caused by inheritance of recessive genes, more likely to affect Caucasians than African or Asian-Americans.
an inherited disease most common among eastern European families of Jewish descent.
passed on from mothers to sons only; prevents blood from clotting.
malformed red blood cells that deprive the body of oxygen and prevalent in African Americans.
result of one twin taking nourishment from the other twin (fertility drugs).
manifests in adulthood; leads to dementia.
a condition in which the body is unable to process and use a specific protein that is present in nearly all foods.
gap in upper lip or palate; caused by hereditary or environmental or both.
an increase of cerebro-spinal fluid around the brain, resulting in an enlargement of the skull, the fluid can be drained into the abdominal cavity.
transmitted by female carriers, usually affects males only.
a congenital condition in which part of the spinal cord or meninges protrudes through a cleft in the spinal column.
associated with mental retardation, increased risk of heart defects, leukemia, poor muscle tone, and distinctive physical characteristics.
infection caused by a parasite.
It is a disease that affects brain, body movement, and voice.
People who have this disease are tall and slender appearance.
This disease happen when the bones in the spine have not joined properly.
Sometimes, babies with Spina Bifida have a ______ on their back, when they are born
Women, who gave birth to babies with Spina Bifida may have been lacking.
Mafan Syndrome happen, when this tissue does not form correctly.
People with Huntington's Disease have this percent chance to pass to their children. ( If they have one gene.)
An inherited disorder in which products of fat metabolism accumulate in and destroy the brain and Spina cord
One of the Tay - Sachs Disease's symptoms.
Babies with Tay - Sachs Disease appear this at birth.
A group of related disease that attack different muscle groups.
Muscular Dystrophy mostly occur in_______ .
Kids with Muscular Dystrophy lose ability to do this during their early teens.
Tay - Sachs Disease is caused by missing this.
There no _________ for Muscular Dystrophy Disease.
alters development of females
causes abnormally thick mucus
fat can't be adequately degraded
disease of the intestines
degeneration of retina
common among small children
cyst formation in kidney
abnormally long or thin digits
caused by deletion of genetic material
uncontrolled movements occur
unusual facial characteristics
copper buildup in body
crest-shaped red blood cells
specific form of muscular dystrophy
iron salts in tissue
blood unable to clot
sensitivity of skin to light
lipids accumulate in the brain
fore brain fails to develope into two hemispheres
neurofibromas form in body
deficiency in lungs
antibodies and T cells are genetically missing in blood
learning disabilities and cognitive impairment
Promotes developmental anomalies
One of the common cancers in children
Thyroglossal Duct Cysts is an example of this
The mildest form of Spina Bifida
Could prevent Spina Bifida
The leading cause of death during the first year of life
The leading cause of death in children
The lack of organ formation
The incomplete formation of the lumen
Normal tissue overgrowth in a normal site
The most frequent benign tumor in children
Normal tissue appearing in an abnormal location
Characterized by growth retardation and facial malformation such as short palpebral fissures and thin upper lips
Toxoplasmosis, Rubella, Cytomegalovirus, Herpes Type 2
The most severe form of Spina Bifida
Familial hypercholesterolemia, Marfan syndrome, Ehlers-Danlos, Neurofibromatosis
Sickle cell, Cystic Fibrosis, Albinism, Gaucher disease, Tay-Sachs
Long skull, Pigeon Chest, hyperextensibility, arachnodactylyl, downslanting palpebral fissues
Collagen Disorder, Cigarette Paper skin, Gorlin Sign
von Recklinghausen disease, cafe-au-lait spots, enlarged fungiform papilla, scoliosis
Anion affected by Cystic Fibrosis
Accumulation of glucosylceramide, affects the spleen
Accumulation of Gangliosides
Familial hypophosphatemic rickets, Colorblindness, Fragile X
The most common inherited mental retardation disorder
Short stature, "Simian" crease, abnormal middle phalanx, sterile males, upslanting palpebral fissues, Brushfield spots
The number of X chromosomes present in a male with Klinefelter Syndrome
The karyotype of a female with Turner Syndrome
Chromosome affected by both Prader-Willi and Angelman Syndromes
Deletes paternal genes
Deletes maternal genes
80% of lymphocytes
The number of influenza species
Affected by Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia
Affected by Goodpasture's Syndrome
Also affected by Goodpasture's Syndrome
Affected by Grave's Disease
Affected by Pemphigus
Characteristic Lupus "butterfly" rash
The most common AIDs-related cancer
Acute inflammatory response associated reaction
A chronic inflammatory response reaction
How the velocity of blood flow changes during inflammation
One of the 4 signs of acute inflammation
Another sign of acute inflammation
Phenomenon where fluid is lost and the blood becomes more viscous
Site of lymphocyte development
A peripheral lymphoid organ
Another name for MHCs (hint: a complex)
The T-cell subtype used as an immune health indicator
CD4 subtype that activates macrophages against intracellular pathogens
CD4 subtype that stimulates neutrophils against extracellular pathogens
Single cell formed at fertilization
Chromosonal disorder affecting males when another X is added to XY
How your genetics express themselves
Short segment of DNA
Cell division where four haploid gametes are produced
Syndrome where there are 47 chromosomes
Turner Syndrome affects only this gender
Tay - Sachs affects this chromosome
Life expectancy is limited to 37 years old
80% of women receive this type of screening during their pregnancy
Disease affecting the Basal Ganglia
Autoimmune disease that attacks the pancreas
Normal red blood cells typically live for this many days
1 in _____ women are affected by red-green color blindness
Fluid test performed around 15-18 weeks
Affects F8 & F9 gene
Type 2 diabetes is caused by __________ resistance
Can be toxic in excessive amounts
Fragile X gene mutation