Type
Word Search
Description

leaches
bed rock
humus
parent rock
soil
erosion
Soil conversation
Acid Precipitation
Differential weathering
Abrasion
Mechanical Weathring
Chemical Weathering
Weathering

Weathering and Erosion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What type of weathering breaks smaller pieces of rock from larger pieces Mechanical
What type of weathering slowly dissolves rock chemical
What is the process in which wind, water, gravity transport soil? Erosion
When farmers change crops to protect nutrient depletion. Crop rotation
When farmers grow a crop between seasons to prevent erosion. cover crop
Creating a series of steps so that farming can occur on a steep hill Terracing
Leaving the previous season's stalks behind to prevent erosion. no till
Refers to the pore space in soil taken up by water or oxygen porosity
Water dissolves and carries nutrients in topsoil to lower layers leaching
The top layer of soil topsoil
The most fertile section of topsoil humus
The layer of rock beneath soil layers bedrock
When water in the air causes chemical change oxidation
Repeated freezing and thawing in cracks of rock ice wedging
Type of weathering in which harder rock weathers less than softer rock differential
When limestone is dissolved underground, you get a... cave
When pollution and rain weather together. acid rain
Grinding away of rock abrasion
Agent of mechanical weathering wind
Agent of chemical weathering water
Living agent of mechanical weathering plants
Rock that is the source of the fragments parent rock
Protecting soil from nutrient loss or erosion soil conservation
When water slows and drops sediment deposition
Deposition that occurs as a body of water slows to flow into another delta
Sediment deposits here when a river overflows its banks (pg.318) floodplain
a fan-shaped deposion on land alluvial fan
As a mountain ages, its peaks become (rounder/sharper) rounder

Weathering Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

The breaking down and weathering of a rock from mechanical weathering Abrasion
Rocks break by chemical weathering Chemical weathering
Metallic element combines with oxygen and causes chemical change Oxidation
chemical Reaction between water and another substance to form two new substances Hydrolysis
conversions of a compound into a carbonate Carbonation
Percipitation that contains a high concentrarion of acid Acid Percipitation
Weaker rocks weather away at a faster rate than harder rocks Differential Weathering
Mixture of minerals, water, gases, and remains of dead organisms Soil
Layers of soil Soil Profile
Horizontal layer of soil Horizon
Dark, organic material formed in soil from the decayed remains of plants and animals Humus
Process were Earth's surface are loosened, dissolved or worn away Erosion
Water removes topsoil Sheet Erosion
Movement of a large mass of sediment or a section of land down a slope Mass movement
Slow, downslope flow of soil Sulification
Slow downhill movement of weathered rock material Creep

Weathering and Erosion Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

acid rain
mudslide
landslide
dune
glacier
humus
deposition
valley
soil
plateau
plain
oxidation
mountain
runoff
groundwater
physical weathering
chemical weathering
delta
cavern
canyon
frost wedging
carbonic acid
abrasion
erosion
weathering

Soil Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

Occurs when chemical reactions dissolve the minerals in rocks or change them into different minerals Chemical Weathering
average weather pattern in an area over a long period of time; can be classified by temperature, humidity, precipitation, and vegetation Climate
planting along the natural contours of the land to reduce soil erosion Contour farming
each layer in a soil profile horizon A (top layer of soil), horizon B (middle layer) and horizon C (bottom layer) Horizon
dark-colored, decayed organic matter that supplies nutrients to plants and is found mainly in topsoil. Humus
mechanical weathering process that occurs when water freezes in the cracks of rocks and expands, causing the rock to break apart. Ice wedging
removal of minerals that have been dissolved in water Leaching
twigs, leaves, and other organic matter that help prevent erosion and hold water and may eventually be changed into humus by decomposing organisms Litter
physical processes that break rock apart without changing its chemical makeup; can be caused by ice wedging, animals, and plant roots Mechanical weathering
method for reducing soil erosion; plant stalks are left in the field after harvesting and the next year’s crop is planted within the stalks without plowing No-till farming
chemical weathering process that occurs when some minerals are exposed to oxygen and water over time Oxidation
mixture of weathered rock and mineral fragments, decayed organic matter, mineral fragments, water, and air that can take thousands of years to develop. Soil
vertical section of soil layers, each of which is a horizon Soil profile
farming method used to reduce erosion on steep slopes Terracing
mechanical or chemical surface processes that break rock into smaller and smaller pieces Weathering

Weathering and erosion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The process that breaks down rock and other material at Earth surface weathering
The process by which ice wind water and soil move weather rock Erosion
Rock is physically broken down into smaller pieces mechanical weathering
Breaks down rock with chemical changes chemical weathering
The geological principle that the same geologic processes that operate it today in the past to change Uniformitarianism
Grinding away of rocks by other rock particles carried in water with ice or wind Abrasion
Sports rock when water seeped into cracked and freezes and expands Ice wedging
Chemical change in which substance combines with oxygen as when iron oxides forming rest Oxidation
Characteristics of material that is full of tiny connected air spaces I can see through Permeable
Loose weathered material and earth surface in which plants can grow Soil
Dark colored organic material in soil Humus
Organisms that breakdown the remains of organisms and I just them Decomposers

Soil Vocabulary Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

Occurs when chemical reactions dissolve the minerals in rock or change them into different minerals Chemical Weathering
Average weather pattern in an area over a long period of time; can be classified by temperature, humidity, precipitation and vegetation Climate
Planting along the natural contours of the land to reduce soil erosion Contour Farming
Each layer in the soil profile hoizon A (top layer of soil) horizon B (middle layer) and horizon C (bottom layer) Horizon
Dark colored decayed organic matter that supplies nutrients to plants and is found mainly in top soil Humus
Mechanical weathering processes that occurs when water freezes in the cracks of rocks and expands causing the rock to break apart Ice Wedging
Removal of minerals that have been dissolved in water Leaching
Twigs, leaves and other organic matter that help prevent erosion and hold water and may eventually be changed into humus by decomposing organisms Litter
Physical processes that break rock apart without changing its' chemical makeup; can be caused by ice wedging animals and plant groups Mechanical Weathering
Method for reducing soil erosion; plant stalks are left in the field after harvesting and the next year's crop is planted within the stalks without plowing No till farming
Chemical weathering process that occurs when some minerals are exposed to oxygen and water over time Oxidation
Mixture of weathered rock and mineral fragments, decayed organic matter, mineral fragments, water, and air that can take thousands of years to develop Soil
Verical section of soil layers, each of which is a horizon Soil Profile
Farming method used to reduce erosion on steep slopes Terracing
Mechanical or chemical surface processes that break rock into smaller and smaller pieces Weathering

Weathering, Erosion and Soil Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

process of erosion where windblown particles scrape against rock surfaces and wear them away abrasion
unweathered solid parent rock bedrock
all of Earth's organisms and the environment in which they live biosphere
type of weathering where rocks and minerals undergo changes in their composition due to chemical reactions chemical
process by which productive land becomes a desert desertification
removal and transport of weathered material erosion
the settling of eroded material deposition
process that occurs when water repeatedly freezes and thaws in cracks in rocks frost wedging
erosion that occurs when a channel widens and deepens gully
weathering where big rocks break down into smaller pieces physical
erosion where water runs down the side of a slope carving a small stream rill
pieces of rock that are moved and deposited sediment
loose covering of weathered rock overlying bedrock soil
distinct layer in soil horizon
section of soil with many distinct layers profile
the change in elevation of the Earth's crust topography
the most influential factor in soil formation climate
soil whose parent material is local residual
soil whose parent material has moved far from its source transported
steep slopes have this kind of soil shallow
they help break down organic material and helps increase water holding capacity organisms
regardless of the type of soil, they all need this to develop time
decreasing surface area, _____________ chances of chemical weathering decreases
row of trees planted perpendicular to the wind windbreak
type of erosion that creates unsorted deposits glacial
chemical weathering due to oxygen oxidation
weathering where outer layers seem to peel away like an onion exfoliation
type of weathering that is favored in cold and dry climate mechanical
type of erosion that can defy gravity wind

Chapter 14 Vocab Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

change in the physical form or chemical composition of rock materials weathering
rock is broken down into smaller pieces by physical means mechanical weathering
collision of rocks that results in the breaking and wearing away of the rocks abrasion
process by which rocks break down as a result of chemical reactions chemical weathering
process by which elements combine with oxygen oxidation
change in the composition of minerals when they react chemically with water hydrolysis
conversion of a compound into a carbonate carbonation
rain, sleet, or snow that contains high concentration of acid acid precipitation
process by which softer, less weather resistant rocks wear away at a faster rate than harder, more weather resistant rocks do differential weathering
complex mixture of minerals, water,gases, and remains of dead organisms soil
cross section of soil and bedrock soil profile
different layers of soil horizons
formed from decayed materials humus
process by which products of weathering are transported erosion
erosion exposes the surface of subsoil sheet erosion
movement of fragments down a slope mass movement
water- saturated soil slips over hard or frozen layers solifluction
slow downhill movement of weathered rock creep
physical feature of Earths surface landform

Rocks, Weathering, and Erosion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The process by which natural forces break down rocks. weathering
When weathered materials are carried away. erosion
__________ rocks are formed from shells, fossils, pebbles, and sand. sedimentary
__________ rocks are formed when other rock types are changed by the heat and pressure under earths surface. metamorphic
__________ rocks are formed when magma cools and solidifies. Igneous
The breaking of ricks by physical force. mechanical weathering
the breakdown of rocks by chemical reactions changing their composition. chemical weathering
The freezing and thawing of water in cracks of rocks that causes rocks to split ice wedging
When fertile land becomes desert like, often in result of a drought. desertification
A large mass of ice that moves over land causing erosion. glacier
Rain that causes weathering because it contains sulfuric acid. acid rain
When two objects collide causing damage. abrasion
Particles of rock and soil that are eroded ad deposited and form sedimentary rocks. sediment

Weathering, Erosion, and Deposition Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The mechanical and chemical processes that change objects on Earth's surface over time is called _____________. Weathering
When physical processes naturally break rocks into smaller pieces __________________, occurs Mechanical Weathering
______________ is when you have water seep through a crack in a rock, that then freezes, expanding the crack of the rock. Ice Wedging
_______________ is when you have the grinding away of a rock by friction or impact. Abrasion
_______ can also cause weathering (mechanical weathering) by crumbling rocks. Plants
____________ that live in soil creates holes in the soil where water enters and causes weathering(mechanical weathering). Animals
___________________ changes the materials that are part of a rock into new materials. Chemical Weathering
Most substances dissolve in ____________ and the minerals that make up rock dissolve very slowly in __________ (same answer as first blank) Water
______ increase the rate of chemical weathering more than rain or water does and the action of _________ (same answer as first blank) attracts atoms away from rock minerals and dissolves them in the _______ (same answer as the firs and second blank). Acids
_____________ combines the element oxygen with the other elements or molecules. Oxidation
Environment, water, temperature, type of rock, the size of and number if holes in the rock, and rocks being made out of one or more minerals affects _________________. Weathering Rates
___________ is the removal of weathered material from one location to another. Erosion
__________ of erosion include water, wind, glaciers, and gravity. Agents
The ___________________sometimes depends on the type of rock. rate of erosion
When rock fragments bump each other doing erosion it causes them to be ______________. Rounded
Erosion affects the level of _________ of sediment and _________ (same answer as first blank) is the separating of items into groups according to one or more properties. Sorting
______________ is the laying down or settling eroded rock. Depostion
Sediment is deposited in locations called _____________ __________, such as swamps, deltas, at the bottom of the ocean floor, and on land. Depositional Environment
________ grains of sediment are often deposited in high-energy environments. Large
_________ grains of sediment are often deposited in low-energy environments. Small
Sediment deposited in water typically form layers called ______. The _______(same answer as first blank) usually have "stripes". Beds
Landforms can have features that are clearly produced by _________, like the landforms are often tall, jagged structures with cuts in layers of rock. Erosion
____________ created by deposition are often flat and low. Landforms