Type
Word Search
Description

Stagecoach
Trains
School
Ocean
Horses
California
Artist
Work
Prairie
Luke
Gold
Boston
American
Wagons
Ships
Peddler
Iowa
Field
Barn
Adventure

Manifest Destiny Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

belief in the United States that its settlers were destined to expand across North America Manifest Destiny
gold was found by James W. Marshall at Sutter's Mill in Coloma, California California Gold Rush
used the term "manifest destiny" in 1845 to promote the annexation of Texas and the Oregon Country to the United States John L Sullivan
William Becknell and five other men began their journey Westward from Franklin, Missouri to New Mexico santa fe trail
traveled on the Santa fe Trail from Missouri to New Mexico William Becknell
key to the nation’s health according to Thomas Jefferson Westward Expansion
purchased the territory of Louisiana from the French government Thomas Jefferson
Mexico lost nearly half of its territory, the present American Southwest from Texas to California; U.S. became a continental power. Mexican American War
negotiated Webster-Ashburton Treaty Daniel Webster
route over which settlers traveled to Oregon oregon trail
discovered in California in 1848 gold
Maine vs.Canada Aroostook War
president during Manifest Destinty James k polk
when people from two countries occupy and settle a territory joint occupation
to take control of annex
After the Texan victory at the Battle of San Jacinto, Santa Anna is captured and recognizes Texas as independent Lone Star Republic
as a result of the treaty, the U.S. annexed present-day New Mexico, Colorado, Arizona, Utah, Nevada, and California Mexican Cession
to give land over to another country Cession

Ch 12 Manifest Destiny Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the possession and settling of an area by two or more countries joint occupation
a frontiersman living in the mountain wilderness mountain man
a meeting rendezvous
belief that US must expand its boundaries to the Pacific Manifest Destiny
person who leaves a country or region to live elsewhere emigrant
covered wagons used by pioneers in cross-country travel prairie schooners
Mexicans who claimed Texas as their home Tejanos
person who arranged for the settlement of land in Texas in 1800s empresario
an official order decree
to add a territory to one's own territory annex
huge properties for raising livestock set up by Mexican settlers in California rancho
Mexican ranch owner ranchero
to give up by treaty cede
Mexican who was one of the original settlers of California Californio
person who went to California during the 1849 Gold Rush forty-niner
community experiencing a sudden growth in business or population boomtown
people who takes the law into their own hands vigilantes

Manifest Destiny - Westward Expansion Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

Cherokee Nation
Louisiana
The Alamo
Gadsden Purchase
Sacagawea
Missouri River
Northwest Passage
Exploration
Californios
Mountain Men
Missionaries
Pioneer Women
California Gold Rush
Corps of Discovery
Indian Removal Act
Trail of Tears
Irrigation
Mexicanos
Forty-Niners
Mormons
Oregon Trail
Rancho
Legacy
Lewis And Clark
Mexican American War
Manifest Destiny
Annex
Diplomacy
Territory
Andrew Jackson

Moving West Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

To produce many things at once (with machinery) mass production
A man-made waterway canal
To take a territory and join it to a state or country annex
A Mexican cowboy vaquero
The money a business earms after all its expenses are paid profit
The time period when there was a shift from making goods by hand to making them in factories industrial revolution
The Mail service to California delivered by horses pony express
Someone who starts a business entrepreneur
A line of wagons traveling in a group wagon trail
Unfair treatment discrimination
The fast movement of people in pursuit of gold gold rush
A covered wagon with large wheels, used to go to the West prairie schooner
The poor treatment of a person or group of people based on their race, political or religious beliefs persecution
the belief the US had the right to add territory until it reached the Pacific Ocean manifest destiny
A law passed by Congress in 1820 that allowed Maine to enter the Union as a free state while Missouri entered as a slave state missouri compromise

California Gold Rush Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

He was the first to find gold James Marshall
The news of gold saturated the country, people from near and far traveled in search of tapping into the riches of gold! People left high paying jobs to mine for gold, it eventually became known as…. Gold Fever
The easiest way to discover gold in the sand panning
Name for the people who panned for gold Gold prospectors
Long wooden frames used for searching through large amounts of gravel and soil sluices
What percent of the miners were men 97
These were used for shelter by the minors tents
A disease that spread from the dirty water and living conditions. cholera
This man’s entrepreneurial path started by selling canvas tents to the prospectors. This then led to a hired seamstress to help miners sew knees of pants that had worn out from a hard days work. The canvas was switched to denim. Levi Strauss
How much gold was harvested by 1960 in California 500 million
State where THIS gold rush took place California
What year did the California gold rush take place? 1848
Conflict arose with the _____ when the settlers approached California Native Americans
People who went to California looking for Gold in 1849 FortyNiners
These grew near all the major mining sites. Eventually a bunch of restaurants, hotels, and other places were built in order to accommodate the miners. Boom Towns
Where gold was first discovered in 1848; marked the beginning of the Gold Rush Sutters Mill
Steamships and railroads were used as _______ during the gold rush Transportation
What two things were miners forced to create when they arrived in California Laws and government
What could a miner do if he felt mistreated by a group of miners? Call camp meeting
A large migration of people to a newly discovered gold field gold rush
A soft yellow malleable ductile metallic element that California miners were in search for gold
Who was the president of America during the California gold rush? James Polk
The act of searching for precious minerals in the earth mining
A seam-like deposit containing metallic ore Iode
A lump or mass of gold nugget
A descriptive phrase used by a miner who strikes gold paydirt
The first migrants to arrive were those from lands accessible by _____. Boat
The Gold Rush undoubtedly sped up California’s admission to the Union as the ___state. 31
By the end of the decade, California’s population was_______. 380000
California officially became a US state because of what compromise? Compromise of 1850

Westward Expansion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A person who is among the first nonnative people to settle a region. Pioneer
The name given to the 800-mile forced march of 15,000 Cherokee in 1838 from their homes in Georgia to the Indian Territory. Trail of Tears
Belief in the early 1800's that the United States was to stretch west to the Pacific Ocean and south of the Rio Grande Manifest Destiny
A group of covered wagons that follow one another closely to a destination. Wagon Trains
The sudden rush of people to an area where gold has been discovered. Gold Rush
Moved people and goods quickly on rivers and canals. Steamboat
Moved raw materials and goods quickly over land. Steam Locomotive
Allowed communication over long distances. Telegraph
A person who wanted to end slavery. Abolitionist
The right to vote in political elections. Suffrage

American Revolution Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

the overthrow of a government but those who are governed REVOLUTION
fees for the support of government required to be paid by people and businesses TAXES
the quality of being just or fair JUSTICE
freedom of choice LIBERTY
to attack from a place or hiding AMBUSH
a general and progressive increase in prices INFLATION
troops trained to fight on horseback CAVALRY
American colonists who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independence LOYALISTS
American colonists who fought for independence from Great Britain during the Revolutionary War PATRIOTS
An American politician and soldier who served. as the first President of the United States from 1789 to 1797 and was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States GEORGE WASHINGTON
this battle was fought on June 17, 1775, during the Siege of Boston in the early stages of the American Revolutionary War battle of bunker hill
an armed conflict between Great Britain and thirteen of its North American colonies that after onset of the war was declared independence as the United States American Revolutionary War
a political protest but the Sons of Liberty in Boston on Dec. 16, 1773. The demonstrators, some disguised as Native Americans, in defiance of the Teach of May 10, 1773, destroyed and entire shipment of tea sent by the East India Company. They boarded the ships and threw the chests. of tea into Boston Harbor. The British government responded harshly and the episode escalated into the American Revolution. Boston Tea Party
a group of British colonies on the east coast of North America founded in the 17th and 18th centuries that declared independence in 1776 and formed the United States. Thirteen Colonies
a British Army officer who rose to become Commander-in-Chief of British forces during the American war of Independence also known as the American Revolutionary War. William Howe

Chapter 12 Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

lived in the Rockies and trapped animals Mountain Men
first American trail Santa Fe Trail
last place Sam Houston wanted to fight a battle The Alamo
formal process of joining of the union annexation
trail from the east to Oregon Oregon Trail
place where mormons lives Deseret
most popular trail California Trail
completed territory of the United States Gadsden Purchase
swiss immigrant John Sutter
80,000 people that went to California in 1849 forty-niners
people who headed west for religious reasons mormons
christian man in the south pass Jedediah Smith
person in command of the Veracruz Operation winfield scott
future states of west territories mexican cession
compromise that california is a free state compromise of 1850
democrats that found problems of the 1850s dough faces
congress decides reasons for slavery popular sovereignty
belief that God wants people to have western lands manifest destiny
brothers who founded trading outpost the bents
democratic dark horse james k polk
led mormons to great salt lake brigham young
discovery of gold in california gold rush
man who set up his own community james marshall
opportunity for polk to fulfill the manifest destiny MEXICAN WAR
general that took 4000 men across gulf of mexico zacharytaylor
the pathfinder JohnFremont

The Westward Expansion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

large farms owned by speculators who hired laborers to work the land; these large farms allowed their owners to benefit from economies of scale and prosper, but they did nothing to help small family farms, which continued to struggle bonanza farms
a frontier home constructed of dirt held together by thick-rooted prairie grass that was prevalent in the Midwest; sod, cut into large rectangles, was stacked to make the walls of the structure, providing an inexpensive, yet damp, house for western settlers sod house
Sod houses were common in the ________ as settlers moved west Midwest
This phrase, which implies divine encouragement for territorial expansion Manifest Destiny
allowed any head of household, or individual over the age of twenty-one—including unmarried women—to receive a parcel of 160 acres for only a nominal filing fee. Homestead Act
a term used to describe African Americans who moved to Kansas from the Old South to escape the racism there western settlers: The first houses built by __________ were typically made of mud and sod with thatch roofs exodusters
Farmers also faced the ever-present threat of _______and farm foreclosure by the banks debt
primary goal of most western settlers homestead farming
he period between 1848 and 1849 when prospectors found large strikes of gold in California, leading others to rush in and follow suit; this period led to a cycle of boom and bust through the area, as gold was discovered, mined, and stripped California Gold Rush
the first significant silver find in the country, discovered by Henry T. P. Comstock in 1859 in Nevada Comstock Lode
this armed conflict between cowboys moving cattle along the trail and ranchers who wished to keep the best grazing lands for themselves occurred in Clay County, Texas, between 1883 and 1884 Fence Cutting War
What specific types of hardships did an average American farmer not face as he built his homestead in the Midwest? hostile Indian attacks
The American cowboy owes much of its model to what other culture? Mexicans
Which of the following was not a primary method by which the American government dealt with American Indians during the period of western settlement? appeasement
an attempt to disarm a group of Lakota Sioux Indians near Wounded Knee, South Dakota, which resulted in members of the Seventh Cavalry of the U.S. Army opening fire and killing over 150 Indians Battle of Wounded Knee
the process by which an Indian was “redeemed” and assimilated into the American way of life by changing his clothing to western clothing and renouncing his tribal customs in exchange for a parcel of land Americanization
What brought the majority of Chinese immigrants to the U.S.? gold
How were Hispanic citizens deprived of their wealth and land in the course of western settlement? land seizures
were individual prospectors who sifted gold out of the dirt and gravel through “panning” or by diverting a stream through a sluice box Forty-Niners
provided a quick path from Texas to railroad terminals in Abilene, Wichita, and Dodge City, Kansas, where cowboys would receive their pay. Chisholm Trail
also known as “devil’s rope” barbed wire
who brought their families west? wealthy men
many of the long-trail cattle riders were? African American
This agreement established distinct tribal borders, essentially codifying the reservation system First Treaty of Fort Laramie
. Rather, they either returned to tribal life or fled out of fear of remaining troops, until the ____________ arrived in greater numbers and began to exterminate Indian U.S. Army

Chapter 11 Expanding West Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Created one of the largest fur businesses. John Jacob Astor
Fur traders and trappers who became known as Mountain Men
200 mile long trail that took 6 months Oregon Trail
120 mile long trail that took 2 months Santa Fe Trail
Search for gold Prospect
Gold seeking migrants to California 49ers
A group of western travelers who were stranded in the Sierra Nevada during the winter of 1846-1847 Donner Party
The U.S government paid mexico $10 million Gadsden Purchase
American pioneer who built a fort a trading post on the California frontier John Sutter
A revolt against Mexico to turn over much of its Northern Territory to the U.S.A Bear Flag Revolt
Spanish mission in San Antonio Texas that was the site of famous battle of the Texas Revolution. Alamo
Spanish colonists in California in the 1800s Californios
Mexican general and politician and president of Mexico Antonio lopez de Santa Anna
A belief Shared by many Americans in the mid 1800s that the United States should expand over the Pacific Ocean Manifest Destiny
A Mexican priest led a rebellion of about 80,000 Father Miguel Hidalgo
American colonizer in Texas he was imprisoned urging Texas after Anna suspended Mexico's Constitution Stephen F Austin
Agents who were contracted by the Mexican republic to bring settlers to Texas in the early 1800s Empresarios
signed on February 2, 1848, ended the Mexican-American War in favor of the United States. Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
American religious leader who headed the Mormon Church after the murder of Joseph Smith Brigham Young