Focal dilatation of an artery
aneurysm
Placenta where the lobes are nearly equal in size and the cord inserts into the bridge that connects them
bilobed placenta
Fatal condition associated with multiple congenital anomalies and absence of the umbilical cord
Body Stalk Anomaly
Attachment of the placental membranes to the fetal surface of the placenta
Extrachorial placenta
Bending, twisting, and bulging of the umbilical cord vessels mimicking a knot in the umbilical cord
False knot
Periumbilical abdominal wall defect, typically right of the normal cord insertion where bowel floats freely
gastroschisis
Condition characterized by multiple complex fetal anomalies and a short umbilical cord
Limb-Body Wall Complex
Occurs when the umbilical cord inserts at the placental margin
Battledore
A thickened placenta
Placentomegaly
Linear extra-embryonic tissue that projects into the amniotic cavity with no restriction of fetal movement. (Asherman's syndrome)
synechia
Intraplacental area of hemorrhage and clot
Thrombosis
This occurs as a result of the fetus passing through loops of cord.
True knot
Central abdominal wall defect at the umbilicus where abdominal organs are contained by a covering membrane consisting of peritoneum, wharton's jelly, and amnion
Omphalocele
Placental Tissue that partially covers the internal cervical os
Partial previa
Chorionic Villi that infiltrate up to or beyond the uterine serosa
Placenta percreta
A bladder with color Doppler placed on it that shows color around both sides is indicative of what?
3VC
When the umbilical cord has extended through the dilated cervical canal
cord prolapse
Abnormally formed organs
Dysgenesis
When one or both testis fail to descend from the abdomen into the scrotal sac
Cryptorchidism
Abnormal position of fingers and toes
Clinodactyly
Congenital absence of one or both eyes
Anophthalmia
Malformation of an organ or structure
Dysmorphic
Complete exposure of the spinal cord due to lack of fusion
Rachischisis
Central portion of the cerebellum between the hemispheres
Vermis
Spinal defect where the meninges protrude
Meningocele
Increased orbital distance
Hypertelorism
Enlarged tongue extending beyond the aveolar ridge
Microglossia
Severely hypoplastic mandible or small chin
microagnathia
Second most common congenital malformation
facial clefts
Absent neural tissue, spinal defects, polyhydramnios
Anencephaly
A rare congenital disorder in which there is a complete or partial absence of the corpus callosum
ACC
Which type of Holoprosencephaly is the worst?
Alobar
A malformation that is a rare anomaly of the posterior fossa that consists of a marked cystic dilatation of the fourth ventricle, agenesis of of the cerebellar vermis, and elevated tentorium
Dandy Walker