a former slave
freedman
a federal agency set up to help former slaves after the civil war
freedmans bureau
an amendment banning slavery
thirteenth amendment
a law passed by southern states that limited the freedom of former slaves
black code
an insulting term used to describe a northern who moved to the south after the civil war
carpetbagger
an amendment made all persons born or naturalized in the U.S. including former slaves citizens of the country
fourteenth amendment
the system in which landowners gave farm workers land, seed, and tools in return for a part of the crops they raised
sharecropping
a white southerner who worked with the republican party and the reconstruction government after the civil war
scalawag
one of the white politicians who took power after Georgia was readmitted to the Union in 1872
redeemer
an amendment where the U.S. cannot deny a citizen the right to vote based on "race, color, or previous condition of servitude".
fifteenthamendment
a terror group created by former Confederate soldiers that used violence and intimidation tactics to disenfranchise blacks
kukluxklan
African- American who was very influential as a religious leader and Georgia politician.
HenryTurner
elected governor over a Democratic candidate, former Confederate General John B. Gordon
RufusBullock
an organization formed by African Americans throughout the south after Reconstruction to protect their rights
unionleague
a series of laws that divided the previously Confederate states into military districts
militaryacts