Type
Crossword
Description

An action or series of actions performed by an animal in response to a stimulus behavior
trial and error learning occurs under highly controlled conditions operantconditioning
selection in which a mate is chosen based on a certain trait or set of traits sexualselection
ensures the survival of young parentalcare
scientist who carried out a classical conditioning experiment training a dog to associate a ringing bell with food pavlov
a pattern behavior that occurs when an action always occurs the same way without being taught fixedaction
when scientist study behavior, they investigate two kinds of questions, how and ______ why
genetically programmed behavior innate
learning that can ONLY occur during a specific period early in life and cannot be changed once it occurs imprinting
there are 2 major influences on animal behavior, reproductive success and ________ survival
a female "evaluating" the male before she decides whether to mate is a behavior referred to as ________ matechoice
person noticing males often have extreme characteristics that they display during courtship darwin
reproduction often has a greater metabolic cost and greater investment from the _________ female
Can be a sound, posture, movement, color, scent, or facial expression signal
man who observed imprinting when he raised a group of newly hatched goslings lorenz
Type of behavior protecting a resource for exclusive use territorial
vocal communication is likely most developed in primates
learning by association conditioning
scientists who study how animals behave and the adaptive significance of behavior ethologist
American psychologist that demonstrated operant conditioning skinner
behavior performed by an animal to locate, obtain, and consume food foraging
ability to analyze a problem and think of a possible solution reasoning
development of behaviors through experience is called learning
trial and error learning that occurs under highly controlled conditions operantconditioning

Animal Behavior and Learning Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

skinner boxes, trial and error 2 words O..................
ignoring a common non threatening stimulus h
threatening behavior used to gain control/dominance a
behavior that is aquired as a result of experience L
stimuli to attract a mate c
may be sisual, sound, touch or chemical c
this learning is a combination of inate and learned behavior i
time when an animal can imprint 2 words c
application of something already learned to a new situation 2 words i
migration is an example 2 words s
2 or more animals claim the same resource c
the way an animal reacts to changes in environment b
something in the environment to which the animal responds s
Pavlov's dogs associated a bell with food 2 words c
daily behavior cycle 2 words c
interactions/behaviors between animals of the same species s
fully developed behaviors the first time they are used i
area containing resources for survival T
combines sounds, symbols, gestures - used by humans only L

Animal Behavior Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

An action carried out by muscles under muscled under control of the nervous system Behavior
Why a behavior occurs from an evolutionary standpoint Proximate causation
Why a behavior occurs from an evolutionary standpoint Ultimate causation
A sequence of unlearned acts linked directly to a simple stimulus; they are essentially unchangeable and almost always carried out to completion Fixed action pattern
the modification is behavior as a result of specific experienced Learning
The establishment of a memory that reflects the environment’s spatial structure Spatial learning
A representation in an animal’s nervous system of the spatial relationship between objects and its surroundings Cognitive map
The ability to associate one environmental feature with another Associative learning
Associating an arbitrary stimulus with a certain outcome Classical conditioning
Associating a certain behavior with a certain outcome, and then avoiding/repeating said behavior Operant conditioning
Process of knowing that involves awareness, reasoning, recollection, and judgement Cognition
The cognitive activity a devising a method to proceed from one state to another in the face of real or apparent obstacles Problem Solving

Psychology Chapter 5 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A relatively enduring change in behavior or thinking that results from experiences Learning
A basic form of learning evident when an organism does not respond as strongly or as often to an event following multiple exposures to it. Habituation
An event or occurance that generally leads to a response Stimulus
a stimulus that does not cause a relevant automatic or reflexive response. Neutral Stimulus
A stimulus that automatically triggers an involuntary response without any learning needed. Uncondition Stimulus
Learning process in which two stimuli become associated with each other; when an originally neutral stimulus is condition to elicit an involuntary response. Classical Conditioning
A reflexive, involuntary response to an unconditioned stimulus. Unconditioned Response
A previously neutral stimulus that an organism learns to associate with an unconditioned stimulus. Conditioned Stimulus
A learned response to a conditioned stimulus Conditioned Response
The initial learning phase in both classical and operant conditioning Acquisiton
The tendency for stimuli similar to the conditioned stimulus to elicit the conditioned response. Stimulus Generalization
The ability to differentiate between a conditioned stimulus and other stimuli sufficiently different from it. Stimulus Discrimination
In classical conditioning the process by which the CR decreases after repeated exposure to the CS in the absence of the US; in operant conditioning the disappearance of the learned behavior through the removal of it’s reinforce. Extinction
The reappearance of a conditioned response following its extinction Spontaneous Recovery
With repeated pairings of a conditions stimulus and a neutral stimulus, the second neutral stimulus becomes a conditioned stimulus as well. Higher Order Conditioning
A form of classical conditioning that occurs when an organism learns to associate the taste of a particular goof or drink with illness. Conditioned Taste Aversion
The degree to which a trait or behavior helps an organism survive. Adaptive Value
The tendency for animals to be predisposed or incline to from associations Biological Preparedness
An emotional reaction acquired through classical conditioning; process by which an emotional reaction becomes associated with a previously neutral stimulus. Conditioned Emotional Response
Thorndike’s principle stating that behaviors are more likely to be repeated when followed by pleasurable outcomes, and those followed by something unpleasant are less likely to be repeated. Law of Effect
Consequences, such as events or objects, that increase the likelihood of a behavior reoccurring. Reinforcers
Process by which an organism learns to associate a voluntary behavior with its consequences. Reinforcement
the scientific study of observable behavior Behaviorism
the use of reinforces to guide behavior to the acquisition of a desired, complex behavior Shaping
A method of shaping that uses reinforces to condition a series of small steps that gradually approach the target behavior. Successive Approximations
The tendency for animals to revert to instinctual behaviors after a behavior pattern has been learned. Instinctive Drift
The process by which reinforces are added or presented following a targeted behavior, increasing the likelihood of it occurring again. Positive Reinforcement
The removal of an unpleasant stimulus following a target behavior, which increases the likelihood of it occurring again. Negative Reinforcement
A reinforce that satisfies a biological need, such as food, water, physical contact; innate reinforce. Primary Reinforcer
Reinforces that do not satisfy biological needs but often gain their power through their association with primary reinforces. Secondary Reinforcer
A schedule of reinforcement in which every target behavior is reinforced Continuous Reinforcement
A schedule of reinforcement in which target behaviors are reinforced intermittently, not continuously. Partial Reinforcement
The tendency for behaviors acquired through intermittent reinforcement to be more resistant to extinction than those acquired through continuous reinforcement. Partial Reinforcement Effect
A schedule in which the subject must exhibit a predetermined number of desired behaviors before a reinforcer is given. Fixed-Ratio Schedule
A schedule in which the number of desired behaviors that must occur before a reinforcer is given changes across trials and is based on an average number of behaviors to be reinforced. Variable-Ratio Schedule
A schedule in which the number of desired behaviors that must occur before a reinforcer is given changes across trials and is based on an average number of behaviors to be reinforced. Variable-Ratio Schedule
A schedule in which the reinforcer comes after a pre-established interval of times goes by: the behavior is only reinforced after the given interval is over. Fixed-Interval Schedule

Chapter 5 Animal Behavior Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

all the actions animals performs behavior
is a signal that causes an organism to react in some way. stimulus
without being taught instinct
is a learned behavior. imprinting
is the process that leads to change in behavior base on practice or experience. learning
a chemical released by one animal that affects the behavior of another animals of the same species. pheromone
is an area that is occupied and defended by an animal or group of animals. territory
is a group of closely related animals of the same species that work together in a highly organized way. society
is the state of greatly reduced body activity that occurs during the winter when food is scarce. hibernation
is a threatening behavior that one animal uses to gain control over another. aggression
is behavior in which males and females of the same species prepare for mating Courtship behavior
behavior cycles that occur over a period of approximately one day. circadian rhythm
is the regular, seasonal journey of an animal from one place to another and back again. migration
a device attached to an animal that sends out a signal in the form of radio waves, to keep track of the animals. transmitter
picks up radio signal from the transmitter on an animals neck, wing, or fin, to keep track of the animal. receiver
is a instrument in orbit thousands of miles above Earth to keep track of animals. satellite
the organism's reaction to the stimulus. response

Developmental Psychology Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Who is the father of developemental psychology who wrote the first scietific journal of developemental psychology and the founder of APA? StanleyHall
the study of the same group of people over time? Longitudinal
An organized set of ideas? Theory
Which theorist studied the unconscious and theorised the fice psychosexual stages? Freud
Which theorist created thepsychosocial stages that includes a crisis/challenge at each stage? Erikson
What is the term for learning by observing others? SocialLearning
the actions that are taken to try to continue a good behavior? reinforcement
having belief in one's own abilities/talents? Selfefficacy
the theorist that saw children as "little scientists"? Piaget
What is the goal of Maslow's heiarchy of needs? SelfActualization
how an individual adapts to their enviornment? SelectiveAdaptation
pulling ideas from multiple theories or perspectives? Eclectic
An individual's genetic makeup? DNA
the observable physical characteristics of a person? Phenotype
when an individual has a trait but doesnt express it? carrier
multiple pairs of genes go into one trait? polygenic
the theory that states our mind is like a computer? InfoProcessing
Who studied operant conditioning,or the study of consequences of a child's behavior? Skinner
Who used classical conditioning on little Albert to condition a fear of a bunny? Watson

evolution Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

is a trait with a current functional role in the life of an organism that is maintained and evolved by means of natural selection. adaptation
is the relative frequency of an allele (variant of a gene) at a particular locus in a population, expressed as a fraction or percentage allele frequency
evolutionary mechanism that helps members of the same species identify each other as proper mates. behavioral isolation
different kinds of living organisms are thought to have developed and diversified from earlier forms during the history of the earth evolution
the ability to survive to reproductive age, find a mate, and produce offspring. fitness
the set of all genes, or genetic information, in any population, usually of a particular species gene pool
The separation of two populations of the same species or breeding group by a physical barrier, such as a mountain or body of water. geographic isolation
characteristic of an individual that allows it to survive to produce more offspring natural selection
A group of organisms of one species that interbreed and live in the same place at the same time population
splitting of a single evolutionary lineage into two or more genetically independent lineages speciation
any difference between cells variation
genetic isolation achieved due to temporal differences in breeding. temporal isolation

Types of Animal Behavior Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

insight
combination
conditioning
pavlov
imprinting
maze
necessary
birth
simplest
trial and error
learned
fixed action pattern
instinct
reflexes
innate
scatter
response
stimulus
or
when

Phosphorus Cycle Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Change over time Evolution
A sequence of Dna that codes for a particular trait Gene
The degree to which an animal can reproduce successfully in its environment Fitness
A heritable trait that increases the likelihood of an individuals survival and reproduction Adaptation
A human controlled process to produce individuals with certain traits ArtificialSelection
process by which traits that improve an organisms chances to survive and reproduction are passed on more frequently to offspring than those that do not naturalselection
ability to survive and reproduce under changing environmental conditions tolerance
the disappearance of a species from earth Extinction
the process by which two species evolve in response to changes in each other coevolution
living parts of an ecosystem bioticfactors
nonliving parts of an ecosystem abioticfactors
the place where an animal lives habitat

AP Biology Ecology Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

A land area that is covered with a shallow layer of water during some or all of the year Wetland
A permanently frozen soil layer Permafrost
behavior that reduces an individual's fitness while increasing the fitness of another individual Altruism
A symbiotic relationship in which both participants benefit Mutualism
An extremely cold, dry biome Tundra
Any form of behaviour associated with aggression, including threat, attack, appeasement, or flight Agnostic Behavior
The study of social behavior based on evolutionary theory Sociobiology
a sequence of unlearned acts that is essentially unchangeable and, once initiated, usually carried to completiona sequence of unlearned acts that is essentially unchangeable and, once initiated, usually carried to completion Fixed Action Patterns
A species that is not necessarily abundant in a community yet exerts strong control on community structure by the nature of its ecological role or niche Keystone Species
Referring to a type of relationship in which one male mates with just one female Monogamous
The number or individuals per unit area or volume Density
A group of individuals of the same species that live in the same area and interbreed, producing fertile offspring Population
All the organisms that inhabit a particular area; an assemblage of populations of different species living close enough together for potential interaction Community
awareness, reasoning, recollection, and judgment Cognition
The science of animal behavior Ethology
Dead organic matter Detritus
The area where a freshwater stream or river merged with the ocean Estuary
Any of the world's major ecosystem types Biomes
A type of ecological succession that occurs in an area where there were originally no organisms present and where soil has not yet formed Primary Succession
A scrubland biome of dense, spiny evergreen shrubs Chapparral
The maximum population size the can be supported by the available resources, symbolized as K Carrying Capacity
A symbiotic relationship in which one organism benefits but the other is neither helped not harmed Commensalism
The study of changes over time in the vital statistics of populations, especially birth rates and death rates Demography
All the organisms in a given area as well as the abiotic factors with which they interact Ecosystem
In animal behavior, the formation at a specific stage in life of a long lasting behavioral response to a specific individual or object Imprinting
A group of individuals of the same age in a population Cohort
A gradual reduction in the strength of a response when a stimulus event is presented repeatedly Habituation
A change in activity or turning rate in response to a stimulus Kinesis
In a lake, the well-lit, open surface waters far from shore Limnetic zone
A polygamous mating system involving one female and many males Polyandry

Natural Selection Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the period between the birth of one generation and the birth of the next generation generation time
the formation of new species as a result of evolution speciation
the process by which individuals that are better adapted to their environment survive and reproduce more successfully than less well adapted individuals do natural selection
a characteristic that improves an individuals ability to survive and reproduce in a particular environment adaptation
a group of organisms that are closely related and can mate to produce fertile offsring Species
the process in which inherited characteristics within a population change over generations such that new species sometimes arise Evolution
the trace or remains of an organism that lived long ago, most commonly preserved in sedimentary rock fossil
a historical sequence of life indicated by fossils found in layers of the earths crust fossil record
a genetically determined characteristic trait
the human practice of breeding animals or plants that have certain desired traits selective breeding
any method of determining whether an event or object is older or younger than other events or object relative dating
any method of measuring the age of an object or event in years absolute dating
the theory that explains how large pieces of the Earths outermost layer, called tectonic plates, move and chage shape plates tectonics