Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

What is the decline in the value of money, accompanied by rise in price of goods and services? inflation
cause of inflation in spain population growth
cause of inflation in spain silver bullion
Spain's tax burden fell on what class around 1500? lower
End result of Spain not accumulating enough wealth to start their own businesses no middle class
What dominated business in Spain that were created during the Middle Ages? guilds
How many times did the Spanish state declare bankruptcy under Philip's rule? three
seven northern provinces of Netherlands that were protestant, united, and declared independence from Spain United Provinces
How was the United Provinces of the Netherlands different from other European states? republic
greatest Dutch artist of the period van Rijn
artist who chose domestic, indoor settings for his portraits Vermeer
What allowed the Dutch people to concentrate on economic growth? stability of government
a trading company controlled by the Dutch government Dutch East India company
kings or queens who held all of the power within their states' boundaries absolute monarchs
idea that God created the monarchy and that the monarch acted as God's representative only to God divine right
political belief that one ruler should hold all of the power within the boundaries of a country absolutism
How did monarchs try to increase their own power? impose order

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Spain's Empire and European Absolutism Crossword

Type
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Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

The son of Charles V Phillip II
Artist who reflected the pride of the Spanish monarchy in his work Velazquez
What type of government is the United Provinces of the Netherlands Republic
A campaign to drive Muslims from Spain Reconquista
What was claimed to be the first modern European novel? Don Quixote
The decline in the value of money when prices of goods and services rise Inflation
The Dutch had the largest ________ in the world fleet
Artist who painted saints and martyrs El Greco
What was launched by Phillip II in attempt to punish protestant England Spanish Armada
Where did Phillip II live inside his empire Escorial

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Absolutism and Enlightenment part 1 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Kings or queens who held all of the power within their states’ boundary Absolute Monarchy
The political belief that one ruler should hold all the power within the boundaries of a country Absolutism
The political parties idea that god created the monarchy and that the monarch acted as God’s representative on earth, so the monarch was answerable only to god, not to his subjects Divine Right of Kings
A new intellectual movement that stressed reason and thought and the power of the individual to solve problems, also known as the age of reason The Enlightenment
People hand over their rights to a strong ruler in exchange they gained law and order. Hobbes believed that by this people from different a government The Social Contract
The Enlightenment idea that political power came from the people’s consent to be lead Consent of the Governed
Social critics of France Philosophes
Enlightenment thinkers believed that truth could be discovered through reason or logical thought Reason
What is natural is also good and reasonable Nature
The philosophes rejected the medieval idea that people should find joy in heaven and urged people to seek happiness on earth Happiness
Stressed the idea that society and humankind could improve Progress
Freedom of the individual and basic rights of man ( life, liberty, and property Liberty

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Origins of American Government Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Consisting of two houses Bicameral
A charter agreed to by King John of England that granted nobles certain rights and restricted the King's powers Magna Carta
A colony that was based on a grant of land by the English monarch to a proprietor, or owner, in exchange for a yearly payment Proprietary Colony
Colonies based on a grant of land by the British crown to a company or a group of settlers Charter Colonies
An alliance formed in 1643 by the Plymouth, Connecticut, Massachussetts Bay, and New Haven colonies in order to defend themselves from threats posed by Native Americans and by settlers from near by Dutch colonies New England Confederation
First Plan for uniting the colonies, proposed by Benjamin Franklin Albany Plan of Union
Law passed by English parliament that required a government tax stamp on paper goods and all legal documents Stamp Act
A meeting of colonial delegates in Philidelphia to decide how to respond to the abuses of authority by the British government First Continental Congress
A declaration of citizen's rights issued by the Virginia Convention Virginia Declaration of Rights
The document that created the first central government for the United States. It was replaced by the Constitution in 1789 Articles of Confederation
Formally approved Ratified
Legislation passed by Congress to establish a plan for settling the North West territory Northwest Ordinance
Delegates of Constitutional Convention who developed the framework for the government and wrote the Constitution Framers
The plan for government in which the national government would have supreme power and a legislative branch would have two houses with represenatives determined by state population Virginia Plan
A proposal to create a unicameral legislature with equal representation of states instead or representation by population New Jersey Plan
An agreement worked out at the Constitutional Convention established that a states population would determine representation in the lower house of legislature, while each state would have equal representation in the upper house Great Compromise
Group of people who supported the adoption of the U.S. Constitution and a strong national government Federalist
Group of people who opposed the adoption of the Constitution Anti-Federalists
The pen name that the framers Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay used when writing the Federalist Papers Publius
The first ten ammendments to the U.S. Constitution concerning basic individual liberties Bill of Rights

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Absolute Monarchy in Spain and France Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Located in Central Europe it contained the Holy Roman Empire and the Netherlands and lasted from the 1400s to the 1900s. Hapsburg Empire
Devout Spanish Catholic who ruled 2 empires. He was involved in constant warfare. Charles V
Ruler of a portion of the Spanish Empire for 42 years. He received the empire from his father. Philip II
A king or queen who has complete or total power. Absolute monarch
A fleet of war ships Armada
Famous painter whose work was done during Spain's Golden Age. El Greco
Famous Spanish author who wrote Don Quixote. Cervantes
French Protestants. Huguenots
French Protestant who inherited the French throne and later converted to Catholicism. Henry IV
Declaration of religious tolerance in France for the Huguenots. Edict of Nantes
Chief minister to King Louis XIII of France. He was a strong supporter of royal absolute power. Richelieu
He inherited the French throne when he was 5 years old. Louis XIV
French royal officials who collected taxes and recruited soldiers. Intendant
Finance minister under Louis XIV Colbert
The immense and magnificent palace constructed by Louis XIV. Versailles
Ritual performed by the king everyday upon his rising. levee
The distribution of military and economic power amongst European nations. Balance of power
The right of a monarch to rule, based on the belief that this right comes directly from God and the monarch is responsible only to God. Divine Right

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Absolutism Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

the only one of the Wars of Absolutism that was a true global (world) war, where France and Austria were allied for the first time in history SevenYearsWar
Spain's powerful navy was defeated in this war by smaller and faster English ships SpanishArmada
this war was fought over control of the territory of Silesia and whether or not Maria Theresa could stay on the throne of Austria War of Austrian Succession
as a result of this war, France lost its possessions in North America WarofSpanishSuccession
the cause of this war was Louis XIV of France trying to put one of his relatives on the throne of Spain; it was ended by the Treaty of Utrecht SevenYearsWar
one of the causes of this conflict was the help that England was giving pirates who were capturing treasure ships from Spain SpanishArmada
this monarch aided the Protestants in the Netherlands in their efforts to break away from the Spanish empire ElizabethI
known as the "Sun King", this monarch left his country almost completely bankrupt because of his wars and excessive spending LouisXIV
this monarch sent his navy to invade England, but most of his ships were destroyed in a storm PhilipII
this region in northern Europe revolted and became independent of Spain in 1579 TheNetherlands
Henry IV of France made a declaration that French Protestants could worship freely in most cities, an attempt at religious toleration EdictofNantes
Protestants in France were called _____ Huguenots
He had the real power during the reign of Louis XIII in France Cardinal Richelieu
the Finance Minister under Louis XIV in France, he believed in the theory of mercantilism and wanted to make France self-sufficient JeanBaptisteColbert
he ruled Prussia as an absolute ruler, but also allowed religious toleration and made laws less harsh FredericktheGreat
he tried to make Russia more like the countries of Western Europe, promoting education, women's rights, and building a new seaport for trade PetertheGreat
fought between the forces of the king, Charles I, and Parliament over who should have the most power EnglishCivilWar
the leader of Parliament's army in the English Civil War; he ruled England for 10 years when it was a commonwealth OliverCromwell
Charles II was asked to come back to England to rule after the period of the Commonwealth, and the monarchy was re-established theRestoration
because of James I's attempts to bring the Catholic religion back to England, Parliament asked William and Mary (his daughter) to take over as king and queen TheGloriousRevolution
the type of government England has today, was established because of the Glorious Revolution ConstitutionalMonarchy

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American Revolution Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

the overthrow of a government but those who are governed REVOLUTION
fees for the support of government required to be paid by people and businesses TAXES
the quality of being just or fair JUSTICE
freedom of choice LIBERTY
to attack from a place or hiding AMBUSH
a general and progressive increase in prices INFLATION
troops trained to fight on horseback CAVALRY
American colonists who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independence LOYALISTS
American colonists who fought for independence from Great Britain during the Revolutionary War PATRIOTS
An American politician and soldier who served. as the first President of the United States from 1789 to 1797 and was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States GEORGE WASHINGTON
this battle was fought on June 17, 1775, during the Siege of Boston in the early stages of the American Revolutionary War battle of bunker hill
an armed conflict between Great Britain and thirteen of its North American colonies that after onset of the war was declared independence as the United States American Revolutionary War
a political protest but the Sons of Liberty in Boston on Dec. 16, 1773. The demonstrators, some disguised as Native Americans, in defiance of the Teach of May 10, 1773, destroyed and entire shipment of tea sent by the East India Company. They boarded the ships and threw the chests. of tea into Boston Harbor. The British government responded harshly and the episode escalated into the American Revolution. Boston Tea Party
a group of British colonies on the east coast of North America founded in the 17th and 18th centuries that declared independence in 1776 and formed the United States. Thirteen Colonies
a British Army officer who rose to become Commander-in-Chief of British forces during the American war of Independence also known as the American Revolutionary War. William Howe

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Manifest Destiny Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

A large body of water that stretches from America to Europe. Atlantic Ocean
A treaty was named from this place that's a neighborhood in Mexico City today. Gaudalupe Hidalgo
A man that wanted money for the war in Europe. Napoleon
Many Americans believed that there was gold in the east. Gold Rush
A purchase that created a shorter railroad route. Gadsden Purchase
A state that America purchased from Spain. Florida
The belief that God wanted the United States to win all of North America. Manifest Destiny
The country that's south from the United States. Mexico
People who favored territorial growth. Expansionists
A purchase that gave America the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains. Louisiana Purchase
The territorial purchase that created the Gold Rush. Mexican Cession
Emigrants moved to the North East on this dangerous trail. Oregon Trail
A body of water that stretches from America to Asia. Pacific Ocean
The state that annexed into the United States. Texas
Texas decided to declare independence from Mexico. This is the name of the revolt. Texas Revolt

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Absolutism Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

A ruler that has unlimited power and authority over his or her people. absolute monarch
(1638-1715) King of France from 1643-1715; known as the Sun King, he built a palace at Versailles as a means to consolidate absolute power; a series of wars at the end of his long reign drained France's wealth. Louis XIV
Royal French residence and seat of government established by King Louis XIV. Versailles
Morning ritual during which nobles would wait upon King Louis XIV Levee
(1491-1547) King of England from 1509-1547; his desire to annul his marriage led to a conflict with the pope, England's break with the Roman Catholic Church, its embrace of Protestantism. Established the Church of England also known as the Anglican Church. Henry VIII
(1599-1658) in 1642, he led Parliament's forces in deposing Charles I; he became ruler of England in 1653. Oliver Cromwell
(1688) A nonviolent revolution in which leaders of Britain's Parliament invited Mary, daughter of King James II and her husband, the Dutch ruler William of Orange, to replace King James II. Glorious Revolution
(1717-1780) Austrian archduchess, Queen of Bohemia and Hungary from 1740-1780; was one of the most beloved monarchs in the history of Austria. Maria Theresa
(1672-1725) Czar of Russia from 1682-1725; he transformed Russia into a modern state; was an absolute monarch who brought the ways of Western Europe to Russia and made various reforms. Peter the Great
(1729-1796) Czarina of Russia from 1762-1796; ruling with absolute power, she introduced a number of reforms that extended Peter the Great's policy of "westernization." Catherine the Great
"Caesar"; title taken by the male ruler of Russia; female rulers were known as czarinas. Czar
Series of acts passed by the English Parliament in 1689 that limited the rights of the monarchy and ensured the superiority of Parliament. English Bill of Rights
The period of the reign of the reign of Charles II in England when the monarchy was restored after the collapse of Oliver Cromwell's government; there was also a rebirth of English culture during this time. Restoration
Those favoring Parliament during the English Civil War; compose of country gentry; town-dweling manufacturers, and Puritan clergy; against absolutism; earned their name due to their hairstyle. Roundheads
supporters of Charles I during the English Civil War; many were wealthy nobles, proud of their plumed hats and fashionably long hair; were well trained in dueling and warfare. Cavaliers

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Absolutism Review Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

French monarch who said "I am the state" Louis the fourteenth
A declaration of religious tolerance Edict of nantes
Using western Europe as a model for change Westernization
Russian absolute ruler Peter the great
Military dictator who took over after the English Civil War Cromwell
System of government in England Constitutional monarchy
What happened to the English Monarchy when Charles II took power Restoration
Bloodless overthrow of James II Glorious Revolution
Government agents under Louis XIV Intendants
The idea that a monarch's power comes from God Divine Right
Palace built to show the power of Louis XIV Versailles
What Peter the Great believed Russia needed Warm water port
Between the wars and Versailles, what Louis XIV left France Debt
Who was killed in the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre? Protestants
The Cardinal that advised Louis XIII Richelieu
English King who was executed after the English Civil War Charles the first
Russian czar who ruled by terror. Killed his son Ivan the Terrible
French Protestant Huguenot
War between Charles I and Parliament English Civil War

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The Foundations of Government Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

A rule set by the government of a town, city, or state. law
Maintaining _____ and preventing violence is the main job of a gov. order
Sometimes referred to as "conservative". rightwing
Sometimes referred to as "liberal". leftwing
Opposed to ways that are not traditional. Liberal
Not favorable of change. conservative
A form of government where a country is ruled by one ruler. monarchy
Rule, control, or leadership by one person with total power. dictatorship
Government or control by a small group of people. Oligarchy
Rule by religious leaders. Theocracy
Rule by the people. democracy
A basic set of rules. Also known as the Ten Commandments. decalogue
a system of government having the real executive power vested in a cabinet composed of members of the legislature who are individually and collectively responsible to the legislature parliamentary
The process or manner of controlling a country, state, etc. government
A form of government in which power is shared between a central government and individual states, provinces, etc. federal
Forming a single unit. unitary
United in a league. confederate
The process or system by which goods and services are produced, sold, and bought in a country or region. economy
Separation of __________ is an example of horizontal distribution powers
A constitutional ______ is a common monarchy with very little or no ruling power. monarch

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