Type
Crossword
Description

The tidal mouth of a large river, where the tide meets the stream. ESTUARY
A small stream that flows into a larger stream. TRIBUTARIES
Material being transported by a river is deposited. DEPOSITION
Being eroded by water, wind, or other natural agents. EROSION
Matter that settles to a bottom of a liquid. SEDIMENT
A body of air or water moving in a definite direction. CURRENT
Class of naturally occurring solid in organic substances. MINERAL CONTENT
Winding curve of bend in a river. MEANDER
An area of land that collects rivers, basins, or seas. WATERSHED
A large lake used as a source of water supply. RESERVIOR
A crescent-shaped lake formed in the abounded channel. OXBOW
A place where a river enters a lake. MOUTH
A land form that forms from deposition carried by a river. DELTA
Land along side river or lake. BANKS
An area of low lying ground. FLOODPLAIN

Water Systems Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

The thermal energy needed to raise the temperature of one kg of a substance ( Heat capacity
the state of being deposited or precipitated Deposition
The transfer of heat from a warm region to a cold region Convection
the continuous ridge of the mountain summits dividing the continent into two main drainage area Continental divide
a U-shaped bend in the course of a river Oxbow
the alternate rising and falling of the sea Tides
an effect whereby a mass moving in a rotating system experiences a force Water sheds
hydrological cycle Water cycle
a rising of seawater Upwelling
- an area of low-lying ground adjacent to a river, formed mainly of river sediments and subject to flooding Flood plain
a river follow a winding course Meander
of or found in fresh water; not of the sea fresh water
of or found in salt water; living in the sea salt water
the pattern formed by the streams, rivers, and lakes in a particular drainage basin drainage system
an area or ridge of land that separates waters flowing to different rivers, basins, or seas watershed
the process of eroding or being eroded by wind, water, or other natural agents erosion
the process where plants absorb water through the roots and then give off water vapor through pores in their leaves transpiration

weathering and erosion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the process of eroding or being eroded by wind, water, or other natural agents erosion
the process of breaking big rocks into little ones. This process usually happens near the surface of the planet mechanical weathering
the erosion or disintegration of rocks, building materials, etc., caused by chemical reactions (chiefly with water and substances dissolved in it) rather than by mechanical processes. chemical weathering
is caused by the repeated freeze-thaw cycle of water in extreme climates. Most rocks have small cracks in them, called joints (or, tectonic joints). When it rains, rainwater seeps into these joints. As the day cools and temperatures at night drop below freezing, the water inside the joints freezes. frost wedging
an area damaged by scraping or wearing away. abrasion
the process of rocks wearing there old surface off exfoliation
the chemical breakdown of a compound due to reaction with water. hydrolysis
ainfall made sufficiently acidic by atmospheric pollution that it causes environmental harm, typically to forests and lakes. The main cause is the industrial burning of coal and other fossil fuels, the waste gases from which contain sulfur and nitrogen oxides, which combine with atmospheric water to form acids. acid rain
the process or result of oxidizing or being oxidized. oxidation
the movement of surface material caused by gravity. mass movement
move slowly and carefully, especially in order to avoid being heard or noticed. creep
a fluid or hardened stream or avalanche of mud. mud flow
separate or be separated into parts divide
an extent or an area of land where surface water from rain, melting snow, or ice converges to a single point at a lower elevation, usually the exit of the basin drainage basin
particles in a flowing fluid (usually water) that are transported along the bed. bed load
allow (a liquid, gas, or other substance) to flow out from where it has been confined. discharge
a river thats conected to other rivers river system
a mixture in which particles are dispersed throughout the bulk of a fluid. suspension
an increase or decrease in the magnitude of a property (e.g., temperature, pressure, or concentration) observed in passing from one point or moment to another. gradient
the maximum amount that something can contain. capacity
a curved lake formed at a former oxbow where the main stream of the river has cut across the narrow end and no longer flows around the loop of the bend. oxbow lake
a winding curve or bend of a river or road. meander
an area of low-lying ground adjacent to a river, formed mainly of river sediments and subject to flooding. flood plain
the ability to do something successfully or efficiently. competence
a landform that forms from deposition of sediment carried by a river as the flow leaves its mouth and enters slower-moving or standing water. This occurs where a river enters an ocean, sea, estuary, lake, reservoir, or (more rarely) another river that cannot transport away the supplied sediment delta
a river or stream flowing into a larger river or lake. tributary
an area or ridge of land that separates waters flowing to different rivers, basins, or seas. watershed

River Landscapes and Processes Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Bends usually in the middle course of a river. meanders
Where a river starts, usually a lake or spring source
Water wears away rocks and soil on the river banks and bed. erosion
Flat land next to a river which is sometimes flooded. Flood plain
FIne sediments which are deposited by a river. alluvium
A type of erosion where rocks in a river hit each other, slowly becoming smaller. attrition
The point where two rivers meet. confluence
the mouth of a river which broadens into the sea and is affected by tides. estuary
A steep, narrow valley with rocky sides. gorge
A hollow under a waterfall created by erosion and filled with water. Plunge pool
The boundary separating two drainage basins. watershed
The speed at which a river flows. velocity
A stream or small river that joins a larger one. tributary
The process where some minerals dissolve in a river. solution
The gentle slope on the inside of a meander bend. slipoffslope

Landforms and Bodies of Water Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Part of a large body of water that extends into a shoreline bay
A deep, narrow alley with steep walls. canyon
Body of water completely surrounded by land; usually freshwater. lake
Point of land that extends into a river, lake, or ocean. cape
Area of level land, usually low elevation and often covered with grasses plain
Body of land completely surrounded by water. island
Flat, low land built up from soil carried downstream by a river and deposited at its mouth. delta
Large natural stream that flows through land. river
Low land between hill or mountains. valley
Land along a sea or an ocean. coast
Small stream or river that flows into a larger stream or river. tributary
_____ of a river--Place where a river empties into a larger body of water. mouth
Part of a body of water that extends into a shoreline; larger and deeper than a bay. gulf
Narrow stretch of land connecting two larger land areas. isthmus
Body of land jutting into a lake or ocean, surrounded on three sides by water. peninsula
Area of flat or rolling land at high elevation, about 300 to 3,000 feet high plateau
Land with steep sides that rise sharply from the surrounding land. mountains

Surface water Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the movement of water across the surface of earth Run-off
all of the land area whose water drains into a stream system watershed
smaller streams that contributes water to a larger steam tributaries
watersheds are separated from one another by highland areas divide
the largest particle size that water can carry competence
the maximum quantity of load that a stream can carry; controlled by the discharge of a streach capacity
the volume of water that passes a point on the stream per unit of time discharge
material that is rolled or pushed along the streambed bed load
material that is small enough to be physically suspended in the water of the stream of a long distance suspension load
minerals that have dissolved out of rocks due to weathering solution load
the lowest level to which a stream can cut down. most base levels are temporary base level
sea level. no stream erosion can take place below sea level ultimate base level
broad, flat, fertile area extending out from a streas bank that is covered with water during floods flood plain
curve or bend in a stream formed when a stream's slope decreases meander
an alluvial deposit that forms by accretion on the inner side of an expanding loop of a river point bar
formed when sediment laden stream enters a still body of water delta
the degree to which something inclines slope
v-shaped valley, steep slope, straight path young stream
u-shaped, begins to curve, less steep slope mature stream
the outside bank of a water channel which is continually undergoing erosion cut bank
the later state of a stream is an old stream old stream
a u-shaped bend in the course of a river oxbow
a curved lake formed at a former oxbow where the main stream of the river has cut across the narrow end oxbow lake
a tan or cone shaped deposit of sediment crossed and built up by streams alluvial fan

Weathering & Erosion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the breakdown of rocks into smaller particles weathering
small particles of rock that break off another rock sediments
the type of weathering in which the composition stays the same physical
the type of weathering in which the composition of the rock changes chemical
what water does when it freezes expands
the release of pressure that causes a rock to break exfoliation
when sediments collide and break abrasion
the name of the rock that caves form in limestone
the most important cause of chemical weathering water
when oxygen combines with iron in a rock and forms iron oxide(rust) oxidation
examples of organisms that release acids to chemically weather rocks lichens
decayed plant an animal material found in soil humus
when the bedrock matches the soil residual
when the bedrock does NOT match the soil transported
the process by which weathered sediments are transported erosion
another name for gravity erosion massmovement
the force behind most types of erosion gravity
a smaller stream running into a larger one tributary
an area of land that drains to a specific stream/water body watershed
a v-shaped valley is formed by this river
when sediments are dissolved in water solution
when small minerals are carried within water suspension
a u-shaped lake that forms when a meander is cut off from the rest of a stream/river oxbow
wind blows loose sediment against rocks sandblasting
a U-shaped valley is made by this glacier
a rock deposited by a glacier that does not match the surrounding rock in the area erratic
the shape of rocks eroded by water round
the shape of rocks eroded by gravity angular
you find these on rocks carried by glaciers scratches

Weathering, Erosion and Deposition Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the process by which sediment and other materials are moved from one place to another Erosion
process by which eroded material is dropped deposition
materials carried by a stream load
flat area formed by layers of deposited sediment floodplain
fan shaped pattern where streams deposit their loads delta
a fan shaped deposit that forms on dry land alluvial fan
a place where land and a body of water meet shoreline
water located within the rocks below Earth's surface groundwater
an area of shoreline that is made up of material deposited by waves and currents beach
mounds of wind deposited sand dunes
thick deposits of windblown, fine-grained sediment loess
term for all materials carried and deposited by a glacier Glacial drift
large mass of moving ice that forms by the compacting of snow by natural forces glacier
sudden and rapid movement of a large amount of material downslope landslide

Water Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Having a positively charged end and a negatively charged end Polarity
water sticking to water Cohesion
Water sticking to another surface Adhesion
The skin of the water created by cohesion. Surface tension
The ratio of mass to volume in a substance. Density
The amount of energy to raise temperature. Specific heat
The saltiness of a body of water. Salinity
Water that flows over the land without sinking. Runoff
Underwater vent found near volcanoes. Hydrothermal vent
Weather pattern that develops over the ocean. El-Nino
Zone of the ocean. Photic zone
Water located below Earth's surface. Groundwater
A rock layer that collects and stores groundwater. Aquifer
A surface able to penetrated by water. Permeable
A surface that water cannot penetrate. Impermeable
An area of land that drains into drains, etc, to a river. Watershed
The land that water flows across or under. River basin
Freshwater stream. Tributary
Where freshwater and saltwater mix and meet. Estuary
Large material or artificial lake. Reservoir
Movement of cold water. Upwelling
A process, weathered rock is picked up and moved. Erosion
Where eroded materials such as rock and other materials are deposited by water, wind, ice. Sedimentation
Organisms that live in top layer of ocean. Phytoplankton
Enrichment of an ecosystem. Eutrophication
When organisms go far down. Chemosynthesis
Technique that uses sound. Sonar
Amount of present in the water. Dissolved oxygen

Water Erosion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A bend in a river shaped like a loop. meander
Where a stream leaves a mountain range you'll find a wide, sloping deposit of sediment alluvial fan
A channel in which water is continually flowing down a slope. stream
The water that moves over land and carries particles with it Runoff
A cone-shaped deposit that rises from the floor of a cave. stalagmite
Large groove, or channel in the soil that carries runoff after a rainstorm gully
Type of landscape in rainy regions where caverns, sinkholes and deep valleys are common karst topography
A deposit that hangs from the roof of a cave stalactite
When runoff travels downhill, it forms tiny grooves in the soil. rills
The term geologists use for underground water groundwater
The flat, wide area of land beside a river flood plain
The major cause of the erosion that has shaped Earth's land surface Moving water
A stream or river that flows into a larger river. tributary
These occur where a river meets an area of rock that is very hard and erodes away waterfall
Sediment that comes from a river into an ocean or lake and builds a landform delta
As water moves, it carries sediment with it. When the water slows, it drops the sediment in a new place. deposition
A meander that has been cut off from the river. oxbow lake
The gradual wearing away by wind, water or other natural agents erosion
Near the source of the river, the river flows through this feature. As the river flows, it cuts the valley deeper. V-shaped Valley

Weathering Erosion Surface Water Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The breakup of rock due to exposure to process that occur at or near Earth's surface is called Weathering
Erosion is the removal and transport of materials by natural agents such as _______ and running water Wind
The breakdown of rock that takes place when a rock is broken into smaller peices of the same material without changing its composition MechanicalWeathering
The breakdown or _________ of a rock that takes place when minerals are changed into different substances is called Chemical Weathering Decomposition
A mechanical wheathering process in which water freezes in the cracks of a rock and ________ apart is called frost wedging Wedges
The wearing away of rock material by grinding action is called Abrasion
The peeling of surface layers from _______ bedrock is called exfoliation Exposed
______ is the chemical reaction of water with other substances Hydrolysis
Rainwater that contains unusually high amounts of acids that can be traced back to pollutants, including sulfur dioxide, nitrogen compounds, and carbon dioxide is called AcidRain
Oxidation is the chemical reaction of ________ with other substances Oxygen
Mass movement is the _________ transportation of large masses of earth materials by gravity Downslope
________ is the slow, often imperceptible, movement of soil down a slope Creep
The downslope movement of water that contains large amounts of suspended clay and silt is called Mudflow
________ is the higher land that separates one drainage basin from another Divide
All the land that ______ into the river either directly or through its tributaries; a watershed is called drainage basin Drains
________ is sand, pebbles, and boulders that are moved along the bed of a stream and that are too heavy to be carried in suspension BedLoad
The volume of water that passes a certain point in a stream or river in a given amount of time is called Discharge
A river and all of its tributaries RiverSystem
_______ is a state in whk materials carried by a river are stirred up and kept from sinking by the turbulence of stream flow Suspention
The slope or incline of an area of land or of a stream is called Gradient
A measure of the total amount of sediment a stream can carry is called Capacity
A crescent-shaped body of water formed when sediments deposited by a river cut off a meander from the river is called OxbowLake
Broad, looping bends in a river are called Meanders
A wide, level area that borders a river and is covered by its water during a flood is called Floodplain
A measure that describes the maximum size of the particles a stream can carry is called Competence
A fan-shaped deposite that forms when a river flows into a quiet or large body of water, such as a lake, and ocean, or an island sea is called Delta
A stream that runs into another stream or river is called a Tributary
All the land that drains into the river either directly or through its tributaries; a drainage basin is called a Watershed