Type
Word Search
Description

Flow
Igneous
Ash
Minerals
Gas
Hot
Rock
Mud
Lava
California
Erupt
Melt
Volcano

Volcanoes Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

largest intrusive igneous rock body that forms when magma being forced upward toward Earth’s crust cools slowly and solidifies underground Batholith
large, circular-shaped opening formed when the top of a volcano collapses Caldera
steep-sided, loosely packed volcano formed when tephra falls to the ground Cinder Cone Volcano
volcano built by alternating explosive and quiet eruptions that produce layers of tephra and lava; found mostly where Earth’s plates come together and one plate sinks below the other Composite volcano
steep-walled depression around a volcano’s vent Crater
igneous rock feature formed when magma is squeezed into a vertical crack that cuts across rock layers and hardens underground Dike
the result of an unusually hot area at the boundary between Earth’s mantle and core that forms volcanoes when melted rock is forced upward and breaks through the crust Hot spot
broad, gently sloping volcano formed by quiet eruptions of basaltic lava Shield Volcano
igneous rock feature formed when magma is squeezed into a horizontal crack between layers of rock and hardens underground Sill
bits of rock or solidified lava dropped from the air during an explosive volcanic eruption; ranges in size from volcanic ash to volcanic bombs and blocks Tephra
Opening where magma is forced up and flows out onto Earth’s surface as lava, forming a volcano Vent
solid igneous core of a volcano left behind after the softer cone has been eroded Volcanic neck
opening in Earth’s surface that erupts sulfurous gases, ash, and lava; can form at Earth’s plate boundaries, where plates move apart or together, and at hot spots Volcano

Volcano Crossword Puzzle By Lucia and Mia

Type
Crossword
Description

a mountain through which molten lava and gases erupt volcano
Area around the Pacific Ocean known for frequent earthquakes and volcanoes RingOfFire
When melted rock, ash, and gases pour out of a volcano when one of earth's plates in pushed under one another Eruption
The pocket beneath a volcano where magma collects Magmachamber
One that is erupting or shows signs that it may erupt in the near future. activevolcano
A volcano that has not erupted for a long time, but may erupt again one day. dormantvolcano
One that is unlikely to erupt ever again. extinctvolcano
A wide, gently sloping mountain made of layers of lava and formed by quiet eruptions Shieldvolcano
a wide based, steeply sloped volcano that forms from moderately explosive eruptions of pyroclastic material Cinderconevolcano
Steep, tall peaks, picturesque, composed by pyroclastic flows and lava flows, andesites CompositeVolcano
eruption where there are hot debris, ash, and gas shooting into the air explosiveeruption
occurs when magma flows easily and gently bubbles out, the lava is thin and runny as it oozes out quietly from the vent Quieteruption
Magma that reaches the Earth's surface lava
lava that hardens into rough, jagged rocks with a crumbly texture aalava
a group of many islands in a large body of water (Hawaii) archipelago
The expulsion of ash, cinders, bombs, and gases during an explosive volcanic eruption. pyroclasticflow
Cloud of dust, gas and debris caused by volcanic eruption eruptioncloud
Erupted on its side in May 1980 and continues to erupt today. Killed 63 people, caused hundreds of millions of dollars in damage, and disrupted people's lives hundreds of miles from the volcano. MtStHelens
an opening; a groove; a split fissure
Resistance to flow viscosity
an imaginary line around the Earth forming the great circle that is equidistant from the north and south poles Equator
line of the global grid running from the north pole to the south pole through Greenwich, England; starting point for measuring degrees of east and west longitude PrimeMeridian

Crossword Puzzle for Rocks and Minerals

Type
Crossword
Description

the solid mineral material forming part of the surface of the earth and other similar planets, exposed on the surface or underlying the soil or oceans. rock
a solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence. mineral
the stratification or layering of rocks or other geological materials. bedding
hot fluid or semifluid material below or within the earth's crust magma
hot molten or semifluid rock erupted from a volcano or fissure, or solid rock resulting from cooling of this. lava
igneous rocks that form from crystallized magma beneath the earth's surface intrusive
igneous rocks formed on the surface extrusive
occurs when only a portion of a solid is melted partialmelting
formed through the cooling and solidification of magma or lava igneousrock
Veins of extremely large-grained minerals pegmatites
large, well-formed crystals surrounded by fine-grained crystals of the same or different minerals Porphyritic
size, shape, and distribution of crystals or grains that make up a rock  texture
when mineral growth cements sediment grains together into rock Cementation
chemical sedimentary rocks that form as a result of crystal grains precipitating out of a supersaturated body of water evaporite
a subsurface area of rock that has enough porosity to allow for the accumulation of oil, natural gas, or water Reservoir
the percentage of open spaces between grains in a rock Porosity
sediments having particles ranging in size from boulders to microscopic particles, which often have worn surfaces and rounded corners. Clastic
a naturally occurring solid material from which a metal or valuable mineral can be profitably extracted. ore

Volcano Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

A mixture of molten or semi-molten rock Magma
hot molten or semifluid rock erupted from a volcano or fissure, or solid rock resulting from cooling of this Lava
steep conical hill of loose pyroclastic fragments cinder cone
conical volcano built up by many layers (strata) of hardened lava, tephra, pumice, and volcanic ash composite
a type of volcano usually built almost entirely of fluid magma flows shield
roughly circular mound-shaped protrusion resulting from the slow extrusion of viscous lava from a volcano lava dome
side vent conduit
a bowl-shaped geological formation at the top of a volcano crater
a mountain that produces magma, lava, and ash and is formed by cracks in the Earth's surface volcano
a giant, fast moving wave that is caused by an earthquake or volcano tsunami

Rock Cycle Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

An Igneous rock turns into Sediments
become less hot cooling
The rock cycle _______ in a circle Rotates
Metamorphic ______. Rock
When a Volcano _______ Igneous rocks come out. Erupts
An igneous rock turns into sediments which turns into a sedimentary rock which then turns in to a metamorphic rock. Cycle
breaking down of rocks, soil and minerals as well as artificial materials through contact with the Earth's atmosphere, biota and waters Weathering
To make the sedimentary rock you have to combine _____ and pressure. Heat
Formed through the cooling and solidification of magma or lava. Igneous
Be created by an upward movement of the earth's surface. Uplifting
After it turns into a metamorphic rock it has to _____ then it turn into an igneous rock. Melt
the binding together of particles or other things by cement. Cemention
formed by the deposition of material at the Earth's surface and within bodies of water. Sedimentary
the action or process of forcing a body of igneous rock between or through existing formations, without reaching the surface. Intrusion
transformation of existing rock types. Metamorphic
process of formation of solid crystals precipitating from a solution, melt or more rarely deposited directly from a gas. Crystallization
metamorphic rocks are subjected to heat and pressure from ______. Burial
mixture of molten or semi-molten rock, volatiles and solids that is found beneath the surface of the Earth, and is expected to exist on other terrestrial planets. Magma
When you are trying to make an sedimentary rock you have to apply a lot of pressure. Pressure
action of surface processes (such as water flow or wind) that remove soil, rock, or dissolved material from one location on the Earth's crust, then transport it away to another location. Erosion

Rocks and Minerals Puzzle Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Type of rock formed when lava or magma cools Igneous
Type of rocks that made when other rocks are subjected to heat and preassure Metamorphic
Heavy lead Mineral Galena
Oldest known and coveted mineral Gold
Made of small pieces of mud,sand, or small stones Sediments
A rock gets its color from the.......it's made of Minerals
....are made of minerals Rocks
....its a hard mineral Quartz
When Mica,and Quartz are mixed together ,they become a kind of rock named....... Granite
Melted rock that flows out of a volcano...... Lava
As melted rock cools, the minerals it's made of may form...... Crystals
one kind od igneous rock is called.... Obsidian
Melted rock that is inside Earth is called.... Magma
.....rocks form on Earth's surface or just beneath it Sedimentary
Some loose sediments are glude together to make rock this is called... Cementing
......is another kind of sedimentary rock Conglomerate
...is a sedimentary rock made from shells Limestone
...is a sedimentary rock made from mud Shale
The granite changes into a metamorphic rock called... Gneiss
Water,wind,and ice change rocks.It's called... Weathering

Rocks and minerals Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Rocks are exposed to extreme temperature and pressure Metamorphic
When magma or lava cools and crystallizes Igneous
Rocks are broken down into smaller pieces or dissolved in water as rocks erode Sedimentary
Measure of the resistance of a mineral to scratching Hardness
Any natural occurring , generally composed of minerals Rock
Color of a mineral when it is crushed to a powder Streak
How a mineral breaks into flat surfaces Cleavage
The way light interacts with a rock, or mineral Luster
the quality of an object or substance with the way light reflects the object color
how the object feels texture
the amount of heat pressed on an object temperature
hot liquid material below or within the earths wich lava is made magma
freely moving atoms arranged in patterns cool down cooling
sand or quartz grains cemented together sandstone
rocks cool _ _ _ _ beneath the earths surface slow
hard white mineral quartz
series of events where rocks can form from another type to another over time rock cycle
the process where rocks are worn down by wind or water creating sediment weathering
hot molten or semifluid rock erupted from a volcano lava
the upper layer where plants grow soil

Rocks and Minerals Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Types of rock that are formed by the deposition of material at the earth surface. sedimentary
sedimentary rocks being exposed to extreme weather. Metamophic
Rocks formed through the cooling and solidification of magma or lava. Igneous
Hot fluid or semi fluid material below or within the earth's crust. Magma
Hot molten or semifluid rock erupted from a volcano lava
Matter that settles to the bottom of a liquid sediment
The solid mineral material forming part of the surface of the earth Rock
A solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence Mineral
The change of minerals or geologic texture in pre-existing rocks. metamorphism
The continuous physical force exerted on or against an object Pressure
A hard sedimentary rock, composed mainly of calcium limestone
Sedimentary rock consisting of sand or quartz grains cemented together Sandstone
A hard, solid, nonmetallic mineral matter of which rock is made Stone
A metamorphic rock with a banded or foliated structure Gneiss
A very hard, granular, crystalline, igneous rock consisting mainly of quartz. Granite
A hard, non-foliated metamorphic rock which was originally pure quartz. Quartzite
An aluminosilicate mineral typically occurring as fibrous masses. Sillimanite
A hard crystalline metamorphic form of limestone, typically white. Marble
A various colored or transparent mineral. Micas
A class of rock-forming silicate or aluminosilicate minerals. Amphibole

Rock Cycle Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Rocks formed by extreme heat and pressure Metamorphic
Rocks formed by the cooling of magma Igneous
Rocks formed by weathering, layering, and compaction Sedimentary
This molten material cools inside a volcano Magma
This igneous rock that cools slowly has large crystals and coarse grains Intrusive
This igneous rock that cools quickly has small crystals and fine grains Extrusive
This material cools on the exterior of a volcano Lava
A mixture of minerals forms this Rock
The Latin word meaning "igneous" Fire
Sedimentary rocks often have layers that contain this Fossils
A specific type of sedimentary rock Sandstone
A specific type of metamorphic rock Quartzite
A specific type of igneous rock Granite

Earthquakes and Volcanoes Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What is the point of Earth's surface directely above an earthquake's focus ? epicenter
device used by seimologists to record primary, secondary, suface waves from earthquakes seismograph
vibrations caused by breaking rocks along faults earthquake
Opening in Earth's surface that often forms a mountain when layers of lava and volcanic ash erupt and build up volcano
An opening on Earth's surface where magma is forced up and flows out as lava Vent
a broad volcano with gently sloping sides Shield volcano
A volcano formed by alternating layers of tephra and lava and that is found mostly where Earth's plates come together Composite volcano
steep-sided volcano made of loosely packed tephra Cinder cone volcano
scientist who studiesearthquakes and seismic waves Seismologist
large opening formed when the top of a volcano collapes Caldera
Measure of the energy released by an earthquake Magnitude
A mixture of molten or semi-molten rock, volatiles and solids that is found beneath the surface of the Earth Magma
a very large igneous intrusion extending deep in the earth's crust. batholith
a column of solidified lava or igneous rock formed in a volcanic vent, especially when exposed by erosion. volcanic necks
are imaginable as the veins of a volcano, the pathways of rising magma. Volcanic dikes