Type
Crossword
Description

1.the tendency toward a relatively stable equilibrium between interdependent elements, especially as maintained by physiological processes. homeostasis
The _____ is the sensing component that monitors and responds to changes in the environment. receptor
Many diseases involve a _________ of homeostasis. disturbance
The process of _____ can create adaptations that help an individual stay in homeostasis. evolution
This changing may be accomplished through various ____ in DNA or other mechanisms that drive evolution. mutations
The nervous and _____ systems control homeostasis in the body through feedback mechanisms involving various organs and organ systems. endocrine
Another one of the most common examples of homeostasis in humans is the regulation of body temperature
_____ concentration refers to the amount of glucose – blood sugar – present in the bloodstream. Glucose
____ help to regulate this balance by causing the excretion or retention of fluid Hormones
Maintains homeostasis. PARASYMPATHETIC
molecules move from high values of this concentration
These are broken down into urea aminoacids
The organ where urea goes to be excreted in the urine kidneys
related to or characterized by homeostasis homeostatic
a state of rest or balance due to the equal action of opposing forces. equilibrium

The Excretory System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Digestive system - makes urea and breaks down wastes into forms that can be excreted Liver
Maintaining stable, internal body conditions Homeostasis
A fluid that includes urea and other wastes Urine
A tiny filtering factory that removes wastes from blood and produces urine Nephron
Narrow tubes (2) that carry urine from the kidneys to the urinary bladder Ureter
A small tube in which urine leaves the body urethra
A chemical that comes from the breakdown of proteins urea
The process of removing waste excretion
Respiratory system - removes CO2 and some water when you exhale lungs
A muscular sac that stores urine urinary bladder
Major organs (2) of the excretory system that act like filters by removing urea and other waste from the blood but keep materials that the body need kidney
Integumentary system - perspiration leaves through pores skin

Natural Selection and Adaptation Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Any structure, such as a leg or an antenna, that grows out of an animals body APPENDAGE
An inherited behavior that helps an organism survive BEHAVIORALADAPTATION
A key for the identification of organisms based on a series of choices between alternative characters DICHOTOMOUSKEY
Those species that have been brought under human control and that have adapted to life with humans DOMESTICANIMALS
A change in a species over time EVOLUTION
When a species no longer has any living individuals EXTINCTION
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific trait GENES
Response to Earth's gravity, as the growing of roots downward in the ground GEOTROPISM
A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state; the regulation of any aspect of body chemistry, such as blood glucose, around a particular level HOMEOSTASIS
A plant's growth response to water; plant grows towards the water HYDROTROPISM
A change from within an organism, such as hunger and thirst, that causes the organism to respond INTERNALSTIMULUS
A change in a gene or chromosome MUTATION
Changes in genetic traits over many generations based on an organism's ability to survive and reproduce NATURALSELECTION
Anything outside the body that can cause a response in an organism EXTERNALSTIMULUS

Stimulus & response Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The pressure exerted on a plant cell wall by water passing into the cell by osmosis Turgor pressure
To maintain a state of balance Homeostasis
A plant or tree grown from a seed seedling
Organism's response, characterized by a rise in temperature & disturbance of various body functions fever
to eject the contents of the stomach vomiting
a state of equilibrium balance
to lose or cause to lose freshness & become limp wilt
biological response to extreme stress fight or flight
a growth response of a plant toward or away from a stimulus tropism
growth response to water by plants hydrotropism
a directional growth of a plant in response to touch thigmotropism
growth of a plant shoot toward or away from light phototropism
change in direction of plant growth in response to gravity geotropism
an action or change in behavior that occurs in reaction to a stimulus response
a change in a organism's surroundings that causes the organism to react stimulus
of or situated on the inside internal
of or situated on the outside external

BIO 102 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This tissue contains neurons Nervous
This type of muscle tissue is found in the heart cardiac
This muscle tissue helps with movement skeletal
This system deals with the lungs, trachea, bronchus, and pharynx respiratory
This system deals with the skin, hair, and nails integumentary
Homeostasis depends on what type of feedback negative
Pavlov's dog demonstrated what repsonses, that was conditioned by learning and experience Feedforward
Convert water from liquid to gas through skin, respiratory tract,and tongue evaporation
Transfer of heat by air/fluid movement. Animals can create air currents to cool themselves. convection
Body surface +/- heat through direct contact with warmer or cooler objects. Different materials have different abilities to absorb heat conduction
This system deals with the organs that are used to create another human being reproductive
The heart, arteries, and veins make up which system circulatory
The tendency of the body to seek and maintain a condition of balance or equilibrium within its internal environment homeostasis

Cell Transport Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

An organism's ability to maintain steady internal conditions when outside conditions change Homeostasis
Hydrophobic tails are facing inward and their hydrophilic heads are outward Phospholipid Bilayer
The movement of substances through a cell membrane without using the cell's energy Passive Transport
The movement of substances from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration Diffusion
The diffusion of water molecules only through a membrane Osmosis
When molecules pass through a cell membrane using special proteins called transport proteins Facilitated Diffusion
The movement of substances through a cell membrane only by using the cell's energy Active Transport
Cells energy ATP
The process during which a cell takes in a substance by surrounding it with the cell membrane Endocytosis
The process by which certain living cells called phagocytes ingest or engulf other cells or particles Phagocytosis
a process by which liquid droplets are ingested by living cells Pinocytosis
The process during which a cell’s vesicles releases their contents outside the cell Exocytosis
The maximum pressure that develops in a solution separated from a solvent by a membrane permeable only to the solvent Osmotic Pressure
Having a lower osmotic pressure than the surrounding environment is called Hypotonic
Having a higher osmotic pressure than the surrounding environment is called Hypertonic
Having equal osmotic pressure with the surrounding environment is called Isotonic

Characteristics of Life Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Liquid part of a cell inside the cell membrane Cytoplasm
Membrane surrounded component of a eukaryotic cell with a specialized function Organelle
Stiff structure outside the cell membrane that protects a cell from attack by viruses and other harmful organisms CellWall
A large macromolecule that does not dissolve in water Lipid
Series of chemical reactions that convert light energy, water, and carbon dioxide into the food energy molecule glucose and give off oxygen Photosynthesis
Process by which glucose is broken down into smaller molecules Glycolysis
Process during which a cell takes in a substance by surrounding it with the cell membrane Endocytosis
The movement of substances through a cell membrane using the cell's energy ActiveTransport
Macromolecules that form when long chains of molecules called nucleotides join together. NucleicAcids
When joining many small molecules together Macromolecule
One sugar molecule, two sugar molecules, or a long chain of sugar molecules Carbohydrates
Network of threadlike proteins joined together that gives a cell it's shape and helps it move Cytoskeleton
Long chains of amino acid molecules Proteins
All living things are made of one or more cells, the cell is the smallest unit of life, and all new cells come from preexisting cells CellTheory
Reaction that eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells can use to obtain energy from food when oxygen levels are low Fermentation
Process during which a cell's vesicles release their contents outside the cell Exocytosis
Flexible covering that protects the inside of a cell from the environment outside the cell CellMembrane
Movement of substance through a cell membrane without using the cell's energy PassiveTransport
Membrane-bound organelle that uses light energy and males glucose from water and carbon dioxide in the process of photosynthesis Chloroplast
An organism's ability to maintain steady internal conditions when outside conditions change Homeostasis
The smallest unit of life Cell
Living things that are made of only one cell Unicellular
Movement of substances from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration Diffusion
Series of chemical reactions that convert the energy in food molecules into a usable form of energy called ATP CellularRespiration
Things that have all the characteristics of life Organism
Living things that are made from two or more cells Multicellular
Part of a eukaryotic cell that directs cell activity and contains genetic info stored in DNA Nucleus

THE THEORY OF EVOLUTION AND NATURAL SELECTION Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

change in the heritable traits of biological populations over successive generations Evolution
any characteristic of an individual that allows it to survive to produce more offspring Natural Selection
a trait with acurrent functional role in the life of an orangism that is maintained and evolved by natural selection Adaptation
the genetic contribution of an individual to the next generation's gene pool relative to the average for the population Fitness
any preserved evidence of life from a past geological age, such as the impressions and remains of organisms Fossil
structures derived from a common ancestor or same evolutionary or developmental origin Homologous Structure
similar form or function, but that were not present in the last common ancestor of those groups Analogous Structure
a structure in an organism that has lost all or most of its original function in the course of evolution Vestigal Structure
the process whereby organisms not closely related, independently evolve similar traits Convergent Evolution
the accumulation of differences between groups which can lead to the formation of new species Divergent Evolution
the diversification of a group of organisms into forms filling different ecological niches Adaptive Radiation
the intentional breeding of plants and animals Artifical Selection
the influence of closely associated species on each other in their evolution Coevolution

evolution Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

is a trait with a current functional role in the life of an organism that is maintained and evolved by means of natural selection. adaptation
is the relative frequency of an allele (variant of a gene) at a particular locus in a population, expressed as a fraction or percentage allele frequency
evolutionary mechanism that helps members of the same species identify each other as proper mates. behavioral isolation
different kinds of living organisms are thought to have developed and diversified from earlier forms during the history of the earth evolution
the ability to survive to reproductive age, find a mate, and produce offspring. fitness
the set of all genes, or genetic information, in any population, usually of a particular species gene pool
The separation of two populations of the same species or breeding group by a physical barrier, such as a mountain or body of water. geographic isolation
characteristic of an individual that allows it to survive to produce more offspring natural selection
A group of organisms of one species that interbreed and live in the same place at the same time population
splitting of a single evolutionary lineage into two or more genetically independent lineages speciation
any difference between cells variation
genetic isolation achieved due to temporal differences in breeding. temporal isolation

Nutrition Chapter 8 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Substances that the body needs to regulate bodily functions, promote growth, repair body tissues, obtain energy. Nutrients
A chemical process by which your body breaks down food to release energy. Metabolism
Energy measured in units. Calories
Nutrients made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Carbohydrates
A type of complex carbohydrate that is found in plants. Fiber
Supplies the body with energy, forms your cells, maintain body temperature. Fat
A waxy, fatlike substance found only in animal products. Cholesterol
They play a large role in the growth and repair of your body's tissues. Proteins
Helps the body with various processes, including the use of other nutrients. vitamins
Help protect healthy cells from the damage caused by the normal aging process. Antioxidants
Occur naturally in rocks and soil. Minerals
Your body is about 65% made up of this nutrient. Water
The process of maintaining a steady state inside your body. Homeostasis
These are contained water that regulate many processes in your cells. Electrolytes
A serious reduction in the body's water content. Dehydration
The proteins in your body are made up of these. Amino acids
A condition in which the red blood cells do not contain enough hemoglobin. Anemia
Are solid at room temperature. Saturated fats
Are liquid at room temperature. Unsaturated fats
Helps maintain water balance; nerve function. Sodium

EVIDENCE OF EVOLUTION Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the remains or impression of a prehistoric organism preserved in petrified form or as a mold or cast in rock. Fossils
make (something) suitable for a new use or purpose; modify. Adapt
a group of living organisms consisting of similar individuals capable of exchanging genes or interbreeding. Species
the process of developing or being developed. Development
the study of the physical features of the earth and its atmosphere, and of human activity as it affects and is affected by these, including the distribution of populations and resources, land use, and industries. Geography
having the same or a similar relation; corresponding, as in relative position or structure. HomologousStructure
in genealogy, any person to whom two or more persons claim descent; also, the most recent ancestral form or species from which two different species evolved. CommonAncestor
structures are similar or resembling in certain respects, in function or in appearance but not in evolutionary origin or developmental origin. AnalogousStructure
relying on or derived from observation or experiment. Empirical
an individual animal, plant, or single-celled life form. Organism
deoxyribonucleic acid, a self-replicating material present in nearly all living organisms as the main constituent of chromosomes. It is the carrier of genetic information. DNA
a distinctive attribute or aspect of something. Features
any of the pieces of hard, whitish tissue making up the skeleton in humans and other vertebrates. Bones
a period of ten years. Decades
the arrangement of and relations between the parts or elements of something complex. Structure
an anatomical feature that no longer seems to have a purpose in the current form of an organism of the given species. VestigialStructure
the branch of biology and medicine concerned with the study of embryos and their development. Embryology
The investigation and comparison of the structures of different organisms. ComparativeAnatomy
an English naturalist and geologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution. CharlesDarwin
the process by which different kinds of living organisms are thought to have developed and diversified from earlier forms during the history of the earth. Evolution