Type
Crossword
Description

What type of reductionism does the cognitive approach believe in? Machine
What type of scientific evidence do holistic approaches often lack? Empirical
What is a weakness of holism? Impractical
What type of behaviour can holism often explain? Social
What is a strength of both holism and reductionism? Interactionist approach
What is at the bottom of the reductionist hierarchy? physics
What is a limitation of the reductionist approach? lacks validity
What approach in psychology is the most holistic? humanistic
What type of reductionism does the behaviourist approach believe in? environmental
Holism believes individuals should be looked at as a... whole

Learning Theory Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Who does the infant usually form its first attachment with? MOTHER
What do behaviourists reject? MENTALISTIC CONCEPTS
Type of conditioning that learns through association? CLASSICAL
Type of conditioning that learns through punishment and reward? OPERANT
An enduring, emotional, two way tie between two people? ATTACHMENT
Last names of the two men who came up with the association between learning theory and attachment? DOLLARDMILLER
Behaviourists believe that all behaviour is...? LEARNT
Behaviourists believe that the learning approach applies to humans and...? ANIMALS
What does the feeder become to the infant when they feed them and relieve their discomfort? REINFORCER
Last name of the person who came up with operant conditioning? SKINNER
Last name of the person who came up with classical conditioning? PAVLOV

Intro to Psychology Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Who is often called the "father" of psychology? wundt
Psychology is the scientific study of _______ and mental processes. behavior
This is a complex, unlearned behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a species. instinct
What part of the brain includes the auditory (hearing) areas? temporallobes
The autonomic nervous system is split into two divisions, one that calms and one that arouses. Which one is the calming side? parasympathetic
Paranoid, catatonic, disorganized, and undifferentiated are all classifications of what psychological disorder? schizophrenia
What level sits at the top of Maslow's hierarchy of needs? selfactualization
What area of the brain controls many of your emotional responses, including fear and anger? amygdala
Formerly known as multiple personality disrder, _______ identity disorder is characterized by a person exhibiting 2 or more distinct personalities. dissociative
In the study of behavior genetics, the real question of "what makes you who you are?" deals with nature v. _______. nurture
This research method is the only one that allows the experimenter to draw conclusions about cause and effect. experiment
The period between childhood and adulthood. adolescence
What gland is often referred to as the master gland? pituitary
A fetus is the developing human organism from _______ weeks after conception to birth. nine
In order to be judged a psychological disorder, it has to meet these 4 criteria: maladaptive, _______, disturbing, and atypical. unjustifiable
This is the culturally preferred timing of social events such as marriage, parenthood, and retirement. socialclock
What psychologist's studes in the area of morality led his to develop a 3 stage theory of moral development? kohlberg
_______ nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by excessive eating followed by purging, laxative use, fasting, or excessive exercise. bulimia
_______ is the fear of swallowing. phagophobia
What is the 1st stage in Jean Piaget's stages of cognitive development? sensorimotor

Maslow’s theory Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What was Maslow’s area of development? all of them
What is the need to be a unique individual with self-respect and enjoy general affection from others esteem
What’s the highest of hid hierarchy needs? self-actualization
What is the the lowest of mallows hierarchy of needs on the pyramid? physiological
What is the basic need for security in a family and a society that protects against hunger and violence? safety
What was developed to describe the needs that motivate us all throughout our lives. Maslow's hierarchy of needs
Abraham Maslow developed how many stages of needs that motivate human behavior. Five
What is the need for belonging, to recede and give love, appreciation, and friendship Social
Maslow was the founder of what type of psychology? Humanistic
How many additional levels have been added to Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs? Three
Maslow believed that basic needs should be met in order to move to a higher level.(True or false) true
Maslow’s theory is a what approach? constructivist
Maslow’s main concept was called what? Hierarchy of Human Needs
Once an individual has moved up to a new level, it is impossible for them to return to the previous level(true or false) false
Maslow based his theories on who? studies of his own children

Approaches Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

gaining knowledge of your own mental and emotional state after observing your own concious thoughts and feelings introspection
a type of learning done through association classical
token economy systems have been succesfully used in institutions such as hosptials and ... prisons
SLT underestimates the influence of ... factors biological
cognative processes are not directly ... observable
non-identical twins, sharing 50 percent of the same genes are called dizygotic
the way that genes are expressed through behavioural, physical and psychological characteristics phenotype
pleasure principle id
reality principle ego
morality principle superego
transferring feelings from the true source of distress onto a substitute target displacement
the belief that all knowledge comes from sensory expieriences empiricism
a type of learning done through reinforcement operant
SLT - behaviour is learned through ... experience
where an individual immitates the behaviour of someone else who has been rewarded for such behaviour '... reinforcement' vicarious
type of reductionism that the cognative approach is machine
identical-twins, sharing 100 percent of their genes are called monozygotic
a persons actual genetic makeup genotype
refusing to acknowledge something in order to protect yourself denial
forcing a distressing memory out of the concious mind repression
the humanist approach does acknowledge this abstract concept, which many of the other approaches do no free will
the humanistic approach claims that individuals are '...-determining' self
who suggested the 'hierachy of needs' maslow
self-actualisation, is the idea that each person has an '...' ability to achieve their full potential innate
the humanistic approach is ... (opposite of reductionist) holistic
who suggests that free will is an illusion freud
if a concept is abstract it is ... nonfalsifiable

Psychology Crossword: Behaviourist Approach

Type
Crossword
Description

Definition of "tabula rasa" blank slate
Ignores genetics, evolution and pshysiology and looks at nurture of nature environmental determinism
The type of conditiooning used by Pavlov classical
UCR in full Unconditioned response
Name of the man who recorded salivation in dogs Pavlov
The neutral stimulus used by Pavlov bell
Type of conditioning used by Skinner Operant
Animals used in Pavlov's experiment dogs
Conditioning used in prison token economy
Mental illness is caused by _______ behaviour maladaptive
Therapy used by behaviourists Aversion therapy
Drugs that make you sick when you drink alcohol, but make you feel calm when you don't. tryptophan metabolites

Psychology chapter 1 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Physical needs such as sleep and hunger Physiological
Private, unobservable mental reason Cognitive
the scientific study of behavior and mental processes Psychology
Educated guess about same phenomenon Hypothesis
A complex explanation based on findings from a large number of experimental studies Theory
Research Basic science
Using psychological principles to solve more immediate problems Applied science
A general approach to gathering info & answering questions so that error and biases are minimized Scientific method
Interested in the basic elements of human experience Structuralist
A method of self observation in which participants report their thoughts & feelings Introspection
Study how human and animals adapt to their environments Functionalist
A phychologist who studies how unconscious motives and conflicts determine human behavior, feelings, and thoughts Psychoanalyst
A psychologist who analyzes how organisms learn or modify their behavior based o response to events in the environment Behaviorist
A psychologist who believes that each person has freedom in directing his or her future and achieving personal growth Humanist
A psychologist who studies how we process, store, retrieve, and use info and how thought processes influence our behavior Cognitivist
A psychologist who studies how chemical and physical changes in our body influence behavior Psychobiologist
A branch of medicine that deals with mental, emotional, or behavioral disorders Psychiatry
A pyschologist who diagnoses and treat people with emotional disturbances Clinical psychologist
A psychologist who studies the emotional, cognitive, biological, personal, & social changes that occur as individuals mature Developmental
A pysychologist who is concerned with helping students learn Educational
A psychologist who may work in a mental health or social welfare agency Community
A psychologist who uses psychological concepts to make the work place a more satisfying environment for employees & managers Industrial
A psychologist who studies sensation, perception, learning, motivation, and/or emotion in carefully controlled laboratory conditions Experimenal

The Cognitive Approach Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

An approach focused on the mental processes of the brain Cognitive
_________ mental processes of the mind that mediate between changes in the outside environment and responses Internal
Mental framework of belief and expectations Schema
Common method used by the cognitive approach Lab experiment
Machine ___________ has been argued to ignore the role of emotion on our ability to process information Reductionism
A cognitive approach favours methods which produce this sort of data Objective
The cognitive approach would criticise the _______ approach for its failure to recognise mental processes Behaviourist
An analogy which likens the mind to this object Computer
A form of therapy which works by helping change thinking patterns as well as as behaviour CBT
A theory created by Aaron Beck Cognitive triad
Loftus and Palmer investigated the effects of ________ _________ on eye witness testimony Leading questions
The questions asked in the first experiment of the Loftus and Palmer experiment was: 'About how fast were the cars going when they hit, smashed, collided, bumped, _______ each other?' Contacted
How many participants were in the first Loftus and Palmer experiment? Forty five
The findings from experiment two of Loftus and Palmer suggested that leading questions _______ a person's memory Alter
The findings of Loftus and Palmer may not represent real-life which means the experiment was lacking in _________ ___________ Ecological validity
A strength of the cognitive approach is that it believes psychology should take this approach Scientific
A brain imaging technique sometimes used by the cognitive approach PET
Example of an information processing approach Mutli store model
Cognitive ___________ is the study of biological structures underlying the cognitive processes Neuroscience
Process by which the cognitive approach draws conclusions about mental processes based on observed behaviour Inferences

Renaissance Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

an intellectual movement of the Renaissance based on the study of the humanities, which included grammar, rhetoric, poetry, moral philosophy, and history HUMANISM
often called the father of Italian Renaissance humanism. Francesco Petrarch
the language of everyday speech in a particular region vernacular
Dante wrote his masterpiece, the _________, in the dialect of his native Florence. Divine Comedy
pioneered by the German printer Johannes Gutenberg movable type
a painting done on fresh, wet plaster with water-based paints fresco
Using this law, Masaccio could create the illusion of three dimensions, leading to a new, realistic style laws of perspective
was the model "Renaissance man." He was an artist, scientist, inventor, and visionary. Leonardo da Vinci
drew the "School of Athens" (Write his first name) Raphael
this was the core of humanist schools. Humanists believed this enabled humanists to reach their goal liberal studies
This is the final stage of the Renaissance. this period is associated with da Vinci, Raphael Sanzio, Michelangelo High Renaissance
The cultural rebirth that occurred in Europe from roughly the fourteenth through the middle of the seventeenth centuries, based on the rediscovery of the literature of Greece and Rome. Renaissance
technique that allows an artist to show objects as they appear at various distances from the viewer Perspective
Title for ruler of Venice (leader) doge
Most important writer of the Spanish Renaissance (last name) cervantes
the habit or principle of being independent and self-reliant. Individualism
Country where Renaissance started italy
soldiers who fought primarily for money mercenary
This family took control of Florence Medici
Dominated society and held important political posts and served as advisers to the king. nobility
the shopkeepers, artisans, guild masters, and guild members. Burghers
Who was the most important member of the Italian family during the Renaissance Father
Wrote "The Prince", and believed human beings were motivated by self-interest Machiavelli
Someone who supports or champions something patron
Florentine sculptor and painter and architect michelangelo

Cultural Diversity Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Family where oldest male or father is head of the household Patriarchal
Process of social, psychological, and cultural change; blending cultures acculturation
Opinion that is not based on reason or experience prejudice
One thing, person, or group compared with another, usually in an unfair way bias
What type of family consists of grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins? extended
What type of family consists of a mom, dad, and children? Nuclear
The saying "All football players are dumb jocks" is an example of a Stereotype
Which of these can be taught? (race, culture, ethnicity, or gender) culture
A culture that believes health is the balance between yin and yang asian
Person who does not believe in any deity atheist
Defined as the beliefs individuals have about themselves, their connections with others, and their relationships with a higher power religion
Care that provides for the well being of the whole person holistic care
This is determined by your physical and biological characteristics race

The Sociology of Crime Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This is an illegal act which is punishable by law Crime
Behaviour which does not conform to a society's rules and norms Deviance
Our everyday life is subject to rules, either informal or formal Social Control
An example of formal social control The Police
His work is used to explain the biological causes for criminal activity Lombroso
This is a functionalist argument for the causes of crime Inadequatesocialisation
crime is caused by groups or individuals that feel as though they are unfairly disadvantaged compared with similar people Relativedeprivation
A famous sub-cultural theorist Cohen
A typical crime of the bourgeoisie fraud
Which social institution do Marxists believe reinforce the idea that the proletariat are deviant? Media
Labelling is often linked to ... stereotyping
This subcultural group are often blamed for crime Chavs
this approach argue that criminal and deviant behaviour is caused by personality traits psychological
This approach focuses on the genetic causes of crime Biological
an example of a deviant act burping