic
__________ rocks are formed when magma cools and solidifies. Igneous
The breaking of ricks by physical force. mechanical weathering
the breakdown of rocks by chemical reactions changing their composition. chemical weathering
The freezing and thawing of water in cracks of rocks that causes rocks to split ice wedging
When fertile land becomes desert like, often in result of a drought. desertification
A large mass of ice that moves over land causing erosion. glacier
Rain that causes weathering because it contains sulfuric acid. acid rain
When two objects collide causing damage. abrasion
Particles of rock and soil that are eroded ad deposited and form sedimentary rocks. sediment

chapter 7 & 8 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the process in which materials on or near earth's surface break down and change weathering
the freeze-thaw cycles of water in the cracks of rocks frost wedging
the process by which outer rock layers are stripped away exfoliation
the chemical reaction of oxygen with other substances oxidation
the removal of weathered rock and soil from its original location erosion
after the materials are transported they are dropped in another location deposition
develops when running water cuts small channels into the side of a slope rill erosion
then a channel becomes deep and wide as a result of further erosion gully erosion
the loose covering of weathered rack particles and decay of organic matter soil
the down slope movement of soil and weathered rock resulting in the force of gravity mass movement
the slow steady down hill flow of loose weathered earth minerals creep
swiftly moving mixtures of mud and water mud flow
a rapid down slope movement of earth minerals that occurs when a relatively thin block of soil or rock land slides
when the mass of material in a landslide moves along a curved surface slump
landslides that occur in mountainous areas with thick accumulation of snow avalanche
over time sand is blown and will start to create a dune
the lowering of the land surface that results from the wind's removal of surface particles deflation

Weathering and erosion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The process that breaks down rock and other material at Earth surface weathering
The process by which ice wind water and soil move weather rock Erosion
Rock is physically broken down into smaller pieces mechanical weathering
Breaks down rock with chemical changes chemical weathering
The geological principle that the same geologic processes that operate it today in the past to change Uniformitarianism
Grinding away of rocks by other rock particles carried in water with ice or wind Abrasion
Sports rock when water seeped into cracked and freezes and expands Ice wedging
Chemical change in which substance combines with oxygen as when iron oxides forming rest Oxidation
Characteristics of material that is full of tiny connected air spaces I can see through Permeable
Loose weathered material and earth surface in which plants can grow Soil
Dark colored organic material in soil Humus
Organisms that breakdown the remains of organisms and I just them Decomposers