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The maximum or minimum point of a quadratic function. vertex

The line of symmetry that runs through the vertex; can be found algebraically: x=-b/(2a) axis of symmetry

All the input values of a function. domain

All the output values of a function. range

x = -b ± √(b² - 4ac)/2a quadratic formula

one of the possible outcomes of a probability experiment event

a possible result of an experiment outcome

a diagram that shows how two or more sets in a universal set are related Ven diagram

a collection or list of items SET

events such that the outcome of one event does not affect the probability of the outcome of another event independent events

'sides and angles' that are images of each other will be equal if the two triangles are congruent. CORRESPONDING PARTS

Any number that can be written as a simple fraction, with a whole number numerator and denominator, such as terminating decimals, repeating decimals and integers. rational number

A square with a whole number root. perfect square

An angle of exactly 90 degrees. right angle

A triangle that contains a right angle. right triangle

Any number that cannot be written as a simple fraction, such as non-repeating, non-terminating decimals, square roots of non-perfect squares, pi. irrational number

The result of multiplying a number by itself square

Greek philosopher, 570-495 BC. There is no evidence that Pythagoras himself worked on or proved the Pythagorean Theorem, which was used previously by Babylonians and Indians. Pythagoras

A mathematical symbol that indicates the extraction of the root of the square inside. radical sign

the statement that the values of two mathematical expressions are equal equation

a numerical or constant quantity placed before and multiplying the variable in an algebraic expression Coefficient

solving a problem solutions

value that,when multiplied by itself,gives the number roots

relationship between two numbers indicating how many times the first number contains the second ratio

two ratios or fractions are equal proportion

relationship between two numbers indicating how many times the first number contains the second ratio

a single number or variable, or numbers and variables multiplied together terms

an unbroken part of a circle arc

an angle whose vertex is at the center of a circle central angle

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A hydrogen bond is the electrostatic attraction between polar groups that occurs when a hydrogen (H) atom bound to a highly electronegative atom such as nitrogen (N), oxygen (O) or fluorine (F) experiences attraction to some other nearby highly electronegative atom. H-bonding

An organic compound is any member of a large class of gaseous, liquid, or solid chemical compounds whose molecules contain carbon. organicmolecule

large molecule, such as protein, commonly created by polymerization of smaller subunits macromolecule

a molecule that may bind chemically or supramolecularly to other molecules to form a polymer monomer

a substance that has a molecular structure consisting chiefly or entirely of a large number of similar units bonded toget many synthetic organic materials polymer

biological molecule consisting of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms, usually with a hydrogen–oxygen atom ratio of 2:1 carbohydrate

called simple sugars monosaccharide

polymeric carbohydrate molecules composed of long chains of monosaccharide units bound together by glycosidic linkages and on hydrolysis give the constituent monosaccharides or oligosaccharides. polysaccharide

macromolecular biological catalysts enzyme

surface on which a plant or animal lives substrate

large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues. protein

covalent chemical bond formed between two amino acid molecules. peptidebond

biologically important organic compounds containing amine and carboxylic acid functional groups, aminoacid

a group of naturally occurring molecules that include fats, waxes, sterols, fat-soluble vitamins, monoglycerides, diglycerides, triglycerides, phospholipids, and others lipid

amylum is a polymeric carbohydrate consisting of a large number of glucose units joined by glycosidic bonds starch

a multibranched polysaccharide of glucose that serves as a form of energy storage in animals and fungi. glycogen

an insoluble substance that is the main constituent of plant cell walls and of vegetable fibers such as cotton. cellulose

holding as much water or moisture as can be absorbed; thoroughly soaked. saturated

having carbon–carbon double or triple bonds and therefore not containing the greatest possible number of hydrogen atoms for the number of carbons. unsaturated

the region of an enzyme where substrate molecules bind and undergo a chemical reaction. activesite

uncommon in nature but became commonly produced industrially from vegetable fats for use in margarine, snack food, packaged baked goods and frying fast food transfat

simple polyol compound. It is a colorless, odorless, viscous liquid that is sweet-tasting and non-toxic. glycerol

is a carboxylic acid with a long aliphatic chain, which is either saturated or unsaturated fattyacids

biopolymers, or large biomolecules, essential for all known forms of life. nucleicacids

organic molecules that serve as the monomers nucleotides

inorganic chemical and a salt of phosphoric acid. phosphate

carbohydrate with the formula C5H10O5; ribose

Deoxyribonucleic acid is a molecule that carries the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses DNA

Ribonucleic acid is a polymeric molecule implicated in various biological roles in coding, decoding, regulation, and expression of genes RNA

minimum energy which must be available to a chemical system with potential reactants to result in a chemical reaction. activationenergy

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All rocks form under the_______. crust

Rocks that are formed by lava or magma are called_______. Igneous

Sedimentary rocks have lots of_________. Layers

All rocks have two or more________. minerals

Igneous rocks that are formed underground are made from________. magma

What type of sedimentary rock forms under water? limestone

What rock is made from sand layers are pushed together? sandstone

What helps make metamorphic rock other than soil? heat

What igneous rock is great for climbing? granite

What rock is made when rocks squeeze together by heat and other rocks? Metamorphic

Igneous rocks that cool on the outside of the earth are called________. extrusive

Igneous rocks that cool inside the earth are called_________. intrusive

What Igneous rock has lots of holes in it? pumice

What sedimentary rock is held together by different types of rock? conglomerate

What igneous rock has no crystals, is smooth, and is smooth? Obsidian

Metamorphic rocks that are made of thin layers of minerals are called_______. slate

What metamorphic rock is made of minerals pressed together? gneiss

Extrusive rocks are made by what substance? lava

Rocks made from lava or magma are________ rocks. Igneous

Rocks are turned into sand by ocean_______. waves

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The numerical factor when a term has a variable. coefficient

For every real number a, b, and c. Distributive property

A mathematical sentence that uses an equal sign. equation

Algebraic expressions that have the same value for all values of the variables. equivalent expressions

A number that shows repeated multiplication. exponent

A mathematical sentence that compares the values of two expressions using an inequality symbol. inequality

Whole numbers and their opposites. integer

A number that cannot be written as a ratio of two integers. Irrational numbers in decimal farm are nonterminating and nonrepeating. irrational number

The counting numbers. natural number

A number that is the same distance from zero on the number line as a given number, but lies in the opposite direction. opposite

1. Perform any operations inside grouping symbols. 2. Simplify powers. 3. Multiply and divide in order from left to right. 4. Add and subtract in order form left to right. order of operations

Numbers whoses square roots are integers. perfect square

The expression under the radical sign is the radicand. Radicand

A real number that can be written as a ratio of two integers. Rational numbers in decimal form are terminating or repeating. rational number

A number that is either rational or irrational. real number

Given a nonzero rational number a/b, the reciprocal, or multiplicative inverse, is b/a. The product of a nonzero number and its reciprocal is 1. Reciprocal

A number a such that a2=b. The sqaure root of b is the principalsquare root. - sqaure root of b is the negative sqaure root. square root

A symbol, usually a letter, that represents one or more numbers. variable

The nonegative integers. whole number

A mathematical phrase involving numbers and operation symbols, but no variables. numerical expression

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main source of energy Carbohydrates

sugar the occurs naturally in fruits fructose

that occur naturally in grains Maltose

that occur naturally in milk lactose

complex carbohydrates are made up of large molecules of simple carbohydrates

the main source of carbohydrates is plants

are extracted from plants and used to sweeten foods refined sugars

eating foods that are high in refined sugars empty calories

in the form of rice,paste,and bread products grains

such as peas and lentils legumes

consuming large amount of these foods can lead to weight gain

that leads to sugar highs and lows energy level

proteins are made of chains of chemical building blocks amino acids

helps form the protective coverings around nerves

around vital organs such as the heart and liver cushion

your body needs iron to build hemoglobin

there are types of proteins complete and incomplete

complex carbohydrates are broken down into two subcategories starches and fiber

such as potatoes and corns that can be found in starches vegetables

fiber consist of plant material non-digestible

there are two kinds of dietary soluble and insoluble

this bulk helps to move food through the large intestine,promoting regular bowel movement

that provides for the body heat and energy

that promotes healthy and normal cell growth skin

carries vitamins A,D,E and K in the body fat-soluble vitamins

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The set of the first numbers of the ordered pairs domain

Minus Subtraction

Please Excuse My Dear Aunt Sally orderofoperations

Sum addition

The ratio of the change in the y-coordinate (rise) to the change in the x-coordinate (run) slope

A mathematical sentence that contains an equal sign equation

A relation between input and output FUNCTION

Symbol used to represent unknown numbers or values variable

The form of a linear equation Ax + By = C, with a graph that is a straight line standard

The set of second numbers of the ordered pairs range

To find the value of an expression evaluate

The vertical number line on a coordinate plane yaxis

A comparison of two numbers by division ratio

To draw or lot the oints named by certain numbers or ordered pairs on a number line or coordinate plane graph

The numbers that correspond to a point on a coordinate system coordinates

A point where the graph intersects an axis intercept

The horizontal number line on a coordinate plane xaxis

The point (0,0) origin

The answer when multiplying product

A polynomial with two terms binomial

Distance around the outside perimeter

To shift a graph vertically or horizontally translation

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a, b and c are real numbers Quadratic Function

The highest point Vertex

The line crosses the x-axis x-intercept

Vertical line that goes through the vertex Axis of Symmetry

y=m x + b Intercept Form

As great, high or the most Maximum

The least or smallest Minimum

The expression found under the square root Discriminant

A number or constant placed before Coefficients

x + 5=9 Constant

A number that can be expressed in the form a + b Complex Number

ax^2 + bx + c=0 Quadratic Equation

An input value Zeros

Multiplies by itself Square Root

Used to simplify expressions, fractions and solve equations Factoring

Showing data or finished results Tables

Consisting of three terms Trinomial

A binomial formed by negating the second term of a binomial Conjugates

Has two solutions Quadratic Formula

Multiplying two binomials Foil

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Threatening until you get your way Brinksmanship

Man who took over after Stalin died Khrushchev

Formed own military pact, linked Soviet Union with 7 other European countries Warsaw

Population explosion Baby boom

Forming alliances if needed Collective security

Julius and Ethel Rosenburg were charged with Espionage

Nations compete to amass weapontry Arms race

Conflict between North adn South Korea Korean War

List of people whom condemned for having communist background Black List

Winston Churchill warned the world this had descended across Europe Iron Curtain

Trumans idea to fincially aid Greece and Turkey Truman Doctrine

Name of countries dominated by Soviet Union Satelite Nations

Name of measure taken to prevent extension of communist rule to other countries Containment

This aid gave 16 European countries hope Marshall Plan

An attempt to break blockade and fly food and supplies into West Berlin Berlin Airlift

Suicide attacks Kamikaze

The first Earth-orbiting artificial satellite Sputnik

Gathering intelligence on other nations CIA

The easing of hostility between countries Detente

A period of fear of communists Red Scare

No progress can be made and no advancement is possible Stalemate

The 1950's is know as the decade of what? Conformity

What type of bomb was being made during Manhattan Project? Atomic

Announcement of Japans Surrender V-J Day

Largest naval battle in history was battle of? Leyte

Executive Order 9981 Truman intergrated what? Armed Forces

The crisis that erupted after Egypt’s nationalization of the British-controlled Suez Canal Suez Crisis

United States and the Soviet Union agreed to limit the number of nuclear weapons they made SALT

Leader of Soviet Union Stalin

Commander of US pacific forces MacArthur

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what is the basic unit of a chemical element? atom

what is a substance consisting of atoms which all have the same number of protons? element

what is the smallest particle in a chemical element or compound that has the chemical properties of that element or compound? molecule

what is a chemical bond formed between two ions with opposite charges? ionic bond

what is a chemical bond formed by the sharing of one or more electrons, especially pairs of electrons, between atoms? covalent bond

What is a weak chemical bond between an electronegative atom, such as fluorine, oxygen, or nitrogen, and a hydrogen atom bound to another electronegative atom? Hydrogen bond

What is the sticking together of alike molecules, such as water molecule being attracted to another water molecule? Cohesion

What is the force of attraction between unlike molecules, or the attraction between the surfaces of contacting bodies? Adhesion

What is a measure of the hydorgen ion concentration of a solution? pH

What is a molecule that can combine with others of the same kind to form a polymer? Monomer

What are large molecules composed of many similar smaller molecules linked together ? Polymer

What is a large complex molecule, such as nucleic acids, proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids, with relatively large molecular weight ? Macromolecule

What are molecular compounds made from just three elements: carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.? Carbohydrate

What is a series of sweet-tasting, crystalline carbohydrates, especially a simple sugar or a chain of two or more simple sugars? Saccharide

what is an organic molecule of biological origin that is insoluble in water and soluble in non-polar solvents ? lipid

What is a molecule composed of polymers of amino acids joined together by peptide bonds.? protein

What are the building blocks of all biological proteins ? Amino acid

What are proteins that act as catalysts within living cells ? Enzyme

What is a substance capable of initiating or speeding up a chemical reaction? catalyst

What is a model that assumes an enzyme and substrate have a rigid interaction with each other, where a substrate fits in a key-like fashion to its lock, the enzyme, turning on the reaction ? Lock and key model

What are acids consist of either one or two long chains of repeating units called nucleotides, which consist of a nitrogen base attached to a sugar phosphate? nucleic acid

what is a chemical reaction that builds up molecules by losing water molecules ? dehydration systhesis

What is a chemical reaction in which two molecules combine to form a larger molecule with the elimination of a small molecule ? condensation reaction

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Term which means that two things are equal. Equation

A Symbol used for a number. Variable

A number own it's own. Constant

Means; "this" equals "that". Statement

A symbol that shows an operation. Operator

A number used to multiply a variable. Coefficient

Can be a single number or variable multiplied together. Term

A group of therms separated by + or - signs. Expression

Tells you how many times to use the value in multiplication. Exponent

This can have constants, variables, and exponents. Polynomial

Terms who's variables and exponents are the same. Like

Means X and Y lines on a graph. Axes

The use of letters or symbols in place of unknown values. Algebra

Type of graph using rectangle bars to show how large each value is. Bar

Type of graph that uses points connected by lines to show something changes is value. Line

A machine or program used for doing mathematical calculations. calculator

Splitting into equal parts or groups. Division

Numbers multiplied together to get another number. Factors

Part or half of a whole. Fraction

The result of adding two or more numbers. Sum