Type
Crossword
Description

First to successfully drill for oil. Edwin L Drake
Technique involving injecting air into molten iron. Bessemer Process
Created the light bulb. Thomas Edison
Inventor of the typewriter. Christopher Sholes
Inventor of the telephone. Alexander Graham Bell
A railroad built by the Central and Union Pacific railroad. Transcontinental Railroad
He built a factory on the Illinois prairie. George Pullman
A company that laid tracks for twice as much as usual costs. Crédit Mobilier
The case that gave states the right to regulate the railroads. Munn VS Illinois
This act established the right of the government to supervise railroad activities. Interstate Commerce Act
Adam Scott's apprentice. Andrew Carnegie
The process of buying out suppliers. Vertical Integration
The process of buying out competing producers. Horizontal Integration
A philosophy explaining Carnegie's success. Social Darwinism
Founder of Standard Oil. John D Rockefeller
The act that made forming a trust that interfered with free trade illegal. Sherman Antitrust Act
The man who led the Cigar Makers' International Union to join with other craft unions. Samuel Gompers
The federation that raised weekly wages and lowered workweek hours. American Federation of Labor
The man who attempted to form an industry that included all workers. Eugene V Debs
Also known as the "Wobblies". Industrial Workers of the World
The most prominent organizer in the woman's labor movement. Mary Harris Jones

A New Industrial Age Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Scottish immigrant who made his riches in the steel industry Carnegie
Type of integration in which a company buys out all its suppliers vertical
Type of integration in which companies producing similar products merge horizontal
theory that taught only the strong survived social darwinism
Head of the Standard Oil Company rockefeller
Act that made it illegal for corporations to interfere with free interstate or international trade sherman antitrust
Formed the American Federation of Labor Gompers
Acronym of the union that focused on collective bargaining and used strikes as a major tactic AFL
Formed the American Railway Union Debs
Acronym for the union of radicals and socialists nicknamed the Wobblies IWW
Organizer of the United Mine Workers of America Jones
Kind of railroad that crosses the entire country transcontinental
Inventor of the sleeping car, who built a factory outside of Chicago to produce his railroad cars Pullman
Company created to steal railroad money credit mobilier
Court case that gave government right to regulate private industry munn v illinois
First person to use a steam engine to drill for oil Drake
Process used to make steel from iron bessemer
Inventor of the light bulb and a system of producing and distributing electricity Edison
Inventor of the typerwriter Sholes
Inventor of the telephone Graham Bell
Buildings that extended upwards instead of outwards skyscrapers
Complete control over an industry's production, wages, and prices monopoly
1877 strike by protesters upset over their second wage cut in two months great strike
Refusals to work strikes
People who believed in government control over business and property, as well as equal distribution of wealth socialists
Negotiations to reach agreements on wages, hours, and working conditions collective bargaining

Crossword puzzle for chapter 6

Type
Crossword
Description

Used steam engine to drill oil and made it practical Edwin Drake
Used to remove carbons from iron to make steel Bessemer Process
Created the light bulb Thomas Edison
Invented the typewriter Christopher Sholes
Invented the telephone in collaboration with Thomas Watson Alexander Bell
A railroad that crossed the nation from the Atlantic to the Pacific Transcontinental Railroad
Built a factory for manufacturing sleepers George Pullmann
A construction company formed by stockholders in union Pacific Railroad Crédit Mobilier
Supreme court upheld the Granger laws by a vote of seven to two Munn v. Illinois
Act established the right of the federal government to supervise railroad activities Interstate Commerce Act
Private Secretary to the local superintendent of the Pennsylvania Railroad Andrew Carnegie
2 types of Integration Vertical and Horizontal
A theory in which Darwin discribs his own observations Social Darwinism
Established the standard oil company John Rockefeller
Made it illegal to form a trust that interfered with free trade between states or other countries Shermani Antitrust Act
Led the Cigar Marker's international Union to join with other craft unions Samuel Gompers
Negation between representatives of labor and management to reach written agreements The American Federation of labor
Attempted to form such an industrial Union Eugene v. Debs
Also called "wobblies" Industrial workers of the world
Supported the Great Strike of 1877, Organized for the for the UMW Marry Jones

Industrialization Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Successfully used a steam engine to drill for oil near Titusville, Pennsylvania, that removing oil from beneath the surface became practical. Edwin L. Drake
Developed independently by the British manufacturer Henry Bessemer and American ironman William Kelly around 1850, soon became widely used. Bessemer process
Became a pioneer on the new industrial frontier when he established the world’s first research laboratory in Menlo Park, New Jersey. Thomas Alva Edison
Invented the typewriter in 1867 and changed the world of work. Christopher Sholes
Invented the telephone which opened the way that the world communicated. Alexander Graham Bell
Railroad that spanned across the whole country. Transcontinental railroad
Built a factory for manufacturing sleepers and other railroad cars on the Illinois prairie. George M. Pullman
Stockholders gave this company a contract to lay tracks two to three times the actual cost—and pocketed the profits. Credit Mobilier
The Supreme Court upheld the Granger laws by a vote of seven to two. Munn v. Illinois
Established the right of the federal government to supervise railroad activities and established a five-member Interstate Commerce Commission for that purpose. Interstate Commerce Act
rocess in which Carnegie bought out his suppliers. Vertical integration
Companies producing similar products merged. Horizontal integration
Grew out of the English naturalist Charles Darwin’s theory of biological evolution. Social Darwinism
Established the Standard Oil Company. John D. Rockefeller
made it illegal to form a trust that interfered with free trade between state of with other countries. Sherman Antitrust Act
Led the Cigar Makers’ International Union to join with other craft unions in 1886. Samuel Gompers
Focused on collective bargaining, or negotiation between representatives of labor and management, to reach written agreements on wages, hours, and working conditions. American Federation of Labor
Attempted to form an industrial union—the American Railway Union. Eugene V. Debs
Created by a group of socialists in Chicago, unlike the ARU it included African Americans, but membership never topped 100,000, its only major strike victory occurred in 1912. Industrial Workers of the World
Supported the Great Strike of 1877 and later organized for the United Mine Workers of America. Mary Harris Jones

The Industry and Gilded Age Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Who drilled the first successful oil well in Pennsylvania? Edwin Drake
Won the election in 1896, and he is a Republican candidate William McKinley
This system allowed government politicians to reward loyal party workers with government jobs. Spoils
It's an economic and political philosophy that favors public, instead of private. Socialism
Invented light bulb Thomas Edison
What integration system consolidated firms in the same business? Horizontal
He is a Stalwart turned reformer upon becoming president; initiated Pendleton Civil Service Act. Arthur
Earned the nickname "captains of industry" Andrew Carnegie
Which act outlawed any trust that operated in restraint of trade or commerce among the several states. Sherman Antitrust
This is a policy which allowed businesses to operate under minimal government regulation. Laissez faire
fueled industrialization, and invest money in a product in order to make profit. Entrepreneurs
Who were pushed from their homelands due to religious discrimination, and crop failures? Immigrants
What did Samuel Morse invented? telegraph
Investors developed a form of group ownership known as a corporation
What market riot had ended deadly violence in Chicago? Hay
This is where workers strike against the pullman palace Car Company Pullman
The law which kept blacks and whites segregated? Jim Crow
This Act prohibited Chinese laborers from entering the country. Chinese Exclusion
The amendment which granted women's right to vote nineteen
He argued that blacks should earn an education and established the Tuskegee insitiute Booker T Washington
This act reversed the government policy of making both gold and silver coins. Coinage
Created an invention which made skyscrapers practical, and invented safety elevator. Elisha Otis
American Federation of labor founded by Samuel Gompers
In 1990, how many college students in the U.S. were women? one third
This is a process for purifying iron resulting in strong, but light weight, steel. Bessemer

Chapter 6 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

First drill oil maker EdwinLDrake
1st process of making steel Bessemerprocess
Inventor of the incandescent bulb ThomasEdison
Invented typewriter, and QWERTY ChristopherSholes
Known for his work on the invention of the telephone AlexanderGrahamBell
Railway that connected the East and West coasts Transcontinental Railroad
Invented sleeping cars and has a city after him GeorgePullman
A company made by Union Pacific Railroad CreditMobilier
A court case that upheld the power of government to regulate private industries MunnVIllinois
States could no longer regulate rail tax IntersateCommerceAct
Monopolist of the steel industry, Carnegie Steel AndrewCarnegie
______ Integration, buying out suppliers Vertical
_______ Integration, stopping similar companies Horizontal
A term for change in american capitalism and america m'sarket business SocialDarwinism
Oil Monopolist, of the company Standard Oil JohnDRockefeller
allowed certain business activities that federal government regulators deem to be competitive, and recommended the federal government to investigate and pursue trusts. ShermanAntitrustFund
American Labor Leader SamuelGompers

Industrial Revolution Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A man risking money to start a business Entrepreneur
A policy of letting things take their own course Laissea-faire
A steel making process Bessemer process
Owned a railroad and shipping industry Cornelius Vanderbilt
Owned standard oil company John D Rockefeller
Owned Carnegie steel company Andrew Carnegie
Created pullman sleeping car George M Pullman
A monopoly Trust
Made monopolies illegal Sherman anti trust act
People moving into cities Urbanization
Buying all companies that produce the same product Horizontal
Owning all steps to make a product Vertical
Carnegie steel workers cut wages strike called off Homestead strike
Federal troops called in to end strike Pullman strike
Located at the bottom of ship Steerage
Immigration station on east coast Ellis island
Immigration station on west coast Angel Island
Prohibited immigration by Chinese laborers Chinese exclusion act

An Industrial Society Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What is the oily, and flammable liquid most Americans used to light their oil lamps? Petroleum
What is a government document giving an inventor rights to or to sell his or her inventions? patent
What is the pattern of good and bad times in the economy? business cycle
What system was adopted in 1918 that divided the United States into four time zones? standard time
What was a business owned by investors who buy part of the company through shares of stock? corporation
Who lead the oil industry at this time? john d. rockefeller
Who controlled the steel industry? andrew carnegie
What is the union protest named that resulted with about 100 dead after an unknown person threw a bomb? haymarket affair
A nationwide railway strike that spread throughout the rail industry in 1894. pullman strike
A national organization of labor unions founded in 1886. AFL
A company that that eliminates its competitors and controls an industry. monopoly
An organization of workers from all different trades formed after the civil war. Knights of labor
A place where workers labored long hours under poor conditions for low wages. sweatshops
A person who gives large amounts of money to charities. philanthropists
A legal body created to hold stock in many companies, often in the same industry. trust
A new way of making steel that was developed in the 1850's and caused steel production to soar. bessemer steel process
The inventor of electricity. thomas edison
The inventor of the telephone. Alexander Graham bell
A railroad that spanned across the entire continent. transcontinental
Who was the labor leader that helped found a new national organization called the American Federation of Labor (AFL). Samuel grompers

U.S History Chapter 5 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Railroad joined in 1869 that linked the nation by railway from the east to the west. Transcontinental Railroad
The last notable armed conflict between US troops and Native Americans, it resulted from an attempt by US soldiers to arrest Chief Sitting Bull. Wounded Knee
Law passed in an attempt to assimilate Native Americans to US society by abolishing tribal organizations and dividing up reservations for the purpose of allotting land to individual Native American families. Dawes Act
Invention by Thomas Edison that enabled factories to remain open longer and helped increase US production. Light Bulb
the process of producing goods in large numbers so as to sell more, thereby charging less and still making profit. Mass Production
Innovative industrialist who revolutionized the auto industry with a more efficient assembly line and mass production techniques that made automobiles more affordable. Henry Ford
Names used to describe businessmen who dominated the railroad industry Robber barons
Capitalist who made his fortune in oil and founded the nation's first trust in the form of the Standard Oil Company. John d. Rockefeller
A business arrangement under which a number of companies unite into one system, effectively creating a monopoly as it destroys competition. Trust
Markets in which there are only one supplier of a product and no market competition. Monopolies
Taxes on imports to protect US business. Protective Tarrifs
Producing so much of a product that the prices fall and producers often go bankrupt. Overproduction
Process of children working as part of the work force. Child Labor
A tiny island near the Statue of Liberty, it opened in 1892 and became a well known reception center for immigrants arriving by ship. Ellis Island
People coming to the US immigration
RR industry when he extended his New York Central railroad to reach Chicago, Illinois allowing travel from New York to Chicago without changing trains several times. Cornelius Vanderbilt
The first federation of labor unions in the United States American Federation Of Labor
An American union leader and leader of the pullman strike of 1894. Eugene V Debs
A nationwide conflict between labor unions and railroads that began in 1894 Pullman Strike of 1894
He was the creator of the American Federation of Labor from 1886-1924 Samuel Gompers

Chapter 19 Industrial Age Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This process of making steel was more efficient and produced steel that was stronger, cheaper and higher quality. Bessemer Process
American inventor, established a safe way to transmit electricity across distances Thomas Edison
Revolutionized the manufacturing industry by introducing a moving assembly line, interchangeable parts, specialized labor. Henry Ford
Businesses that sell shares of ownership, investors take a risk when buying stock in a company with the hope of making a profit, the business sells shares to raise capital for operation expenses, it is run by board of directors Corporation
Makes his fortune in the steel industry, Robber Baron, believed the "End justifies the means", believed in Social Darwinism Carnegie
You own every aspect of manufacturing from raw material to finished product, still legal in USA Vertical integration
Starts Standard Oil, Robber Baron, used Horizontal and Vertical Integration until he had control of 90% of the oil industry in America, Rockefeller
Controlling one complete aspect of the manufacturing process , made illegal in the US by Teddy Roosevelt with the Sherman Antitrust Act Horizontal integration
Made his fortune with railroads, founder of Central Pacific RR, US government was the source of much of his wealth, Robber Baron Stanford
"survival of the fittest," Carnegie said that the "law of competition" decrees that only the fittest should survive. Powerful big business should be entitled to the wealth and power they have achieved, rich or poor - you get what you deserve Social Darwinism
Unions negotiate as a group for common standards in business practice (wages, working conditions, hours) , negotiated into a contract by representatives of the workers Collective bargaining
An outbreak of violence in Chicago in 1886. Demands for an eight-hour working day became increasingly widespread among American laborers in the 1880s. Thousands of union members went on strike to demand an 8-hour workday. Two strikers were killed in a fight with police. Haymarket Riot
Happened after the workers at one of Carnegie's factories protested the plan to cut jobs. Carnegie Steel locked out its' workers. He hired the Pinkerton guards. Homestead Strike
When the railroad car company laid off workers and slashed their wages, the American Railway Union led a national strike that shut down the country's railroad system. Pullman Strike
Complete control / ownership of an aspect of business (similar to horizontal integration but doesn't need to be numerous corporations) Monopoly
Board of directors bands together corporations in like industries, allows them to control prices, profit sharing, eliminates competition, bad for consumers Trust

New Deal Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Abbreviation for the act which attempted to reduce crop surpluses through governmental pay to farmers. AAA
The Farm Credit Act created an agency which would _______ the mortgages of farmers refinance
The _________ Banking Act forced commercial banks out of the investment business Glass-Steagall
Abbreviation for the corporation which developed the Tennessee Valley through flood control, conservation, and by selling electricity TVA
Getting a system that has been destroyed rebuilt (one of the three R’s). Recovery
The ______ Act increased tax rates for wealthy individuals, as well as powerful corporations. Revenue
Abbreviation for the relief program providing the unemployed with manual labor jobs, mostly fixing bridges and buildings. CWA
A period of time in which American citizens were instructed to not use banks. Bank Holiday
Immediate assistance to those in need (one of the three R’s). Relief
The Fair Labor Standards Act outlawed child labor, created a maximum work week, and established the first federal minimum _______ wage
The “Truth In Securities” Act established the ______ (abbreviation) which enforced that all sellers of securities must make public the important, accurate information about securities SEC
The _______ ________ Administration was to provide the unemployed with jobs on public works projects Works Progress
Act which stated that the Treasury Department could decide when banks should reopen, among other things. Emergency Banking Act
As a revision of a section of the NIRA which had been declared unconstitutional, the ______ Act guaranteed the right of unions to bargain as a group for their members, as well as forming the National Labor Relations Board, which settled arguments between unions and employers Wagner
Abbreviation for the program which provided men with jobs building infrastructure, planting trees, and restoring historical sites, among many other tasks. CCC
Preventing the Great Depression from ever happening again (one of the three R’s). Reform
The ______ Security Act ensured insurance to the elderly, unemployed, and survivors. Social
The Home Owners’ Loan Act formed the ________ (abbreviation), which refinanced home mortgages and was modeled after the Farm Credit Act HOLC
The Federal Emergency Relief Act provided ______ relief to the unemployed. Direct
Through the National Industrial Recovery Act, Roosevelt established the ________ (abbreviation), which stimulated private business through encouraging businesses to work both with other businesses and with unions NRA