Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

double membrane that acts as the storehouse for most cell's DNA Nucleus
molecule that allows for transmission of genetic information and protein synthesis RNA
monomer that forms DNA Nucleotide
in which two strands wind around one another, to that of a twisted ladder Double Helix
process by which DNA is copied Replication
enzyme that makes bonds between nucleotides DNA polymerase
either of the two sides that make up a double helix of DNA complementary side
matches Thymine and Uracil Adenine
matches with Cytosine Guanine
matches with Guanine Cytosine
matches with Adenine Thymine
matches with Adenine Uracil
nitrogenous base, has two circular ring structures, A, G match with a pyrimidine Purine
organelle that links amino acids together to form proteins Ribosome
nitrogenous base, has one circular ring structure, C, T match with purine Pyrimidine
process of copying a nucleotide sequence of DNA Transcription
process by which mRNA is decoded and a protein is produced Translation
enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of a complementary strand RNA polymerase
carries genetic information from the nucleus to the cytoplasm Messenger RNA
RNA that is in the ribosome and guides the translation of mRNA into a protein Ribosomal RNA
form of RNA that brings amino acids to ribosomes during protein synthesis Transfer RNA
sequence of three nucleotides that codes for one amino acid Codon
sequence of three nucleotides in a tRNA molecule that binds to a complementary mRNA codon during translation Anticodon
molecule that makes up proteins, composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen and sometimes sulfur Amino Acid
Polymer composed of amino acids linked by peptide bonds; folds into a particular structure depending on bonds between amino acids Protein

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DNA Replication and Protein Synthesis Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

This word search contains the following answers:

Adenine
Amino acid
Anticodon
Chromosome
Codon
Complementary
Cytoplasm
Cytosine
Deoxyribose
DNA
Double stranded
Guanine
Helicase
Helix
Message
mRNA
Mutation
Nitrogen base
Nucleotide
Nucleus
Peptide bond
Phosphate
Polymerase
Protein
Replication
Ribose
Ribosomal
Ribsome
RNA
rRNA
Single stranded
Start
Stop
Sugar
Thymine
Transcription
Transfer
Translation
tRNA
Uracil

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DNA, RNA, Protein Synthesis crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Type macromolecule know a nucleic acid. dna
a nucleid acid present in all living cell. rna
it is paired with guanine in double-stranded DNA. cytosine
a compoun that ocurrs in guano and fish scales. guanine
in DNA its place taken by thymine. uracil
a pyrimidine derivative, it is paired with adenine in double-stranded DNA thymine
a purine derivatinve, it is paired with thymine in double-stranded DNA. adenine
the shape of DNA. double helix
a sugar derived from ribose by replacing a hydroxyl group with hydrogen. deoxyribose
where does the mRNA travel to ribose
a compound consisting of a nucleosides linked to a phosphate group. nucleotide
process by which the genetic code puts together proteins in the cell. protein synthesis
messenger RNA, is a subtype of RNA. mrna
activated by enzyme that attaches a specific amino acid to the end trna
the first step of the central dogmainvolves the synthesis of mRNA from DNA in process transcription
once the mRNA is synthesized and processed, it moves to the ribosome. translation
a sphere- shaped structure within the cytoplasm of the cell that is composed of RNA and protein and is the site of protein synthesis. ribosome
the building blocks of all biological proteins. amino acid
set of three bases codon
opposite codon antidon
built from a large number of amino acids. polypeptide

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DNA Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

A compound consisting of a nucleoside linked to a phosphate group. Nucleotides form the basic structural unit of nucleic acids such as DNA. Nucleotide
A pair of parallel helices intertwined aboucomt a mon axis,especially that in the structure of the DNA molecule. Double Helix
Constrains imposed by the molecular structure of DNA and RNA on the formation of hydrogen bonds among the four purine and pyrimidine bases such that adenine pairs with thymine or uracil, and guanine pairs with cytosine. Base-pairing rules
Genetics. The process by which double-stranded DNA makes copies of itself, each strand, as it separates, synthesizing a complementary strand. Replication
Any of a class of enzymes involved in the synthesis of deoxyribonucleic acid from its deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate precursors. DNA Polymerase
Molecular biology describes the two-step process, transcription and translation,by which the information in genes flows into proteins. Central Dogma
Any of a class of single-stranded molecules transcribed from DNA in the cell nucleus or in the mitochondrion or chloroplast RNA
The first step of gene expression, in which a particular segment of DNA is copied into RNA. Transcription
An enzyme that synthesizes the formation of RNA from a DNA template during transcription. RNA Polymerase
The form of RNA in which genetic information transcribed from DNA as a sequence of bases is transferred to a ribosome. Messenger RNA
A type of RNA, distinguished by its length and abundance, functioning in protein synthesis as a component of ribosomes. Ribosomal RNA
A small RNA molecule, consisting of a strand of nucleotides folded into a clover-leaf shape, that picks up an unattached amino acid within the cell cytoplasm and conveys it to the ribosome for protein synthesis. Transfer RNA
The process follows transcription in which the DNA sequence is copied (or transcribed) into an mRNA. Translation
A triplet of adjacent nucleotides in the messenger RNA chain that codes for a specific amino acid in the synthesis of a protein molecule. Codon
A codon that stops the synthesis of a protein molecule. Stop Codon
A codon that starts the synthesis of protein molecule. Start Codon
A sequence of three nucleotides in a region of transfer RNA that recognizes a complementary coding triplet of nucleotides in messenger RNA during translation by the ribosomes in protein biosynthesis. Anticodon
Occurs when a DNA gene is damaged or changed in such a way as to alter the genetic message carried by that gene. Mutation
A type of mutation that causes a single nucleotide base substitution, insertion, or deletion of the genetic material, DNA or RNA. Point Mutation
A number of nucleotides in a DNA sequence that is not divisible by three. Frameshift Mutation

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Protein Synthesis Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

1st word Adenine
2nd word Amino Acid
3rd word Anticodon
4th word Codon
5th word Cytoplasm
6th word Cytosine
7th Dna
8th Dna ligase
9th Dna polymerase
10 Double-Stranded
11 Exon
12 Guanine
13 Helicase
14 Hydrogen Bond
15 Intron
16 Mutation
17 mRNA
18 Nitrogen bases
19 Nucleotide
20 Nucleus
21 Peptide Bond
22 Polypeptide
23 Replication
24 Ribosome
25 Rna Polymerase
26 rRna
27 Semiconservative
28 Single-Stranded
29 Thymine
30 Topoisomerase

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Molecular Biology Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

carbon compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; used as short term energy storage Carbohydrates
broad class of carbon compounds that are insoluble in water; includes fatty acids, triglycerides, steroids, and waxes lipids
carbon compounds composed of one or more chains of amino acids proteins
subunits of proteins; composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen (and sometimes sulphur) amino acids
chains of subunits called nucleotides; RNA and DNA nucleic acids
subunits of nucleic acids; composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and phosphorus nucleotides
the sum of all chemical reactions that occur in an organism metabolism
the part of metabolism in which chemical reactions build up larger molecules from smaller ones anabolism
the part of metabolism in which larger molecules are broken down into smaller ones catabolism
double stranded double helix, ATCG bases, nucleic acid DNA
to copy DNA DNA replication
single stranded, AUCG bases, nucleic acid RNA
messenger RNA, copies the DNA code and moves it to the ribosome mRNA
The process of making proteins Protein Synthesis
Happens in the nucleus, making mRNA from DNA Transcription
happens at the ribosome mRNA- Amino acids- proteins Translation
amino acids are held together by peptide bonds. A strand of amino acids are polypeptides or protiens Polypeptides
determined by watson and crick; structure of DNA double helix
sub unit of nucleic acid (monomer) made of 5 carbon sugar, phosphate, nitrogenous base nucleotide
purine that pairs with thymine adenine
pyrimidine (single ring) that pairs with adenine thymine
double ring; purine; that pairs with cytosine guanine
single ring base, pyrimidine, that pairs with guanine cytosine
DNA strands run in opposite directions antiparallel
unzips DNA helix helicase
lays down RNA primer for replication RNA primase
made continuously leading strand
TATA box, regions that encourage transcription promoters
non coding regions that are excised introns
triplet of mRNA that codes for amino acids for protein synthesis codon

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Transcription/Translation Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Deoxyribonucleic acid DNA
Twisted ladder shape/formed by 2 nucletides Double Helix
a subunit of nucleic acid formed from sugar Nucleotides
a simple nitrogen containing a molecule hat has the same properties as the base Nitrogen Base
a base that is constituent of DNA or RNA Pyrimidine
2 of the 5 bases in nucleic acid are adenine and guanine, are purines Purine
a professor of biochemisty in Colubia University Erwin Chargaff
Founders of DNA Watson and Crick
states that DNA from and cell all organisms should have 1:1 ratioof Pyrimidine and purine bases Chargaff's Rules
weak electrostatic bond formed by the attraction of opposite charges Hydrogen bonds
replication is a conserved mechanism that restricts DNA replication to only once per cell cycle Eukaryotic DNA
lack a distinct cell nucleus and their DNA Prokaryotic DNA
The things that hold your chromosomes Genes
material which chromsomes of organisms are composed of Chromatin
threadlike structure of nucleic acids and protein found in the nucleus of most living cells Chromosome
ribonucleic acid RNA
a compound found in living tissue as a constituent base of RNA uracil
DNA as a sequence of bases is transferred to a ribosome. messenger RNA (mRNA)
Ribosomal ribonucleic acid ribosomal RNA (rRNA)
RNA consisting of folded molecules that transport amino acids from the cytoplasm transfer RNA (tRNA)
ribonucleic acid polymerase RNA polymerase
he process by which the information in a strand of DNA is copied into a new molecule of messenger RNA transcription
the process in which ribosomes in a cell's cytoplasm create proteins translation
A molecule composed of polymers of amino acids joined together by peptide bonds protein

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Unit 5: DNA and RNA Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

This word search contains the following answers:

uracil
translation
transcription
trait
thymine
sugar
RNA
ribosome
radiation
proteinsynthesis
protein
polypeptide
phosphate
peptide bonds
nucleus
nucleotides
nucleic acid
nitrogen base
mutation
mutagen
hydrogen bonds
guanine
gene
double helix
DNAexpression
DNA
cytosine
complementary
codon
carcinogen
cancer
anticodon
amino acids
adenine
activated gene

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Replication, Transcription, Translation, and Mutations Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Part of a chromosome, passed on from parents to offspring gene
Unwound DNA chromatin
Passed on from parents to offspring trait
In DNA, adenine pairs with _____ thymine
_____ contain nitrogen (2 words) nitrogenbases
The bases are often abbreviated to _, _, _ and _ atgc
The sides of DNA are made of _____ and phosphate. deoxyribose
_____ connect the bases (2 words) hydrogenbonds
DNA is shaped like a twisted ladder, or _____ (2 words) doublehelix
DNA replication is _____ semiconservative
DNA replication does not happen when the cell _____ divides
Helicase _____ DNA unzips
_____ creates a primer on the DNA strand by adding RNA nucleotides primase
_____ adds nucleotides and checks to make sure the new copy is correct (2 words) dnapolymerase
_____ joins the Okazaki fragments ligase
DNA is _____ antiparallel
Because it only makes 5'-3', DNA polymerase makes little sections for the other side called _____ (2 words) okazakifragments
DNA polymerase replicates one strand _____ and one not continuously
Ribosomes are located on the _____ (2 words) endoplasmicreticulum
_____ are made in the ribosomes proteins
Transcription is the process of making _____ mrna
Transcription happens in the _____ nucleus
RNA has _____ instead of thymine uracil
After transcription, mRNA leaves the nucleus and attaches itself to a _____ ribosome
Translation occurs in the _____, specifically on the ribosomes cytoplasm
The message from the mRNA will be translated into an _____ sequence (2 words) aminoacid
_____ carries amino acids to the site of protein synthesis trna
A(n) _____ is a sequence of three bases that codes for an amino acid codon
A(n) _____ is a sequence of three bases in a tRNA molecule anticodon
tRNA and mRNA are involved in _____ (2 words) proteinsynthesis
A change that takes place in DNA mutation
Mutations can be _____ spontaneous
A mutagen is a(n) _____, such as radiation, chemicals, high temperatures, or UV light mutagen
A mutation can change the _____ and be replicated when forming new cells (2 words) geneticcode
A mutation can be _____, beneficial, or harmful neutral
One base is placed incorrectly substitution
One base is deleted deletion
One base is added insertion
Type of mutation that changes the entire sequence of DNA following the mistake (2 words) frameshiftmutation
A and G are both _____ purines
T and C are _____ pyrimidines
A purine —> pyrimidine or pyrimidine —> purine mutation transversion
A purine —> purine or pyrimidine —> pyrimidine mutation transition

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DNA Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

The monomer for Protein Amino acid
Monomer for nuclaeic acid nucleotide
A significant and bassic change Mutation
The molecular unit of heredity Gene
Single stranded molecule found in Cytoplasm RNA
Process in which the DNA is copied into RNA by polymerase Transcription
Process in which ribosomes create proteins. Translation
Three nucleotides that form a genetic code Codon
Made up of adenine, thymine, guanine, and cytosine Nitrogenous bases
Bonding of a large number of amino acids forming a chain Polypetide
Organelle that produces proteins Ribosome
Type of base that allows cells to copy information from one generation to another Complementary
Physical link between the mRNA and the amino acids sequence of proteins tRNA
Essential for protein synthesis in all living organisms rRNA
Process of producing two identical replicas of DNA DNA replication

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DNA, RNA, Protein Synthesis crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

the building blocks of all biological proteins amino acid
set of three bases codon
a nitrogen base that pairs with cytosine guanine
type of macromolecule that is a nucleic acid DNA
in DNA its place is taken by thymine uracil
the "D" in DNA deoxyribose
type of sugar RNA is ribose
messenger RNA, is a subtype of RNA mRNA
this pairs with adenine in double-stranded DNA thymine
the first step of protein synthesis that changes DNA into RNA transcription
the shape of DNA double helix
a sphere-shaped structure within the cytoplasm of the cell that is composed of RNA and protein and is the site of protein synthesis ribosome
opposite of codon anticodon
process by which teh genetic code puts together proteins in the cell protein synthesis
a compound consisting of a nitrogen base, sugar and a phosphate group nucleotide
this is paired with thymine in double-stranded DNA adenine
the second step of protein synthesis that changes RNA into proteins translation
brings amino acids from cytoplasm to a ribosome tRNA
built from a large number of amino acids polypeptide
contains uracil and is single-stranded RNA
it is paired with guanine in double-stranded DNA cytosine

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